Document Details


PURL
View Full Text
(378 K)
Title:
Development of high energy polymers systems: 6th monthly status report
Author(s):
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1969 Jul 09
Document Pages:
5 p.
Document Number(s):
UCRL-ID-126103
Originating Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
OpenNet Entry Date:
1999 Jul 29
OpenNet Modified Date:
2009 Nov 09
Description/Abstract:
The major objective of the current program is the preparation of high energy hydroxyl-terminated polyester prepolymers from combinations of energetic diols and dicarboxylic acid chlorides. The initial work was based on the reactions of 4,4-dinitropimeloyl chloride (DNPCl) with 2,2,8,8-tetranitro-4,6-dioxa-1,9-nonanediol (DINOL) and 3(dinitrofluoro- ethoxy)-1,2-propanediol (REX-18). In an effort to develop a smooth and rapid polyester polymerization method, reactions between DNPCl and both DINOL and REX-18 have been carried out in THF containing pyridine. It was expected that the pyridine would act as an HCl acceptor, permitting room temperature polymerizations. This was indeed shown to be the case. In fact, when the glycol and DNPCl were dissolved in THF and pyridine added rapidly, a very exothermic reaction took place, with copious quantities of pyridine hydrochloride being precipitated. Slow addition of pyridine to the reaction mixture also resulted in an exotherm. In both cases, brown polymers were produced and they were very difficult to work-up. The next series of polymerizations will be carried out at 0{degrees}C in an effort to control the polymerizations more carefully and avoid color formation. The diacid chloride of 2-fluoro-2,2-dinitroethoxyfumaric acid has apparently been synthesized. Reactions of the acid with thionyl chloride at 50-60{degrees} for several days followed by a one-hour reflux produced a white solid. It was filtered, washed with hexane and dried in a vacuum dessicator over KOH. The powder melted at 104-106{degrees}. After it is recrystallized, it will be submitted for elemental analyses. Should it prove to be the diacid chloride, it will be reacted with DINOL and REX-18.


<< Return to Search Results