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Title: High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode

Abstract

Lithium (Li) metal is an ideal anode material for rechargeable batteries. However, dendritic Li growth and limited Coulombic efficiency (CE) during repeated Li deposition/stripping processes have prevented the application of this anode in rechargeable Li metal batteries, especially for use at high current densities. Here, we report that the use of highly concentrated electrolytes composed of ether solvents and the lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) salt enables the high rate cycling of a Li metal anode at high CE (up to 99.1 %) without dendrite growth. With 4 M LiFSI in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) as the electrolyte, a Li|Li cell can be cycled at high rates (10 mA cm-2) for more than 6000 cycles with no increase in the cell impedance, and a Cu|Li cell can be cycled at 4 mA cm-2 for more than 1000 cycles with an average CE of 98.4%. These excellent high rate performances can be attributed to the increased solvent coordination and increased availability of Li+ concentration in the electrolyte. Lastly, further development of this electrolyte may lead to practical applications for Li metal anode in rechargeable batteries. The fundamental mechanisms behind the high rate ion exchange and stability of the electrolytes also shine light on the stabilitymore » of other electrochemical systems.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Energy & Environment Directorate
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Energy & Environment Directorate
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab. (EMSL)
  4. U.S. Army Research Lab., Adelphi, MD (United States). Sensor & Electron Devices Directorate
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab. (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1184948
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-107989
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723; 48379; 48316; KC0208010
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Qian, Jiangfeng, Henderson, Wesley A., Xu, Wu, Bhattacharya, Priyanka, Engelhard, Mark H., Borodin, Oleg, and Zhang, Jiguang. High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms7362.
Qian, Jiangfeng, Henderson, Wesley A., Xu, Wu, Bhattacharya, Priyanka, Engelhard, Mark H., Borodin, Oleg, & Zhang, Jiguang. High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7362
Qian, Jiangfeng, Henderson, Wesley A., Xu, Wu, Bhattacharya, Priyanka, Engelhard, Mark H., Borodin, Oleg, and Zhang, Jiguang. Fri . "High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7362. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1184948.
@article{osti_1184948,
title = {High rate and stable cycling of lithium metal anode},
author = {Qian, Jiangfeng and Henderson, Wesley A. and Xu, Wu and Bhattacharya, Priyanka and Engelhard, Mark H. and Borodin, Oleg and Zhang, Jiguang},
abstractNote = {Lithium (Li) metal is an ideal anode material for rechargeable batteries. However, dendritic Li growth and limited Coulombic efficiency (CE) during repeated Li deposition/stripping processes have prevented the application of this anode in rechargeable Li metal batteries, especially for use at high current densities. Here, we report that the use of highly concentrated electrolytes composed of ether solvents and the lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiFSI) salt enables the high rate cycling of a Li metal anode at high CE (up to 99.1 %) without dendrite growth. With 4 M LiFSI in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME) as the electrolyte, a Li|Li cell can be cycled at high rates (10 mA cm-2) for more than 6000 cycles with no increase in the cell impedance, and a Cu|Li cell can be cycled at 4 mA cm-2 for more than 1000 cycles with an average CE of 98.4%. These excellent high rate performances can be attributed to the increased solvent coordination and increased availability of Li+ concentration in the electrolyte. Lastly, further development of this electrolyte may lead to practical applications for Li metal anode in rechargeable batteries. The fundamental mechanisms behind the high rate ion exchange and stability of the electrolytes also shine light on the stability of other electrochemical systems.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms7362},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {2}
}

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Inhibiting the growth of lithium dendrites at high current densities with oriented graphene foam
journal, January 2018

  • Ma, Yinxing; Yao, Bowen; Zhang, Miao
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta04911d

Integrative preparation of mesoporous epoxy resin–ceramic composite electrolytes with multilayer structure for dendrite-free lithium metal batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Li, Mengjie; Li, Hao; Lan, Jin-Le
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta06341a

A 3D flexible and robust HAPs/PVA separator prepared by a freezing-drying method for safe lithium metal batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Wang, Wei; Liao, Can; Liew, Kim Meow
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta11795k

Li-ion hopping conduction in highly concentrated lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide/dinitrile liquid electrolytes
journal, January 2019

  • Ugata, Yosuke; Thomas, Morgan L.; Mandai, Toshihiko
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp01839e

Polar polymer–solvent interaction derived favorable interphase for stable lithium metal batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Bae, Jiwoong; Qian, Yumin; Li, Yutao
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 12, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee02558h

Glyme–Li salt equimolar molten solvates with iodide/triiodide redox anions
journal, January 2019

