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Title: Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets

Abstract

Cultivation of the terrestrial land surface can create either a source or sink of atmospheric CO 2, depending on land management practices. The Community Land Model (CLM) provides a useful tool to explore how land use and management impact the soil carbon pool at regional to global scales. CLM was recently updated to include representation of managed lands growing maize, soybean, and spring wheat. In this study, CLM-Crop is used to investigate the impacts of various management practices, including fertilizer use and differential rates of crop residue removal, on the soil organic carbon (SOC) storage of croplands in the continental United States over approximately a 170 year period. Results indicate that total US SOC stocks have already lost over 8 Pg C (10%) due to land cultivation practices (e.g., fertilizer application, cultivar choice, and residue removal), compared to a land surface composed of native vegetation (i.e., grasslands). After long periods of cultivation, individual plots growing maize and soybean lost up to 65% of the carbon stored, compared to a grassland site. Crop residue management showed the greatest effect on soil carbon storage, with low and medium residue returns resulting in additional losses of 5% and 3.5%, respectively, in US carbonmore » storage, while plots with high residue returns stored 2% more carbon. Nitrogenous fertilizer can alter the amount of soil carbon stocks significantly. Under current levels of crop residue return, not applying fertilizer resulted in a 5% loss of soil carbon. Our simulations indicate that disturbance through cultivation will always result in a loss of soil carbon, and management practices will have a large influence on the magnitude of SOC loss.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1198208
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Biogeosciences Discussions (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeosciences Discussions (Online); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1810-6285
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Drewniak, B. A., Mishra, U., Song, J., Prell, J., and Kotamarthi, V. R. Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets. Germany: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.5194/bgd-11-13675-2014.
Drewniak, B. A., Mishra, U., Song, J., Prell, J., & Kotamarthi, V. R. Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets. Germany. doi:10.5194/bgd-11-13675-2014.
Drewniak, B. A., Mishra, U., Song, J., Prell, J., and Kotamarthi, V. R. Mon . "Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets". Germany. doi:10.5194/bgd-11-13675-2014.
@article{osti_1198208,
title = {Modeling the impact of agricultural land use and management on US carbon budgets},
author = {Drewniak, B. A. and Mishra, U. and Song, J. and Prell, J. and Kotamarthi, V. R.},
abstractNote = {Cultivation of the terrestrial land surface can create either a source or sink of atmospheric CO2, depending on land management practices. The Community Land Model (CLM) provides a useful tool to explore how land use and management impact the soil carbon pool at regional to global scales. CLM was recently updated to include representation of managed lands growing maize, soybean, and spring wheat. In this study, CLM-Crop is used to investigate the impacts of various management practices, including fertilizer use and differential rates of crop residue removal, on the soil organic carbon (SOC) storage of croplands in the continental United States over approximately a 170 year period. Results indicate that total US SOC stocks have already lost over 8 Pg C (10%) due to land cultivation practices (e.g., fertilizer application, cultivar choice, and residue removal), compared to a land surface composed of native vegetation (i.e., grasslands). After long periods of cultivation, individual plots growing maize and soybean lost up to 65% of the carbon stored, compared to a grassland site. Crop residue management showed the greatest effect on soil carbon storage, with low and medium residue returns resulting in additional losses of 5% and 3.5%, respectively, in US carbon storage, while plots with high residue returns stored 2% more carbon. Nitrogenous fertilizer can alter the amount of soil carbon stocks significantly. Under current levels of crop residue return, not applying fertilizer resulted in a 5% loss of soil carbon. Our simulations indicate that disturbance through cultivation will always result in a loss of soil carbon, and management practices will have a large influence on the magnitude of SOC loss.},
doi = {10.5194/bgd-11-13675-2014},
journal = {Biogeosciences Discussions (Online)},
number = 9,
volume = 11,
place = {Germany},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.5194/bgd-11-13675-2014

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