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Title: Simulation of the main physical processes in remote laser penetration with large laser spot size

A 3D model is developed to simulate remote laser penetration of a 1mm Aluminum metal sheet with large laser spot size (~3x3cm²), using the ALE3D multi-physics code. The model deals with the laser-induced melting of the plate and the mechanical interaction between the solid and the melted part through plate elastic-plastic response. The effect of plate oscillations and other forces on plate rupture, the droplet formation mechanism and the influence of gravity and high laser power in further breaking the single melt droplet into many more fragments are analyzed. In the limit of low laser power, the numerical results match the available experiments. The numerical approach couples mechanical and thermal diffusion to hydrodynamics melt flow and accounts for temperature dependent material properties, surface tension, gravity and vapor recoil pressure.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; surface tension; fluid drops; aluminum; laser materials; liquid surfaces
OSTI Identifier:
1177823
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1200904