Document Details

Isotope User's Guide
Subject Terms:
radioisotope, radiobiology
Document Location:
DOE INFORMATION CENTER 1 Way, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; Eva Butler; Phone: 865-241-4780; Toll-Free: 800-382-6938, Option 6; FAX: 865-574-3521; Email:
Document Categories:
Isotope Separation\Electromagnetic Processes; Isotope Separation\Electromagnetic Processes
Document Type:
Document Type Other:
Publication Date:
1969 Sep 30
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
Accession Number:
Document Number(s):
ORNL-IIC-19; 4304
Originating Research Org.:
Union Carbide Corporation
OpenNet Entry Date:
1998 Jun 16
This guide contains the elementary radioisotope physics which discusses the types of radiation emissions, energies of radiation, exposure dose and absorbed dose, gamma and neutron shielding, selected references, and definitions of common terms used in isotope and radiation technology. There are tables included with various types of beta and gamma emitters to help in deciding what type of radioisotope is needed and a listing of available radioisotopes for a specific application according to half-life. Also, lists of U.S. Irradiators, radiation sources, radiation processing facilities, and radioisotopes for educational purposes are given. Availability and shipping information for radioisotopes, containers used for shipping, responsibility during shipment and licensing requirements are discussed. There is a listing of agencies for customers in license-agreement states to contact concerning radioactive material. The methods of production for isotopes, assay instruments used in radioisotope production, available radioactivity standards, peaceful uses of radioisotopes, and available radioisotopes with principal characteristics are illustrated in figures and tables. There is also an illustration of the Calutron Process, which is the best known universal technique available for isotope enrichment, other typical enrichment and available forms of enriched materials, charge materials, separation principles of gaseous diffusion, chemical exchange, and thermal diffusion. There are also tables on uses and availability of enriched stable isotopes, and special materials and services.

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