skip to main content


Title: Mn 4+ emission in pyrochlore oxides

For the existing Mn 4+ activated red phosphors have relatively low emission energies (or long emission wavelengths) and are therefore inefficient for general lighting. Density functional calculations are performed to study Mn 4+ emission in rare-earth hafnate, zirconate, and stannate pyrochlore oxides (RE 2Hf 2O 7, RE 2Zr 2O 7, and RE 2Sn 2O 7). We show how the different sizes of the RE 3+ cation in these pyrochlores affect the local structure of the distorted MnO 6 octahedron, the Mn–O hybridization, and the Mn 4+ emission energy. The Mn 4+ emission energies of many pyrochlores are found to be higher than those currently known for Mn 4+ doped oxides and should be closer to that of Y 2O 3:Eu 3+ (the current commercial red phosphor for fluorescent lighting). The O–Mn–O bond angle distortion in a MnO6 octahedron is shown to play an important role in weakening Mn–O hybridization and consequently increasing the Mn 4+ emission energy. Our result shows that searching for materials that allow significant O–Mn–O bond angle distortion in a MnO 6 octahedron is an effective approach to find new Mn 4+ activated red phosphors with potential to replace the relatively expensive Y 2O 3:Eu 3+ phosphor.
  1. ORNL
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Luminescence
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 157; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Red phosphor; Mn4+; Pyrochlore; Fluorescent lighting
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1246738