skip to main content


Title: Quantitative characterization of arc discharge as vacuum interface

An arc discharge with channel diameters of 3 mm and 6 mm and lengths between 30mm and 60mm was experimentally investigated for its potential to function as plasma window, i.e., interface vacuum regions of different pressures. In this study, electron temperature of the plasma channel measured spectroscopically varied in the range of 7000K to 15000K, increasing with discharge current while decreasing with gas flow rate. The plasma window had a slightly positive I-V characteristics over the whole range of investigated current 30A–70 A. Measurements of pressure separation capability, which were determined by input current, gas flow rate, discharge channel diameter, and length, were well explained by viscosity effect and “thermal-block” effect. The experimental results of global parameters including temperature, gas flow rate, and voltage had a good agreement with the simulation results calculated by an axis-symmetry Fluent-based magneto-hydrodynamic model.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou (China)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN; R&D Project: KBCH139; 18033; KB0202011
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; plasma temperature; viscosity; plasma pressure; high pressure; plasma channeling
OSTI Identifier: