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Title: Ti-substituted tunnel-type Na 0.44MnO 2 oxide as a negative electrode for aqueous sodium-ion batteries

The aqueous sodium-ion battery system is a safe and low-cost solution for large-scale energy storage, due to the abundance of sodium and inexpensive aqueous electrolytes. Although several positive electrode materials, e.g., Na 0.44MnO 2, were proposed, few negative electrode materials, e.g., activated carbon and NaTi 2(PO 4) 3, are available. Here we show that Ti-substituted Na 0.44MnO 2 (Na 0.44[Mn 1-xTi x]O 2) with tunnel structure can be used as a negative electrode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries. This material exhibits superior cyclability even without the special treatment of oxygen removal from the aqueous solution. Atomic-scale characterizations based on spherical aberration-corrected electron microscopy and ab initio calculations are utilized to accurately identify the Ti substitution sites and sodium storage mechanism. Ti substitution tunes the charge ordering property and reaction pathway, significantly smoothing the discharge/charge profiles and lowering the storage voltage. Both the fundamental understanding and practical demonstrations suggest that Na 0.44[Mn 1-xTi x]O 2 is a promising negative electrode material for aqueous sodium-ion batteries.
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  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of High Energy Physics (IHEP)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Seoul National Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; national synchrotron light source
OSTI Identifier: