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Title: Modeling of selected ceramic processing parameters employed in the fabrication of 238PuO 2 fuel pellets

Recent deep space missions utilize the thermal output of the radioisotope plutonium-238 as the fuel in the thermal to electrical power system. Since the application of plutonium in its elemental state has several disadvantages, the fuel employed in these deep space power systems is typically in the oxide form such as plutonium-238 dioxide ( 238PuO 2). As an oxide, the processing of the plutonium dioxide into fuel pellets is performed via ''classical'' ceramic processing unit operations such as sieving of the powder, pressing, sintering, etc. Modeling of these unit operations can be beneficial in the understanding and control of processing parameters with the goal of further enhancing the desired characteristics of the 238PuO 2 fuel pellets. A finite element model has been used to help identify the time-temperature-stress profile within a pellet during a furnace operation taking into account that 238PuO 2 itself has a significant thermal output. The results of the modeling efforts will be discussed.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Dayton, Dayton, OH (United States)
  2. U.S. Department of Energy, Germantown, MD (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics Procedia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1875-3892
Research Org:
Univ. of Dayton, Dayton, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; NESDPS Office of Nuclear Energy Space and Defense Power Systems; sintering; modeling; plutonium-238 dioxide; 238PuO2; RTG; GPHS
OSTI Identifier: