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Title: Single-crystal-to-single-crystal metalation of a metal-organic framework: A route toward structurally well-defined catalysts

Abstract

Metal–organic frameworks featuring ligands with open chelating groups are versatile platforms for the preparation of a diverse set of heterogeneous catalysts through postsynthetic metalation. The crystalline nature of these materials allows them to be characterized via X-ray diffraction, which provides valuable insight into the structure of the metal sites that facilitate catalysis. A highly porous and thermally robust zirconium-based metal–organic framework, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 (bpydc2– = 2,2'-bipyridne-5,5'-dicarboxylate), bears open bipyridine sites that readily react with a variety of solution- and gas-phase metal sources to form the corresponding metalated frameworks. Remarkably, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation upon metalation that involves a change in space group from $$Fm\bar{3}m$$ to $$Pa\bar{3}m$$. This structural transformation leads to an ordering of the metalated linkers within the framework, allowing structural characterization of the resulting metal complexes. Furthermore, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 yields an active heterogeneous catalyst for arene C–H borylation when metalated with [Ir(COD)2]BF4 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). These results highlight the unique potential of metal–organic frameworks as a class of heterogeneous catalysts that allow unparalleled structural characterization and control over their active sites.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1176798
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Gonzalez, Miguel I., Bloch, Eric D., Mason, Jarad A., Teat, Simon J., and Long, Jeffrey R.. Single-crystal-to-single-crystal metalation of a metal-organic framework: A route toward structurally well-defined catalysts. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00096.
Gonzalez, Miguel I., Bloch, Eric D., Mason, Jarad A., Teat, Simon J., & Long, Jeffrey R.. Single-crystal-to-single-crystal metalation of a metal-organic framework: A route toward structurally well-defined catalysts. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00096
Gonzalez, Miguel I., Bloch, Eric D., Mason, Jarad A., Teat, Simon J., and Long, Jeffrey R.. Mon . "Single-crystal-to-single-crystal metalation of a metal-organic framework: A route toward structurally well-defined catalysts". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00096. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1176798.
@article{osti_1176798,
title = {Single-crystal-to-single-crystal metalation of a metal-organic framework: A route toward structurally well-defined catalysts},
author = {Gonzalez, Miguel I. and Bloch, Eric D. and Mason, Jarad A. and Teat, Simon J. and Long, Jeffrey R.},
abstractNote = {Metal–organic frameworks featuring ligands with open chelating groups are versatile platforms for the preparation of a diverse set of heterogeneous catalysts through postsynthetic metalation. The crystalline nature of these materials allows them to be characterized via X-ray diffraction, which provides valuable insight into the structure of the metal sites that facilitate catalysis. A highly porous and thermally robust zirconium-based metal–organic framework, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 (bpydc2– = 2,2'-bipyridne-5,5'-dicarboxylate), bears open bipyridine sites that readily react with a variety of solution- and gas-phase metal sources to form the corresponding metalated frameworks. Remarkably, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation upon metalation that involves a change in space group from $Fm\bar{3}m$ to $Pa\bar{3}m$. This structural transformation leads to an ordering of the metalated linkers within the framework, allowing structural characterization of the resulting metal complexes. Furthermore, Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 yields an active heterogeneous catalyst for arene C–H borylation when metalated with [Ir(COD)2]BF4 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene). These results highlight the unique potential of metal–organic frameworks as a class of heterogeneous catalysts that allow unparalleled structural characterization and control over their active sites.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00096},
journal = {Inorganic Chemistry},
number = 6,
volume = 54,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}

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    A concentrated array of copper porphyrin candidate qubits
    journal, January 2019

    • Yu, Chung-Jui; Krzyaniak, Matthew D.; Fataftah, Majed S.
    • Chemical Science, Vol. 10, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8sc04435j

    Controlling interpenetration through linker conformation in the modulated synthesis of Sc metal–organic frameworks
    journal, January 2018

    • Marshall, Ross J.; Lennon, Ciaran T.; Tao, Andi
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta09699b

