Document Details


Title:
OPERATION GREENHOUSE, SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR'S REPORT OF ATOMIC WEAPON TESTS AT ENIWETOK, 1951: ANNEX 2.7, THERMAL RADIATION INJURY (DELETED)
Author(s):
PEARSE, H E [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; KINGSLEY, H D [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; SCHILLING, J A [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; HOGG, L [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; BLAKNEY, R M [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; DAVIS, T P [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; KROLAK, L J [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; MURDEN, C H [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; WILLIAMS, D B [UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER]; ELY, T S [NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE]
Subject Terms:
GREENHOUSE OPERATION; RADIATION INJURIES; THERMAL RADIATION; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; ANIMALS; RESEARCH PROGRAMS
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1951 Oct 31
Declassification Status:
Sanitized
Document Pages:
0078
Accession Number:
NV0051015
Document Number(s):
WT9EX
Originating Research Org.:
UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
INFORMATION CONCERNING THE FLASH BURN RESULTING FROM AND ATOMIC BOMB E XPLOSION WAS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND THE LESION, ITS SYSTEMIC EFFECTS, AND PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF THESE EFFECTS. IN ORDER TO REPRODUCE SIMILAR SOURCES IN THE LABORATORY IT WAS ESSENTIAL TO KNOW THE CHARAC TERISTICS OF THE ENERGY PRODUCING THE BIOLOGICAL EFFECT. IN ORDER TO OBTAIN THIS INFORMATION, ANESTHETIZED EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS WERE PLACED IN SHIELDED POSITIONS AT VARYING DISTANCES FROM BOMB ZERO TO COVER A WIDE RANGE OF THERMAL-RADIATION INTENSITIES. SMALL AREAS OF EACH ANIM AL'S SKIN WERE EXPOSED THROUGH APERTURE PLATES WHICH WERE DESIGNED TO ANALYZE BURN PRODUCTION AS A FUNCTION OF TIME, INTENSITY, AND SPECTRUM . PROTECTION OF THE ANIMAL BY FABRICS COVERING THE SKIN WAS ALSO EVAL UATED. IN EACH STATION, CALORIMETRIC INSTRUMENTS MEASURED THE THERMAL ENERGY TO WHICH THE ANIMALS WERE EXPOSED. THESE MEASUREMENTS WERE OF TOTAL INTEGRATED ENERGY AND THAT IN THE SPECTRAL RANGES OF 2,500 TO 4 ,000 A, 4,000 TO 8,000 A, AND 6,000 TO 27,000 A. FOLLOWING EXPOSURE, ANIMALS WERE RETRIEVED FROM THE EXPOSURE STATIONS AND TRANSPORTED TO A LABORATORY FOR ANALYSIS OF THE BURN LESIONS BY DESCRIPTION, COLOR PHO TOGRAPHY, AND MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF BIOPSY MATERIAL.


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