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Title: K*(892)⁰ and K̄*(892)⁰ production in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV

Abstract

Production of the K*(892)0 and K̄*(892)⁰ resonances was studied via their K⁺π⁻ and K⁻π⁺ decay modes in central Pb+Pb, Si+Si, C+C, and inelastic p+p collisions at 158A GeV(√( sNN)=17.3 GeV) with the NA49 detector at the CERN SPS. Transverse momentum and rapidity distributions were measured and total yields were estimated. The yield of K* exceeds that of K̄* by about a factor of two in nucleus-nucleus reactions. The total yield ratios ⟨K*⟩/⟨K+⟩ and ⟨K̄*⟩/⟨K-⟩ are strongly suppressed in central Pb+Pb compared to p+p, C+C, and Si+Si collisions, in agreement with the expected attenuation of these short-lived resonance states in the hadronic phase of the expanding fireball. The UrQMD model, although incorporating such a scenario, does not provide a quantitative description of the experimental results. The statistical hadron gas model assuming the same freeze-out parameters for stable hadrons and resonances overestimates the ⟨K*⟩/⟨K⟩ ratios in central Pb+Pb collisions by about a factor of 2.5.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1098400
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. C, Nuclear physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review. C, Nuclear physics Journal Volume: 84 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0556-2813
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Anticic, T., Baatar, B., Barna, D., Bartke, J., Beck, H., Betev, L., Białkowska, H., Blume, C., Bogusz, M., Boimska, B., Book, J., Botje, M., Bunčić, P., Cetner, T., Christakoglou, P., Chung, P., Chvala, O., Cramer, J. G., Eckardt, V., Fodor, Z., Foka, P., Friese, V., Gaździcki, M., Grebieszkow, K., Höhne, C., Kadija, K., Karev, A., Kolesnikov, V. I., Kowalski, M., Kresan, D., Laszlo, A., Lacey, R., van Leeuwen, M., Mackowiak, M., Makariev, M., Malakhov, A. I., Mateev, M., Melkumov, G. L., Mitrovski, M., Mrówczyński, S., Nicolic, V., Pálla, G., Panagiotou, A. D., Peryt, W., Pluta, J., Prindle, D., Pühlhofer, F., Renfordt, R., Roland, C., Roland, G., Rybczyński, M., Rybicki, A., Sandoval, A., Schmitz, N., Schuster, T., Seyboth, P., Siklér, F., Skrzypczak, E., Słodkowski, M., Stefanek, G., Stock, R., Ströbele, H., Susa, T., Szuba, M., Utvić, M., Varga, D., Vassiliou, M., Veres, G. I., Vesztergombi, G., Vranić, D., Włodarczyk, Z., and Wojtaszek-Szwarc, A. K*(892)⁰ and K̄*(892)⁰ production in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.84.064909.
Anticic, T., Baatar, B., Barna, D., Bartke, J., Beck, H., Betev, L., Białkowska, H., Blume, C., Bogusz, M., Boimska, B., Book, J., Botje, M., Bunčić, P., Cetner, T., Christakoglou, P., Chung, P., Chvala, O., Cramer, J. G., Eckardt, V., Fodor, Z., Foka, P., Friese, V., Gaździcki, M., Grebieszkow, K., Höhne, C., Kadija, K., Karev, A., Kolesnikov, V. I., Kowalski, M., Kresan, D., Laszlo, A., Lacey, R., van Leeuwen, M., Mackowiak, M., Makariev, M., Malakhov, A. I., Mateev, M., Melkumov, G. L., Mitrovski, M., Mrówczyński, S., Nicolic, V., Pálla, G., Panagiotou, A. D., Peryt, W., Pluta, J., Prindle, D., Pühlhofer, F., Renfordt, R., Roland, C., Roland, G., Rybczyński, M., Rybicki, A., Sandoval, A., Schmitz, N., Schuster, T., Seyboth, P., Siklér, F., Skrzypczak, E., Słodkowski, M., Stefanek, G., Stock, R., Ströbele, H., Susa, T., Szuba, M., Utvić, M., Varga, D., Vassiliou, M., Veres, G. I., Vesztergombi, G., Vranić, D., Włodarczyk, Z., & Wojtaszek-Szwarc, A. K*(892)⁰ and K̄*(892)⁰ production in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.84.064909.