  • Shigenobu, Keisuke; Nakanishi, Azusa; Ueno, Kazuhide
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 9, Issue 39
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ra03580j

Towards high energy density lithium battery anodes: silicon and lithium
journal, January 2019

  • Zhu, Bin; Wang, Xinyu; Yao, Pengcheng
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 10, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9sc01201j

Single-ion conducting artificial solid electrolyte interphase layers for dendrite-free and highly stable lithium metal anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Deng, Kuirong; Han, Dongmei; Ren, Shan
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta02407g

Synthesis and characterization of a hierarchically structured three-dimensional conducting scaffold for highly stable Li metal anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Kim, Ji Young; Liu, Guicheng; Tran, Minh Xuan
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03062j

Lithiophilic Ag/Li composite anodes via a spontaneous reaction for Li nucleation with a reduced barrier
journal, January 2019

  • Liu, Tiancheng; Hu, Qiyang; Li, Xinhai
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta05335b

Homogeneous Li deposition through the control of carbon dot-assisted Li-dendrite morphology for high-performance Li-metal batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Hong, Dongki; Choi, Yuri; Ryu, Jaegeon
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta06260b

Uniform Li deposition by regulating the initial nucleation barrier via a simple liquid-metal coating for a dendrite-free Li–metal anode
journal, January 2019

  • Wei, Chuanliang; Fei, Huifang; An, Yongling
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta06663b

Mitigating concentration polarization for highly reversible plating/stripping electrochemistry: Li versus Na
journal, January 2019

  • Tang, Shuai; Zhang, Xia-Guang; Cui, Xue-Yang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta08312j

Sulfuryl chloride as a functional additive towards dendrite-free and long-life Li metal anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Fu, Xiangxiang; Wang, Gang; Dang, Dai
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta09068a

A self-healing interface on lithium metal with lithium difluoro (bisoxalato) phosphate for enhanced lithium electrochemistry
journal, January 2019

  • Zhuang, Jingchun; Wang, Xianshu; Xu, Mengqing
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta09539j

Separator-free and concentrated LiNO 3 electrolyte cells enable uniform lithium electrodeposition
journal, January 2020

  • Rodriguez, Rodrigo; Edison, Ruth A.; Stephens, Ryan M.
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta10929c

Towards high rate Li metal anodes: enhanced performance at high current density in a superconcentrated ionic liquid
journal, January 2020

  • Periyapperuma, Kalani; Arca, Elisabetta; Harvey, Steve
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta12004a

Elastic and Li-ion–percolating hybrid membrane stabilizes Li metal plating
journal, November 2018

  • Pang, Quan; Zhou, Laidong; Nazar, Linda F.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1809187115

Ultrahigh–current density anodes with interconnected Li metal reservoir through overlithiation of mesoporous AlF 3 framework
journal, September 2017


Fluorinated solid electrolyte interphase enables highly reversible solid-state Li metal battery
journal, December 2018


An Investigation on the Relationship between the Stability of Lithium Anode and Lithium Nitrate in Electrolyte
journal, January 2019

  • Yu, Linghui; Song, Jiajia; Wang, Luyuan Paul
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0151915jes

Concentrated Dual-Salt Electrolyte to Stabilize Li Metal and Increase Cycle Life of Anode Free Li-Metal Batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Beyene, Tamene Tadesse; Bezabh, Hailemariam Kassa; Weret, Misganaw Adigo
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0731908jes

Influence of Li-Salt Concentration on Redox Potential of Lithium Metal and Electrochemistry of Ferrocene in DMSO-Based Electrolytes
journal, January 2019

  • Kottam, P. K. R.; Kalkan, D.; Wohlfahrt-Mehrens, M.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0881908jes

Performance of Full Cells Containing Carbonate-Based LiFSI Electrolytes and Silicon-Graphite Negative Electrodes
journal, December 2015

  • Trask, Stephen E.; Pupek, Krzysztof Z.; Gilbert, James A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0981602jes

Surface Area of Lithium-Metal Electrodes Measured by Argon Adsorption
journal, January 2019

  • Weber, Rochelle; Cheng, Ju-Hsiang; Louli, A. J.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1181913jes

Ultrafine Titanium Nitride Sheath Decorated Carbon Nanofiber Network Enabling Stable Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, September 2019

  • Lin, Kui; Qin, Xianying; Liu, Ming
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201903229

Enhanced Ionic/Electronic Transport in Nano‐TiO 2 /Sheared CNT Composite Electrode for Na + Insertion‐based Hybrid Ion‐Capacitors
journal, November 2019

  • Luo, Sainan; Yuan, Tao; Soule, Luke
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201908309

