Document Details


Title:
EVALUATION OF THE RADIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF THE WATER ON BIKINI AND ENEU ISLANDS IN 1975
Subject Terms:
WATER; DOSIMETRY; GROUND WATER; RADIOACTIVITY
Document Location:
Location - NNSA/NSO Nuclear Testing Archive Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - CIC@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1977 Jan 21
Declassification Status:
Never classified
Document Pages:
0026
Accession Number:
NV0045067
Document Number(s):
UCRL51879PT4
Originating Research Org.:
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE LABORATORY, U. OF CA
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
Description/Abstract:
IN JUNE OF 1975 WE CONDUCTED A SURVEY TO DETERMINE THE RESIDUAL RADIOA CTIVITY IN THE TERRESTRIAL ENVIRONMENT ON THE TWO MAIN ISLANDS ( ENEU AND BIKINI ) OF BIKINI ATOLL. OUR OBJECTIVE WAS TO EVALUATE THE POTENT IAL RADIATION DOSES THAT COULD BE RECEIVED BY THE BIKINIANS SCHEDULED TO RETURN TO THEIR ATOLL. THIS REPORT DESCRIBES THE RADIOLOGICAL QUALI TY OF THE GROUNDWATER DURING JUNE 1975 ( FROM DATA OBTAINED FROM WATER SAMPLES COLLECTED AT OLD AND NEW WELL SITES ON BOTH ISLANDS ) AND THE CISTERN WATER ON BIKINI ISLAND. BASED ON ANALYSES OF THESE SAMPLES, W E FOUND THAT THE CISTERN WATER FROM BIKINI ISLAND IS BOTH CHEMICALLY A ND RADIOLOGICALLY ACCEPTABLE AS DRINKING WATER IN ACCORDANCE WITH STAN DARD LIMITS ESTABLISHED BY THE U.S. PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE. HOWEVER, ON BOTH ISLANDS THE QUALITY OF THE GROUNDWATER VARIES FROM ONE SITE TO A NOTHER. AT SOME WELLS BOTH CHEMICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL QUALITY ARE ACCEP TABLE; AT OTHERS ONE OR BOTH ARE UNACCEPTABLE ACCORDING TO U.S. PUBLIC HEALTH STANDARDS. THE DOSES WE PREDICT FROM CONSUMPTION OF BOTH CISTE RN AND GROUNDWATER ARE ACCEPTABLE UNDER FEDERAL GUIDELINES. HOWEVER, D OSES PREDICTED FROM CONSUMPTION OF GROUNDWATER ARE HIGH ENOUGH TO WARR ANT CAREFUL EVALUATION OF OTHER POTENTIAL EXPOSURE PATHWAYS.


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