National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for wn lum ber

  1. BER Requirements Review 2015

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 BER Attendees 2015 ASCR Requirements...

  2. BER Requirements Review 2015

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Attendees 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews Requirements Review Reports Case Studies News & Publications ESnet News Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Blog ESnet Live Home » Science Engagement » Science Requirements Reviews » Network Requirements Reviews » BER Requirements Review 2015 Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials

  3. BER2009.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC_BER'09 Large Scale Production Computing Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research Teresa Head-Gordon Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory UC Berkeley NERSC_BER'09 Molecular Theory and Simulation Every attempt to employ mathematical methods in the study of (bio)chemical questions must be considered profoundly irrational and contrary to the spirit of (bio)chemistry. If mathematical analysis should ever hold a prominent place in (bio)chemistry - an aberration which is happily

  4. BER Science Network Requirements

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Network Requirements Report of the Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements Workshop Conducted July 26 and 27, 2007 BER Science Network Requirements Workshop Biological and Environmental Research Program Office, DOE Office of Science Energy Sciences Network Bethesda, MD - July 26 and 27, 2007 ESnet is funded by the US Dept. of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) program. Dan Hitchcock is the ESnet Program Manager. ESnet is operated by

  5. BER-NUG.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER/NERSC/ASCR Requirements Workshop Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research NERSC Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Workshop Held May 7-8, 2009, Rockville, MD NUG 2009, October 7-8, Tech-X Corporation, Boulder, CO Yukiko's Charge to Workshop Attendees * The goal of this workshop is to accurately characterize the High Performance Computing (HPC) requirements of current and future work funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental

  6. BER Science Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Alapaty, Kiran; Allen, Ben; Bell, Greg; Benton, David; Brettin, Tom; Canon, Shane; Dart, Eli; Cotter, Steve; Crivelli, Silvia; Carlson, Rich; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Richard; Tierney, Brian; Goodwin, Ken; Gregurick, Susan; Hicks, Susan; Johnston, Bill; de Jong, Bert; Kleese van Dam, Kerstin; Livny, Miron; Markowitz, Victor; McGraw, Jim; McCord, Raymond; Oehmen, Chris; Regimbal, Kevin; Shipman, Galen; Strand, Gary; Flick, Jeff; Turnbull, Susan; Williams, Dean; Zurawski, Jason

    2010-11-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In April 2010 ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research, of the DOE Office of Science, organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by BER. The requirements identified at the workshop are summarized and described in more detail in the case studies and the Findings section. A number of common themes emerged from the case studies and workshop discussions. One is that BER science, like many other disciplines, is becoming more and more distributed and collaborative in nature. Another common theme is that data set sizes are exploding. Climate Science in particular is on the verge of needing to manage exabytes of data, and Genomics is on the verge of a huge paradigm shift in the number of sites with sequencers and the amount of sequencer data being generated.

  7. Brasil Energia Renovavel BER | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Renovavel BER Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brasil Energia Renovavel (BER) Place: Paulinia, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 13140-000 Product: Sao Paulo based ethanol producer....

  8. BER%20banner.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Information BER%20banner

  9. BER Science Network Requirements (Technical Report) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: BER Science Network Requirements Citation Details In-Document Search Title: BER Science Network Requirements The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary ...

  10. BER Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Budget Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (235KB) Staff BER Budget BER Committees of Visitors Directions Jobs Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301)

  11. 26094_ESNet_BER_Cover_052213

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Network Requirements BER Network Requirements Review Final Report Conducted November 29-30, 2012 ESnet Energy Sciences Network DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any

  12. BER-NERSC-YS invitation2

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    would like to offer my special invitation for you to participate in a workshop on "Large Scale Production Computing Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research." The workshop will be held at Hilton Rockville (in front of the Twinbrook Metro Station on the Red Line) in Maryland on May 7-8, 2009. Please respond to BER-workshop-committee@nersc.gov by COB March 9, 2009 (note the new due date), confirming your participation. The goal of this workshop is to accurately characterize

  13. BER Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program BER Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain BER's budget

  14. Multiscale Computation. Needs and Opportunities for BER Science

    SciTech Connect

    Scheibe, Timothy D.; Smith, Jeremy C.

    2015-01-01

    The Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a scientific user facility managed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), conducted a one-day workshop on August 26, 2014 on the topic of “Multiscale Computation: Needs and Opportunities for BER Science.” Twenty invited participants, from various computational disciplines within the BER program research areas, were charged with the following objectives; Identify BER-relevant models and their potential cross-scale linkages that could be exploited to better connect molecular-scale research to BER research at larger scales and; Identify critical science directions that will motivate EMSL decisions regarding future computational (hardware and software) architectures.

  15. BER Committees of Visitors | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Committees of Visitors Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (235KB) Staff BER Budget BER Committees of Visitors Directions Jobs Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC

  16. Merit Review of BER Activities at the DOE Laboratories | U.S...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About ... Award Search Public Abstracts Additional Requirements ... U.S. Department of Energy SC-23Germantown Building ...

  17. BER Committees of Visitors | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Committees of Visitors Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home BER Committees of Visitors Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) » The links below provide an archive of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Committees of Visitors (COV) reports and responses.

  18. Sandia Energy - New DOE Office of Science/BER Water Cycle Report

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE Office of ScienceBER Water Cycle Report Home Climate Water Security Office of Science News News & Events Research & Capabilities New DOE Office of ScienceBER Water Cycle...

  19. Merit Review of BER Activities at the DOE Laboratories | U.S. DOE Office of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Merit Review of BER Activities at the DOE Laboratories Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search / Public Abstracts Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Peer Review Policy Grants & Contracts Guidance Laboratory Scientific Focus Area Guidance SBIR/STTR Funding

  20. GNU Bug Reports

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    GLADY CASSIT Y VANDALIA MURPHY CR EEK BU CKHN-CENT URY CLAY GLENVILLE N MINNORA JARVISVILLE FAR MINGTON PH ILIPPI BELIN GT ON WAYN ESBUR G PR UNT Y GLENVILLE S CAVE RUN TAYLOR DRAIN ROSEDALE ST MPT-N RMNT-SHK WESTON-JAN E LEW SWN DL-WID EN VADIS STANL EY DEKALB UNION TALLM AN SVILL E ASPINALL-FIN ST ER ZOLLARSVILLE WILBU R RAMSEY HEATER S BR IDGEPORT-PRUNT YTOWN ALEXAND ER LILLY FORK SH ERMAN HIRAM ST FK-BLST N CK BU RNS CH APEL S BR WN -LUM BER PORT CON INGS PR ATT BOSWELL REVEL ELK C REEK

  1. BER Science Network Requirements Workshop -- July 26-27,2007

    SciTech Connect

    Tierney, Brian L.; Dart, Eli

    2008-02-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the US Department of Energy Office of Science, the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States of America. In support of the Office of Science programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet to be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 20 years. In July 2007, ESnet and the Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program Office of the DOE Office of Science organized a workshop to characterize the networking requirements of the science programs funded by the BER Program Office. These included several large programs and facilities, including Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF), Bioinformatics and Life Sciences Programs, Climate Sciences Programs, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory at PNNL, the Joint Genome Institute (JGI). National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) also participated in the workshop and contributed a section to this report due to the fact that a large distributed data repository for climate data will be established at NERSC, ORNL and NCAR, and this will have an effect on ESnet. Workshop participants were asked to codify their requirements in a 'case study' format, which summarizes the instruments and facilities necessary for the science and the process by which the science is done, with emphasis on the network services needed and the way in which the network is used. Participants were asked to consider three time scales in their case studies--the near term (immediately and up to 12 months in the future), the medium term (3-5 years in the future), and the long term (greater than 5 years in the future). In addition to achieving its goal of collecting and characterizing

  2. JGI Case Study (NERSC-BER Workshop, Sep 11 2012).pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Joint Genome Institute Computing Requirements Shane Canon, Rob Egan, David Goodstein Victor M Markowitz NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Established in 1999, located in Walnut Creek Supported by the DOE Office of Science. Budget of ~70 Million/ yr ~ 300 Employees Mission User facility for large scale genomics to enable bioenergy & environmental research DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) JGI Programs Plants Fungi Microbes Metagenomes Bioenergy Carbon Cycling

  3. BER Science Highlights

    Office of Science (SC)

    in future water use caused by increased use of renewable technologies, such as wind, solar, geothermal, and nuclear. They found that at the national level, as the proportion...

  4. BER Open Funding Opportunities

    Office of Science (SC)

    - and is the principal federal funding agency of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en 8BF3F791-EE84-4768-BCDF-E...

  5. BER2017June7

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biological and Environmental Science: Target 2017 Report of the NERSC Requirements Review Conducted September 11-12, 2012 Large S cale C omputing a nd S torage R equirements f or B iological a nd E nvironmental R esearch: T arget 2 017 1 Large S cale C omputing a nd S torage R equirements f or B iological a nd E nvironmental R esearch: T arget 2 017 2 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. Neither t he U nited S tates G

  6. BER_Noise.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    The
Role
of
Climate
System
Noise
in
Climate
 Simula6ons
 * Par6cipa6ng
Organiza6on
 - Center
for
Ocean-Land-Atmosphere
Studies
(COLA)

 J.
Kinter
(PI),
C.
Stan
 - University
of
Miami
 B.
Kirtman
 - University
of
Washington
 C.
Bitz
 - Na6onal
Center
for
Atmospheric
Research
(NCAR)
 J.
Dennis(dennis@ucar.edu),
R.
LoO,
M.
Vertenstein,


 * Scien6fic
Objec6ves
for
the
next
3
years
 -

  7. Polychlorinated biphenyl quinone induces oxidative DNA damage and repair responses: The activations of NHEJ, BER and NER via ATM-p53 signaling axis

    SciTech Connect

    Dong, Hui; Shi, Qiong; Song, Xiufang; Fu, Juanli; Hu, Lihua; Xu, Demei; Su, Chuanyang; Xia, Xiaomin; Song, Erqun; Song, Yang

    2015-07-01

    Our previous studies demonstrated that polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) quinone induced oxidative DNA damage in HepG2 cells. To promote genomic integrity, DNA damage response (DDR) coordinates cell-cycle transitions, DNA repair and apoptosis. PCB quinone-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis have been documented, however, whether PCB quinone insult induce DNA repair signaling is still unknown. In this study, we identified the activation of DDR and corresponding signaling events in HepG2 cells upon the exposure to a synthetic PCB quinone, PCB29-pQ. Our data illustrated that PCB29-pQ induces the phosphorylation of p53, which was mediated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein kinase. The observed phosphorylated histone H2AX (γ-H2AX) foci and the elevation of 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) indicated that DDR was stimulated by PCB29-pQ treatment. Additionally, we found PCB29-pQ activates non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), base excision repair (BER) and nucleotide excision repair (NER) signalings. However, these repair pathways are not error-free processes and aberrant repair of DNA damage may cause the potential risk of carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. - Highlights: • Polychlorinated biphenyl quinone induces oxidative DNA damage in HepG2 cells. • The elevation of γ-H2AX and 8-OHdG indicates the activation of DNA damage response. • ATM-p53 signaling acts as the DNA damage sensor and effector. • Polychlorinated biphenyl quinone activates NHEJ, BER and NER signalings.