Developing a “Water-Defendable” and “Dendrite-Free” Lithium-Metal Anode Using a Simple and Promising GeCl 4 Pretreatment Method
journal, July 2018


Stable Metal Anode enabled by Porous Lithium Foam with Superior Ion Accessibility
journal, June 2018

  • Hafez, Ahmed M.; Jiao, Yucong; Shi, Jianjian
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201802156

In Situ Li 3 PS 4 Solid-State Electrolyte Protection Layers for Superior Long-Life and High-Rate Lithium-Metal Anodes
journal, October 2018


Toward High‐Energy‐Density Lithium Metal Batteries: Opportunities and Challenges for Solid Organic Electrolytes
journal, January 2020

  • Wang, Xiaoen; Kerr, Robert; Chen, Fangfang
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201905219

Research Progress towards Understanding the Unique Interfaces between Concentrated Electrolytes and Electrodes for Energy Storage Applications
journal, March 2017

  • Zheng, Jianming; Lochala, Joshua A.; Kwok, Alexander
  • Advanced Science, Vol. 4, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/advs.201700032

Mg Doped Li–LiB Alloy with In Situ Formed Lithiophilic LiB Skeleton for Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, March 2020


Lithium Fluoride Additives for Stable Cycling of Lithium Batteries at High Current Densities
journal, January 2016

  • Choudhury, Snehashis; Archer, Lynden A.
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201500246

Theoretical Investigation of 2D Layered Materials as Protective Films for Lithium and Sodium Metal Anodes
journal, February 2017

  • Tian, Hongzhen; Seh, Zhi Wei; Yan, Kai
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201602528

High Voltage Operation of Ni-Rich NMC Cathodes Enabled by Stable Electrode/Electrolyte Interphases
journal, March 2018

  • Zhao, Wengao; Zheng, Jianming; Zou, Lianfeng
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800297

Hybrid Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with an Advanced Gel Cathode and Stabilized Lithium-Metal Anode
journal, May 2018

  • Xu, Henghui; Wang, Shaofei; Manthiram, Arumugam
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800813

An Interconnected Channel-Like Framework as Host for Lithium Metal Composite Anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Wang, Hansen; Lin, Dingchang; Xie, Jin
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201802720

Tailoring Lithium Deposition via an SEI‐Functionalized Membrane Derived from LiF Decorated Layered Carbon Structure
journal, January 2019


Polymer‐in‐“Quasi‐Ionic Liquid” Electrolytes for High‐Voltage Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, September 2019

  • Wu, Haiping; Xu, Yaobin; Ren, Xiaodi
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902108

Countersolvent Electrolytes for Lithium‐Metal Batteries
journal, March 2020


Lithiophilic Sites in Doped Graphene Guide Uniform Lithium Nucleation for Dendrite-Free Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, May 2017


A Flexible Solid Electrolyte Interphase Layer for Long-Life Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, January 2018


Simultaneous Stabilization of Potassium Metal and Superoxide in K-O 2 Batteries on the Basis of Electrolyte Reactivity
journal, June 2018


A Four‐Electron Sulfur Electrode Hosting a Cu 2+ /Cu + Redox Charge Carrier
journal, July 2019


Enabling High‐Voltage Lithium Metal Batteries by Manipulating Solvation Structure in Ester Electrolyte
journal, January 2020


Ion–Solvent Complexes Promote Gas Evolution from Electrolytes on a Sodium Metal Anode
journal, January 2018

  • Chen, Xiang; Shen, Xin; Li, Bo
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 3
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Stabilizing Lithium Plating by a Biphasic Surface Layer Formed In Situ
journal, July 2018

  • Pang, Quan; Liang, Xiao; Kochetkov, Ivan R.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 57, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201805456

A Four‐Electron Sulfur Electrode Hosting a Cu 2+ /Cu + Redox Charge Carrier
journal, September 2019

  • Wu, Xianyong; Markir, Aaron; Ma, Lu
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201905875

Synthesis and Exploration of Ladder-Structured Large Aromatic Dianhydrides as Organic Cathodes for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2017

  • Xie, Jian; Chen, Wangqiao; Wang, Zilong
  • Chemistry - An Asian Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/asia.201700070

Single‐Ion Conducting Poly(Ethylene Oxide Carbonate) as Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries
journal, October 2019

  • Meabe, Leire; Goujon, Nicolas; Li, Chunmei
  • Batteries & Supercaps, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/batt.201900119

Enhancing Fast Ion Transport at Interfaces of Lithium Metal Anode in Lithium‐Sulfurized Polyacrylonitrile Batteries
journal, January 2020


Key Aspects of Lithium Metal Anodes for Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, March 2019


