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Title: Measurement of the neutron-capture cross section of ⁷⁶Ge and ⁷⁴Ge below 15 MeV and its relevance to 0νββ decay searches of ⁷⁶Ge

The neutron radiative-capture cross section of ⁷⁶Ge was measured between 0.4 and 14.8 MeV using the activation technique. Germanium samples with the isotopic abundance of ~86% ⁷⁶Ge and ~14% ⁷⁴Ge used in the 0νββ searches by the GERDA and Majorana Collaborations were irradiated with monoenergetic neutrons produced at eleven energies via the ³H(p,n)³He, ²H(d,n)³He and ³H(d,n)⁴He reactions. Previously, data existed only at thermal energies and at 14 MeV. As a by-product, capture cross-section data were also obtained for ⁷⁴Ge at neutron energies below 8 MeV. Indium and gold foils were irradiated simultaneously for neutron fluence determination. High-resolution γ-ray spectroscopy was used to determine the γ-ray activity of the daughter nuclei of interest. For the ⁷⁶Ge total capture cross section the present data are in good agreement with the TENDL-2013 model calculations and the ENDF/B-VII.1 evaluations, while for the ⁷⁴Ge(n,γ)⁷⁵Ge reaction, the present data are about a factor of two larger than predicted. It was found that the ⁷⁴Ge(n,γ)⁷⁵Ge yield in the High-Purity Germanium (HPGe) detectors used by the GERDA and Majorana Collaborations is only about a factor of two smaller than the ⁷⁶Ge(n,γ)⁷⁷Ge yield due to the larger cross section of the former reaction.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Triangle Univ. Nuclear Lab., Durham, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-97ER41033; NA0001839
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physics Letters. Section B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 741; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-2693
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; neutron radiative capture; neutron induced background; neutrino detectors; double-beta decay detectors; dark matter detectors
OSTI Identifier:
1197956
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1193638