Anticic, T., Baatar, B., Barna, D., Bartke, J., Beck, H., Betev, L., Białkowska, H., Blume, C., Bogusz, M., Boimska, B., Book, J., Botje, M., Bunčić, P., Cetner, T., Christakoglou, P., Chung, P., Chvala, O., Cramer, J. G., Eckardt, V., Fodor, Z., Foka, P., Friese, V., Gaździcki, M., Grebieszkow, K., Höhne, C., Kadija, K., Karev, A., Kolesnikov, V. I., Kowalski, M., Kresan, D., Laszlo, A., Lacey, R., van Leeuwen, M., Mackowiak, M., Makariev, M., Malakhov, A. I., Mateev, M., Melkumov, G. L., Mitrovski, M., Mrówczyński, S., Nicolic, V., Pálla, G., Panagiotou, A. D., Peryt, W., Pluta, J., Prindle, D., Pühlhofer, F., Renfordt, R., Roland, C., Roland, G., Rybczyński, M., Rybicki, A., Sandoval, A., Schmitz, N., Schuster, T., Seyboth, P., Siklér, F., Skrzypczak, E., Słodkowski, M., Stefanek, G., Stock, R., Ströbele, H., Susa, T., Szuba, M., Utvić, M., Varga, D., Vassiliou, M., Veres, G. I., Vesztergombi, G., Vranić, D., Włodarczyk, Z., and Wojtaszek-Szwarc, A. Tue . "K*(892)⁰ and K̄*(892)⁰ production in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.84.064909.
@article{osti_1098400,
title = {K*(892)⁰ and K̄*(892)⁰ production in central Pb + Pb, Si + Si, C + C, and inelastic p + p collisions at 158A GeV},
author = {Anticic, T. and Baatar, B. and Barna, D. and Bartke, J. and Beck, H. and Betev, L. and Białkowska, H. and Blume, C. and Bogusz, M. and Boimska, B. and Book, J. and Botje, M. and Bunčić, P. and Cetner, T. and Christakoglou, P. and Chung, P. and Chvala, O. and Cramer, J. G. and Eckardt, V. and Fodor, Z. and Foka, P. and Friese, V. and Gaździcki, M. and Grebieszkow, K. and Höhne, C. and Kadija, K. and Karev, A. and Kolesnikov, V. I. and Kowalski, M. and Kresan, D. and Laszlo, A. and Lacey, R. and van Leeuwen, M. and Mackowiak, M. and Makariev, M. and Malakhov, A. I. and Mateev, M. and Melkumov, G. L. and Mitrovski, M. and Mrówczyński, S. and Nicolic, V. and Pálla, G. and Panagiotou, A. D. and Peryt, W. and Pluta, J. and Prindle, D. and Pühlhofer, F. and Renfordt, R. and Roland, C. and Roland, G. and Rybczyński, M. and Rybicki, A. and Sandoval, A. and Schmitz, N. and Schuster, T. and Seyboth, P. and Siklér, F. and Skrzypczak, E. and Słodkowski, M. and Stefanek, G. and Stock, R. and Ströbele, H. and Susa, T. and Szuba, M. and Utvić, M. and Varga, D. and Vassiliou, M. and Veres, G. I. and Vesztergombi, G. and Vranić, D. and Włodarczyk, Z. and Wojtaszek-Szwarc, A.},
abstractNote = {Production of the K*(892)0 and K̄*(892)⁰ resonances was studied via their K⁺π⁻ and K⁻π⁺ decay modes in central Pb+Pb, Si+Si, C+C, and inelastic p+p collisions at 158A GeV(√(sNN)=17.3 GeV) with the NA49 detector at the CERN SPS. Transverse momentum and rapidity distributions were measured and total yields were estimated. The yield of K* exceeds that of K̄* by about a factor of two in nucleus-nucleus reactions. The total yield ratios ⟨K*⟩/⟨K+⟩ and ⟨K̄*⟩/⟨K-⟩ are strongly suppressed in central Pb+Pb compared to p+p, C+C, and Si+Si collisions, in agreement with the expected attenuation of these short-lived resonance states in the hadronic phase of the expanding fireball. The UrQMD model, although incorporating such a scenario, does not provide a quantitative description of the experimental results. The statistical hadron gas model assuming the same freeze-out parameters for stable hadrons and resonances overestimates the ⟨K*⟩/⟨K⟩ ratios in central Pb+Pb collisions by about a factor of 2.5.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.84.064909},
journal = {Physical Review. C, Nuclear physics},
number = 6,
volume = 84,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.84.064909

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