  8. BER_Climate_Kerr.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Resolu,on
Climate
Experiments
 Geophysical
Fluid
Dynamics
Laboratory,
NOAA
 Princeton,
New
Jersey
 Christopher
Kerr
(chris.kerr@noaa.gov)
 * Coupled
Model
Experiments:
 
½⁰
(50km)
atmosphere
-
¼⁰
(25km)
ocean
almost
in
 producRon
total
experiment:
200
years;
computaRonal:

 
1
model
year/day
on
2400
cores;
70
GB/model
year


  9. NERSC-BER-Yelick.v5.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... for science on the web - Remote data analysis, databases, ... Surface * Concurrent systems are more power efficient - ... (C) but only linearly Technology Challenge Technology ...

  10. DGT BER NERSC Overview.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    the frontiers of genome-enabled biology - Discovering the physical, chemical, and ... HPC Needs & Opportunities Example 1 - Biology, a long discussed and rapidly growing ...

  11. BER_ESnet_Cover_WhiteBckgrnd

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Gregurick, DOESCBER (Computational Biology) Susan Hicks, ORNL (Networking) Bill ... Network Requirements of the DOE Systems Biology Knowledgebase ......

  12. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    could exist on Uranus and Neptune (Roberto Car , Princeton U., Nature Comm.) Fusion Energy ... Predicting a New Phase of Superionic Ice BES PI: Roberto Car (Princeton) 5 Unlike Earth, ...

  13. YS-BER-NERSCWorkshopPresen.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BERNERSC Requirements Gathering Workshop Yukiko Sekine (Retiring) Program Manager, Facilities Division Advanced Scientific Computing Research Office of Science, DOE September 11 & ...

  14. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    September 2015 NERSC Science Highlights NERSC Science Highlights September 2015 Fusion Energy 3D simula*ons yield new insights into why plasma in a Tokamak fusion reactor fails to reach required temperatures (R. Davidson/E. Belova , PPPL) Renewable Energy Ensemble simula*ons of flow through geothermal fracture networks improve reliability & economics of renewable geothermal energy. (Melior Innovations Inc.) Geophysics 3D scan of Earth's interior connects plumes of hot rock rising through the

  15. Materials Data on Na3WN3 (SG:9) by Materials Project

    DOE Data Explorer

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  16. Materials Data on Ba3WN4 (SG:61) by Materials Project

    DOE Data Explorer

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  17. Materials Data on Li6WN4 (SG:137) by Materials Project

    DOE Data Explorer

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  18. Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Homepage | U.S. DOE...

    Office of Science (SC)

    EXPLORING the frontiers of genome-enabled biology. Understanding Complex Biological and ... and inquiry in atmospheric chemistry and physics, ecology, biology, and biogeochemistry. ...

  19. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR NERSC Science Highlights

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    July 2016 Science Highlights July 2016 Applied Math A new mathema*cal framework allows researchers to capture fluid dynamics at unprecedented detail. (Saye, LBNL, Science Advances) ...

  20. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR NERSC Science Highlights

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    March 2016 Science Highlights March 2016 Energy & Environment Simula'ons support findings that migra'on of liquids and gases due to fracking have not had a widespread impact on drinking water. (Moridis , LBNL, Water Resources Research) Climate Researchers have reduced the 'me needed to detect important features in large climate datasets from years to hours. (O'Brien, LBNL. Env. Sci. & Tech) High Energy Physics New tools handle increasingly large datasets produced by ATLAS experiments at

  1. FES BER HEP NP BES ASCR NERSC Science Highlights

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    September 2016 Science Highlights September 2016 Biological Science 125,000+ new viral genomes discovered, increasing the number of know viral genes by a factor of 16. Kyrpides, LBNL, Nature High Energy Physics The search for an opAcal counterpart of the first detected gravitaAonal waves. Kasliwal, Caltech, Astrophysical Journal Le<ers Biological Science Speeding up a bioinformaAcs applicaAon to make biology more predicAve. Luecke, Iowa State, Intl. Journal of HPC Applications Chemical

  2. BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Affected Not Indicated Comment Applicant Proposed Mitigation Agency Imposed Mitigation Air Quality "NEPAResourceAnalysis" is not in the list of possible values (Not Present,...

  3. BER User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    The Biological and Environmental Research program supports the following national scientific user facilities: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) at ...

  4. BER Committees of Visitors | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    B. Grant Logan, 1980 The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Lawrence Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates 2010's 2000's 1990's 1980's 1970's 1960's Ceremony The Life of Ernest Orlando Lawrence Contact Information The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-2411 E: Email Us 1980's B. Grant Logan, 1980 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Physics: For outstanding

  5. Benefits of BER | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    world-class, peer reviewed scientific results in biology and environmental science. ... powerful tools of contemporary systems biology to pursue the scientific breakthroughs ...

  6. NEW X-RAY DETECTIONS OF WNL STARS

    SciTech Connect

    Skinner, Stephen L.; Zhekov, Svetozar A.; Guedel, Manuel; Schmutz, Werner; Sokal, Kimberly R.

    2012-05-15

    Previous studies have demonstrated that putatively single nitrogen-type Wolf-Rayet stars (WN stars) without known companions are X-ray sources. However, almost all WN star X-ray detections so far have been of earlier WN2-WN6 spectral subtypes. Later WN7-WN9 subtypes (also known as WNL stars) have proved more difficult to detect, an important exception being WR 79a (WN9ha). We present here new X-ray detections of the WNL stars WR 16 (WN8h) and WR 78 (WN7h). These new results, when combined with previous detections, demonstrate that X-ray emission is present in WN stars across the full range of spectral types, including later WNL stars. The two WN8 stars observed to date (WR 16 and WR 40) show unusually low X-ray luminosities (L{sub x} ) compared to other WN stars, and it is noteworthy that they also have the lowest terminal wind speeds (v{sub {infinity}}). Existing X-ray detections of about a dozen WN stars reveal a trend of increasing L{sub x} with wind luminosity L{sub wind} = (1/2)M-dot v{sup 2}{sub {infinity}}, suggesting that wind kinetic energy may play a key role in establishing X-ray luminosity levels in WN stars.

  7. Progress Report from University of Utah -- The Ultra-scale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT): Scientific Climate Data Visualization for BER and the Community

    SciTech Connect

    Silva, Claudio T

    2013-09-02

    Progress report from the work performed at the University of Utah for the UV-CDAT project before the team moved to NYU Poly.

  8. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BER Home » Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy

  9. Participants

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Participants Participants Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research A Joint BER / BER / NERSC Workshop May 7-8, 2009 Name Organization Area Email R. Todd Anderson DOE / BER BER Program Manager todd.anderson@science.doe.gov Ioan Andricioaei UC Irvine Biological Science David Beck Univ. of Washington Biological Science Anjuli Bamzai DOE / BER BER Program Manager anjuli.bamzai@science.doe.gov Lawrence Buja NCAR Climate Science Dylan Chivian LBNL

  10. Organizing Committee

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizing Committee Organizing Committee R. Todd Anderson Program Manager, BER Climate and Environmental Sciences Anjuli Barnzai Program Manager, BER Climate and Environmental...

  11. Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Higher Clouds Retain Less Energy Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home ... Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23Germantown Building ...

  12. 4339 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    9 Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Public Image File(s): BER%20banner

  13. Funding Opportunities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About ... Award Search Public Abstracts Additional Requirements ... U.S. Department of Energy SC-23Germantown Building ...

  14. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of energy production and use on climate change). The BER Abstracts Database is publicly available to scientists, researchers, and interested citizens. Each BER research ...

  15. 4339 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information 9 Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Public Image File(s): BER%20banner

  16. 20130221WebCastLinks | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members ChargesReports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Ready Talk...

  17. Closed Lab Announcements | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Lab Announcements Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search / Public Abstracts Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Peer Review Policy Grants & Contracts Guidance Laboratory Scientific Focus Area Guidance SBIR/STTR Funding Opportunities Merit Review of BER Activities at the DOE

  18. Laboratory Scientific Focus Area Guidance | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Scientific Focus Area Guidance Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search / Public Abstracts Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Peer Review Policy Grants & Contracts Guidance Laboratory Scientific Focus Area Guidance SBIR/STTR Funding Opportunities Merit Review of BER

  19. Attendees

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Attendees Attendees Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research: Target 2017 A Joint ASCR / BER / NERSC Requirements Review September 11-12, 2012 DOE / NERSC Participants and Organizers Name Organization Shane Canon NERSC NERSC Technology Integration Group Lead Richard Gerber NERSC NERSC User Services (Co-coordinator) Dave Goodwin DOE / ASCR NERSC Program Manager Susan Gregurick DOE / BER BER Program Manager Renu Joseph DOE / BER BER Program Manager

  20. Jobs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

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  3. BPA-2015-01591-FOIA Correspondence

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    of Energy Bonneville Power Administration P.O. Box 3621 Portland. Oregon 97208-3621 FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM In reply refer to: BPA-2015-01591-F wn c b 11 I (b...

  4. Microsoft Word - Updated Air Dispersion Modeling Table _sulfur...

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    Ruixing ; Bonn, D.A. ; Hardy, W.N. ; Gutowski, O. ; Zimmermann, M.v. ; Hayden, S.M. ; Chang, J. 1 ; Denmark) 2 ; UBC) 2 ; DESY) 2 ; Ecole) 2 ; CIFAR) 2 ; Bristol) 2 ...

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  7. EA | Open Energy Information

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  11. Stimulate Bacteria to Stop Chromium in Groundwater | U.S. DOE Office of

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  12. Genetics of Wood Formation | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  13. Genome Databases Get Faster, Bigger, Stronger | U.S. DOE Office of Science

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  14. Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants

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  17. 2014 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  18. 2015 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  19. Microbe Produces Ethanol from Switchgrass Without Pretreatment | U.S. DOE

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  20. Microbes Disprove Long-Held Assumption that All Organisms Share a Common

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  1. Microbial Community Dynamics Dominate Greenhouse Gas Production in Thawing

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  2. Large Aerosols Play Unexpected Role in Ganges Valley | U.S. DOE Office of

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  4. Science Highlights | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  5. Scientists Rewrite Bacteria's Genetic Code | U.S. DOE Office of Science

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  6. ARM - Facility News Article

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    in atmospheric and terrestrial ecosystem research participated in the workshop, ... Chemical and Biological Measurements Ecosystem Aerial Facility Measurements BER staff ...

  7. A One-Pot Recipe for Making Jet Fuel | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  8. Peer Review Policy | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

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  9. ARM: Pixels from SASHe corresponding to MFR radiometer wavelengths...

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  12. Water Gunks Up Biofuels Production from Bio-Oils | U.S. DOE Office of

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  13. New Mathematical Method Enhances Hydrology Simulations | U.S. DOE Office of

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  16. Model Captures How Nitrogen Limitation Affects Hydrological Processes |

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  17. Modeling Choices and the Effects of Water Runoff on Plant Productivity |

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  18. Multimetal Nanoframes Improve Catalyst Performance | U.S. DOE Office of

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  1. Understanding Mineral Transport in Switchgrass | U.S. DOE Office of Science

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  2. ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, NIR Aerosol...

