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Title: Segregation and trapping of oxygen vacancies near the SrTiO 3Σ3 (112) [110] tilt grain boundary

In nanocrystalline materials, structural discontinuities at grain boundaries (GBs) and the segregation of point defects to these GBs play a key role in defining the structural stability of a material, as well as its macroscopic electrical/mechanical properties. In this study, the segregation of oxygen vacancies near the Σ3 (1 1 2) [¯110] tilt GB in SrTiO 3 is explored using density functional theory. We find that oxygen vacancies segregate toward the GB, preferring to reside within the next nearest-neighbor layer. This oxygen vacancy segregation is found to be crucial for stabilizing this tilt GB. Furthermore, we find that the migration barriers of oxygen vacancies diffusing toward the first nearest-neighbor layer of the GB are low, while those away from this layer are very high. Furthermore, the segregation and trapping of the oxygen vacancies in the first nearest-neighbor layer of GBs are attributed to the large local distortions, which can now accommodate the preferred sixfold coordination of Ti. These results suggest that the electronic, transport, and capacitive properties of SrTiO 3 can be engineered through the control of GB structure and grain size or layer thickness.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; SrTiO3; grain boundary; density functional theory; oxygen vacancy
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1252324