    Stereoselective Halogenation of Integral Unsaturated C-C Bonds in Chemically and Mechanically Robust Zr and Hf MOFs
    journal, February 2016

    • Marshall, Ross J.; Griffin, Sarah L.; Wilson, Claire
    • Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 22, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1002/chem.201505185

    One-Step Synthesis of Hybrid Core-Shell Metal-Organic Frameworks
    journal, March 2018


    Breathing 3D Frameworks with T-Shaped Connecting Ligand Exhibiting Solvent Induction, Metal Ions Effect and Luminescent Properties
    journal, October 2017


    Dual-fixations of europium cations and TEMPO species on metal–organic frameworks for the aerobic oxidation of alcohols
    journal, January 2020

    • Kim, Seongwoo; Lee, Jooyeon; Jeoung, Sungeun
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 49, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1039/d0dt01324b

    Organometallic chemistry using partially fluorinated benzenes
    journal, January 2017

    • Pike, Sebastian D.; Crimmin, Mark R.; Chaplin, Adrian B.
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 53, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c6cc09575e

    Solid-state molecular organometallic chemistry. Single-crystal to single-crystal reactivity and catalysis with light hydrocarbon substrates
    journal, January 2017

    • Chadwick, F. Mark; McKay, Alasdair I.; Martinez-Martinez, Antonio J.
    • Chemical Science, Vol. 8, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7sc01491k

    Postsynthetic bromination of UiO-66 analogues: altering linker flexibility and mechanical compliance
    journal, January 2016

    • Marshall, Ross J.; Richards, Tom; Hobday, Claire L.
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 45, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5dt03178h

    Acidic ionic liquid based UiO-67 type MOFs: a stable and efficient heterogeneous catalyst for esterification
    journal, January 2018

    • Xu, Zichen; Zhao, Guoying; Ullah, Latif
    • RSC Advances, Vol. 8, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ra01119b

    Solvent-free heterogeneous catalysis for cyanosilylation in a dynamic cobalt-MOF
    journal, January 2015

    • Cui, Xin; Xu, Mei-Chen; Zhang, Ling-Juan
    • Dalton Transactions, Vol. 44, Issue 28
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5dt01456e

    Catalytic chemoselective functionalization of methane in a metal−organic framework
    journal, May 2018


    Amino acids as highly efficient modulators for single crystals of zirconium and hafnium metal–organic frameworks
    journal, January 2016

    • Marshall, Ross J.; Hobday, Claire L.; Murphie, Colin F.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 4, Issue 18
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5ta10401g

    Chelation of transition metals into MOFs as a promising method for enhancing CO 2 capture: A computational study
    journal, October 2019

    • Hu, Jianbo; Liu, Yang; Liu, Jing
    • AIChE Journal, Vol. 66, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/aic.16835

    Postsynthetic Modification of Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks: Postsynthetic Modification of Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks
    journal, July 2016

    • Marshall, Ross J.; Forgan, Ross S.
    • European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2016, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201600394

    Encapsulation of an organometallic cationic catalyst by direct exchange into an anionic MOF
    journal, January 2016

    • Grigoropoulos, Alexios; Whitehead, George F. S.; Perret, Noémie
    • Chemical Science, Vol. 7, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1039/c5sc03494a

    Influence of nanoscale structuralisation on the catalytic performance of ZIF-8: a cautionary surface catalysis study
    journal, January 2018

    • Linder-Patton, Oliver M.; de Prinse, Thomas J.; Furukawa, Shuhei
    • CrystEngComm, Vol. 20, Issue 34
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ce00746b

    Controlling interpenetration through linker conformation in the modulated synthesis of Sc metal-organic frameworks
    text, January 2018

    • Marshall, Rj; Lennon, Ct; Tao, A.
    • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    • DOI: 10.17863/cam.20975

    Organometallic chemistry using partially fluorinated benzenes
    text, January 2017

    • Pike, Sebastian; Crimmin, Mr; Chaplin, Ab
    • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    • DOI: 10.17863/cam.8845