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Title:
INTERVIEW OF DR ROWLAND BY MARKS AND MIAZGA ON 4/15/74 AT 9:00 AM
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
HREX; ADSORPTION; CONSENT ISSUES; ETHICS; EXCRETA ANALYSIS; EXHUMATION; INTERVIEWS; MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE; PATIENTS; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM INJECTION EXPERIMENT; RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
EMPLOYEE RECORD
Publication Date:
1974 Mar 05
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0003
Accession Number:
NV0700005
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 27
Description/Abstract:
THESE THREE TYPEWRITTEN PAGES ARE THE SECOND DRAFT OF NOTES OF MARKS (NO INITIALS GIVEN) ABOUT AN INTERVIEW OF DR. ROBERT ROWLAND BY MARKS AND MIAZGA ON APRIL 15, 1974. THE TONE OF THE ITEMS NOTED SEEMS TO SUGGESTS THAT THE AUTHOR HAD COMMUNICATED WITH DR. ROWLAND PREVIOUSLY. DR. ROWLAND WAS THE DIRECTOR OF THE RADIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH DIVISION OF ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY. THE CENTER FOR HUMAN RADIOBIOLOGY (CHR) WAS THE LARGEST COMPONENT OF THE DIVISION. THE NOTES ARE ORGANIZED AS IF THEY ARE IN RESPONSE TO SPECIFIC QUESTIONS BUT THE READER IS LEFT TO INFER THE QUESTION ASKED. DR. ROWLAND NOTED THAT HE HAD NO ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE EARLY PERIOD. HE KNEW OF NO INFORMED CONSENT AND GUESSED THAT DR. WATERHOUSE ALSO WOULD HAVE NO INFORMATION ON EARLY INFORMED CONSENT AMONG THE "ROCHESTER PATIENTS." DR. BRUES HAD IDENTIFIED DR. S. SCHWARTZ AS ANOTHER PHYSICIAN WORKING WITH THE HEALTH GROUP OF THE METALLURGICAL LABORATORY DURING THE PERIOD. DR. ROWLAND HAD LEARNED OF THE "PROBLEM" FROM DR. PAT DURBIN IN MAY OF 1972 AND RECEIVED COPIES OF HER FILES LATER THAT YEAR. LATER IN THE NOTES SOME DETAILS OF THE AEC DBER FUNDING OF FOLLOW-UP BY DR. DURBIN AND BY ARGONNE WERE DISCUSSED SKETCHILY. THE FOLLOW-UP OF DR. WATERHOUSE'S PATIENTS WAS DISCUSSED. EACH, FOR MEDICAL REASONS INDEPENDENT OF THE PLUTONIUM STUDIES, WAS ADMITTED TO STRONG MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. DURING THEIR STAY EXCRETA SAMPLES WERE COLLECTED AND SENT TO ARGONNE FOR ANALYSIS. DR. ROWLAND BELIEVED THAT DR. WATERHOUSE HAD NOT INFORMED THE PATIENTS OF THEIR PLUTONIUM INJECTIONS YET AND MIGHT NOT DO SO IN THE FUTURE BECAUSE OF THEIR "FRAIL" CONDITION. THE INFORMED CONSENT OF A PATIENT CAL-3 (FROM TEXAS) WAS DISCUSSED. THE NOTES SEEM TO SUGGEST THAT NEITHER THE PATIENT OR THE PATIENT'S PHYSICIAN KNEW OF THE PLUTONIUM INJECTION BEHIND THE PROPOSED VISIT TO THE CHR FOR STUDY. CONSENT RELATIVE TO TEN EXHUMATIONS (CONSIDERED OR DONE BY THE CHR, PRESUMABLY) WAS DISCUSSED. TYPICALLY, A FAMILY WAS TOLD THAT THE DECEASED "HAD HAD AN UNKNOWN MIXTURE OF RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES AT SOME TIME." THE PURPOSE OF THE PROPOSED EXHUMATION WAS TO FOLLOW THAT UP AND TO STUDY THE COMPOSITION OF THE RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL THAT WAS GIVEN AND ITS EFFECTS. THE NAMES OF DR. JAN LIEBEN, MRS. MARY MARGARET SHANAHAN (WHO RECEIVED INSTRUCTIONS FROM DR. A. F. STEHNEY), AND DR. ROBLEY EVANS WERE GIVEN AS THOSE WHO HAD STARTED THE EXHUMATIONS PROCESSES AND WHO MIGHT HAVE MORE INFORMATION ABOUT CONSENT. THE JUSTIFICATIONS FOR SUCH STUDIES WERE DISCUSSED. DR. ROWLAND BELIEVED THE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF ADDITIONAL STUDY OF EXCRETION PATTERNS BEYOND THE EARLY PERIOD, THE LATER EFFECTS OF THE RELATIVELY HIGH DEPOSITION IN THESE PATIENTS, AND THE DEPOSITION PATTERNS IN BONE LONG (20 TO 30 YEARS) AFTER THE INJECTIONS WAS WORTHWHILE. IN RESPONSE TO A QUESTION ABOUT "THE HUMAN USE COMMITTEE," DR. ROWLAND SUGGESTED THE INTERVIEWERS TALK TO DR. STEHNEY, WHO HAD BEEN THE CHR'S PRINCIPAL LIAISON BETWEEN THE CHR AND THE HUMAN USE COMMITTEE.


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