Document Details


Title:
COMPARING THE HEALTH IMPACTS OF DIFFERENT ENERGY SOURCES
Subject Terms:
HUMAN POPULATIONS; ENERGY SOURCES; HEALTH HAZARDS; RISKS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1982 Dec 31
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0019
Accession Number:
NV0067643
Document Number(s):
IAEASM254101
Originating Research Org.:
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, VIENNA
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
ASSESSING HEALTH IMPACTS OF DIFFERENT ENERGY SOURCES REQUIRES SYNTHESI S OF RESEARCH RESULTS FROM MANY DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES INTO RATIONAL FR AMEWORK. INFORMATION IS OFTEN SCANTY; QUALITATIVELY DIFFERENT RISKS, O R ENERGY SYSTEMS WITH SUBSTANTIALLY DIFFERENT END USES, MUST BE PUT ON A COMMON FOOTING. HISTORICALLY INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS HAVE INHIBIT ED AGENCIES FROM MAKING INCISIVE INTERCOMPARISONS ED AGENCIES FROM MAKING INCISIVE INTERCOMPARISONS NECESSARY FOR FORMUL ATING ENERGY POLICY; THIS HAS EXACERBATED PUBLIC CONTROVERSY OVER APPR OPRIATE ENERGY SOURCES. RISK ASSESSMENT METHODS REVIEWED INCLUDE EXAMP LES DRAWN FROM WORK OF THE BIOMEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT DIV ISION AT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY AND ELSEWHERE. UNCERTAINTY OVE R THE MECHANISM AND SIZE OF AIR POLLUTION HEALTH DAMAGE IS ADDRESSED THROUGH A PROBABILISTIC HEALTH-DAMAGE FUNCTION, USING SULPHATE-PARTICL E EXPOSURE AS AN INDICATOR. THIS FACILITATES INTERCOMPARISON THROUGH A NALYSIS OF EACH STEP IN THE WHOLE FUEL CYCLE BETWEEN A TYPICAL COL AND NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH IMPACTS, A SIGNIFICANT FRACT ION OF OVERALL DAMAGE, ARE ILLUSTRATED BY ACCIDENT TRENDS IN COAL-MINI NG. IN BROADENING COMPARISONS TO INCLUDE NEW TECHNOLOGIES, ONE MUST IN CLUDE THE IMPACT OF MANUFACTURING THE ENERGY-PRODUCING DEVICE AS PART OF AN EXPANDED FUEL CYCLE, VIA IMPUT/OUTPUT METHODS. THROUGHOUT THE AN ALYSIS, UNCERTAINTIES MUST BE MADE EXPLICIT IN THE RESULTS, INCLUDING UNCERTAINTY OF DATA AND UNCERTAINTY IN CHOICE OF APPROPRIATE MODELS AN D METHODS. NO SINGLE METHOD OF COMPARATIVE RISK ASSESSMENT IS FULLY SA TISFACTORY; EACH HAS ITS LIMITATIONS. SEVERAL METHODS MUST BE COMPARED IF DECISION-MAKING IS TO BE REALISTIC.


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