Document Details


Title:
Environmental Sciences Division Annual Progress Report for Period Ending September 30, 1989
Subject Terms:
environmental effects; geosciences, global warming; hydrogeochemical, ecosystem
Document Location:
DOE INFORMATION CENTER 1 Science.gov Way, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; Eva Butler; Phone: 865-241-4780; Toll-Free: 800-382-6938, Option 6; FAX: 865-574-3521; Email: doeic@oro.doe.gov
Document Categories:
Science and Technology\Geology, Hydrology, Seismology, Site Studies; Science and Technology\Geology, Hydrology, Seismology, Site Studies
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1990 Apr 30
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
136
Accession Number:
ORF19374
Document Number(s):
ORNL-6602, 3972
Originating Research Org.:
Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Incorporated
OpenNet Entry Date:
1998 Jun 16
Description/Abstract:
This report summarizes the research and development activities conducted in the Environmental Sciences Division (ESD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It provides descriptions of current activities and accomplishments in each of the division's major organizational units. The ESD is currently providing technical leadership for major environmental isues of national concern such as (1) acidic deposition and related environmental effects; (2) effects of increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and the resulting climatic changes to ecosystems and natural and physical resources; (3) hazardous chemical and radioactive waste disposal and remediation research and development; and (4) development of commerical biomass energy production systems. A current activity in the Ecosystem Studies Section is the Walker Branch Watershed Project, which focuses on the relative importance of hydrogeochemical transport and biogeochemical cycling in regulating biological structure and productivity at different temporal and spatial scales. The Environmental Analyses Section provides technical assistance for the development of policy concerning compliance with environmental regulations. The Environmental Toxicology Section is involved in basic and applied research on the mechanisms through which contaminants affect biological systems and ways in which receiving systems affect the availability of distribution of materials they are exposed to. The Geosciences Section engage in basic and applied research and conduct demonstration projects directed towards understanding and controlling the physical and chemical mechanisms that influence the movement of material through the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. Innovative waste treatment technologies that have been developed include bioremediation of organic contaminants and mercury in addition to oxidation and venting of organic contaminants that occur in soil and groundwater. The Biomass Production Program supports two national research and development programs for woody and herbaceous biomass energy crops. Supporting these two programs are environmental research and resource analysis who determine fertlizer regimes and cropping systems that minimize environmental concerns. The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis and Research Program is operated for the DOE Carbon Dioxide Research Program (CDRP). Their objective is to get, compile, evaluate, archive, document, and distribute carbon dioxide related data and information in support of CDRP. During FY 1989, the ESD established the DOE-sponsored Environmental Waste Program to provide strategic planning and technical assistance for remedial action projects.


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