skip to main content


Title: A Multiobjective Optimization Framework for Online Stochastic Optimal Control in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

The increasing urgency to extract additional efficiency from hybrid propulsion systems has led to the development of advanced power management control algorithms. In this paper we address the problem of online optimization of the supervisory power management control in parallel hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). We model HEV operation as a controlled Markov chain and we show that the control policy yielding the Pareto optimal solution minimizes online the long-run expected average cost per unit time criterion. The effectiveness of the proposed solution is validated through simulation and compared to the solution derived with dynamic programming using the average cost criterion. Both solutions achieved the same cumulative fuel consumption demonstrating that the online Pareto control policy is an optimal control policy.
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: TBD; Journal Issue: TBD
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). National Transportation Research Center (NTRC)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; stochastic optimal control; Markov chain; parallel hybrid electric vehicle; Pareto optimal solution; Pareto control policy; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 42 ENGINEERING; Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs); multiobjective optimization; power management control
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1311247