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  3. Elevated Carbon Dioxide Suppresses Dominant Plant Species in a Mixed-Grass

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  6. Assessing How Renewables Affect Water Used for Thermoelectric Cooling |

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  7. Uncovering Role of Symbiotic Fungi in Soil Carbon Storage | U.S. DOE Office

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  8. Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Limits Soil Storage | U.S. DOE Office

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  10. Heat's Role in the Madden-Julian Oscillation | U.S. DOE Office of Science

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  11. Heat-Loving Microbe Engineered to Produce Bioalcohols for Fuel | U.S. DOE

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  13. How Does Your Garden Grow? Study Identifies Instigators of Plant Growth |

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  14. Diverse Fungi Secrete Similar Suite of Decomposition Enzymes | U.S. DOE

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  3. Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management | U.S. DOE

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    Office of Science (SC) Opportunities » Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search / Public Abstracts Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Peer Review Policy Grants & Contracts Guidance Laboratory Scientific Focus Area

  4. Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) | U.S. DOE Office of

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    Science (SC) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and

  5. Joint Genome Institute (JGI) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Joint Genome Institute (JGI) Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy

  6. Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) | U.S. DOE Office of Science

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    (SC) Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Genomic Science DOE Bioenergy Research Centers Bioimaging Technology DOE Joint Genome Institute Structural Biology Radiochemistry & Imaging Instrumentation Radiobiology: Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Human Subjects Protection Program Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER

  7. CX-005073: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Subgrant: Lums Pond State Park Natural Gas ConversionCX(s) Applied: B2.5Date: 01/25/2011Location(s): DelawareOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  8. Resistive switching phenomena of tungsten nitride thin films with excellent CMOS compatibility

    SciTech Connect

    Hong, Seok Man; Kim, Hee-Dong; An, Ho-Myoung; Kim, Tae Geun

    2013-12-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: The resistive switching characteristics of WN{sub x} thin films. Excellent CMOS compatibility WN{sub x} films as a resistive switching material. Resistive switching mechanism revealed trap-controlled space charge limited conduction. Good endurance and retention properties over 10{sup 5} cycles, and 10{sup 5} s, respectively - Abstract: We report the resistive switching (RS) characteristics of tungsten nitride (WN{sub x}) thin films with excellent complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) compatibility. A Ti/WN{sub x}/Pt memory cell clearly shows bipolar RS behaviors at a low voltage of approximately 2.2 V. The dominant conduction mechanisms at low and high resistance states were verified by Ohmic behavior and trap-controlled space-charge-limited conduction, respectively. A conducting filament model by a redox reaction explains the RS behavior in WN{sub x} films. We also demonstrate the memory characteristics during pulse operation, including a high endurance over >10{sup 5} cycles and a long retention time of >10{sup 5} s.

  9. Final Report to DOE’s Office of Science (BER) submitted by Ram Oren (PI) of DE-FG02-00ER63015 (ended on 09/14/2009) entitled “Controls of Net Ecosystem Exchange at an Old Field, a Pine Plantation, & a Hardwood Forest under Identical Climatic & Edaphic Conditions”

    SciTech Connect

    Oren, Ram; Oishi, AC; Palmroth, Sari; Butnor, JR; Johnsen, KH

    2014-03-17

    The project yielded papers on fluxes (energy, water and carbon dioxide)between each ecosystem and the atmosphere, and explained the temporal dynamics of fluxes based on intrinsic (physiology, canopy leaf area and structure) and extrinsic (atmospheric and edaphic conditions). Comparisons between any two of the ecosystems, and among all three followed, attributing differences in behavior to different patterns of phenology and differential sensitivities to soil and atmospheric humidity. Finally, data from one-to-three of the ecosystems (incorporated into FluxNet data archive) were used in syntheses across AmeriFlux sites and even more broadly across FluxNet sites.

  10. Department

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Over the past few years, DOE has recognized that the high performance computing needs of the research community supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) are likely to expand significantly. To prepare for such growth, BER and the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)will solicit input from the BER research community that will assist in planning for future DOE investments in computing and data storage capabilities at the National Energy Research

  11. Community Resources | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Community Resources Bioimaging Technology Bioimaging Technology Home Research Funding Opportunities Community Resources Contact BER Home Community Resources Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BER Imaging and Measurement Cover Program Brochure .pdf file (5.2MB) This brochure outlines the pilot projects at the DOE national laboratories and the investigators leading these efforts. This initial description of BER's new effort serves as an informational resource for the evolving imaging and

  12. OSTIblog Articles in the Office of Biological and Environmental Research

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (OBER) Abstracts Database Topic | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) Abstracts Database Topic Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information by Lorrie Johnson 02 Aug, 2011 in Science Communications 4339 BER%20banner.jpg Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339

  13. OSTIblog Articles in the environmental sciences Topic | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information environmental sciences Topic Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information by Lorrie Johnson 02 Aug, 2011 in Science Communications 4339 BER%20banner.jpg Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339 OSTI's mission is to collect, preserve, and disseminate DOE-sponsored R&D results

  14. Bioimaging Technology Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bioimaging Technology Home Bioimaging Technology Bioimaging Technology Home Research Funding Opportunities Community Resources Contact BER Home Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BER Imaging and Measurement Cover Program Brochure .pdf file (4.4MB) Mission The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) supports fundamental research to advance a predictive understanding of complex biological and environmental systems relevant to DOE's missions in

  15. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information by Lorrie Johnson on Tue, August 02, 2011 4339 BER%20banner.jpg Managing the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339 OSTI's mission is to collect, preserve, and disseminate DOE-sponsored R&D results emanating from research projects at DOE

  16. Organizing Committee

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Organizing Committee Organizing Committee R. Todd Anderson Program Manager, BER Climate and Environmental Sciences Anjuli Barnzai Program Manager, BER Climate and Environmental Sciences Susan Gregurick Program Manager, BER Biological Systems Yukiko Sekine NERSC Program Manager, ASCR Kathy Yelick NERSC Director Francesca Verdier NERSC Department Head for Services Richard Gerber NERSC User Services Harvey Wasserman NERSC System Architecture Last edited: 2016-04-29 11:35:21

  17. Community Resources | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Community Resources Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051 E: Email Us More Information » Community Resources Print Text

  18. BERAC Meeting September 5 2008 Gaithersburg MD | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) 5 2008 Gaithersburg MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting September 5 2008 Gaithersburg MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BER September 5, 2008 Arlington, VA Agenda Presentations Peg Riley .ppt file (357KB), Life and Medical Sciences Division Committee of

  19. BERAC Meeting, June 6-7, 2012 Gaithersburg, MD| U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) June 6-7, 2012 Gaithersburg, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting, June 6-7, 2012 Gaithersburg, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting June 6-7, 2012 Gaithersburg, MD Agenda .pdf file (424KB) Presentations Sharlene Weatherwax, BER Associate

  20. User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    BER Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ... Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility (ARM) at Global Network ARM is ...

  1. ARM: Portable Radiation Package: Position and Heading Data (Dataset...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  2. ARM: Portable Radiation Package: Fast Rotating Shadowband Radiometer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  3. ARM: X-SAPR Vertical PoinTing scan (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English ...

  4. ARM: Belfort Laser Ceilometer (BLC): profiles (Dataset) | Data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  5. ARM: 10-minute Raman Lidar: aerosol scattering ratio and backscatterin...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English ...

  6. ARM: Boundary-layer height data with CEIL (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  7. ARM: Interpolated Sonde (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  8. ARM: Ceilometer (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  9. ARM: ARMBE 2D gridded surface dataset (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  10. ARM: Station-based Surface Products (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  11. ARM: ARMBE: Atmospheric measurements (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  12. ARM: Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar (MMCR): moments data ...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  13. ARM: AOS: Aethalometer, measures Black Carbon (Dataset) | Data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  14. ARM: Ameriflux Measurement Component (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  15. ARM: Mini Sound Detection and Ranging (SODAR) (Dataset) | Data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  16. ARM: Mini Sound Detection and Ranging (SODAR), spectral data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 ...

  17. Petaflops Power to NERSC- NERSC Center News, May 31, 2011

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Power to NERSC Energy Department's Primary Scientific Computing Facility Accepts a New Supercomputer May 31, 2011 | Tags: Biological and Environmental Research (BER), Climate...

  18. Previous Workshops

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous...

  19. Dr. Patrick Glynn | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    and Environmental Research (BER) for issues related to bioenergy, biofuels, and systems biology research, and he serves as SC-2 lead for communications and public affairs. ...

  20. About | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    biology. Today, with its Genomic Sciences Program and the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI), BER researchers are using powerful tools of plant and microbial systems biology to ...

  1. Sharlene Weatherwax | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ... Under her leadership, BER is establishing the Genomic Science Systems Biology Knowledgebase, a cyber infrastructure to support collaborative research in systems biology in the areas ...

  2. Producing Transportation Fuels via Photosynthetically-derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ...collaborations * NREL: TEA; algal biomass conversion; carbon regulation; metabolic ... of Colorado (BER) * University of Louisiana (NSF) Partners Total Costs FY 10 -FY 12 ...

  3. Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models | U.S. DOE Office...

    Office of Science (SC)

    Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Getting Forest Carbon Right in Climate Models New method predicts how climates will move ...

  4. Peaceful Uses of the Atom and Atoms for Peace

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    pilot plan buildings for production power plants. Converting Energy to Medical Progress Nuclear Medicine The DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Medical...

  5. Budget by Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear ...

  6. YS-FES-NERSCWorkshopPresenFinal.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Scientific Computing Research NUG Executive Board (NUGEX)* Kirk Cameron (Virginia Tech) Mike Lijewski (LBNL) Ravi Samtaney (PPPL) ASCR Program Representatives BER BES FES ...

  7. Meeting Agenda

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    Arrive, informal discussions 8:30 Welcome, introductions, review goals Yukiko Sekine, Harvey Wasserman, Richard Gerber 8:45 BER Program Office Research Directions Susan...

  8. Workshop Agenda

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    (Yukiko Sekine, DOE-SCASCR) 8:45 am - Workshop outline, logistics, format, procedures (Harvey Wasserman, NERSC) 9:00 am - BER Program Office Research Directions (David...

  9. Participants

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    John Shalf NERSC Computer System Architecture Jeremy Smith ORNL Biological Science David Thomassen BER Chief Scientist Harvey Wasserman NERSC Workshop Facilitator Michael...

  10. OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339 OSTI's mission is to collect, preserve, and disseminate DOE-sponsored R&D results emanating from research ...

  11. OSTIblog Articles in the environmental sciences Topic | OSTI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339 OSTI's mission is to collect, preserve, and disseminate DOE-sponsored R&D results emanating from research ...

  12. OSTIblog Articles in the Office of Biological and Environmental...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Environmental Research (BER) Project Information Read more about 4339 OSTI's mission is to collect, preserve, and disseminate DOE-sponsored R&D results emanating from research ...

  13. ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith, Radiance and Transmitta...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Shortwave spectral direct normal irradiance; Shortwave ...

  14. ISDAC Microphysics (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Total cloud water; Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) Dataset File ...

  15. untitled

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    control and corporate data networks, the potential for cy- ber intrusion grew as well. ... These rig- orous attacks thoroughly test the system for potential vulner- abilities that ...

  16. MURMoT. Design and Application of Microbial Uranium Reduction...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MURMoT. Design and Application of Microbial Uranium Reduction Monitoring Tools Citation ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  17. Aerosol Observing System Greenhouse Gas (AOS GhG) Handbook (Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    tower through a series of control and monitoring components, and (2) the Picarro model ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  18. MURMoT. Design and Application of Microbial Uranium Reduction...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: MURMoT. Design and Application of Microbial Uranium Reduction Monitoring ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  19. Formation of atmospheric halos and applicability of geometric...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  20. Retrieving 4-dimensional atmospheric boundary layer structure...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Atmospheric System Research Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview ...

