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Title: How likely are constituent quanta to initiate inflation?

Abstract

In this study, we propose an intuitive framework for studying the problem of initial conditions in slow-roll inflation. In particular, we consider a universe at high, but sub-Planckian energy density and analyze the circumstances under which it is plausible for it to become dominated by inflated patches at late times, without appealing to the idea of self-reproduction. Our approach is based on defining a prior probability distribution for the constituent quanta of the pre-inflationary universe. To test the idea that inflation can begin under very generic circumstances, we make specific – yet quite general and well grounded – assumptions on the prior distribution. As a result, we are led to the conclusion that the probability for a given region to ignite inflation at sub-Planckian densities is extremely small. Furthermore, if one chooses to use the enormous volume factor that inflation yields as an appropriate measure, we find that the regions of the universe which started inflating at densities below the self-reproductive threshold nevertheless occupy a negligible physical volume in the present universe as compared to those domains that have never inflated.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); University of Pennsylvania
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1209989
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1239315; OSTI ID: 1438008
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-95ER40893
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physics Letters. Section B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 749; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Berezhiani, Lasha, and Trodden, Mark. How likely are constituent quanta to initiate inflation?. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2015.08.007.
Berezhiani, Lasha, & Trodden, Mark. How likely are constituent quanta to initiate inflation?. United States. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2015.08.007.
Berezhiani, Lasha, and Trodden, Mark. Thu . "How likely are constituent quanta to initiate inflation?". United States. doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2015.08.007.
@article{osti_1209989,
title = {How likely are constituent quanta to initiate inflation?},
author = {Berezhiani, Lasha and Trodden, Mark},
abstractNote = {In this study, we propose an intuitive framework for studying the problem of initial conditions in slow-roll inflation. In particular, we consider a universe at high, but sub-Planckian energy density and analyze the circumstances under which it is plausible for it to become dominated by inflated patches at late times, without appealing to the idea of self-reproduction. Our approach is based on defining a prior probability distribution for the constituent quanta of the pre-inflationary universe. To test the idea that inflation can begin under very generic circumstances, we make specific – yet quite general and well grounded – assumptions on the prior distribution. As a result, we are led to the conclusion that the probability for a given region to ignite inflation at sub-Planckian densities is extremely small. Furthermore, if one chooses to use the enormous volume factor that inflation yields as an appropriate measure, we find that the regions of the universe which started inflating at densities below the self-reproductive threshold nevertheless occupy a negligible physical volume in the present universe as compared to those domains that have never inflated.},
doi = {10.1016/j.physletb.2015.08.007},
journal = {Physics Letters. Section B},
number = C,
volume = 749,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2015.08.007

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
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