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Title: Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?]

Abstract

Recent investigations have shown that Fe1+yTe1-xSex can be made superconducting by annealing it in Se and O vapors. The current lore is that these chalcogen vapors induce superconductivity by removing the magnetic excess Fe atoms. To investigate this phenomenon we performed a combination of magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and transport measurements together with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations on Fe1+yTe1-xSex treated with Te vapor. We conclude that the main role of the Te vapor is to quench the magnetic moments of the excess Fe atoms by forming FeTem (m ≥ 1) complexes. We show that the remaining FeTem complexes are still damaging to the superconductivity and therefore that their removal potentially could further improve superconductive properties in these compounds.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). UT/ORNL Bredesen Center
  3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) and Computer Science and Mathematics Div.
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1185819
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1180738
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Lin, Wenzhi, Ganesh, P., Gianfrancesco, Anthony, Wang, Jun, Berlijn, Tom, Maier, Thomas A., Kalinin, Sergei V., Sales, Brian C., and Pan, Minghu. Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?]. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.060513.
Lin, Wenzhi, Ganesh, P., Gianfrancesco, Anthony, Wang, Jun, Berlijn, Tom, Maier, Thomas A., Kalinin, Sergei V., Sales, Brian C., & Pan, Minghu. Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?]. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.060513.
Lin, Wenzhi, Ganesh, P., Gianfrancesco, Anthony, Wang, Jun, Berlijn, Tom, Maier, Thomas A., Kalinin, Sergei V., Sales, Brian C., and Pan, Minghu. Fri . "Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?]". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.060513. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1185819.
@article{osti_1185819,
title = {Role of chalcogen vapor annealing in inducing bulk superconductivity in Fe1+yTe1-xSex [How does annealing in chalcogen vapor induce superconductivity in Fe1+yTe-xSex?]},
author = {Lin, Wenzhi and Ganesh, P. and Gianfrancesco, Anthony and Wang, Jun and Berlijn, Tom and Maier, Thomas A. and Kalinin, Sergei V. and Sales, Brian C. and Pan, Minghu},
abstractNote = {Recent investigations have shown that Fe1+yTe1-xSex can be made superconducting by annealing it in Se and O vapors. The current lore is that these chalcogen vapors induce superconductivity by removing the magnetic excess Fe atoms. To investigate this phenomenon we performed a combination of magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and transport measurements together with scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations on Fe1+yTe1-xSex treated with Te vapor. We conclude that the main role of the Te vapor is to quench the magnetic moments of the excess Fe atoms by forming FeTem (m ≥ 1) complexes. We show that the remaining FeTem complexes are still damaging to the superconductivity and therefore that their removal potentially could further improve superconductive properties in these compounds.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.91.060513},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {2}
}

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