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Title: Light Absorption Properties and Radiative Effects of Primary Organic Aerosol Emissions

Abstract

Organic aerosols (OAs) in the atmosphere affect Earth’s energy budget by not only scattering but also absorbing solar radiation due to the presence of the so-called “brown carbon” (BrC) component. However, the absorptivities of OAs are not represented or are poorly represented in current climate and chemical transport models. In this study, we provide a method to constrain the BrC absorptivity at the emission inventory level using recent laboratory and field observations. We review available measurements of the light-absorbing primary OA (POA), and quantify the wavelength-dependent imaginary refractive indices (kOA, the fundamental optical parameter determining the particle’s absorptivity) and their uncertainties for the bulk POA emitted from biomass/biofuel, lignite, propane, and oil combustion sources. In particular, we parametrize the kOA of biomass/biofuel combustion sources as a function of the black carbon (BC)-to-OA ratio, indicating that the absorptive properties of POA depend strongly on burning conditions. The derived fuel-type-based kOA profiles are incorporated into a global carbonaceous aerosol emission inventory, and the integrated kOA values of sectoral and total POA emissions are presented. The results of a simple radiative transfer model show that the POA absorptivity warms the atmosphere significantly and leads to ~27% reduction in the amount of the netmore » global average POA cooling compared to results from the nonabsorbing assumption.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States
  2. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana−Champaign, 205 North Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States
  3. Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States
  4. Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, United States
  5. National Center for Environmental Assessment, U.S. EPA, 4930 Page Road, Research Triangle Park, Durham, North Carolina 27709, United States
  6. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, The University of Iowa, 4133 Seamans Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1178350
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1221600
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Environmental Science and Technology Journal Volume: 49 Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 14 SOLAR ENERGY

Citation Formats

Lu, Zifeng, Streets, David G., Winijkul, Ekbordin, Yan, Fang, Chen, Yanju, Bond, Tami C., Feng, Yan, Dubey, Manvendra K., Liu, Shang, Pinto, Joseph P., and Carmichael, Gregory R.. Light Absorption Properties and Radiative Effects of Primary Organic Aerosol Emissions. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00211.
Lu, Zifeng, Streets, David G., Winijkul, Ekbordin, Yan, Fang, Chen, Yanju, Bond, Tami C., Feng, Yan, Dubey, Manvendra K., Liu, Shang, Pinto, Joseph P., & Carmichael, Gregory R.. Light Absorption Properties and Radiative Effects of Primary Organic Aerosol Emissions. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00211
Lu, Zifeng, Streets, David G., Winijkul, Ekbordin, Yan, Fang, Chen, Yanju, Bond, Tami C., Feng, Yan, Dubey, Manvendra K., Liu, Shang, Pinto, Joseph P., and Carmichael, Gregory R.. Thu . "Light Absorption Properties and Radiative Effects of Primary Organic Aerosol Emissions". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00211.
@article{osti_1178350,
title = {Light Absorption Properties and Radiative Effects of Primary Organic Aerosol Emissions},
author = {Lu, Zifeng and Streets, David G. and Winijkul, Ekbordin and Yan, Fang and Chen, Yanju and Bond, Tami C. and Feng, Yan and Dubey, Manvendra K. and Liu, Shang and Pinto, Joseph P. and Carmichael, Gregory R.},
abstractNote = {Organic aerosols (OAs) in the atmosphere affect Earth’s energy budget by not only scattering but also absorbing solar radiation due to the presence of the so-called “brown carbon” (BrC) component. However, the absorptivities of OAs are not represented or are poorly represented in current climate and chemical transport models. In this study, we provide a method to constrain the BrC absorptivity at the emission inventory level using recent laboratory and field observations. We review available measurements of the light-absorbing primary OA (POA), and quantify the wavelength-dependent imaginary refractive indices (kOA, the fundamental optical parameter determining the particle’s absorptivity) and their uncertainties for the bulk POA emitted from biomass/biofuel, lignite, propane, and oil combustion sources. In particular, we parametrize the kOA of biomass/biofuel combustion sources as a function of the black carbon (BC)-to-OA ratio, indicating that the absorptive properties of POA depend strongly on burning conditions. The derived fuel-type-based kOA profiles are incorporated into a global carbonaceous aerosol emission inventory, and the integrated kOA values of sectoral and total POA emissions are presented. The results of a simple radiative transfer model show that the POA absorptivity warms the atmosphere significantly and leads to ~27% reduction in the amount of the net global average POA cooling compared to results from the nonabsorbing assumption.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.5b00211},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 8,
volume = 49,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b00211

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Cited by: 26 works
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