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Title: Compact x-ray source based on burst-mode inverse Compton scattering at 100 kHz

A design for a compact x-ray light source (CXLS) with flux and brilliance orders of magnitude beyond existing laboratory scale sources is presented. The source is based on inverse Compton scattering of a high brightness electron bunch on a picosecond laser pulse. The accelerator is a novel high-efficiency standingwave linac and rf photoinjector powered by a single ultrastable rf transmitter at X-band rf frequency. The high efficiency permits operation at repetition rates up to 1 kHz, which is further boosted to 100 kHz by operating with trains of 100 bunches of 100 pC charge, each separated by 5 ns. The entire accelerator is approximately 1 meter long and produces hard x rays tunable over a wide range of photon energies. The colliding laser is a Yb:YAG solid-state amplifier producing 1030 nm, 100 mJ pulses at the same 1 kHz repetition rate as the accelerator. The laser pulse is frequency-doubled and stored for many passes in a ringdown cavity to match the linac pulse structure. At a photon energy of 12.4 keV, the predicted x-ray flux is 5 × 10¹¹ photons/second in a 5% bandwidth and the brilliance is 2 × 10¹² photons/(sec mm² mrad² 0.1%) in pulses with rms pulsemore » length of 490 fs. The nominal electron beam parameters are 18 MeV kinetic energy, 10 microamp average current, 0.5 microsecond macropulse length, resulting in average electron beam power of 180 W. Optimization of the x-ray output is presented along with design of the accelerator, laser, and x-ray optic components that are specific to the particular characteristics of the Compton scattered x-ray pulses.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. MIT (Massachusetts Inst. of Technology), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. MIT-Bates Laboratory, Middleton, MA (United States)
  3. CFEL, Hamburg (Germany)
  4. SLAC National Sccelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-10ER46745; FG02-08ER41532
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 42 ENGINEERING
OSTI Identifier:
1179892
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1207173