skip to main content


Title: Analysis of the Salmonella regulatory network suggests involvement of SsrB and H-NS in σ E-regulated SPI-2 gene expression

The extracytoplasmic functioning sigma factor σ E is known to play an essential role for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to survive and proliferate in macrophages and mice. However, its regulatory network is not well characterized, especially during infection. Here we used microarray to identify genes regulated by σ E in Salmonella grown in three conditions: a nutrient-rich condition and two others that mimic early and late intracellular infection. We found that in each condition σ E regulated different sets of genes, and notably, several global regulators. When comparing nutrient-rich and infection-like conditions, large changes were observed in the expression of genes involved in Salmonella pathogenesis island (SPI)-1 type-three secretion system (TTSS), SPI-2 TTSS, protein synthesis, and stress responses. In total, the expression of 58% of Salmonella genes was affected by σ E in at least one of the three conditions. An important finding is that σ E up-regulates SPI-2 genes, which are essential for Salmonella intracellular survival, by up-regulating SPI-2 activator ssrB expression at the early stage of infection and down-regulating SPI-2 repressor hns expression at a later stage. Moreover, σ E is capable of countering the silencing of H-NS, releasing the expression of SPI-2 genes. This connection between σmore » E and SPI-2 genes, combined with the global regulatory effect of σ E, may account for the lethality of rpoE-deficient Salmonella in murine infection.« less
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1664-302X
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Microbiology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1664-302X
Frontiers Research Foundation
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Salmonella Typhimurium; bacterial pathogenesis; systems biology; transcriptomics; regulatory network; bioinformatics; computational biology
OSTI Identifier: