Document Details


Title:
REPORT TO THE SCIENTIFIC DIRECTOR, OPERATION WIGWAM, MAY 1955, PROJECT 2.5, EFFECTS OF NUCLEAR EXPLOSION ON MARINE BIOLOGY ( CTG 7.3 )
Author(s):
Subject Terms:
WIGWAM OPERATION
Document Location:
Location - DOE/NNSA NUCLEAR TESTING ARCHIVE Address - P.O. Box 98521 City - Las Vegas State - NV Zip - 89193-8521 Phone - (702)794-5106 Fax - (702)862-4240 Email - NTA@NV.DOE.GOV
Document Type:
REPORT
Publication Date:
1955 May 31
Declassification Status:
Unknown
Document Pages:
0150
Accession Number:
NV0006204
Document Number(s):
WT1013
Originating Research Org.:
SCRIPPS INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY
OpenNet Entry Date:
1994 Aug 26
OpenNet Modified Date:
2003 Sep 18
Description/Abstract:
WT-1013 (SUPERSEDES ITR-1063); IN ORDER TO PROVIDE BIOLOGICAL INFORMAT ION FOR THE CONDUCTING OF THIS WEAPONS TEST IN SUCH A MANNER AS TO ELI MINATE OR MINIMIZE HAZARD THROUGH CONTAMINATION OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIE S PRODUCTS, INVESTIGATIONS WERE CONDUCTED ALONG THREE LINES: 1. STUDI ES OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF MARINE ORGANISMS IN AND NEAR THE PROPOSED TE ST AREA TO PROVIDE INFORMATION WHICH, TOGETHER WITH DATA FROM PROJECT 2.8 ON CURRENTS, WOULD MAKE POSSIBLE THE SELECTION OF A TEST LOCATION SUCH THAT THE HAZARD TO THE FISHERIES WOULD BE MINIMAL. 2. LABORATORY STUDIES ON THE UPTAKE OF FISSION PRODUCTS BY FISHES AND OTHER MARINE ORGANISMS TO PROVIDE BASIC INFORMATION ON THE UPTAKE OF SUCH PRODUCTS FROM SEA WATER AND THEIR RETENTION AND EXCRETION BY THE ORGANISMS. 3. FIELD STUDIES FOLLOWING THE TEST TO INVESTIGATE THE UPTAKE OF RESULTI NG FISSION PRODUCTS BY MARINE ORGANISMS. ON THE BASIS OF THESE STUDIE S, TOGETHER WITH INFORMATION FROM OTHER PROJECTS, IT WAS POSSIBLE TO S ELECT A TEST LOCATION WHICH RESULTED IN NO HAZARD TO COMMERCIALLY IMPO RTANT TYPES OF FISH. HOWEVER, SUCH EVENTS OCCURRING IN BIOLOGICALLY M ORE PRODUCTIVE AREAS, CLOSER TO COMMERCIAL FISHING AREAS, OR IN REGION S WHERE THE CONTAMINATED WATER WOULD BE CARRIED INTO COMMERCIAL FISHIN G AREAS COULD RESULT IN IMPORTANT HAZARDS. THE LABORATORY AND FIELD D ATA REPORTED HERE SHOULD PROVIDE SOME BASIS OF EVALUATING THE HAZARDS INVOLVED IN THE OCCURRENCE OF SUCH EVENTS IN OTHER AREAS.


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