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Title: Evidence of incomplete annealing at 800 °C and the effects of 120 °C baking on the crystal orientation and the surface superconducting properties of cold-worked and chemically polished Nb

High-purity niobium rods were cold-worked by wire-drawing, followed by various combinations of chemical polishing and high-vacuum baking at 120 °C or annealing at 800 °C in order to better understand changes to the surface superconducting properties resulting from typical superconducting radio-frequency cavity processing. AC susceptibility measurements revealed an enhanced upper transition T c at ~ 9.3–9.4 K in all samples that was stable through all annealing steps, a value significantly above the accepted T c of 9.23 K for pure annealed niobium. Corresponding elevations were seen in the critical fields, the ratio of the surface critical field H c3 to the bulk upper critical field H c2 rising to 2.3, well above the Ginzburg–Landau value of 1.695. Orientation imaging revealed an extensive dislocation rich sub-grain structure in the as-drawn rods, a small reduction of the surface strain after baking at 120 °C, and a substantial but incomplete recrystallization near the surface after annealing at 800 °C. We interpret these changes in surface superconducting and structural properties to extensive changes in the near-surface interstitial contamination produced by baking and annealing and to synergistic interactions between H and surface O introduced during electropolishing and buffered chemical polishing.
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [3]
  1. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). National High Magnetic Field Lab. (MagLab)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Novosibirsk State Univ., Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
  3. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Superconductor Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-2048
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; Superconductivity; SRF; Heat Treatment; Niobium; Surfaces; interfaces and thin films; Condensed matter: structural, mechanical & thermal
OSTI Identifier: