Document Details


Title:
RADIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEBRIS IN SEAWATER
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS; WATER; SEAS; FISSION PRODUCTS; DIAGRAMS; RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS; BAKER-0746 EVENT
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1963 Sep 21
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0003
Accession Number:
NV0050938
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
KNOWLEDGE OF RADIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DE BRIS FROM NUCLEAR DETONATIONS IN SEAWATER IS REQUIRED FOR INTERPRETATI ONS AND PREDICTIONS OF RADIATION HAZARDS, CONTAMINATION AND DECONTAMIN ATION CHARACTERICTICS, ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS AND TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL RESULTING FROM SUCH DETONATIONS. FOLLOWING EARL Y THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS ON NATURE OF THE DEBRIS FROM NUCLEAR DETONAT IONS IN SEAWATER A SERIES OF RADIOCHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL CHEMICAL STUDI ES HAS BEEN CARRIED OUT TO ESTABLISH EXPERIMENTALLY SUCH CHARACTERICTI S OF THE DEBRIS CONSTITUENTS AS SOLUBILITIES, OXIDATION STATES, PARTIC LE SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS AND RADIONUCLIDE FRACTIONATION. MEASUREMENTS HA VE BEEN MADE ON MATERIAL RESULTING FROM LABORATORY SIMULATION OF NUCLE AR DETONATIONS IN SEAWATER AND ON MATERIAL COLLECTED FROM ACTUAL DETON ATIONS. LABORATORY SIMULATION EXPERIMENTS INVOLVED HIGH TEMPERATURE V APORIZATION OF FISSION PRODUCT ELEMENTS UNDER WATER. NUCLEAR DETONATI ON STUDIES INCLUDED MEASUREMENTS ON MATERIAL FROM UNDERWATER. NUCLEAR DETONATION STUDIES INCLUDED MEASUREMENTS ON MATERIAL FROM UNDER WATER DETONATIONS IN DEEP WATER AND IN SHALLOW ( LAGOON ) WATER. GENERAL A GREEMENT WAS OBSERVED BETWEEN THEORETICAL PREDICTIONS AND RESULTS FROM LABORATORY SIMULATION EXPERIMENTS AND FROM NUCLEAR DETONATIONS. IN A DDITION, RADIOCHEMICAL STUDIES OF PRODUCTS OF UNDERWATER NUCLEAR DETON ATIONS HAVE REVEALED OTHER IMPORTANT CONSEQUENCES OF SUCH DETONATIONS. THUS, RADIONUCLIDE FRACTIONATION INTRODUCES LARGE ALTERATIONS IN THE COMPOSITION AND RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BASE SURGE. ALSO, T HE PARTITION OF THE DEBRIS AMONG DIFFERENT REGIONS ( E G SUB-SURFACE, SURFACE AND BASE SURGE ) CAN BE DEDUCED FROM RADIOCHEMICAL MEASUREMEN TS.


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