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Title: Nitrogen is a deep acceptor in ZnO

Zinc oxide is a promising material for blue and UV solid-state lighting devices, among other applications. Nitrogen has been regarded as a potential p-type dopant for ZnO. However, recent calculations indicate that nitrogen is a deep acceptor. This paper presents experimental evidence that nitrogen is, in fact, a deep acceptor and therefore cannot produce p-type ZnO. A broad photoluminescence (PL) emission band near 1.7 eV, with an excitation onset of ~2.2 eV, was observed, in agreement with the deep-acceptor model of the nitrogen defect. Thus the deep-acceptor behavior can be explained by the low energy of the ZnO valence band relative to the vacuum level.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
  2. COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (Pakistan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-07ER46386; DMR-1004804
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; II-IV semiconductors; photoluminescence; annealing; doping; vacancies
OSTI Identifier: