The Manhattan Project Resources

U.S. Department of Energy

HSS Office of Classification

Office of History and Heritage Resources

Plutonium: The First 50 Years

Plutonium: The First 50 Years

United States Plutonium Production, Acquisition, and Utilization from 1944 through 1994


Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2. INTRODUCTION
3. MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY
3.1 SAFEGUARDS EVOLUTION
3.2 SAFEGUARDS TODAY
3.3 SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM OPERATION
3.4 INTERNATIONAL SAFEGUARDS AND FOREIGN TRANSFERS
4. DOE FACILITIES
5. SUMMARY OF PREVIOUSLY RELEASED DATA
6. SUMMARY OF NEWLY RELEASED DATA
7. DOE/DoD PLUTONIUM INVENTORY
8. HISTORICAL PLUTONIUM MATERIAL BALANCE
9. PLUTONIUM ACQUISITIONS
9.1 GOVERNMENT PRODUCTION REACTORS
9.2 GOVERNMENT NONPRODUCTION REACTORS
9.3 U.S. CIVILIAN INDUSTRY
9.4 FOREIGN COUNTRIES
10. PLUTONIUM REMOVALS
10.1 EXPENDED IN WARTIME AND NUCLEAR TESTS
10.2 INVENTORY DIFFERENCES
10.3 WASTE (NORMAL OPERATING LOSSES)
10.4 FISSION AND TRANSMUTATION
10.5 DECAY AND OTHER REMOVALS
10.6 U.S. CIVILIAN INDUSTRY
10.7 FOREIGN COUNTRIES
APPENDIX A: EXCESS WEAPON GRADE PLUTONIUM
APPENDIX B: PLUTONIUM WASTE

List of Figures

Figure 1 U.S.Plutonium: Where it Came From and Current Balance Statement
Figure 2 DOE Plutonium Sites
Figure 3 Plutonium Inventory by Grade
Figure 4 Location of DOE/DoD Plutonium Inventory
Figure 5 Plutonium Acquisitions
Figure 6 Hanford Plutonium Production
Figure 7 Savannah River Plutonium Production
Figure 8 Plutonium from Government Nonproduction Reactors
Figure 9 Plutonium Removals
Figure 10 United States Nuclear Tests
Figure 11 Plutonium Inventory Differences
Figure 12 Plutonium in Waste (Normal Operating Losses) by Originating Site
Figure 13 Plutonium Consumed in Fission and Transmutation
Figure 14 Plutonium Waste Inventory in Buried and Stored Wastes


List of Tables

Table 1 Plutonium Material Balance
Table 2 Hanford Plutonium Production
Table 3 Savannah River Plutonium Production
Table 4 Plutonium from Government Nonproduction Reactors
Table 5 Plutonium Received from NFS West Valley
Table 6 Spent Fuel Received from U.S. Commercial/Research Reactors
Table 7 Receipts from Agreements for Cooperation
Table 8 Annual Receipts from Agreements for Cooperation
Table 9 Plutonium in Waste (Normal Operating Losses) at Major DOE Sites
Table 10 Plutonium Consumed in Fission and Transmutation
Table 11 Accidental Losses
Table 12 Approved Write-offs
Table 13 Removals under Agreements for Cooperation
Table 14 Annual Removals under Agreements for Cooperation
Table 15 Excess Weapon Grade Plutonium
Table 16 Plutonium in Waste Inventory


February 6, 1996, Press Conference Documents