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Title: Approach for validating actinide and fission product compositions for burnup credit criticality safety analyses

Abstract

This paper describes a depletion code validation approach for criticality safety analysis using burnup credit for actinide and fission product nuclides in spent nuclear fuel (SNF) compositions. The technical basis for determining the uncertainties in the calculated nuclide concentrations is comparison of calculations to available measurements obtained from destructive radiochemical assay of SNF samples. Probability distributions developed for the uncertainties in the calculated nuclide concentrations were applied to the SNF compositions of a criticality safety analysis model by the use of a Monte Carlo uncertainty sampling method to determine bias and bias uncertainty in effective neutron multiplication factor. Application of the Monte Carlo uncertainty sampling approach is demonstrated for representative criticality safety analysis models of pressurized water reactor spent fuel pool storage racks and transportation packages using burnup-dependent nuclide concentrations calculated with SCALE 6.1 and the ENDF/B-VII nuclear data. Furthermore, the validation approach and results support a recent revision of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Interim Staff Guidance 8.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1163574
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 188; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5450
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis - formerly American Nuclear Society (ANS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; depletion; criticality; validation; burnup credit; ISG-8

Citation Formats

Radulescu, Georgeta, Gauld, Ian C., Ilas, Germina, and Wagner, John C. Approach for validating actinide and fission product compositions for burnup credit criticality safety analyses. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.13182/NT13-154.
Radulescu, Georgeta, Gauld, Ian C., Ilas, Germina, & Wagner, John C. Approach for validating actinide and fission product compositions for burnup credit criticality safety analyses. United States. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT13-154
Radulescu, Georgeta, Gauld, Ian C., Ilas, Germina, and Wagner, John C. Sat . "Approach for validating actinide and fission product compositions for burnup credit criticality safety analyses". United States. https://doi.org/10.13182/NT13-154. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1163574.
@article{osti_1163574,
title = {Approach for validating actinide and fission product compositions for burnup credit criticality safety analyses},
author = {Radulescu, Georgeta and Gauld, Ian C. and Ilas, Germina and Wagner, John C.},
abstractNote = {This paper describes a depletion code validation approach for criticality safety analysis using burnup credit for actinide and fission product nuclides in spent nuclear fuel (SNF) compositions. The technical basis for determining the uncertainties in the calculated nuclide concentrations is comparison of calculations to available measurements obtained from destructive radiochemical assay of SNF samples. Probability distributions developed for the uncertainties in the calculated nuclide concentrations were applied to the SNF compositions of a criticality safety analysis model by the use of a Monte Carlo uncertainty sampling method to determine bias and bias uncertainty in effective neutron multiplication factor. Application of the Monte Carlo uncertainty sampling approach is demonstrated for representative criticality safety analysis models of pressurized water reactor spent fuel pool storage racks and transportation packages using burnup-dependent nuclide concentrations calculated with SCALE 6.1 and the ENDF/B-VII nuclear data. Furthermore, the validation approach and results support a recent revision of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Interim Staff Guidance 8.},
doi = {10.13182/NT13-154},
journal = {Nuclear Technology},
number = 2,
volume = 188,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {11}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Preliminary Assessment of Criticality Safety Constraints for Swiss Spent Nuclear Fuel Loading in Disposal Canisters
journal, February 2019

  • Vasiliev, Alexander; Herrero, Jose; Pecchia, Marco
  • Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3390/ma12030494