Document Details


Title:
THE UNDERWATER DISTRIBUTION OF EXPLOSION PRODUCTS FROM A SUBMERGED EXPLODING WIRE
Author(s):
BUNTZEN, R R [UNITED STATES NAVAL RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE LABORATORY]
Subject Terms:
RESEARCH PROGRAMS; UNDERWATER EXPLOSIONS; EXPLOSIVES; TRANSPORT; SAMPLING; ACTIVATION ANALYSIS; GOLD; RECOMMENDATIONS; CALCULATION METHODS; GRAPHS; DIAGRAMS
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1964 Jul 31
Declassification Status:
Unknown
Document Pages:
0058
Accession Number:
NV0060346
Document Number(s):
USNRDLTR778
Originating Research Org.:
UNITED STATES NAVAL RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE LABORATOR
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
A 10-MIL GOLD WIRE SUBMERGED IN WATER WAS ELECTRICALLY EXPLODED TO SIM ULATE AN UNDERWATER NUCLEAR BURST AS PART OF THE HYDRA LABORATORY PROG RAM. THE TRANSPORT OF EXPLOSION PRODUCTS FROM THE POINT OF EXPLOSION TO THE SURFACE IS QUALITATIVELY DISCUSSED, AND THE DISTRIBUTION AT THE TIME OF THE FIRST AND SECOND BUBBLE MAXIMA DETERMINED EXPERIMENTALLY. ALSO, THE EARLY TRANSPORT OF EXPLOSION PRODUCTS AWAY FROM THE EXPLOS ION IS VIEWED THEORETICALLY AS A DIFFUSION PROCESS. THE EXPLOSION PRO DUCT DISTRIBUTION INSIDE THE BUBBLE WAS DETERMINED BY PHYSICALLY SAMPL ING ITS ATMOSPHERE. IT WAS FOUND THAT THE CONCENTRATION OF EXPLOSION PRODUCTS AT THE FIRST BUBBLE MAXIMUM PROBABLY VARIES AS THE INVERSE CUBE OF THE RADIUS. THEREFORE, APPROXIMATELY 80 PERCENT OF THE EXPLOS ION PRODUCTS REMAIN INSIDE THE INNER 30 PERCENT OF THE BUBBLE RADIUS A T THAT TIME. THE SECOND MAXIMUM DISTRIBUTION WAS FOUND TO BE MORE UNI FORM, PROBABLY DUE TO MIXING AT THE FIRST BUBBLE MINIMUM. THE STUDY O F THE DIFFUSION OF EXPLOSION PRODUCTS EARLY DURING THE BUBBLE FORMATIO N PROCESS INDICATES THAT THIS IS NOT AN IMPORTANT TRANPORT PROCESS FOR UNDERWATER BURSTS. IN A LESS DENSE MEDIUM, HOWEVER, DIFFUSION MAY SI GNIFICANTLY INFLUENCE THE TRANSPORT OF PRODUCTS AWAY FROM THE EXPLOSIO N.


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