skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The magnetic recoil spectrometer for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum at OMEGA and the NIF

Abstract

The neutron spectrum produced by deuterium-tritium (DT) inertial confinement fusion implosions contains a wealth of information about implosion performance including the DT yield, iontemperature, and areal-density. The Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) has been used at both the OMEGA laser facility and the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to measure the absolute neutron spectrum from 3 to 30 MeV at OMEGA and 3 to 36 MeV at the NIF. These measurements have been used to diagnose the performance of cryogenic target implosions to unprecedented accuracy. Interpretation of MRS data requires a detailed understanding of the MRS response and background. This paper describes ab initio characterization of the system involving Monte Carlo simulations of the MRS response in addition to the commission experiments for in situ calibration of the systems on OMEGA and the NIF.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3] more »;  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [6];  [6] « less
  1. MIT, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energitics
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  5. State Univ. of New York at Geneseo, NY (United States)
  6. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). High Energy Density Physics Div., Plasma Science and Fusion Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1172369
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002035
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Casey, D. T., Frenje, J. A., Gatu Johnson, M., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Glebov, V. Yu., Katz, J., Magoon, J., Meyerhofer, D. D., Sangster, T. C., Shoup, M., Ulreich, J., Ashabranner, R. C., Bionta, R. M., Carpenter, A. C., Felker, B., Khater, H. Y., LePape, S., MacKinnon, A., McKernan, M. A., Moran, M., Rygg, J. R., Yeoman, M. F., Zacharias, R., Leeper, R. J., Fletcher, K., Farrell, M., Jasion, D., Kilkenny, J., and Paguio, R. The magnetic recoil spectrometer for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum at OMEGA and the NIF. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4796042.
Casey, D. T., Frenje, J. A., Gatu Johnson, M., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Glebov, V. Yu., Katz, J., Magoon, J., Meyerhofer, D. D., Sangster, T. C., Shoup, M., Ulreich, J., Ashabranner, R. C., Bionta, R. M., Carpenter, A. C., Felker, B., Khater, H. Y., LePape, S., MacKinnon, A., McKernan, M. A., Moran, M., Rygg, J. R., Yeoman, M. F., Zacharias, R., Leeper, R. J., Fletcher, K., Farrell, M., Jasion, D., Kilkenny, J., & Paguio, R. The magnetic recoil spectrometer for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum at OMEGA and the NIF. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4796042.
Casey, D. T., Frenje, J. A., Gatu Johnson, M., Seguin, F. H., Li, C. K., Petrasso, R. D., Glebov, V. Yu., Katz, J., Magoon, J., Meyerhofer, D. D., Sangster, T. C., Shoup, M., Ulreich, J., Ashabranner, R. C., Bionta, R. M., Carpenter, A. C., Felker, B., Khater, H. Y., LePape, S., MacKinnon, A., McKernan, M. A., Moran, M., Rygg, J. R., Yeoman, M. F., Zacharias, R., Leeper, R. J., Fletcher, K., Farrell, M., Jasion, D., Kilkenny, J., and Paguio, R. Thu . "The magnetic recoil spectrometer for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum at OMEGA and the NIF". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4796042. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1172369.
@article{osti_1172369,
title = {The magnetic recoil spectrometer for measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum at OMEGA and the NIF},
author = {Casey, D. T. and Frenje, J. A. and Gatu Johnson, M. and Seguin, F. H. and Li, C. K. and Petrasso, R. D. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Katz, J. and Magoon, J. and Meyerhofer, D. D. and Sangster, T. C. and Shoup, M. and Ulreich, J. and Ashabranner, R. C. and Bionta, R. M. and Carpenter, A. C. and Felker, B. and Khater, H. Y. and LePape, S. and MacKinnon, A. and McKernan, M. A. and Moran, M. and Rygg, J. R. and Yeoman, M. F. and Zacharias, R. and Leeper, R. J. and Fletcher, K. and Farrell, M. and Jasion, D. and Kilkenny, J. and Paguio, R.},
abstractNote = {The neutron spectrum produced by deuterium-tritium (DT) inertial confinement fusion implosions contains a wealth of information about implosion performance including the DT yield, iontemperature, and areal-density. The Magnetic Recoil Spectrometer (MRS) has been used at both the OMEGA laser facility and the National Ignition Facility (NIF) to measure the absolute neutron spectrum from 3 to 30 MeV at OMEGA and 3 to 36 MeV at the NIF. These measurements have been used to diagnose the performance of cryogenic target implosions to unprecedented accuracy. Interpretation of MRS data requires a detailed understanding of the MRS response and background. This paper describes ab initio characterization of the system involving Monte Carlo simulations of the MRS response in addition to the commission experiments for in situ calibration of the systems on OMEGA and the NIF.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4796042},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 4,
volume = 84,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 22 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Initial performance results of the OMEGA laser system
journal, January 1997


Ignition on the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2008


A neutron spectrometer for precise measurements of DT neutrons from 10 to 18 MeV at OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility
journal, January 2001

  • Frenje, J. A.; Green, K. M.; Hicks, D. G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 72, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1323243

Spectrometry of charged particles from inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas
journal, February 2003

  • Séguin, F. H.; Frenje, J. A.; Li, C. K.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 74, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1518141

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Magnetic proton recoil spectrometer for fusion plasma neutrons
journal, January 1992

  • Källne, Jan; Enge, Harald
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 311, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(92)90660-V

First measurements of the absolute neutron spectrum using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA (invited)
journal, October 2008

  • Frenje, J. A.; Casey, D. T.; Li, C. K.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2956837

Neutron spectrometry—An essential tool for diagnosing implosions at the National Ignition Facility (invited)
journal, October 2012