  1. ASR - 2011 Performance Metrics

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    climate modeling within BER CESD. The goal of the climate modeling program is the development of climate models that include natural and human systems, which will project...

  2. Burst Buffer Early User Program

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    * Chombo-Crunch + VisIt for carbon sequestration, David Trebotich, Berkeley Lab (BES) * SigmaUniFamSipros bioinformatics codes, Chongle Pan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (BER)...

  3. ARM: Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel: airmasses, brightness temperatur...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Microwave narrowband brightness temperature Dataset File size ...

  4. ARM: Ship navigational location and attitude (Dataset) | Data...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Surface condition Dataset File size NAView Dataset View ...

  5. ARM: RPH stabilized platform tilt (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Surface condition Dataset File size NAView Dataset View ...

  6. 2014 CESM Tutorial (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 58 GEOSCIENCES

  7. ARM: Parsivel2 Laser Disdrometer (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Hydrometeor fall velocity; Hydrometeor size; Hydrometeor Size ...

  8. Atmospheric Sounder Spectrometer for Infrared Spectral Technology...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences Longwave spectral brightness temperature,Longwave spectral ...

  9. ARM: RPH stabilized table control data (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    RPH stabilized table control data Title: ARM: RPH stabilized table control data RPH ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  10. Integrative Analysis of Transgenic Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    sativa L.) Suggests New Metabolic Control Mechanisms for Monolignol Biosynthesis ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  11. Station-based Surface Data Value-Added Product (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This document provides information about the input data, quality control (QC) method, and ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  12. Droplet Number Concentration Value-Added Product (Technical Report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    LWP is from the adiabatic case. quality control (QC) flags (qcdropnumberconc), an ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  13. Developmental Control of Lignification in Stems of Lowland Switchgrass...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Developmental Control of Lignification in Stems of Lowland Switchgrass Variety Alamo and ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ...

  14. ISDAC Microphysics (Dataset) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Total cloud water; Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) Word Cloud More ...

  15. UCRL-CR-117769 S/C B235369 Strong Motion Duration and Earthquake...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... NUREG-1233, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC. Septem- ber 1989. 14. Walter Silva, Personal Communication, Pacific Engineering and Analysis. El Cerrito, CA.. ...

  16. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)","59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES fungal genomics; gene regulatory networks",,"In microorganisms, Ion Torrent sequencing technology has...

  17. Reference Materials

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    Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) High Energy Physics (HEP) Final ...

  18. ARM - Facility News Article

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    Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear ...

  19. Workshop Presentations

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    Biological and Environmental Science (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Overview Published Reports Case Study FAQs NERSC HPC ...

  20. By Institution | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ASCR Advanced Scientific Computing Research BER Biological and Environmental Research BES Basic Energy Sciences FES Fusion Energy Sciences HEP High Energy Physics NP ...

  1. NERSC HPC Requirements Reviews: Target 2017

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    Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Requirements Reviews: Target ...

  2. NERSC HPC RequirementsReviews: Target 2014

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    Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Biological and Environmental Science (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Overview Published Reports Case ...

  3. Committees of Visitors | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ... Research (BER) Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) Office of High Energy Physics (HEP) Office of Nuclear Physics (NP) Office of Workforce Development for Teachers ...

  4. Data Requirements from NERSC Requirements Reviews Richard Gerber...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 2017. Second round reviews with the offices of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) and High Energy Physics (HEP) were completed in 2012 and the reports are in preparation. ...

  5. Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office...

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    Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Long-Term Water Projections and Climate Change Model scenarios predict increased scarcity ...

  6. Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP): Ground-Based Radiation and...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) ... Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES aerosols, aerosol optical depth, direct aerosol ...

  7. Regulations and Requirements | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

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    Regulations and Requirements Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About ... Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection ...

  8. Human Subjects Protection Program Homepage | U.S. DOE Office...

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    HSPP Home Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review ... Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. ...

  9. Distribution of uranium and thorium in dolomitic gravel fill...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Journal of Hazardous Materials Additional Journal ... (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of ...

  10. METHOD AND ALLOY FOR BONDING TO ZIRCONIUM

    DOEpatents

    McCuaig, F.D.; Misch, R.D.

    1960-04-19

    A brazing alloy can be used for bonding zirconium and its alloys to other metals, ceramics, and cermets, and consists of 6 to 9 wt.% Ni, 6 to 9 wn~.% Cr, Mo, or W, 0 to 7.5 wt.% Fe, and the balance Zr.

  11. ASN Aircraft accident Beechcraft 1900C N27RA Tonopah-Test Range...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Accident description languages: Share 0 Statd,LB:5E)(WEWkNF75WLEW)w(Ni7wkE.(wnNa75WLEW)w(... According to the Air Force Materiel Command Accident Investigation Board report, the pilot ...

  12. Weakly nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a finite-thickness fluid layer

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, L. F. Ye, W. H. Liu, Jie; He, X. T.; Guo, H. Y.; Wu, J. F. Zhang, W. Y.

    2014-12-15

    A weakly nonlinear (WN) model has been developed for the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of a finite-thickness incompressible fluid layer (slab). We derive the coupling evolution equations for perturbations on the (upper) “linearly stable” and (lower) “linearly unstable” interfaces of the slab. Expressions of temporal evolutions of the amplitudes of the perturbation first three harmonics on the upper and lower interfaces are obtained. The classical feedthrough (interface coupling) solution obtained by Taylor [Proc. R. Soc. London A 201, 192 (1950)] is readily recovered by the first-order results. Our third-order model can depict the WN perturbation growth and the saturation of linear (exponential) growth of the perturbation fundamental mode on both interfaces. The dependence of the WN perturbation growth and the slab distortion on the normalized layer thickness (kd) is analytically investigated via the third-order solutions. Comparison is made with Jacobs-Catton's formula [J. W. Jacobs and I. Catton, J. Fluid Mech. 187, 329 (1988)] of the position of the “linearly unstable” interface. Using a reduced formula, the saturation amplitude of linear growth of the perturbation fundamental mode is studied. It is found that the finite-thickness effects play a dominant role in the WN evolution of the slab, especially when kd < 1. Thus, it should be included in applications where the interface coupling effects are important, such as inertial confinement fusion implosions and supernova explosions.

  13. BPA-2013-01680-FOIA Response

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    J. Munro Freedom of InformationPrivacy Act Officer Enclosure: CD date title h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 h7 h8 h9 h10 h11 h12 h13 h14 h15 h16 h17 h18 h19 h20 h21 h22 h23 h24 01012000 WN2...

  14. A modern search for Wolf-Rayet stars in the Magellanic Clouds: First results

    SciTech Connect

    Massey, Philip; Neugent, Kathryn F.; Morrell, Nidia; Hillier, D. John E-mail: kneugent@lowell.edu E-mail: hillier@pitt.edu

    2014-06-10

    Over the years, directed surveys and incidental spectroscopy have identified 12 Wolf-Rayet (WR) stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) and 139 in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), numbers which are often described as 'essentially complete'. Yet, new WRs are discovered in the LMC almost yearly. We have therefore initiated a new survey of both Magellanic Clouds using the same interference-filter imaging technique previously applied to M31 and M33. We report on our first observing season, in which we have successfully surveyed ∼15% of our intended area of the SMC and LMC. Spectroscopy has confirmed nine newly found WRs in the LMC (a 6% increase), including one of WO-type, only the third known in that galaxy and the second to be discovered recently. The other eight are WN3 stars that include an absorption component. In two, the absorption is likely from an O-type companion, but the other six are quite unusual. Five would be classified naively as 'WN3+O3 V', but such a pairing is unlikely given the rarity of O3 stars, the short duration of this phase (which is incommensurate with the evolution of a companion to a WN star), and because these stars are considerably fainter than O3 V stars. The sixth star may also fall into this category. CMFGEN modeling suggests these stars are hot, bolometrically luminous, and N-rich like other WN3 stars, but lack the strong winds that characterize WNs. Finally, we discuss two rare Of?p stars and four Of supergiants we found, and propose that the B[e] star HD 38489 may have a WN companion.

  15. Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) | U.S. DOE Office of

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (SC) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of

  16. ARM Climate Research Facility | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ARM Climate Research Facility Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global

  17. Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional

  18. Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global

  19. Data Management | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Data Management Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate

  20. Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional &

  1. Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate

  2. Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of

  3. Subsurface Biogeochemical Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional &

  4. Terrestrial Ecosystem Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global

  5. Biological and Environmental Research Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, FY 1992--1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This report is the 1992--1994 Program Director's Overview Report for Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program, and as such it addresses KP-funded work at ORNL conducted during FY 1991 and in progress during FY 1992; it also serves as a planning document for the remainder of FY 1992 through FY 1994. Non-BER funded work at ORNL relevant to the mission of OHER is also discussed. The second section of the report describes ORNL facilities and resources used by the BER program. The third section addresses research management practices at ORNL. The fourth, fifth, and sixth sections address BER-funded research in progress, program accomplishments and research highlights, and program orientation for the remainder of FY 1992 through FY 1994, respectively. Work for non-BER sponsors is described in the seventh section, followed by a discussion of significant near and long-term issues facing BER work at ORNL in the eighth section. The last section provides a statistical summary of BER research at ORNL. Appendices supplement the above topics with additional detail.

  6. Biological and Environmental Research Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, FY 1992--1994

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This report is the 1992--1994 Program Director`s Overview Report for Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s (ORNL`s) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program, and as such it addresses KP-funded work at ORNL conducted during FY 1991 and in progress during FY 1992; it also serves as a planning document for the remainder of FY 1992 through FY 1994. Non-BER funded work at ORNL relevant to the mission of OHER is also discussed. The second section of the report describes ORNL facilities and resources used by the BER program. The third section addresses research management practices at ORNL. The fourth, fifth, and sixth sections address BER-funded research in progress, program accomplishments and research highlights, and program orientation for the remainder of FY 1992 through FY 1994, respectively. Work for non-BER sponsors is described in the seventh section, followed by a discussion of significant near and long-term issues facing BER work at ORNL in the eighth section. The last section provides a statistical summary of BER research at ORNL. Appendices supplement the above topics with additional detail.