Practical considerations of Si-based anodes for lithium-ion battery applications
journal, August 2017


Lithium Metal Anode Materials Design: Interphase and Host
journal, October 2019


A highly reversible room-temperature lithium metal battery based on crosslinked hairy nanoparticles
journal, December 2015

  • Choudhury, Snehashis; Mangal, Rahul; Agrawal, Akanksha
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
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Stabilizing lithium metal using ionic liquids for long-lived batteries
journal, June 2016

  • Basile, A.; Bhatt, A. I.; O’Mullane, A. P.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11794

Design principles for electrolytes and interfaces for stable lithium-metal batteries
journal, September 2016


Stabilizing polymer electrolytes in high-voltage lithium batteries
journal, July 2019


Fast galvanic lithium corrosion involving a Kirkendall-type mechanism
journal, January 2019


Stress-driven lithium dendrite growth mechanism and dendrite mitigation by electroplating on soft substrates
journal, March 2018


Non-flammable electrolytes with high salt-to-solvent ratios for Li-ion and Li-metal batteries
journal, July 2018


Stable cycling of high-voltage lithium metal batteries in ether electrolytes
journal, July 2018


Real-time mass spectrometric characterization of the solid–electrolyte interphase of a lithium-ion battery
journal, January 2020


Volumetric variation confinement: surface protective structure for high cyclic stability of lithium metal electrodes
journal, January 2016

  • Peng, Zhe; Wang, Shuwei; Zhou, Jingjing
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/c5ta10050j

Electrolytes for electrochemical energy storage
journal, January 2017

  • Xia, Lan; Yu, Linpo; Hu, Di
  • Materials Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 1, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c6qm00169f

Stability enhancing ionic liquid hybrid electrolyte for NVP@C cathode based sodium batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Manohar, C. V.; Raj K., Anish; Kar, Mega
  • Sustainable Energy & Fuels, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7se00537g

Enhancing metallic lithium battery performance by tuning the electrolyte solution structure
journal, January 2018

  • Huang, Feifei; Ma, Guoqiang; Wen, Zhaoyin
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta08274f

A symmetrical ionic liquid/Li salt system for rapid ion transport and stable lithium electrochemistry
journal, January 2018

  • Al-Masri, Danah; Yunis, Ruhamah; Hollenkamp, Anthony F.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cc00531a

Functional and stability orientation synthesis of materials and structures in aprotic Li–O 2 batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Peng; Zhao, Yong; Zhang, Xinbo
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 47, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8cs00009c

Effect of electrolyte on the nanostructure of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) and performance of lithium metal anodes
journal, January 2018

  • Jurng, Sunhyung; Brown, Zachary L.; Kim, Jiyeon
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8ee00364e

Extraordinary lithium ion storage capability achieved by SnO 2 nanocrystals with exposed {221} facets
journal, January 2018

  • Li, Bomin; Yan, Yan; Shen, Chentong
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 10, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/c8nr04513e

In situ 7 Li-NMR analysis of lithium metal surface deposits with varying electrolyte compositions and concentrations
journal, January 2019

  • Küpers, Verena; Kolek, Martin; Bieker, Peter
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9cp05334d

FSI-inspired solvent and “full fluorosulfonyl” electrolyte for 4 V class lithium-metal batteries
journal, January 2020

  • Xue, Weijiang; Shi, Zhe; Huang, Mingjun
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 13, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee02538c

Superlithiophilic graphene-silver enabling ultra-stable hosts for lithium metal anodes
journal, January 2020

  • Zhuang, Huifeng; Zhao, Ping; Xu, Yue
  • Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9qi01457h

Planar NiC 3 as a reversible anode material with high storage capacity for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Zhu, Changyan; Qu, Xin; Zhang, Min
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta03494c

Strong texturing of lithium metal in batteries
journal, October 2017

  • Shi, Feifei; Pei, Allen; Vailionis, Arturas
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1708224114

Lithium metal stripping beneath the solid electrolyte interphase
journal, August 2018

  • Shi, Feifei; Pei, Allen; Boyle, David Thomas
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1806878115

Investigation of the Lithium Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Vinylene Carbonate Electrolytes Using Cu||LiFePO 4 Cells
journal, January 2017

  • Brown, Zachary L.; Jurng, Sunhyung; Lucht, Brett L.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0021712jes

Review—Superconcentrated Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Yamada, Yuki; Yamada, Atsuo
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0041514jes

Analysis and Simulation of One-Dimensional Transport Models for Lithium Symmetric Cells
journal, January 2019

  • Subramaniam, Akshay; Chen, Jerry; Jang, Taejin
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0261915jes

