Document Details


Title:
CANCER INCIDINCE IN AN AREA OF RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT DOWNWIND FROM THE NEVADA TEST SITE ( JAMA, JANUARY 13, 1984, VOL. 251, NO. 2, PP. 230-236 )
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; NUCLEAR WEAPON TESTING; NEOPLASMS; EPILATION; BURNS; THYROID; HUMAN POPULATIONS; RADIATION DOSES; DOSE RATES; IODINE 131; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; EPIDEMIOLOGY; STATISTICS
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Publication Date:
1984 Jan 13
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0007
Accession Number:
NV0067398
Originating Research Org.:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
EXPOSURES IN SOUTHWESTERN UTAH TO RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT ( 1951 THROUGH 1 962 ) FROM ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEAR DETONATIONS AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE (NT S) WERE FOLLOWED BY SMALLER EXPOSURES ( 1962 THROUGH 1979 ) FROM VENTI NG OF UNDERGROUND NUCLEAR DETONATIONS. THE CANCER INCIDENCE IN A 1951 COHORT (4,125) OF MORMON FAMILES IN SOUTHWESTERN UTAH NEAR THE NTS WA S COMPARED WITH THAT OF ALL UTAH MORMONS ( 1967 THROUGH 1975 ). THERE WERE 109 MORE CASES OF CANCER THAN EXPECTED (288(OBSERVED)/179 (EXPEC TED)). LEUKEMIA WAS MOST PROMINENT EARLY ( 1958 THROUGH 1966 ), WITH 19 CASES, FIVE TIMES MORE THAN EXPECTED (3.6).C THE EXCESS OF LEUKEMIA PERSISTED INTO THE LATER PERIOD ( 1972 THROUGH 1980 ), WITH 12 CASES OBSERVED, 3.4 EXPECTED. THERE WAS AN INCREASE IN LYMPHOMA. EXCESS CA SES OF THYROID CANCER APPEARED EARLY AND A NOTABLE EXCESS APPEARED LAT ER ( 14/1.7 ). AN EXCESS OF BREAST CANCER WAS NOTED LATER ( 27/14 ). THERE WERE MORE CANCERS OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT THAN EXPECTED. THERE WAS AN EXCESS OF MEIANOMA ( 12/4.5 ), BONE CANCER ( 8/0.7 ), AN D BRAIN TUMORS ( 9/3.9 ). A SUBGROUP WITH HISTORY OF ACUTE FALLOUT EF FECTS HAD A HIGHER CANCER INCIDENCE. THAT THESE CASES CAN BE ASSOCIAT ED WITH RADIATION EXPOSURES IS SUPPORTED BY A COMPARISON BETWEEN GROUP S OF THE RATIO OF CANCERS OF MORE RADIOSENSITIVE ORGANS WITH ALL OTHER TYPES OF CANCER.


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