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Title: Prospects of nanoscience with nanocrystals

Colloidal nanocrystals (NCs, i.e., crystalline nanoparticles) have become an important class of materials with great potential for applications ranging from medicine to electronic and optoelectronic devices. Today’s strong research focus on NCs has been prompted by the tremendous progress in their synthesis. Impressively narrow size distributions of just a few percent, rational shape-engineering, compositional modulation, electronic doping, and tailored surface chemistries are now feasible for a broad range of inorganic compounds. The performance of inorganic NC-based photovoltaic and light-emitting devices has become competitive to other state-of-the-art materials. Semiconductor NCs hold unique promise for near- and mid-infrared technologies, where very few semiconductor materials are available. On a purely fundamental side, new insights into NC growth, chemical transformations, and self-organization can be gained from rapidly progressing in situ characterization and direct imaging techniques. In addition, new phenomena are constantly being discovered in the photophysics of NCs and in the electronic properties of NC solids. In this Nano Focus, we review the state of the art in research on colloidal NCs focusing on the most recent works published in the last 2 years.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [14] ;  [10] ;  [6] ;  [15]
  1. ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); EMPA Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dubendorf (Switzerland)
  2. Italian Inst. of Technology, Genoa (Italy); Delft Univ. of Technology, Delft (The Netherlands)
  3. Catalonia Energy Research Inst., Saint Adria del Besos (Spain); ICREA, Barcelona (Spain)
  4. Ghent Univ., Ghent (Belgium)
  5. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL (United States)
  6. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  7. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  8. City Univ. of Hong Kong, Kowloon (Hong Kong)
  9. Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble (France)
  10. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  11. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  12. ICFO, The Institute of Photonic Sciences, Castelldefels (Spain)
  13. Philipps Universitat Marburg, Marburg (Germany); CIC Biomagune, San Sebastian (Spain)
  14. Inst. for Basic Science, Seoul (Korea); Seoul National Univ. (Korea)
  15. Johannes Kepler Univ. Linz, Linz (Austria); Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat, Erlangen (Germany); Energie Campus Nurnberg, Nurnberg (Germany)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; AC02-06CH11357; SC0002158
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: CASP partners with Los Alamos National Laboratory (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Colorado; Colorado School of Mines; George Mason University; Los Alamos National Laboratory; University of Minnesota; National Renewable Energy Laboratory; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC); Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; solar (photovoltaic); solar (fuels); solid state lighting; bio-inspired; electrodes - solar; defects; charge transport; materials and chemistry by design; optics; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (scalable processing)
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1215391; OSTI ID: 1215414