Document Details


Title:
VULNERABILITY OF MUNICIPAL WATER FACILITIES TO RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION FROM NUCLEAR ATTACKS
Author(s):
LEE, H [STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE]
Subject Terms:
WATER; NUCLEAR WEAPONS; CONTAMINATION; FALLOUT; FISSION YIELD; STRONTIUM 89; STRONTIUM 90; RUTHENIUM 106; IODINE 131; CESIUM 137; BARIUM 140; STANDARDS; CALCULATION METHODS; DECONTAMINATION; THYROID; CIVIL DEFENSE; ENVIRONMENT; RADIATION DOSES; RECOMMENDATIONS; INGESTION; SEAS; HALF-LIFE; DATA; LANTHANUM 140; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; NEOPLASMS; GRAPHS
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1964 Mar 31
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0064
Accession Number:
NV0060475
Originating Research Org.:
STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
IN THE EVENT OF A NUCLEAR ATTACK UPON THE UNITED STATES, THE SURFACE S OURCE WATERS WOULD BECOME CONTAMINATED WITH RADIOACTIVE NUCLIDES CARRI ED BY FALLOUT PARTICLES. THE ABSORBED DOSAGE IN THE BODY TISSUES OF H UMANS RESULTING FROM DRINKING CONTAMINATED SURFACE WATERS, ESPECIALLY AFTER THE WATER IS PROCESSED IN TREATMENT PLANTS, IS NOT CRITICAL. IN AREAS WHERE HEAVY LEVELS OF FALLOUT OCCUR, THE OVERRIDING HAZARD FACI NG THE SURVIVORS IS EXTERNAL RADIATION. CONTAMINATED WATER IS A SECON DARY PROBLEM FACING SURVIVORS IN THE POSTATTACK ENVIRONMENT. ALSO, A LARGE PROPORTION OF THE POSTATTACK POPULATION WILL HAVE UNCONTAMINATED GROUND SOURCE WATER AVAILABLE, AND, IF THIS WATER IS PROPERLY HANDLED AFTER IT IS DRAWN FROM WELLS, IT WILL REMAIN CLEAN.


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