Document Details


Title:
A Study of the Contribution of the RALA Process to Atmospheric Contamination at ORNL
Author(s):
Bradshaw, R L [Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Co., Oak Ridge, TN US]; Cottrell, W D [Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Co., Oak Ridge, TN US]
Subject Terms:
Iodine-131, beta, effluent; RaLa process, contamination
Document Location:
DOE INFORMATION CENTER 1 Science.gov Way, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; Eva Butler; Phone: 865-241-4780; Toll-Free: 800-382-6938, Option 6; FAX: 865-574-3521; Email: doeic@oro.doe.gov
Document Categories:
Health, Safety and Environment\Waste Management; Health, Safety and Environment\Waste Management
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1954 Nov 01
Declassification Date:
1997 Jul 11
Declassification Status:
Declassified
Document Pages:
31
Accession Number:
ORF19026
Document Number(s):
CF-54-11-186, 4377
Originating Research Org.:
Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corporation
OpenNet Entry Date:
1998 Jun 16
Description/Abstract:
Data on the particulate contamination of the atmosphere at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory were related to laboratory processes and reactor operations for the period from March 1949 to June 1954. A significant correlation existed between one of the chemical separations processes, RaLa, and peaks of particulate activity on the Laboratory area. The RaLa process was monitored during two complete cycles of operation. It was concluded that the major portion of the contaminated RaLa effluent released to the 3039 stack did not fall out or diffuse in the immediate environment, and the stack was not the main means by which RaLa contributes to atmospheric contamination. A serious offender was found to be an underground liquid waste storage tank, W-9, in the south tank farm. This tank is used to store RaLa waste and is vented to the atmosphere. The information obtained from a study done during the one RaLa run indicated that the installation of the fiber glass filter in W-9 tank vent was effective in reducing air contamination from this source. A similar study would possibly be done in a future run to confirm their results. There are appendixes, autoradiogram photos, figures, and tables included in this report.


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