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Title: Dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube composites to shock wave loading

Abstract

We investigate with nonreactive molecular dynamics simulations the dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube (CNT) composites to shock wave compression. For phenolic resin, our simulations yield shock states in agreement with experiments on similar polymers except the “phase change” observed in experiments, indicating that such phase change is chemical in nature. The elastic–plastic transition is characterized by shear stress relaxation and atomic-level slip, and phenolic resin shows strong strain hardening. Shock loading of the CNT-resin composites is applied parallel or perpendicular to the CNT axis, and the composites demonstrate anisotropy in wave propagation, yield and CNT deformation. The CNTs induce stress concentrations in the composites and may increase the yield strength. Our simulations indicate that the bulk shock response of the composites depends on the volume fraction, length ratio, impact cross-section, and geometry of the CNT components; the short CNTs in current simulations have insignificant effect on the bulk response of resin polymer.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [5];  [6]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc., Lancaster, PA (United States)
  5. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  6. California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1076468
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; carbon nanotubes; polymers; plasticity; shock waves; shear deformation

Citation Formats

Arman, B., An, Q., Luo, S. N., Desai, T. G., Tonks, D. L., Cagın, T., and Goddard, III, W. A. Dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube composites to shock wave loading. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1063/1.3524559.
Arman, B., An, Q., Luo, S. N., Desai, T. G., Tonks, D. L., Cagın, T., & Goddard, III, W. A. Dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube composites to shock wave loading. United States. doi:10.1063/1.3524559.
Arman, B., An, Q., Luo, S. N., Desai, T. G., Tonks, D. L., Cagın, T., and Goddard, III, W. A. Tue . "Dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube composites to shock wave loading". United States. doi:10.1063/1.3524559. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1076468.
@article{osti_1076468,
title = {Dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube composites to shock wave loading},
author = {Arman, B. and An, Q. and Luo, S. N. and Desai, T. G. and Tonks, D. L. and Cagın, T. and Goddard, III, W. A.},
abstractNote = {We investigate with nonreactive molecular dynamics simulations the dynamic response of phenolic resin and its carbon-nanotube (CNT) composites to shock wave compression. For phenolic resin, our simulations yield shock states in agreement with experiments on similar polymers except the “phase change” observed in experiments, indicating that such phase change is chemical in nature. The elastic–plastic transition is characterized by shear stress relaxation and atomic-level slip, and phenolic resin shows strong strain hardening. Shock loading of the CNT-resin composites is applied parallel or perpendicular to the CNT axis, and the composites demonstrate anisotropy in wave propagation, yield and CNT deformation. The CNTs induce stress concentrations in the composites and may increase the yield strength. Our simulations indicate that the bulk shock response of the composites depends on the volume fraction, length ratio, impact cross-section, and geometry of the CNT components; the short CNTs in current simulations have insignificant effect on the bulk response of resin polymer.},
doi = {10.1063/1.3524559},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 109,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {1}
}

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