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Title: Pulsed power accelerator for material physics experiments

We have developed the design of Thor: a pulsed power accelerator that delivers a precisely shaped current pulse with a peak value as high as 7 MA to a strip-line load. The peak magnetic pressure achieved within a 1-cm-wide load is as high as 100 GPa. Thor is powered by as many as 288 decoupled and transit-time isolated bricks. Each brick consists of a single switch and two capacitors connected electrically in series. The bricks can be individually triggered to achieve a high degree of current pulse tailoring. Because the accelerator is impedance matched throughout, capacitor energy is delivered to the strip-line load with an efficiency as high as 50%. We used an iterative finite element method (FEM), circuit, and magnetohydrodynamic simulations to develop an optimized accelerator design. When powered by 96 bricks, Thor delivers as much as 4.1 MA to a load, and achieves peak magnetic pressures as high as 65 GPa. When powered by 288 bricks, Thor delivers as much as 6.9 MA to a load, and achieves magnetic pressures as high as 170 GPa. We have developed an algebraic calculational procedure that uses the single brick basis function to determine the brick-triggering sequence necessary to generate amore » highly tailored current pulse time history for shockless loading of samples. Thor will drive a wide variety of magnetically driven shockless ramp compression, shockless flyer plate, shock-ramp, equation of state, material strength, phase transition, and other advanced material physics experiments.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Goerz Engineering Solutions, LLC, Green Bay, WI (United States)
  3. Idaho State Univ., Pocatello, ID (United States)
  4. Dielectric Science, Inc., Chelmsford, MA (United States)
  5. Alpha-Omega Power Technologies, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND2015-4546J
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402; PRABFM
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING
OSTI Identifier:
1214737
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1214808; OSTI ID: 1427189

Reisman, D.  B., Stoltzfus, B.  S., Stygar, W.  A., Austin, K.  N., Waisman, E.  M., Hickman, R.  J., Davis, J. -P., Haill, T.  A., Knudson, M.  D., Seagle, C.  T., Brown, J.  L., Goerz, D.  A., Spielman, R.  B., Goldlust, J.  A., and Cravey, W.  R.. Pulsed power accelerator for material physics experiments. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.090401.
Reisman, D.  B., Stoltzfus, B.  S., Stygar, W.  A., Austin, K.  N., Waisman, E.  M., Hickman, R.  J., Davis, J. -P., Haill, T.  A., Knudson, M.  D., Seagle, C.  T., Brown, J.  L., Goerz, D.  A., Spielman, R.  B., Goldlust, J.  A., & Cravey, W.  R.. Pulsed power accelerator for material physics experiments. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.090401.
Reisman, D.  B., Stoltzfus, B.  S., Stygar, W.  A., Austin, K.  N., Waisman, E.  M., Hickman, R.  J., Davis, J. -P., Haill, T.  A., Knudson, M.  D., Seagle, C.  T., Brown, J.  L., Goerz, D.  A., Spielman, R.  B., Goldlust, J.  A., and Cravey, W.  R.. 2015. "Pulsed power accelerator for material physics experiments". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.090401.
@article{osti_1214737,
title = {Pulsed power accelerator for material physics experiments},
author = {Reisman, D.  B. and Stoltzfus, B.  S. and Stygar, W.  A. and Austin, K.  N. and Waisman, E.  M. and Hickman, R.  J. and Davis, J. -P. and Haill, T.  A. and Knudson, M.  D. and Seagle, C.  T. and Brown, J.  L. and Goerz, D.  A. and Spielman, R.  B. and Goldlust, J.  A. and Cravey, W.  R.},
abstractNote = {We have developed the design of Thor: a pulsed power accelerator that delivers a precisely shaped current pulse with a peak value as high as 7 MA to a strip-line load. The peak magnetic pressure achieved within a 1-cm-wide load is as high as 100 GPa. Thor is powered by as many as 288 decoupled and transit-time isolated bricks. Each brick consists of a single switch and two capacitors connected electrically in series. The bricks can be individually triggered to achieve a high degree of current pulse tailoring. Because the accelerator is impedance matched throughout, capacitor energy is delivered to the strip-line load with an efficiency as high as 50%. We used an iterative finite element method (FEM), circuit, and magnetohydrodynamic simulations to develop an optimized accelerator design. When powered by 96 bricks, Thor delivers as much as 4.1 MA to a load, and achieves peak magnetic pressures as high as 65 GPa. When powered by 288 bricks, Thor delivers as much as 6.9 MA to a load, and achieves magnetic pressures as high as 170 GPa. We have developed an algebraic calculational procedure that uses the single brick basis function to determine the brick-triggering sequence necessary to generate a highly tailored current pulse time history for shockless loading of samples. Thor will drive a wide variety of magnetically driven shockless ramp compression, shockless flyer plate, shock-ramp, equation of state, material strength, phase transition, and other advanced material physics experiments.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.090401},
journal = {Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams},
number = 9,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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