skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb 0.8 Fe 1.5 S 2

We report neutron scattering and transport measurements on semiconducting Rb 0.8Fe 1.5S 2, a compound isostructural and isoelectronic to the well-studied A 0.8Fe ySe 2(A = K, Rb, Cs, Tl/K) superconducting systems. Both resistivity and DC susceptibility measurements reveal a magnetic phase transition at T = 275 K. Neutron diffraction studies show that the 275 K transition originates from a phase with rhombic iron vacancy order which exhibits an in-plane stripe antiferromagnetic ordering below 275 K. In addition, the stripe antiferromagnetic phase interdigitates mesoscopically with an ubiquitous phase with √5 x√5 iron vacancy order. This phase has a magnetic transition at T N = 425 K and an iron vacancy order-disorder transition at T S = 600 K. These two different structural phases are closely similar to those observed in the isomorphous Se materials. Based on the close similarities of the in-plane antiferromagnetic structures, moments sizes, and ordering temperatures in semiconducting Rb 0.8Fe 1.5S 2 and K 0.81Fe 1.58Se 2, we argue that the in-plane antiferromagnetic order arises from strong coupling between local moments. Superconductivity, previously observed in the A 0.8Fe ySe 2₋ zS z system, is absent in A 0.8Fe 1.5S 2, which has a semiconducting ground state. Wemore » discuss the implied relationship between stripe and block antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in these materials as well as a strategy for further investigation.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division
  4. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Department of Physics and Astronomy; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). Inst. of Physics
  5. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Sciences Division; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231; AC03-76SF008; DMR-1362219
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1159437
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1180514

Wang, Meng, Tian, Wei, Valdivia, P., Chi, Songxue, Bourret-Courchesne, E., Dai, Pengcheng, and Birgeneau, R. J.. Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.125148.
Wang, Meng, Tian, Wei, Valdivia, P., Chi, Songxue, Bourret-Courchesne, E., Dai, Pengcheng, & Birgeneau, R. J.. Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.125148.
Wang, Meng, Tian, Wei, Valdivia, P., Chi, Songxue, Bourret-Courchesne, E., Dai, Pengcheng, and Birgeneau, R. J.. 2014. "Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.90.125148. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1159437.
@article{osti_1159437,
title = {Two spatially separated phases in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2},
author = {Wang, Meng and Tian, Wei and Valdivia, P. and Chi, Songxue and Bourret-Courchesne, E. and Dai, Pengcheng and Birgeneau, R. J.},
abstractNote = {We report neutron scattering and transport measurements on semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2, a compound isostructural and isoelectronic to the well-studied A0.8FeySe2(A = K, Rb, Cs, Tl/K) superconducting systems. Both resistivity and DC susceptibility measurements reveal a magnetic phase transition at T = 275 K. Neutron diffraction studies show that the 275 K transition originates from a phase with rhombic iron vacancy order which exhibits an in-plane stripe antiferromagnetic ordering below 275 K. In addition, the stripe antiferromagnetic phase interdigitates mesoscopically with an ubiquitous phase with √5 x√5 iron vacancy order. This phase has a magnetic transition at TN = 425 K and an iron vacancy order-disorder transition at TS = 600 K. These two different structural phases are closely similar to those observed in the isomorphous Se materials. Based on the close similarities of the in-plane antiferromagnetic structures, moments sizes, and ordering temperatures in semiconducting Rb0.8Fe1.5S2 and K0.81Fe1.58Se2, we argue that the in-plane antiferromagnetic order arises from strong coupling between local moments. Superconductivity, previously observed in the A0.8FeySe2₋ zSz system, is absent in A0.8Fe1.5S2, which has a semiconducting ground state. We discuss the implied relationship between stripe and block antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in these materials as well as a strategy for further investigation.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.90.125148},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 12,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}