Improved Stability and Rate Capability of Ionic Liquid Electrolyte with High Concentration of LiFSI
journal, January 2019

  • Heist, Ashley; Lee, Se-Hee
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0381910jes

Combinatorial Methods for Improving Lithium Metal Cycling Efficiency
journal, January 2018

  • Genovese, Matthew; Louli, A. J.; Weber, Rochelle
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0401813jes

Concentrated Electrolytes for Enhanced Stability of Al-Alloy Negative Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Chan, Averey K.; Tatara, Ryoichi; Feng, Shuting
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 166, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0581910jes

Measuring the Coulombic Efficiency of Lithium Metal Cycling in Anode-Free Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Genovese, Matthew; Louli, A. J.; Weber, Rochelle
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0641814jes

Lithium Metal Penetration Induced by Electrodeposition through Solid Electrolytes: Example in Single-Crystal Li 6 La 3 ZrTaO 12 Garnet
journal, January 2018

  • Swamy, Tushar; Park, Richard; Sheldon, Brian W.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.1391814jes

Synergistic Effects of Salt Concentration and Working Temperature towards Dendrite-Free Lithium Deposition
journal, October 2019


Effect of the Anion Activity on the Stability of Li Metal Anodes in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, March 2016

  • Cao, Ruiguo; Chen, Junzheng; Han, Kee Sung
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201505074

Artificial Soft-Rigid Protective Layer for Dendrite-Free Lithium Metal Anode
journal, January 2018

  • Xu, Rui; Zhang, Xue-Qiang; Cheng, Xin-Bing
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201705838

Toward High Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries Based on Li 2 S Cathodes and Beyond: Status, Challenges, and Perspectives
journal, March 2018

  • Su, Dawei; Zhou, Dong; Wang, Chengyin
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201800154

An Ultrarobust Composite Gel Electrolyte Stabilizing Ion Deposition for Long‐Life Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, August 2019

  • Ding, Chenfeng; Fu, Xuewei; Li, Hao
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201904547

Enabling Stable Lithium Metal Anode through Electrochemical Kinetics Manipulation
journal, September 2019

  • Han, Yehu; Jie, Yulin; Huang, Fanyang
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201904629

Metal Organic Framework Derivative Improving Lithium Metal Anode Cycling
journal, January 2020

  • Zhong, Yiren; Lin, Fang; Wang, Maoyu
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201907579

An Artificial Solid Electrolyte Interphase Layer for Stable Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, December 2015


Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Thin Film as a Stable Interfacial Layer for High-Performance Lithium-Metal Battery Anodes
journal, October 2016


Protected Lithium-Metal Anodes in Batteries: From Liquid to Solid
journal, July 2017


Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conductor for Li-Metal Anode Protection
journal, January 2018


Dual‐Layered Film Protected Lithium Metal Anode to Enable Dendrite‐Free Lithium Deposition
journal, April 2018


Double-Layer Polymer Electrolyte for High-Voltage All-Solid-State Rechargeable Batteries
journal, December 2018


Recent Developments of the Lithium Metal Anode for Rechargeable Non-Aqueous Batteries
journal, July 2016

  • Zhang, Kai; Lee, Gi-Hyeok; Park, Mihui
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600811

Ionic Liquids and Organic Ionic Plastic Crystals: Advanced Electrolytes for Safer High Performance Sodium Energy Storage Technologies
journal, May 2018

  • Basile, Andrew; Hilder, Matthias; Makhlooghiazad, Faezeh
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201703491

3D Wettable Framework for Dendrite-Free Alkali Metal Anodes
journal, May 2018

  • Zhang, Ying; Wang, Chengwei; Pastel, Glenn
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800635

Predicting Calendar Aging in Lithium Metal Secondary Batteries: The Impacts of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Composition and Stability
journal, August 2018

  • Wood, Sean M.; Fang, Chengcheng; Dufek, Eric J.
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201801427

High‐Fluorinated Electrolytes for Li–S Batteries
journal, February 2019

  • Zheng, Jing; Ji, Guangbin; Fan, Xiulin
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201803774

Artificial Solid‐Electrolyte Interphase Enabled High‐Capacity and Stable Cycling Potassium Metal Batteries
journal, September 2019

  • Wang, Huwei; Hu, Junyang; Dong, Jiahui
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201902697

Electroless Formation of Hybrid Lithium Anodes for Fast Interfacial Ion Transport
journal, September 2017

  • Choudhury, Snehashis; Tu, Zhengyuan; Stalin, Sanjuna
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 129, Issue 42
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Enhanced Performance of a Lithium-Sulfur Battery Using a Carbonate-Based Electrolyte
journal, July 2016