  7. San Luis Transmission Project Final EIS/EIR, Appendices A and B

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A Alternatives Screening Report Alternatives Screening Report San Luis Transmission Project Western Area Power Administration, Sierra Nevada Region 114 Parkshore Drive Folsom, CA 95630 Technical assistance provided by: Aspen Environmental Group 8801 Folsom Boulevard, Suite 290 Sacramento, CA 95826 Blanket Purchase Agreement No.: DE-AB65-10WN87101 Task Order No.: 1118.020m Updated February 2015 Note: This updated report presents a new alternative for consideration in the EIS/EIR (the Billy Wright

  8. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Susan Gregurick (DOE) Download File: September-2012-BER-NERSC-Overview.pdf | pdf | 2.2 MB Harvey Wasserman Download File: NERSC-IntroHarvey.pdf | pdf | 1.9 MB Present and Future Computing Requirements Author(s): Ruby Leung | Download File: Leung.pdf | pdf | 730 KB BER/NERSC Requirements Gathering Workshop September 11, 2012 | Author(s): Yukiko Sekine, DOE ASCR | Download File: YS-BER-NERSCWorkshopPresen2.pdf | pdf | 592 KB Case Study: Climate Change Simula2ons with the Community Earth System

  9. BERAC Meeting November 29-30, 2007 Washington, DC | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 29-30, 2007 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting November 29-30, 2007 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting November 29-30, 2007 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (9KB) Presentations BER Updates on BERAC Reports Jeff

  10. LHC Physics Potential vs. Energy: Considerations for the 2011 Run

    SciTech Connect

    Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab /CERN

    2011-02-01

    Parton luminosities are convenient for estimating how the physics potential of Large Hadron Collider experiments depends on the energy of the proton beams. I quantify the advantage of increasing the beam energy from 3.5 TeV to 4 TeV. I present parton luminosities, ratios of parton luminosities, and contours of fixed parton luminosity for gg, u {bar d}, qq, and gq interactions over the energy range relevant to the Large Hadron Collider, along with example analyses for specific processes. This note extends the analysis presented in Ref. [1]. Full-size figures are available as pdf files at lutece.fnal.gov/PartonLum11/.

  11. Temperature and length scale dependence of hydrophobic effects and their possible implications for protein folding

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, David M.; Chandler, David

    2000-04-01

    The Lum-Chandler-Weeks theory of hydrophobicity [J. Phys. Chem. 103, 4570 (1999)] is applied to treat the temperature dependence of hydrophobic solvation in water. The application illustrates how the temperature dependence for hydrophobic surfaces extending less than 1nm differs significantly from that for surfaces extending more than 1nm. The latter is the result of water depletion, a collective effect, that appears at length scales of 1nm and larger. Due to the contrasting behaviors at small and large length scales, hydrophobicity by itself can explain the variable behavior of protein folding.

  12. Assessing

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessing dental disease in minutes Understanding climate change Keeping watch on the world SPRING 2007 S A N D I A T E C H N O L O G Y A Q UA RT E R LY R E S E A R C H & D E V E LO P M E N T MAG A Z I N E - VO LUM E 9 , N O. 1 Sandia Technology (ISSN: 1547-5190) is a quarterly maga- zine published by Sandia National Laboratories. Sandia is a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, for the Department of Energy. With main

  13. Contact | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Citation Format for This Site A standard format for use when citing pages on this website: Give Title of Page, U.S. DOE BER New In Situ Imaging and Measurement Technologies for ...

  14. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    month. The combination of a num- ber of issues including Iraq accepting the terms of Phase 10 of the "oil-for-food" program and its speedy resumption of exports, downward...

  15. Workshop Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Yukiko Sekine | Workshop Logistics May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Harvey Wasserman | BER Overview May 7, 2009 | Author(s): David Thomassen | NERSC Overview...

  16. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Susan Gregurick (DOE) Download File: September-2012-BER-NERSC-Overview.pdf | pdf | 2.2 MB Harvey Wasserman Download File: NERSC-IntroHarvey.pdf | pdf | 1.9 MB Case Study: Climate...

  17. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Susan Gregurick (DOE) Download File: September-2012-BER-NERSC-Overview.pdf | pdf | 2.2 MB Harvey Wasserman Download File: NERSC-IntroHarvey.pdf | pdf | 1.9 MB Present and Future...

  18. Sharlene Weatherwax

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dr. Weatherwax is the Associate Director of Science for Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the Department of Energy’s Office of Science, the principal federal funding agency...

  19. Biological & Environmental Research Abstracts Database

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 98 BER Division All Divisions ... Research DOE Program Manager Research Area Research Area Lookup Project Term From ...

  20. ASCR Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. ...

  1. WDTS Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. ...

  2. Final Report for DOE Contract N...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE Contract N um ber DE- SC0004950 Steven M. Anlage Physics Departm ent, U niversity o f M aryland Our objective is to develop new m icroscopic techniques to identify defects that ...

  3. WOCESSORS MOD DISTRIBUTORS OF REFIBED SOURCB MATWIAL

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Uew Jersey Haywood Chemloal Uorke "' Maymod, bw Jermy City Chesical Company 132 Ploet Z2nd Street Uw York, Ber York Eiimr &Am& ' 6S6 Oreennioh Street Hen York 10, Hew...

  4. AlQuraishi.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    C omputa0onal P redic0on o f P rotein---DNA B inding Mohammed A lQuraishi Stanford U niversity, H arvard U niversity NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012...

  5. NUGEX Queue Subcommittee

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Queue Subcommittee NUGEX Queue Subcommittee Members Anubhav Jain, Berkeley Lab (BES) Stephen Bailey, Berkeley Lab (HEP) Adrianne Middleton, NCAR (BER) Paul Kent, ORNL (BES) Last edited: 2016-04-29 11:34:44

  6. Harvey Wasserman! User Services Group NERSC Overview

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cien0fic Compu0ng R esearch BER Biological & E nvironmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  7. 01-Overview-Wasserman.pdf

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cien.fic Compu.ng R esearch BER Biological & Environmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  8. David Turner! NERSC User Services Group! New User Training!

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cienfic Compung R esearch BER Biological & Environmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  9. 01-Overview-HB.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cienfic Compung R esearch BER Biological & Environmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  10. David Turner! NERSC User Services Group! NUG New User Training...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cienfic Compung R esearch BER Biological & Environmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  11. 01-NERSCIntro-NUG2014.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Advanced S cien2fic Compu2ng R esearch BER Biological & E nvironmental Research BES Basic E nergy S ciences FES Fusion E nergy S ciences HEP High Energy Physics NP Nuclear ...

  12. Selective radiative heating of nanostructures using hyperbolic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research (BER) (SC-23) United States 2015-01-01 English Journal Article Journal Name: Optics Express; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 7 Medium: ED; Size: p. A299-A308 OSTI ID:...

  13. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Environmental Research BER SC United States English Journal Article Journal Name Optics Express Journal Volume Journal Issue Medium ED Size p A299 A308 OSTI ID Legacy ID OSTI...

  14. Slide 1

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    of Science Office of Biological and Environmental Research Susan K. Gregurick, Ph.D. Program Manager, Computational Biosciences and Knowledgebase Biological and Environmental Research Overview of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research NERSC BER Requirements Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD Department of Energy * Office of Science * Biological and Environmental Research 2 NERSC-BER Sept 2012

  15. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Research Bioimaging Technology Bioimaging Technology Home Research Funding Opportunities Community Resources Contact BER Home Research Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BER Imaging and Measurement Cover Program Brochure .pdf file (5.2MB) Research Approach In FY 2014, five pilot projects were initiated at separate DOE national laboratories to develop in situ, dynamic, and nondestructive approaches to multifunctional imaging, quantitative flux measurements, and multiscale integrative

  16. BERAC Minutes Archive | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minutes Archive Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Minutes Archive Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Date Location Minutes Agenda and Presentations December 5-6, 2005 Washington, DC Minutes .pdf file (60KB) Agenda and available presentations October 7, 2005 (Teleconference

  17. Biographies of The BERAC Membership | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Members » Biographies of The BERAC Membership Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Members Biographies of The BERAC Membership Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BIOGRAPHIES OF THE BERAC MEMBERSHIP Sarah M. Assmann is the Waller Professor of Biology at The Pennsylvania State University. Her research uses "omics"

  18. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting

    Office of Science (SC)

    October 27-28, 2016| U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting October 27-28, 2016 Rockville, Md. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting October 27-28,

  19. William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) | U.S.

    Office of Science (SC)

    DOE Office of Science (SC) William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Climate Model Development and Validation (CMDV) Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)

  20. 20130627 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    June 27-28, 2013 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee June 27-28, 2013 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page June 27-28, at the Gaithersburg Marriott Washingtonian Center Agenda .pdf file (25KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax

  1. BERAC Meeting April 30 - May 1, 2003 Washington DC | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 30 - May 1, 2003 Washington DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting April 30 - May 1, 2003 Washington DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting April 30 - May 1, 2003 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (8KB) Presentations Teresa Fryberger .ppt file

  2. BERAC Meeting February 18 - 19, 2009 North Bethesda, MD | U.S. DOE Office

    Office of Science (SC)

    of Science (SC) 18 - 19, 2009 North Bethesda, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting February 18 - 19, 2009 North Bethesda, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Meeting February 18-19, 2009 North Bethesda, MD

  3. BERAC Meeting February 23-24, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 23-24, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting February 23-24, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting February 23-24,2010 Gaithersburg MD Agenda .pdf file (8KB) Presentations Patricia Dehmer .ppt file

  4. BERAC Meeting Minutes April 22-23, 1999 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    9 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes April 22-23, 1999 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological and Environmental Research Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy

  5. BERAC Meeting Minutes December 11-12, 2000 | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) Minutes December 11-12, 2000 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes December 11-12, 2000 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological and Environmental Research

  6. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Bioimaging Technology Bioimaging Technology Home Research Funding Opportunities Community Resources Contact BER Home Research Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BER Imaging and Measurement Cover Program Brochure .pdf file (5.2MB) Research Approach In FY 2014, five pilot projects were initiated at separate DOE national laboratories to develop in situ, dynamic, and nondestructive approaches to multifunctional imaging, quantitative flux measurements, and multiscale integrative

  7. Scheibe.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Case Study: Subsurface Reactive Transport Modeling Timothy D. Scheibe Staff Scientist Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Large Scale Production Computing Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research May 7-8, 2009 Rockville, Maryland BER Mission Needs: DOE/BER long-term measure for Environmental Remediation: "Provide sufficient scientific understanding such that DOE sites would be able to incorporate coupled physical, chemical and biological processes into decision

  8. 2012 NISE Awards Summary Table

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Awards » 2012 NISE Summary Table 2012 NISE Awards Summary Table Investigator NERSC repo Hours awarded DOE Office Project Title Gilbert Compo, University of Colorado at Boulder m958 10,000,000 BER Climate Research Ocean-Atmosphere Reanalysis for Climate Applications (OARCA) 1850-2013 Silvia Crivelli, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory m1532 1,550,000 BER Biological Systems Science WeFold: A collaborative effort for protein structure prediction Thomas Hamill, National Oceanic & Atmospheric

  9. Feedstock Related Links | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Related Links Feedstock Related Links There are a variety of other resources available for information on biomass feedstocks. We have organized some of those resources into the following categories: Other DOE Offices and Federal Agencies Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Biofuels Mission Focus DOE Office of Science BER Bioenergy Research Centers U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2007 Farm Bill Energy Provision USDA Agriculture Research

  10. BERAC Meeting Minutes May 1-2, 2001 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Minutes May 1-2, 2001 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes May 1-2, 2001 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological and Environmental Research Office of Science U.S.

