Document Details


Title:
THERMAL EFFECTS OF ATOMIC BOMB EXPLOSIONS ON SOILS AT TRINITY AND ENIWETOK
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
MANHATTAN PROJECT; PARTICLE SIZE; DATA; BLAST EFFECTS; TRINITY EVENT; POTASSIUM; RUBIDIUM; MAGNESIUM; CALCIUM; ALUMINIUM; SILICON; LEAD; SODIUM; IRON; CHROMIUM; COPPER; TITANIUM
Document Location:
Location - DOE/NNSA NUCLEAR TESTING ARCHIVE Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - NTA@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1950 Jun 13
Declassification Status:
Unknown
Document Pages:
0016
Accession Number:
NV0009556
Document Number(s):
LA1126
Originating Research Org.:
LOS ALAMOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
OpenNet Modified Date:
2003 Sep 18
Description/Abstract:
SAMPLES OF SOILS FROM TRINITY AND ENIWETOK, THERMALLY ALTERED AS A RES ULT OF THE TEST SHOTS OF 1945 AND 1948, WERE EXAMINED. AT TRINITY A C RUST OF VESCICULAR SILICATE GLASS COVERS THE GROUND OVER AN AREA ABOUT 2000 FEET DIAMETER. THE AMOUNT OF GLASS FORMED IS ESTIMATED AS 17 X 10E+08 GRAMS. PETROGRAPHIC EVIDENCE INDICATED THAT TEMPERATURES EXCE EDING 1470 C WERE REACHED TROUGHOUT THIS AREA. SPECTROGRAPHIC ANALYSI S OF SAMPLES OF GLASS AND PARENT SOIL SHOWED THAT THE MELT WAS NOT SUP ERHEATED BY MORE THAN A FEW HUNDRED DEGREES IN ANY PORTION OF THE AREA SAMPLED. THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY WIHICH WENT INTO FORMING THE GLASS IS ESTIMATED AS (4.3 PLUS OR MINUS 0.5) TIMES 10E+19 ERGS. BECAUSE OF E XCEPTIONALLY UNFAVORABLE CONDITIONS ON ENIWETOK, NO DEFINITE INFORMATI ON COULD BE OBTAINED FROM THE EXAMINATION OF SAMPLES OF CORAL SANDS CO LLECTED AFTER THE SANDSTONE SHOTS.


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