  • Xu, Zhixin; Wang, Jiulin; Yang, Jun
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 55, Issue 35
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Active‐Oxygen‐Enhanced Homogeneous Nucleation of Lithium Metal on Ultrathin Layered Double Hydroxide
journal, March 2019

  • Li, Zhenhua; Liu, Ke; Fan, Kui
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 12
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High‐Energy Rechargeable Metallic Lithium Battery at −70 °C Enabled by a Cosolvent Electrolyte
journal, March 2019

  • Dong, Xiaoli; Lin, Yuxiao; Li, Panlong
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 17
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Enabling High‐Voltage Lithium Metal Batteries by Manipulating Solvation Structure in Ester Electrolyte
journal, January 2020

  • Jie, Yulin; Liu, Xiaojing; Lei, Zhanwu
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 59, Issue 9
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Cation−Solvent, Cation−Anion, and Solvent−Solvent Interactions with Electrolyte Solvation in Lithium Batteries
journal, January 2019

  • Chen, Xiang; Zhang, Xue-Qiang; Li, Hao-Ran
  • Batteries & Supercaps, Vol. 2, Issue 2
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A Compact Gel Membrane Based on a Blend of PEO and PVDF for Dendrite‐Free Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, October 2019


Nanocellulose Modified Polyethylene Separators for Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, April 2018


Lithium-coated polymeric matrix as a minimum volume-change and dendrite-free lithium metal anode
journal, March 2016

  • Liu, Yayuan; Lin, Dingchang; Liang, Zheng
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
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Air-stable and freestanding lithium alloy/graphene foil as an alternative to lithium metal anodes
journal, July 2017


Achieving three-dimensional lithium sulfide growth in lithium-sulfur batteries using high-donor-number anions
journal, January 2019


High electronic conductivity as the origin of lithium dendrite formation within solid electrolytes
journal, January 2019


Solid-state polymer electrolytes with in-built fast interfacial transport for secondary lithium batteries
journal, March 2019


Rejuvenating zinc batteries
journal, May 2018


A new ether-based electrolyte for dendrite-free lithium-metal based rechargeable batteries
journal, February 2016

  • Miao, Rongrong; Yang, Jun; Xu, Zhixin
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
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Conversion cathodes for rechargeable lithium and lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2017

  • Wu, Feixiang; Yushin, Gleb
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Electrode–electrolyte interfaces in lithium-based batteries
journal, January 2018

  • Yu, Xingwen; Manthiram, Arumugam
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Thermoelectrochemical cells based on Li + /Li redox couples in LiFSI glyme electrolytes
journal, January 2018

  • Kim, Kyunggu; Lee, Hochun
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20, Issue 36
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Recent advances in understanding Li–CO 2 electrochemistry
journal, January 2019

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Realizing stable lithium deposition by in situ grown Cu 2 S nanowires inside commercial Cu foam for lithium metal anodes
journal, January 2019

  • Huang, Zhijia; Zhang, Chen; Lv, Wei
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 2
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3D porous carbon networks with highly dispersed SiO x by molecular-scale engineering toward stable lithium metal anodes
journal, January 2019

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  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 43
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Asymmetric behaviour of Li/Li symmetric cells for Li metal batteries
journal, January 2019

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  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 65
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Trimethylsilyl azide (C 3 H 9 N 3 Si): a highly efficient additive for tailoring fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) based electrolytes for Li-metal batteries
journal, January 2019

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Emerging two-dimensional noncarbon nanomaterials for flexible lithium-ion batteries: opportunities and challenges
journal, January 2019

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Cation effect on small phosphonium based ionic liquid electrolytes with high concentrations of lithium salt
journal, May 2018

  • Chen, Fangfang; Kerr, Robert; Forsyth, Maria
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 148, Issue 19
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Three-dimensional stable lithium metal anode with nanoscale lithium islands embedded in ionically conductive solid matrix
journal, April 2017

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  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 18
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Fluorine-donating electrolytes enable highly reversible 5-V-class Li metal batteries
journal, January 2018

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  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 6
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New Separators in Lithium/Sulfur Cells with High-Capacity Cathodes
journal, June 2017

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  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 1
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Electrochemical Cycle-Life Characterization of High Energy Lithium-Ion Cells with Thick Li(Ni 0.6 Mn 0.2 Co 0.2 )O 2 and Graphite Electrodes
journal, January 2017

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  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, Issue 6
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Comparing Cycling Characteristics of Symmetric Lithium-Polymer-Lithium Cells with Theoretical Predictions
journal, January 2018