  11. BERAC Meeting Minutes November 27-28, 2001 | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) Minutes November 27-28, 2001 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes November 27-28, 2001 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological and Environmental Research

  12. BERAC Meeting Minutes November 30-December 1, 1999 | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) Meeting Minutes November 30-December 1, 1999 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes November 30-December 1, 1999 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological

  13. BERAC Meeting Minutes November 5-6, 1998 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    5-6, 1998 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Minutes November 5-6, 1998 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MINUTES Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Meeting Office of Biological and Environmental Research Office of Science U.S. Department

  14. BERAC Meeting October 16, 2006 North Bethesda, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) October 16, 2006 North Bethesda, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting October 16, 2006 North Bethesda, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting October 16, 2006 North Bethesda, MD Agenda .pdf file (8KB) Presentations Jerry Elwood .ppt file

  15. BERAC Meeting September 1-2, 2009 Gaithersburg, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 1-2, 2009 Gaithersburg, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting September 1-2, 2009 Gaithersburg, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting September 1-2, 2009 Gaithersburg, MD Agenda .pdf file (8KB) Presentations Patricia Dehmer .ppt file

  16. BERAC Meeting September 16-17, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) September 16-17, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting September 16-17, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting September 16-17, 2010 Gaithersburg, MD Agenda .pdf file (8KB) Presentations Anna Palmisano

  17. BERAC Meeting Teleconference Meeting April 3, 2008 | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) Teleconference Meeting April 3, 2008 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting Teleconference Meeting April 3, 2008 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting Teleconference Meeting April 3, 2008 Presentations DOE Perspective, Raymond L. Orbach, Under

  18. BERAC Meeting, February 16-17, 2012, Washington, DC| U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) BERAC Meeting, February 16-17, 2012, Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting, February 16-17, 2012, Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting February 16-17, 2012 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (25KB) Presentations

  19. BERAC Meeting, February 21-22, 2013, Rockville, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) February 21-22, 2013 BERAC Rockville, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings February 21-22, 2013 BERAC Rockville, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting, February 21-22, 2013, Rockville, MD Agenda .pdf file (10KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax .pdf

  20. BERAC Meeting, October 6-7, 2011, Rockville, MD| U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) Meeting, October 6-7, 2011, Rockville, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting, October 6-7, 2011, Rockville, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting October 6-7, 2011 Rockville, MD Agenda .docx file (13KB) Presentations Sharlene Weatherwax, State of

  1. BERAC Subcommittee Report on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) Clinical

    Office of Science (SC)

    Trials. | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) BERAC Subcommittee Report on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) Clinical Trials. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Charges/Reports BERAC Subcommittee Report on Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) Clinical Trials. Print Text Size: A A A

  2. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC)

    February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee February 26-27, 2015, Tysons, Virginia Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page

  3. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC)

    October 28-29, 2013 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) October 28-29, 2013 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee October 28-29, 2013 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (10KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax

  4. Gcreport | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Gcreport Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Charges/Reports Gcreport Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Global Change Research Programs at the U.S. Department of Energy May 2001 [Note: These all link to PDF documents] Table of Contents .pdf file (5KB) Report of the Global Change

  5. Genome To Life Report | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Genome To Life Report Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Charges/Reports Genome To Life Report Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page DOE Genomes to Life Program Information External link BRINGING THE GENOME TO LIFE - Energy Related Biology in the New Genomic World - A New Research

  6. October 15-16, 2012 BERAC Presentations| U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    October 15-16, 2012 BERAC Gaithersburg, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings October 15-16, 2012 BERAC Gaithersburg, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting October 15-16, 2012 Gaithersburg, MD Agenda .pdf file (7KB) Presentations William Brinkman .pdf file (978KB) -

  7. Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and

    Office of Science (SC)

    Environmental Research Advisory Committee | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of The Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings Members Charges/Reports Current BERAC Charges Archive of BERAC Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Charges/Reports Report of The Structural Biology Subcommittee of

  8. Characterizing Wolf-Rayet stars in the near- and mid-infrared

    SciTech Connect

    Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Shara, Michael M.; Zurek, David; Kanarek, Graham; Moffat, Anthony F. J.

    2014-05-01

    We present refined color-color selection criteria for identifying Wolf-Rayet (WR) stars using available mid-infrared (MIR) photometry from WISE in combination with near-infrared (NIR) photometry from the Two Micron All Sky Survey. Using a sample of spectrally classified objects, we find that WR stars are well distinguished from the field stellar population in the (W1 – W2) versus (J – K{sub s} ) color-color diagram, and further distinguished from other emission line objects such as planetary nebulae, Be, and cataclysmic variable stars using a combination of NIR and MIR color constraints. As proof of concept we applied the color constraints to a photometric sample in the Galactic plane, located WR star candidates, and present five new spectrally confirmed and classified WC (1) and WN (4) stars. Analysis of the 0.8-5.0 μm spectral data for a subset of known, bright WC and WN stars shows that emission lines (primarily He I) extend into the 3.0-5.0 μm spectral region, although their strength is greatly diminished compared to the 0.8-2.5 μm region. The WR population stands out relative to background field stars at NIR and MIR colors due to an excess continuum contribution, likely caused by free-free scattering in dense winds. Mean photometric properties of known WRs are presented and imply that reddened late-type WN and WC sources are easier to detect than earlier-type sources at larger Galactic radii. WISE W3 and W4 images of 10 WR stars show evidence of circumstellar shells linked to mass ejections from strong stellar winds.

  9. Wall loss of atomic nitrogen determined by ionization threshold mass spectrometry

    SciTech Connect

    Sode, M. Schwarz-Selinger, T.; Jacob, W.; Kersten, H.

    2014-11-21

    In the afterglow of an inductively coupled N{sub 2} plasma, relative N atom densities are measured by ionization threshold mass spectrometry as a function of time in order to determine the wall loss time t{sub wN} from the exponential decay curves. The procedure is performed with two mass spectrometers on different positions in the plasma chamber. t{sub wN} is determined for various pressures, i.e., for 3.0, 5.0, 7.5, and 10?Pa. For this conditions also the internal plasma parameters electron density n{sub e} and electron temperature T{sub e} are determined with the Langmuir probe and the rotational temperature T{sub rot}{sup N{sub 2}} of N{sub 2} is determined with the optical emission spectroscopy. For T{sub rot}{sup N{sub 2}}, a procedure is presented to evaluate the spectrum of the transition ?{sup ?}=0??{sup ?}=2 of the second positive system (C{sup 3}?{sub u}?B{sup 3}?{sub g}) of N{sub 2}. With this method, a gas temperature of 610?K is determined. For both mass spectrometers, an increase of the wall loss times of atomic nitrogen with increasing pressure is observed. The wall loss time measured with the first mass spectrometer in the radial center of the cylindrical plasma vessel increases linearly from 0.31?ms for 3?Pa to 0.82?ms for 10?Pa. The wall loss time measured with the second mass spectrometer (further away from the discharge) is about 4 times higher. A model is applied to describe the measured t{sub wN.} The main loss mechanism of atomic nitrogen for the considered pressure is diffusion to the wall. The surface loss probability ?{sub N} of atomic nitrogen on stainless steel was derived from t{sub wN} and is found to be 1 for the present conditions. The difference in wall loss times measured with the mass spectrometers on different positions in the plasma chamber is attributed to the different diffusion lengths.

  10. Woo-Sun Yang! NERSC User Services Group

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Starting DDT and MAP at NERSC --- 1 --- Allinea D DT a nd M AP T raining May 1 4, 2 015 Overview of today's training * Training o n A llinea's D DT ( parallel d ebugger) a nd MAP ( parallel p rofiler) * Lectures and demo sessions - Beau P aisley, A llinea S o2ware * Hands---on session in the aFernoon - You c an u se y our o wn c ode --- 2 --- Training materials * Use the 'training' module to get training materials that Beau prepared: * We w ill p rimarily u se E dison f or t oday's d emos --- 3

  11. Converting Energy to Medical Progress [Nuclear Medicine

    DOE R&D Accomplishments

    2001-04-01

    For over 50 years the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) has been investing to advance environmental and biomedical knowledge connected to energy. The BER Medical Sciences program fosters research to develop beneficial applications of nuclear technologies for medical diagnosis and treatment of many diseases. Today, nuclear medicine helps millions of patients annually in the United States. Nearly every nuclear medicine scan or test used today was made possible by past BER-funded research on radiotracers, radiation detection devices, gamma cameras, PET and SPECT scanners, and computer science. The heart of biological research within BER has always been the pursuit of improved human health. The nuclear medicine of tomorrow will depend greatly on today's BER-supported research, particularly in the discovery of radiopharmaceuticals that seek specific molecular and genetic targets, the design of advanced scanners needed to create meaningful images with these future radiotracers, and the promise of new radiopharmaceutical treatments for cancers and genetic diseases.

  12. NUG2013UserSurvey.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 NERSC User Survey Results --- 1 --- NUG 2 013 2 Response Profile 481 r espondents ( + 7 1 J GI o nly) * 6 7.6% " big u ser" r esponse r ate * 3 6.2% " medium u ser" r esponse r ate * 1 1.8% o verall r esponse r ate BER HEP Respondants b y R ole Pis --- 2 5.4% Proxies --- 15.2% Users --- 59.5% Respondants b y O ffice ASCR --- 7 .9% BER --- 2 0.6% BES --- 34.5% FES --- 1 3.5% HEP --- 1 4.6% NP --- 8 .3% BES FES NP ASCR HEP BER PIs Users Proxies 2012 Survey Question &

  13. Dependence of the bit error rate on the signal power and length of a single-channel coherent single-span communication line (100 Gbit s{sup -1}) with polarisation division multiplexing

    SciTech Connect

    Gurkin, N V; Konyshev, V A; Novikov, A G; Treshchikov, V N; Ubaydullaev, R R

    2015-01-31

    We have studied experimentally and using numerical simulations and a phenomenological analytical model the dependences of the bit error rate (BER) on the signal power and length of a coherent single-span communication line with transponders employing polarisation division multiplexing and four-level phase modulation (100 Gbit s{sup -1} DP-QPSK format). In comparing the data of the experiment, numerical simulations and theoretical analysis, we have found two optimal powers: the power at which the BER is minimal and the power at which the fade margin in the line is maximal. We have derived and analysed the dependences of the BER on the optical signal power at the fibre line input and the dependence of the admissible input signal power range for implementation of the communication lines with a length from 30 – 50 km up to a maximum length of 250 km. (optical transmission of information)

  14. Measurement of the $t \\bar{t}$ production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.

    2013-12-29

    The top-antitop quark (t t-bar) production cross section is measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.3 inverse femtobarns. The measurement is performed by analysing events with a pair of electrons or muons, or one electron and one muon, and at least two jets, one of which is identified as originating from hadronisation of a bottom quark. The measured cross section is 239 +/- 2 (stat.) +/- 11 (syst.) +/- 6 (lum.) pb, for an assumed top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV,morein agreement with the prediction of the standard model.less

  15. Measurement of the W+ W- production cross section in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) =1.96-TeV using dilepton events

    SciTech Connect

    Acosta, D.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Arisawa, T.; Arguin, J.-F.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Azfar, F.; Azzi-Bacchetta, P.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Argonne /Barcelona, IFAE /INFN, Bologna /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /Cantabria Inst. of Phys. /Carnegie Mellon U. /Chicago U., EFI /Dubna, JINR /Duke U. /Fermilab /Florida U. /Frascati /Geneva U. /Glasgow U. /Harvard U.

