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Title: Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance

Abstract

Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a coordination chemistry study of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new and safer electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and optimized LiBH4 additive. The new electrolyte demonstrates 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance with the cathode capacity retention of ~90% for 300 cycles in a prototype magnesium battery.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Environmental Molecular Sciences Lab. (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1107486
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-97112
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; 47476; KC0203020; KC0208010
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; magnesium battery, coordination, efficiency; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory

Citation Formats

Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Tianbiao L., Li, Guosheng, Gu, Meng, Nie, Zimin, Engelhard, Mark H., Xiao, Jie, Lu, Dongping, Wang, Chong M., Zhang, Jiguang, and Liu, Jun. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1038/srep03130.
Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Tianbiao L., Li, Guosheng, Gu, Meng, Nie, Zimin, Engelhard, Mark H., Xiao, Jie, Lu, Dongping, Wang, Chong M., Zhang, Jiguang, & Liu, Jun. Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance. United States. doi:10.1038/srep03130.
Shao, Yuyan, Liu, Tianbiao L., Li, Guosheng, Gu, Meng, Nie, Zimin, Engelhard, Mark H., Xiao, Jie, Lu, Dongping, Wang, Chong M., Zhang, Jiguang, and Liu, Jun. Mon . "Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance". United States. doi:10.1038/srep03130. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1107486.
@article{osti_1107486,
title = {Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance},
author = {Shao, Yuyan and Liu, Tianbiao L. and Li, Guosheng and Gu, Meng and Nie, Zimin and Engelhard, Mark H. and Xiao, Jie and Lu, Dongping and Wang, Chong M. and Zhang, Jiguang and Liu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a coordination chemistry study of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new and safer electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and optimized LiBH4 additive. The new electrolyte demonstrates 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance with the cathode capacity retention of ~90% for 300 cycles in a prototype magnesium battery.},
doi = {10.1038/srep03130},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {11}
}

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