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Title: Ammonia reactions with the stored oxygen in a commercial lean NO x trap catalyst

Ammonia is an important intermediate of the NO x reduction in a NO x storage and reduction catalyst (aka lean NO x trap). NH 3 formed under rich conditions in the reduced front part of the catalyst is transported by convection downstream to the unregenerated (still oxidized) zone of the catalyst, where it further reacts with the stored oxygen and NO x. In this paper, the kinetics and selectivity of NH 3 reactions with the stored oxygen are studied in detail with a commercial Ba-based NO x storage catalyst containing platinum group metals (PGM), Ba and Ce oxides. Furthermore, steady-state NH 3 decomposition, NH 3 oxidation by O 2 and NO, and N 2O decomposition are examined in light-off experiments. Periodic lean/rich cycling is measured first with O 2 and NH 3, and then with NO x + O 2 and NH 3 to discriminate between the NH 3 reactions with the stored oxygen and the stored NO x. The reaction of NH 3 with the stored O 2 is highly selective towards N 2, however a certain amount of NO x and N 2O is also formed. The formed NO x by-product is efficiently adsorbed on the NO xmore » storage sites such that the NO x is not detected at the reactor outlet except at high temperatures. The stored NO x reacts with NH 3 feed in the next rich phase, contributing to the N 2O formation. Water inhibits the reactions of NH 3 with the stored oxygen. On the contrary, the presence of CO 2 increases the NH 3 consumption. Furthermore, CO 2 is able to provide additional oxygen for NH 3 oxidation, forming –CO in analogy to the reverse water gas shift reaction.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Research Centre Rez, Rez (Czech Republic); Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague (Czech Republic)
  2. Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague (Czech Republic)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Engineering Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 278; Journal ID: ISSN 1385-8947
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Fuels, Engines and Emissions Research Center (FEERC); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). National Transportation Research Center (NTRC)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; NH3 oxidation; oxygen storage; catalyst; selectivity; exhaust gas aftertreatment
OSTI Identifier:
1187909
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1337526