    2005-01-01

    We present a measurement of the W{sup +}W{sup -} production cross section using 184 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Using the dilepton decay channel W{sup +}W{sup -} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{nu}{ell}{sup -}{ovr {nu}}, where the charged leptons can be either electrons or muons, we find 17 candidate events compared to an expected background of 5.0{sub -0.8}{sup +2.2} events. The resulting W{sup +}W{sup -} production cross section measurement of {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} W{sup +}W{sup -}) = 14.6{sub -5.1}{sup +5.8}(stat){sub -3.0}{sup +1.8}(syst) {+-} 0.9(lum) pb agrees well with the Standard Model expectation.

  16. First Measurement of the Ratio of Central-Electron to Forward-Electron W Partial Cross Sections in p anti-p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Abulencia, A.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M.G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; /Taiwan, Inst. Phys. /Argonne /Barcelona, IFAE /Baylor U. /INFN, Bologna /Bologna U. /Brandeis U. /UC, Davis /UCLA /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara

    2007-02-01

    We present a measurement of {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} W) x {Beta}(W {yields} e{nu}) at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, using electrons identified in the forward region (1.2 < |{eta}| < 2.8) of the CDF II detector. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 223 pb{sup -1}. We measure {sigma} x {Beta} = 2796 {+-} 13(stat){sub -90}{sup +95}(syst){+-}162 (lum) pb. Combining this result with a previous CDF measurement obtained using electrons in the central region (|{eta}| {approx}< 1), we present the first measurement of the ratio of central-electron to forward-electron W partial cross sections R{sub exp} = 0.925 {+-} 0.006(stat){+-}0.032(syst), consistent with theoretical predictions using CTEQ and MRST parton distribution functions.

  17. untitled

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sunshine to petrol Witnessing a birth WINTER 2008 S A N D I A T E C H N O L O G Y A Q UA RT E R LY R E S E A R C H & D E V E LO P M E N T MAG A Z I N E - VO LUM E 9 , N O. 4 Sunshine to petrol Beauty, molecules deep A l l i a n c e s > Sandia Technology (ISSN: 1547-5190) is a quarterly maga- zine published by Sandia National Laboratories. Sandia is a multiprogram engineering and science laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, for the U.S. Department of

  18. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    SciTech Connect

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  19. Erratum: Measurement of the $$t \\bar{t}$$ production cross section in the dilepton channel in pp collisions at $$\\sqrt{s}$$ = 8 TeV

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Chatrchyan, Serguei

    2014-02-05

    In this study, the top-antitop quark (tt¯) production cross section is measured in proton-proton collisions at √s = 8 TeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.3 fb–1. The measurement is performed by analysing events with a pair of electrons or muons, or one electron and one muon, and at least two jets, one of which is identified as originating from hadronisation of a bottom quark. The measured cross section is 239±2 (stat.)±11 (syst.)±6 (lum.) pb, for an assumed top-quark mass of 172.5 GeV, in agreement with the predictionmore » of the standard model.« less

  20. BERAC Meeting April 20-21, 2005 Washington DC | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) 0-21, 2005 Washington DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting April 20-21, 2005 Washington DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting April 20-21, 2005 Washington DC Agenda .pdf file (15KB) Presentations Ray Orbach .ppt file (134KB), Advancing Energy,

  1. BERAC Meeting April 29-30, 2004 Washington DC | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) 9-30, 2004 Washington DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting April 29-30, 2004 Washington DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting April 29-30, 2004 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (15KB) Presentations Ray Orbach .ppt file (1.5MB) Ari Patrinos .ppt

  2. BERAC Meeting December 5-6, 2005 Washington, DC| U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) 5-6, 2005 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting December 5-6, 2005 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting December 5-6, 2005 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (14KB) Presentations Mike Kuperberg .ppt file (68KB) and Andy Felmy

  3. BERAC Meeting July 10-11, 2006 Washington, DC | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) July 10-11, 2006 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting July 10-11, 2006 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting July 10-11, 2006 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (14KB) Presentations James Tiedje .ppt file (123KB), Discussion

  4. BERAC Meeting March 9-11, 2011 Washington, DC | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) March 9-11, 2011 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting March 9-11, 2011 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting March 9-10, 2011 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (7KB) Presentations Warren Washington .pptx file (29.0MB), The

  5. BERAC Meeting May 14-15, 2007 North Bethesda, MD | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 4-15, 2007 North Bethesda, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting May 14-15, 2007 North Bethesda, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting May 14-15, 2007 North Bethesda, MD Agenda .pdf file (10KB) Presentations Joyce Penner .ppt file (74KB),

  6. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    20th Century Reanalysis September 11, 2012 | Author(s): Gil Compo | Download File: Compo.pdf | pdf | 2.4 MB BER/NERSC Requirements Gathering Workshop September 11, 2012 | Author(s): Yukiko Sekine, DOE ASCR | Download File: YS-BER-NERSCWorkshopPresen2.pdf | pdf | 592 KB Case Study: Climate Change Simula2ons with the Community Earth System Model (CESM) September 11, 2012 | Author(s): Tom Bettge | Download File: Bettge.pdf | pdf | 8.2 MB Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future September 11,

  7. BERAC Meeting November 13-14, 2003 Washington, DC | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 13-14, 2003 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting November 13-14, 2003 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting November 13-14, 2003 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (12KB) Presentations Mark Humayun .ppt file (8.4MB),

  8. BERAC Meeting November 3-4, 2004 Washington, DC | U.S. DOE Office of

    Office of Science (SC)

    Science (SC) 3-4, 2004 Washington, DC Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings BERAC Meeting November 3-4, 2004 Washington, DC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page BERAC Meeting November 3-4, 2004 Washington, DC Agenda .pdf file (12KB) Presentations George Church .ppt file (5.1MB),

  9. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC)

    March 03-04, 2014 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) March 03-04, 2014 Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee March 03-04, 2014 Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (21KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax .pdf

  10. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee

    Office of Science (SC)

    October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee October 1-2, 2014, Rockville, MD Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file

  11. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting |

    Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) October 28-29, 2015 Gaithersburg, Md. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings October 28-29, 2015 Gaithersburg, Md. Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (61KB) Presentations: Sharlene Weatherwax .pdf file (768KB) Office of Biological and

  12. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) meeting |

    Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) March 22-23, 2016 Gaithersburg, Md. Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) BERAC Home Meetings BERAC Minutes BERAC Minutes Archive Members Charges/Reports Charter .pdf file (135KB) BER Committees of Visitors Federal Advisory Committees BER Home Meetings March 22-23, 2016 Gaithersburg, Md. Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Agenda .pdf file (108KB) Presentations: Cherry Murray, Director .pdf file (8.1MB) News from the Office of

  13. A NEAR-INFRARED SURVEY OF THE INNER GALACTIC PLANE FOR WOLF-RAYET STARS. II. GOING FAINTER: 71 MORE NEW W-R STARS

    SciTech Connect

    Shara, Michael M.; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Zurek, David; Moffat, Anthony F. J.; Doyon, Rene; Gerke, Jill; Artigau, Etienne; Drissen, Laurent E-mail: jfaherty@amnh.org E-mail: moffat@astro.umontreal.ca E-mail: gerke@astronomy.ohio-state.edu E-mail: ldrissen@phy.ulaval.ca

    2012-06-15

    We are continuing a J, K and narrowband imaging survey of 300 deg{sup 2} of the plane of the Galaxy, searching for new Wolf-Rayet (W-R) stars. Our survey spans 150 Degree-Sign in Galactic longitude and reaches 1 Degree-Sign above and below the Galactic plane. The survey has a useful limiting magnitude of K = 15 over most of the observed Galactic plane, and K = 14 (due to severe crowding) within a few degrees of the Galactic center. Thousands of emission-line candidates have been detected. In spectrographic follow-ups of 146 relatively bright W-R star candidates, we have re-examined 11 previously known WC and WN stars and discovered 71 new W-R stars, 17 of type WN and 54 of type WC. Our latest image analysis pipeline now picks out W-R stars with a 57% success rate. Star subtype assignments have been confirmed with the K-band spectra and distances approximated using the method of spectroscopic parallax. Some of the new W-R stars are among the most distant known in our Galaxy. The distribution of these new W-R stars is beginning to trace the locations of massive stars along the distant spiral arms of the Milky Way.

  14. Biosystems Design

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Science Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research Biological Systems Science Division Genomic Science Program Biosystems Design Pablo Rabinowicz Program Manager Department of Energy * Office of Science * Biological and Environmental Research 2 Biomass 2013 Department of Energy Office of Science Patricia Dehmer (Acting) Director Patricia Dehmer Deputy Director High Energy Physics Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Sharlene

  15. Ethical Principles | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Ethical Principles Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Ethical Principles Federal Regulations DOE Special Requirements Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Regulations and

  16. Federal Regulations | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Federal Regulations Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Ethical Principles Federal Regulations DOE Special Requirements Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Regulations and

  17. Reference Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Advanced Scientific Computing Research January 5-6, 2011 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion Energy Sciences

  18. Enhanced Separation Efficiency in Olefin/Paraffin Distillation

    SciTech Connect

    2008-12-01

    This factsheet describes a research project whose main objective is to develop technologies to enhance separation efficiencies by replacing the conventional packing materials with hollow fi ber membranes, which have a high specific area and separated channels for both liquid and vapor phases.

  19. Physics and dynamics coupling across scales in the next generation CESM: Meeting the challenge of high resolution. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Larson, Vincent E.

    2015-02-21

    This is a final report for a SciDAC grant supported by BER. The project implemented a novel technique for coupling small-scale dynamics and microphysics into a community climate model. The technique uses subcolumns that are sampled in Monte Carlo fashion from a distribution of subgrid variability. The resulting global simulations show several improvements over the status quo.

  20. ACBEDGF1DIH P Q2RSTDVU@DVW RYX1`bacSedVagf ShFiSpaqSTr1Hs...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    & WvD HkwdD r1H Spaqr1acUSpHa UWvrBEr1H rW HbDrwBvWvrH @jh B k l &22; m n dr1p UDo dr1wbUTDr pqq rWbDW D...

  1. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research

    SciTech Connect

    DOE Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research Program Office ,

    2009-09-30

    In May 2009, NERSC, DOE's Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), and DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for BER-funded research over the subsequent three to five years. The workshop revealed several key points, in addition to achieving its goal of collecting and characterizing computing requirements. Chief among them: scientific progress in BER-funded research is limited by current allocations of computational resources. Additionally, growth in mission-critical computing -- combined with new requirements for collaborative data manipulation and analysis -- will demand ever increasing computing, storage, network, visualization, reliability and service richness from NERSC. This report expands upon these key points and adds others. It also presents a number of"case studies" as significant representative samples of the needs of science teams within BER. Workshop participants were asked to codify their requirements in this"case study" format, summarizing their science goals, methods of solution, current and 3-5 year computing requirements, and special software and support needs. Participants were also asked to describe their strategy for computing in the highly parallel,"multi-core" environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years.

  2. D= DOE/RG-0067

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... and Stream Env i ronment . Oregon State Un ivers i ty . pp . ... ffect of human act i v i ty on b i rds a t a coas tal bay . ... Ber l in , NH 03570 The Coos County Democrat 7 9 Ma in ...