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  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 13
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Lithium-Mediated Ammonia Electro-Synthesis: Effect of CsClO 4 on Lithium Plating Efficiency and Ammonia Synthesis
journal, January 2018

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Processing of Advanced Battery Materials—Laser Cutting of Pure Lithium Metal Foils
journal, August 2018


Understanding lithium transport in SEI films: a nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulation
text, January 2020


Constructing a High‐Strength Solid Electrolyte Layer by In Vivo Alloying with Aluminum for an Ultrahigh‐Rate Lithium Metal Anode
journal, December 2019

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  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 30, Issue 7
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A Hierarchical Silver-Nanowire-Graphene Host Enabling Ultrahigh Rates and Superior Long-Term Cycling of Lithium-Metal Composite Anodes
journal, September 2018


Accurate Determination of Coulombic Efficiency for Lithium Metal Anodes and Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, October 2017

  • Adams, Brian D.; Zheng, Jianming; Ren, Xiaodi
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 7
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Tuning the Electron Density of Aromatic Solvent for Stable Solid-Electrolyte-Interphase Layer in Carbonate-Based Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, October 2018

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  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 33
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Ultrathin Bilayer of Graphite/SiO 2 as Solid Interface for Reviving Li Metal Anode
journal, August 2019

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  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 36
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Electroless Formation of Hybrid Lithium Anodes for Fast Interfacial Ion Transport
journal, September 2017

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Stable Conversion Chemistry-Based Lithium Metal Batteries Enabled by Hierarchical Multifunctional Polymer Electrolytes with Near-Single Ion Conduction
journal, March 2019

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Inside Back Cover: A Sustainable Solid Electrolyte Interphase for High‐Energy‐Density Lithium Metal Batteries Under Practical Conditions (Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 8/2020)
journal, February 2020

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Growth of conformal graphene cages on micrometre-sized silicon particles as stable battery anodes
journal, January 2016


Advances and issues in developing salt-concentrated battery electrolytes
journal, March 2019


2D MoS2 as an efficient protective layer for lithium metal anodes in high-performance Li–S batteries
journal, February 2018


Designing high-energy lithium–sulfur batteries
journal, January 2016

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  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 45, Issue 20
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Suppressing the effect of lithium dendritic growth by the addition of magnesium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide
journal, January 2018

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“Solvent-in-salt” systems for design of new materials in chemistry, biology and energy research
journal, January 2018

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A hybrid electrolyte for long-life semi-solid-state lithium sulfur batteries
journal, January 2017

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A new ether-based electrolyte for lithium sulfur batteries using a S@pPAN cathode
journal, January 2018

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Highly concentrated electrolyte solutions for 4 V class potassium-ion batteries
journal, January 2018

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  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 60
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Applications of 2D MXenes in energy conversion and storage systems
journal, January 2019

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Expanded-graphite embedded in lithium metal as dendrite-free anode of lithium metal batteries
journal, January 2019

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  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 26
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Improving the Li–S battery performance by applying a combined interface engineering approach on the Li 2 S cathode
journal, January 2019

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  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 48
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A new approach to very high lithium salt content quasi-solid state electrolytes for lithium metal batteries using plastic crystals
journal, January 2019

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  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 44
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Composite lithium electrode with mesoscale skeleton via simple mechanical deformation
journal, March 2019


Graphitized Carbon Fibers as Multifunctional 3D Current Collectors for High Areal Capacity Li Anodes
journal, June 2017

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  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 29
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High Areal Capacity and Lithium Utilization in Anodes Made of Covalently Connected Graphite Microtubes
journal, August 2017


High-Voltage Lithium-Metal Batteries Enabled by Localized High-Concentration Electrolytes
journal, March 2018

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Suppressing Li Metal Dendrites Through a Solid Li‐Ion Backup Layer
journal, August 2018

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Passivation of Lithium Metal Anode via Hybrid Ionic Liquid Electrolyte toward Stable Li Plating/Stripping
journal, November 2016


A Concentrated Ternary‐Salts Electrolyte for High Reversible Li Metal Battery with Slight Excess Li
journal, December 2018


Efficient Li‐Ion‐Conductive Layer for the Realization of Highly Stable High‐Voltage and High‐Capacity Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, February 2019

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3D Nanowire Arrayed Cu Current Collector toward Homogeneous Alloying Anode Deposition for Enhanced Sodium Storage
journal, June 2019

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Eliminating Dendrites through Dynamically Engineering the Forces Applied during Li Deposition for Stable Lithium Metal Anodes
journal, December 2019

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Fluorine and Lithium: Ideal Partners for High‐Performance Rechargeable Battery Electrolytes
journal, November 2019

