skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Photonic crystal enhanced silicon cell based thermophotovoltaic systems

Abstract

Here, we report the design, optimization, and experimental results of large area commercial silicon solar cell based thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion systems. Using global non-linear optimization tools, we demonstrate theoretically a maximum radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency of 6.4% and a corresponding output electrical power density of 0.39 W cm⁻² at temperature T = 1660 K when implementing both the optimized two-dimensional (2D) tantalum photonic crystal (PhC) selective emitter, and the optimized 1D tantalum pentoxide – silicon dioxide PhC cold-side selective filter. In addition, we have developed an experimental large area TPV test setup that enables accurate measurement of radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency for any emitter-filter-TPV cell combination of interest. In fact, the experimental results match extremely well with predictions of our numerical models. Our experimental setup achieved a maximum output electrical power density of 0.10W cm⁻² and radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency of 1.18% at T = 1380 K using commercial wafer size back-contacted silicon solar cells.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Johannes Kepler Univ., Linz (Austria)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1193631
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001299
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; nanophotonics and photonic crystals; energy transfer; thermal emission; thermophotovoltaics; selective emitters/absorbers

Citation Formats

Yeng, Yi Xiang, Chan, Walker R., Rinnerbauer, Veronika, Stelmakh, Veronika, Senkevich, Jay J., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljacic, Marin, and Celanovic, Ivan. Photonic crystal enhanced silicon cell based thermophotovoltaic systems. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1364/OE.23.00A157.
Yeng, Yi Xiang, Chan, Walker R., Rinnerbauer, Veronika, Stelmakh, Veronika, Senkevich, Jay J., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljacic, Marin, & Celanovic, Ivan. Photonic crystal enhanced silicon cell based thermophotovoltaic systems. United States. doi:10.1364/OE.23.00A157.
Yeng, Yi Xiang, Chan, Walker R., Rinnerbauer, Veronika, Stelmakh, Veronika, Senkevich, Jay J., Joannopoulos, John D., Soljacic, Marin, and Celanovic, Ivan. Fri . "Photonic crystal enhanced silicon cell based thermophotovoltaic systems". United States. doi:10.1364/OE.23.00A157. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1193631.
@article{osti_1193631,
title = {Photonic crystal enhanced silicon cell based thermophotovoltaic systems},
author = {Yeng, Yi Xiang and Chan, Walker R. and Rinnerbauer, Veronika and Stelmakh, Veronika and Senkevich, Jay J. and Joannopoulos, John D. and Soljacic, Marin and Celanovic, Ivan},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the design, optimization, and experimental results of large area commercial silicon solar cell based thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion systems. Using global non-linear optimization tools, we demonstrate theoretically a maximum radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency of 6.4% and a corresponding output electrical power density of 0.39 W cm⁻² at temperature T = 1660 K when implementing both the optimized two-dimensional (2D) tantalum photonic crystal (PhC) selective emitter, and the optimized 1D tantalum pentoxide – silicon dioxide PhC cold-side selective filter. In addition, we have developed an experimental large area TPV test setup that enables accurate measurement of radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency for any emitter-filter-TPV cell combination of interest. In fact, the experimental results match extremely well with predictions of our numerical models. Our experimental setup achieved a maximum output electrical power density of 0.10W cm⁻² and radiative heat-to-electricity efficiency of 1.18% at T = 1380 K using commercial wafer size back-contacted silicon solar cells.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.23.00A157},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 3,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: