skip to main content


Title: Mechanistic Insights of Ethanol Steam Reforming over Ni–CeO x (111): The Importance of Hydroxyl Groups for Suppressing Coke Formation

We have studied the reaction of ethanol and water over Ni–CeO 2-x(111) model surfaces to elucidate the mechanistic steps associated with the ethanol steam reforming (ESR) reaction. Our results provide insights about the importance of hydroxyl groups to the ESR reaction over Ni-based catalysts. Systematically, we have investigated the reaction of ethanol on Ni–CeO 2-x(111) at varying Ce³⁺ concentrations (CeO 1.8–2.0) with absence/presence of water using a combination of soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (sXPS) and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). Consistent with previous reports, upon annealing, metallic Ni formed on reduced ceria while NiO was the main component on fully oxidized ceria. Ni⁰ is the active phase leading to both the C–C and C–H cleavage of ethanol but is also responsible for carbon accumulation or coking. We have identified a Ni₃C phase that formed prior to the formation of coke. At temperatures above 600K, the lattice oxygen from ceria and the hydroxyl groups from water interact cooperatively in the removal of coke, likely through a strong metal–support interaction between nickel and ceria that facilitates oxygen transfer.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [5]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Charles Univ., Prague (Czech Republic). Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
  3. Beijing Research Inst. of Chemical Industry (China). Analytical Research Division
  4. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  5. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447; R&D Project: CO009; KC0302010
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ethanol; reforming; H₂ production; ceria; nickel; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; temperature programmed desorption
OSTI Identifier: