Document Details


Title:
SOME REMARKS ON THE NATURAL RADIATION BURDEN OF POPULATION ( HUNGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR PHYSICS, KFKI-75-29, BUDAPEST )
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
RADIATION HAZARDS; INHALATION; RADIUM 226; HUMAN POPULATIONS; THEORETICAL DATA; ACTIVITY LEVELS; BUILDINGS; POTASSIUM 40; MEASURING METHODS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; EXTERNAL IRRADIATION; RADON 222; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; THORIUM 228; INTERNAL IRRADIATION; SAMPLING
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1975 Dec 31
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0011
Accession Number:
NV0067570
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
THE POPULATION'S RADIATION BURDEN IS DUE, IN NO SMALL MEASURE, TO THE NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY OF BUILDING MATERIALS. AN APPROPRIATE MODEL HAS BEEN DEVELOPED FOR THE CALCULATION OF THE BURDEN OF THE POPULATION FRO M THE CONCENTRATION OF RADIOISOTOPES IN BUILDING MATERIALS. THE EXTERN AL RADIATION BURDEN OF HUNGARY'S POPULATION WERE DETERMINED AND THE EF FECT OF NEW BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS ON THE RADIATION BURDE N WAS STUDIED. IN DWELLINGS BUILT OF PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS CONTAINING LOW-ACTIVITY BALLAST AVAILABLE IN HUNGARY THE RADIATION BURDEN WAS FO UND TO BE A SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN THE PRESENT AVERAGE. THE INCREASE IN THE CONTAMINATION HAZARD EXPECTED FROM THE PEACEFUL USES OF ATOMIC ENERGY COULD BE COMPENSATED BY REDUCING THE AVERAGE EXTERNAL RADIATIO N BURDEN TOGETHER WITH THE AVERAGE BRONCHIAL DOSE. THIS REDUCTION OUGH T, ACCORDING TO OUR ESTIMATIONS BASED ON SIMPLE ASSUMPTIONS, TO AMOUNT TO 1.6 MREM/YEAR AND 58 MRAD/YEAR, RESPECTIVELY, REQUIRING ACCEPTABLE EXCESS COST.


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