  • Johnson, M. Gatu; Frenje, J. A.; Casey, D. T.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4728095

Diagnosing fuel ρR and ρR asymmetries in cryogenic deuterium-tritium implosions using charged-particle spectrometry at OMEGA
journal, April 2009

  • Frenje, J. A.; Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3098540

Shock-tuned cryogenic-deuterium-tritium implosion performance on Omega
journal, May 2010

  • Sangster, T. C.; Goncharov, V. N.; Betti, R.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3360928

Demonstration of the Highest Deuterium-Tritium Areal Density Using Multiple-Picket Cryogenic Designs on OMEGA
journal, April 2010


High-resolution spectroscopy used to measure inertial confinement fusion neutron spectra on Omega (invited)
journal, October 2012

  • Forrest, C. J.; Radha, P. B.; Glebov, V. Yu.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4742926

Cryogenic thermonuclear fuel implosions on the National Ignition Facility
journal, May 2012

  • Glenzer, S. H.; Callahan, D. A.; MacKinnon, A. J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4719686

Assembly of High-Areal-Density Deuterium-Tritium Fuel from Indirectly Driven Cryogenic Implosions
journal, May 2012


The coincidence counting technique for orders of magnitude background reduction in data obtained with the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF
journal, July 2011

  • Casey, D. T.; Frenje, J. A.; Séguin, F. H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3605483

Absolute measurements of neutron yields from DD and DT implosions at the OMEGA laser facility using CR-39 track detectors
journal, July 2002

  • Frenje, J. A.; Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 73, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1487889

ENDF/B-VII.0: Next Generation Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Nuclear Science and Technology
journal, December 2006


Charged-particle acceleration and energy loss in laser-produced plasmas
journal, December 2000

  • Hicks, D. G.; Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 7, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1320467

Prototypes of National Ignition Facility neutron time-of-flight detectors tested on OMEGA
journal, October 2004

  • Glebov, V. Yu.; Stoeckl, C.; Sangster, T. C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 75, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1788875

Measuring the absolute deuterium–tritium neutron yield using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at OMEGA and the NIF
journal, October 2012

  • Casey, D. T.; Frenje, J. A.; Gatu Johnson, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4738657

Thermonuclear ignition in inertial confinement fusion and comparison with magnetic confinement
journal, May 2010

  • Betti, R.; Chang, P. Y.; Spears, B. K.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3380857

Measurements of the T ( t , 2 n ) He 4 Neutron Spectrum at Low Reactant Energies from Inertial Confinement Implosions
journal, July 2012


Evidence for Stratification of Deuterium-Tritium Fuel in Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosions
journal, February 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Using multiple secondary fusion products to evaluate fuel ρR, electron temperature, and mix in deuterium-filled implosions at the NIF
    journal, August 2015

    • Rinderknecht, H. G.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Zylstra, A. B.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4928382

    Using multiple secondary fusion products to evaluate fuel ρR, electron temperature, and mix in deuterium-filled implosions at the NIF
    journal, August 2015

    • Rinderknecht, H. G.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Zylstra, A. B.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4928382

    A neutron activation spectrometer and neutronic experimental platform for the National Ignition Facility (invited)
    journal, September 2016

    • Yeamans, C. B.; Gharibyan, N.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4962871

    Inertial-confinement fusion with lasers
    journal, May 2016

    • Betti, R.; Hurricane, O. A.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3736

    Tripled yield in direct-drive laser fusion through statistical modelling
    journal, January 2019


    Measurements of collective fuel velocities in deuterium-tritium exploding pusher and cryogenically layered deuterium-tritium implosions on the NIF
    journal, April 2013

    • Gatu Johnson, M.; Casey, D. T.; Frenje, J. A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4802810

    Review of the National Ignition Campaign 2009-2012
    journal, February 2014

    • Lindl, John; Landen, Otto; Edwards, John
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4865400

    Development of the CD Symcap platform to study gas-shell mix in implosions at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, September 2014

    • Casey, D. T.; Smalyuk, V. A.; Tipton, R. E.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4894215

    Investigation of ion kinetic effects in direct-drive exploding-pusher implosions at the NIF
    journal, December 2014

    • Rosenberg, M. J.; Zylstra, A. B.; Séguin, F. H.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4905064

    Synthetic nuclear diagnostics for inferring plasma properties of inertial confinement fusion implosions
    journal, December 2018

    • Crilly, A. J.; Appelbe, B. D.; McGlinchey, K.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5027462

    Measurement of apparent ion temperature using the magnetic recoil spectrometer at the OMEGA laser facility
    journal, October 2018

    • Gatu Johnson, M.; Katz, J.; Forrest, C.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5035287

    Implementation of the foil-on-hohlraum technique for the magnetic recoil spectrometer for time-resolved neutron measurements at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, November 2018

    • Parker, C. E.; Frenje, J. A.; Johnson, M. Gatu
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5052184

    Impact of imposed mode 2 laser drive asymmetry on inertial confinement fusion implosions
    journal, January 2019

    • Gatu Johnson, M.; Appelbe, B. D.; Chittenden, J. P.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5066435

    First demonstration of ARC-accelerated proton beams at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, April 2019

    • Mariscal, D.; Ma, T.; Wilks, S. C.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5085787

    Dynamic high energy density plasma environments at the National Ignition Facility for nuclear science research
    journal, February 2018

    • Cerjan, Ch J.; Bernstein, L.; Hopkins, L. Berzak
    • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 45, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6471/aa8693

    Indications of flow near maximum compression in layered deuterium-tritium implosions at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, August 2016


    Fusion Energy Output Greater than the Kinetic Energy of an Imploding Shell at the National Ignition Facility
    journal, June 2018