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Title: Dimensionality of nanoscale TiO 2 determines the mechanism of photoinduced electron injection from a CdSe nanoparticle

Assumptions about electron transfer (ET) mechanisms guide design of catalytic, photovoltaic, and electronic systems. We demonstrate that the mechanism of ET from a CdSe quantum dot (QD) into nanoscale TiO 2 depends on TiO 2 dimensionality. The injection into a TiO 2 QD is adiabatic due to strong donor–acceptor coupling, arising from unsaturated chemical bonds on the QD surface, and low density of acceptor states. In contrast, the injection into a TiO 2 nanobelt (NB) is nonadiabatic, because the state density is high, the donor–acceptor coupling is weak, and multiple phonons accommodate changes in the electronic energy. The CdSe adsorbant breaks symmetry of delocalized TiO 2 NB states, relaxing coupling selection rules, and generating more ET channels. Both mechanisms can give efficient ultrafast injection. Furthermore, the dependence on system properties is very different for the two mechanisms, demonstrating that the fundamental principles leading to efficient charge separation depend strongly on the type of nanoscale material.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Albany, OR (United States); URS Corp., Albany, OR (United States)
  2. Univ. College Dublin, Dublin (Ireland)
  3. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Albany, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:
United States
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; nonadiabatic molecular dynamics; time-domain density functional theory; semiconductor quantum dots; electron-vibrational interaction; adiabatic electron transfer
OSTI Identifier: