skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Lipidomic and proteomic analysis of Caenorhabditis elegans lipid droplets and identification of ACS-4 as a lipid droplet-associated protein

Lipid droplets are cytoplasmic organelles that store neutral lipids for membrane synthesis and energy reserves. In this study, we characterized the lipid and protein composition of purified Caenorhabditis elegans lipid droplets. These lipid droplets are composed mainly of triacylglycerols, surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer composed primarily of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. The fatty acid composition of the triacylglycerols is rich in fatty acid species obtained from the dietary Escherichia coli, including cyclopropane fatty acids and cis-vaccenic acid. Unlike other organisms, C. elegans lipid droplets contain very little cholesterol or cholesterol esters. Comparison of the lipid droplet proteomes of wild type and high-fat daf-2 mutant strains shows a very similar proteome in both strains, except that the most abundant protein in the C. elegans lipid droplet proteome, MDT-28, is relatively less abundant in lipid droplets isolated from daf-2 mutants. Functional analysis of lipid droplet proteins identified in our proteomic studies indicated an enrichment of proteins required for growth and fat homeostasis in C. elegans. Finally, we confirmed the localization of one of the newly identified lipid droplet proteins, ACS-4. We found that ACS-4 localizes to the surface of lipid droplets in the C. elegans intestine and skin. This study bolsters C. elegansmore » as a model to study the dynamics and functions of lipid droplets in a multicellular organism.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Washington State University, Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
P40 OD010440; R01 DK74114; P41 GM103493; AC05-76RL01830; AC05-76RL0 1830
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids; Journal Volume: 1851; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1388-1981
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; C. elegans; Lipid droplets; DAF-2; Lipidomics; Proteomics
OSTI Identifier:
1198576
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1209547