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Cation−Solvent, Cation−Anion, and Solvent−Solvent Interactions with Electrolyte Solvation in Lithium batteries
journal, January 2019

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Atomic Layer Deposition of Li x Al y S Solid-State Electrolytes for Stabilizing Lithium-Metal Anodes
journal, April 2016


Electrolytes for Batteries with Earth-Abundant Metal Anodes
journal, November 2018

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Effect of Cation Size on Solvation and Association with Superoxide Anion in Aprotic Solvents
journal, July 2019


An Electrolyte for Reversible Cycling of Sodium Metal and Intercalation Compounds
journal, December 2016


Electrode Edge Effects and the Failure Mechanism of Lithium-Metal Batteries
journal, October 2018


Fast Charging Lithium Batteries: Recent Progress and Future Prospects
journal, March 2019


Selective deposition and stable encapsulation of lithium through heterogeneous seeded growth
journal, February 2016

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A facile surface chemistry route to a stabilized lithium metal anode
journal, July 2017


Prevention of dendrite growth and volume expansion to give high-performance aprotic bimetallic Li-Na alloy–O2 batteries
journal, November 2018


A lithium-ion oxygen battery with a Si anode lithiated in situ by a Li 3 N-containing cathode
journal, January 2018

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Elucidating electrolyte decomposition under electron-rich environments at the lithium-metal anode
journal, January 2017

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Monolayer InP 3 as a reversible anode material for ultrafast charging lithium- and sodium-ion batteries: a theoretical study
journal, January 2018

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Water-tolerant lithium metal cycling in high lithium concentration phosphonium-based ionic liquid electrolytes
journal, January 2018

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First principles studies of self-diffusion processes on metallic lithium surfaces
journal, January 2019

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Liquid Structures and Transport Properties of Lithium Bis(fluorosulfonyl)amide/Glyme Solvate Ionic Liquids for Lithium Batteries
journal, January 2019

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High-capacity rechargeable batteries based on deeply cyclable lithium metal anodes
journal, May 2018

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In operando plasmonic monitoring of electrochemical evolution of lithium metal
journal, October 2018

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The energy-storage frontier: Lithium-ion batteries and beyond
journal, November 2015

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Enhanced Cyclability of Lithium-Oxygen Batteries with Electrodes Protected by Surface Films Induced via In Situ Electrochemical Process
journal, January 2018


Magnetic Field–Suppressed Lithium Dendrite Growth for Stable Lithium‐Metal Batteries
journal, April 2019

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Suppressing Lithium Dendrite Growth via Sinusoidal Ripple Current Produced by Triboelectric Nanogenerators
journal, April 2019

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Cross Talk between Transition Metal Cathode and Li Metal Anode: Unraveling Its Influence on the Deposition/Dissolution Behavior and Morphology of Lithium
journal, April 2019

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Ein Hybrid‐Anion für ionische Flüssigkeiten und Batterieelektrolytanwendungen: Halb Triflamid, halb Carbonat
journal, February 2019

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High‐Energy Rechargeable Metallic Lithium Battery at −70 °C Enabled by a Cosolvent Electrolyte
journal, March 2019


Self‐Healable Solid Polymeric Electrolytes for Stable and Flexible Lithium Metal Batteries
journal, December 2019

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Safe Lithium‐Metal Anodes for Li−O 2 Batteries: From Fundamental Chemistry to Advanced Characterization and Effective Protection
journal, May 2019

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Electrolytes for Dual‐Carbon Batteries
journal, March 2019


High-Performance Anode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, March 2018


Pathways for practical high-energy long-cycling lithium metal batteries
journal, February 2019


The Impact of Li Grain Size on Coulombic Efficiency in Li Batteries
journal, October 2016

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High-voltage positive electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2017

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Recent advances in inorganic 2D materials and their applications in lithium and sodium batteries
journal, January 2017

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Suppression of dendritic lithium growth in lithium metal-based batteries
journal, January 2018

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Bisalt ether electrolytes: a pathway towards lithium metal batteries with Ni-rich cathodes
journal, January 2019

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A graphite intercalation compound associated with liquid Na–K towards ultra-stable and high-capacity alkali metal anodes
journal, January 2019

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Review—Li Metal Anode in Working Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
journal, June 2017

  • Cheng, Xin-Bing; Huang, Jia-Qi; Zhang, Qiang
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, Issue 1
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Solid Electrolyte Interphase Film on Lithium Metal Anode in Mixed-Salt System
journal, January 2019

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Deterioration Analysis of Lithium Metal Anode in Full Cell during Long-Term Cycles
journal, January 2019

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Rechargeable Mg–Li hybrid batteries: status and challenges
journal, September 2016

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