  3. Methodological and Practical Considerations for DevelopingMultiproject Baselines for Electric Power and Cement Industry Projects inCentral America

    SciTech Connect

    Murtishaw, Scott; Sathaye, Jayant; Galitsky, Christina; Dorion,Kristel

    2004-09-02

    The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) andthe Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas (CSDA) conductedtechnical studies and organized two training workshops to developcapacity in Central America for the evaluation of climate changeprojects. This paper describes the results of two baseline case studiesconducted for these workshops, one for the power sector and one for thecement industry, that were devised to illustrate certain approaches tobaseline setting. Multiproject baseline emission rates (BERs) for themain Guatemalan electricity grid were calculated from 2001 data. Inrecent years, the Guatemalan power sector has experienced rapid growth;thus, a sufficient number of new plants have been built to estimateviable BERs. We found that BERs for baseload plants offsetting additionalbaseload capacity ranged from 0.702 kgCO2/kWh (using a weighted averagestringency) to 0.507 kgCO2/kWh (using a 10th percentile stringency),while the baseline for plants offsetting load-followingcapacity is lowerat 0.567 kgCO2/kWh. For power displaced from existing load-followingplants, the rate is higher, 0.735 kgCO2/kWh, as a result of the age ofsome plants used for meeting peak loads and the infrequency of their use.The approved consolidated methodology for the Clean Development Mechanismyields a single rate of 0.753 kgCO2/kWh. Due to the relatively smallnumber of cement plants in the region and the regional nature of thecement market, all of Central America was chosen as the geographicboundary for setting cement industry BERs. Unfortunately, actualoperations and output data were unobtainable for most of the plants inthe region, and many data were estimated. Cement industry BERs rangedfrom 205 kgCO2 to 225 kgCO2 per metric ton of cement.

  4. RED EYES ON WOLF-RAYET STARS: 60 NEW DISCOVERIES VIA INFRARED COLOR SELECTION

    SciTech Connect

    Mauerhan, Jon C.; Van Dyk, Schuyler D.; Morris, Patrick W.

    2011-08-15

    We have spectroscopically identified 60 Galactic Wolf-Rayet (WR) stars, including 38 nitrogen types (WN) and 22 carbon types (WC). Using photometry from the Spitzer/GLIMPSE and Two Micron All Sky Survey databases, the new WRs were selected via a method we have established that exploits their unique infrared colors, which is mainly the result of excess radiation generated by free-free scattering within their dense ionized winds. The selection criterion has been refined since the last report, resulting in a WR detection rate of {approx}20% in spectroscopic follow-up of candidates that comprise a broad color space defined by the color distribution of all known WRs having B > 14 mag. However, there are smaller regions within this color space that yield WRs at a rate of >50% in spectroscopic follow-up. Candidates that are not WRs are mainly Be stars, which is possibly attributable to the physical similarities between the free-free emission parameters of Be disks and WR winds. As an additional selection experiment, the list of WR candidates was cross-correlated with archival X-ray point-source catalogs, which increases the WR detection rate of the broad color space to {approx}40%; 10 new WR X-ray sources have been found in addition to a previously unrecognized X-ray counterpart to a known WR. The extinction values, distances, and Galactocentric radii of all new WRs are calculated using the method of spectroscopic parallax. Although the majority of the new WRs have no obvious association with stellar clusters, two WC8 stars reside in a previously unknown massive-star cluster, in which five OB supergiants were also identified. The new system lies at an estimated distance of {approx}6.1 kpc, near the intersection of the Scutum-Centaurus Arm with the Galaxy's bar. In addition, two WC and four WN stars, all but one of which are X-ray sources, were identified in association with the stellar clusters Danks 1 and 2. A WN9 star has also been associated with the cluster [DBS2003

  5. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)--Surface Biogeochemical Research (SBR) 6th Annual PI Meeting: Abstracts

    SciTech Connect

    Hazen Ed., T.C.

    2011-04-11

    On behalf of the Subsurface Biogeochemical Research (SBR) program managers in the Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD), Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), welcome to the 2011 SBR Principal Investigators meeting. Thank you in advance for your attendance and your presentations at this year's meeting. As the events in Japan continue to unfold, we are all reminded that the research we perform on radionuclide behavior in the environment has implications beyond legacy waste cleanup and in fact has its place in the discussion on the expanded use of nuclear power. As in the past, there are three broad objectives to the Principal Investigators meeting: (1) to provide opportunities to share research results and promote interactions among the SBR scientists and other invited guests; (2) to evaluate the progress of each project within the program; and (3) to showcase the scientific expertise and research progress over the past year to senior managers within the DOE Office of Science, the technology offices within DOE, and other invited attendees from other Federal Agencies. This past year has seen a few significant changes within BER and within the SBR program. In November, our Associate Director for BER, Anna Palmisano, retired from Federal service. Just this month, Dr. Sharlene Weatherwax (Division Director for Biological Systems Sciences) has been named as the new Associate Director for BER. In August, BER welcomed Dr. Gary Geernaert as the new Division Director for CESD. Gary joins the division from Los Alamos National Laboratory with a background in atmospheric science. Within the SBR program, a new Strategic Plan was completed last June (currently posted on the SBR and the Office of Science website). The new strategic plan is intended to foster integration within the Environmental Systems Science portion of the BER budget that includes both SBR and Terrestrial Ecosystem Sciences (TES). Both these programs share a goal of advancing a

  6. Ou,I~

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ' $1 ;- / J. s. Cuidor, t?lrsckor, AbfnFstr&iqe L"~rz~fons 317ision t. .?, ' GwkwrJ, Chief, ?mp?rty "or??r.c.h 33-l i L!C3?~~~CH - !ST.dJ. r;c.pi, f:i!.!:&L: il<:-[,TC: Ij$ ';cto?w? X2, l?~- NY. 17 - *. . . -'p&. - _ _: Ou,I~ QMt w : -_ . .- . _I --_ . . - B ! /- 4 Id : ji&Y;~ .__ . I .m:;qy& * k Cctcber 1, and 5, 1-351, tha f~3ltirz~ xere jw33ent d&icg 32 . ~~3,?2~tifXt of Ytecl a.nd izm 3wn_p ~c~~3~lsti~3s et L4ka CCt.zJ."fQ XOr3,~9 Atua: ;-Ir. .i,llpb

  7. DISCOVERY OF A WOLF-RAYET STAR THROUGH DETECTION OF ITS PHOTOMETRIC VARIABILITY

    SciTech Connect

    Littlefield, Colin; Garnavich, Peter; McClelland, Colin; Rettig, Terrence; Marion, G. H.; Vinko, Jozsef; Wheeler, J. Craig

    2012-06-15

    We report the serendipitous discovery of a heavily reddened Wolf-Rayet star that we name WR 142b. While photometrically monitoring a cataclysmic variable, we detected weak variability in a nearby field star. Low-resolution spectroscopy revealed a strong emission line at 7100 A, suggesting an unusual object and prompting further study. A spectrum taken with the Hobby-Eberly Telescope confirms strong He II emission and an N IV 7112 A line consistent with a nitrogen-rich Wolf-Rayet star of spectral class WN6. Analysis of the He II line strengths reveals no detectable hydrogen in WR 142b. A blue-sensitive spectrum obtained with the Large Binocular Telescope shows no evidence for a hot companion star. The continuum shape and emission line ratios imply a reddening of E(B - V) = 2.2-2.6 mag. We estimate that the distance to WR 142b is 1.4 {+-} 0.3 kpc.

  8. A CHANDRA OBSERVATION OF THE ECLIPSING WOLF-RAYET BINARY CQ Cep

    SciTech Connect

    Skinner, Stephen L.; Zhekov, Svetozar A.; Güdel, Manuel; Schmutz, Werner E-mail: szhekov@space.bas.bg E-mail: werner.schmutz@pmodwrc.ch

    2015-02-01

    The short-period (1.64 d) near-contact eclipsing WN6+O9 binary system CQ Cep provides an ideal laboratory for testing the predictions of X-ray colliding wind shock theory at close separation where the winds may not have reached terminal speeds before colliding. We present results of a Chandra X-ray observation of CQ Cep spanning ∼1 day during which a simultaneous Chandra optical light curve was acquired. Our primary objective was to compare the observed X-ray properties with colliding wind shock theory, which predicts that the hottest shock plasma (T ≳ 20 MK) will form on or near the line-of-centers between the stars. The X-ray spectrum is strikingly similar to apparently single WN6 stars such as WR 134 and spectral lines reveal plasma over a broad range of temperatures T ∼ 4-40 MK. A deep optical eclipse was seen as the O star passed in front of the Wolf-Rayet star and we determine an orbital period P {sub orb} = 1.6412400 d. Somewhat surprisingly, no significant X-ray variability was detected. This implies that the hottest X-ray plasma is not confined to the region between the stars, at odds with the colliding wind picture and suggesting that other X-ray production mechanisms may be at work. Hydrodynamic simulations that account for such effects as radiative cooling and orbital motion will be needed to determine if the new Chandra results can be reconciled with the colliding wind picture.

  9. Grand Challenges for Biological and Environmental Research: A Long-Term Vision

    SciTech Connect

    Arkin, A.; Baliga, N.; Braam, J.; Church, G.; Collins, J; Cottingham, R.; Ecker, J.; Gerstein, M.; Gilna, P.; Greenberg, J.; Handelsman, J.; Hubbard, S.; Joachimiak, A.; Liao, J.; Looger, L.; Meyerowitz, E.; Mjolness, E.; Petsko, G.; Sayler, G.; Simpson, M.; Stacey, G.; Sussman, M.; Tiedje, J.; Bader, D.; Cessi, P.; Collins, W.; Denning, S.; Dickinson, R.; Easterling, D.; Edmonds, J.; Feddema, J.; Field, C.; Fridlind, A.; Fung, I.; Held, I.; Jackson, R.; Janetos, A.; Large, W.; Leinen, M.; Leung, R.; Long, S.; Mace, G.; Masiello, C.; Meehl, G.; Ort, D.; Otto-Bliesner, B.; Penner, J.; Prather, M.; Randall, D.; Rasch, P.; Schneider, E.; Shugart, H.; Thornton, P.; Washington, W.; Wildung, R.; Wiscombe, W.; Zak, D.; Zhang, M.; Bielicki, J.; Buford, M.; Cleland, E.; Dale, V.; Duke, C.; Ehleringer, J.; Hecht, A.; Kammen, D.; Marland, G.; Pataki, D.; Riley, M. Robertson, P.; Hubbard, S.

    2010-12-01

    The interactions and feedbacks among plants, animals, microbes, humans, and the environment ultimately form the world in which we live. This world is now facing challenges from a growing and increasingly affluent human population whose numbers and lifestyles are driving ever greater energy demand and impacting climate. These and other contributing factors will make energy and climate sustainability extremely difficult to achieve over the 20-year time horizon that is the focus of this report. Despite these severe challenges, there is optimism that deeper understanding of our environment will enable us to mitigate detrimental effects, while also harnessing biological and climate systems to ensure a sustainable energy future. This effort is advanced by scientific inquiries in the fields of atmospheric chemistry and physics, biology, ecology, and subsurface science - all made possible by computing. The Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science has a long history of bringing together researchers from different disciplines to address critical national needs in determining the biological and environmental impacts of energy production and use, characterizing the interplay of climate and energy, and collaborating with other agencies and DOE programs to improve the world's most powerful climate models. BER science focuses on three distinct areas: (1) What are the roles of Earth system components (atmosphere, land, oceans, sea ice, and the biosphere) in determining climate? (2) How is the information stored in a genome translated into microbial, plant, and ecosystem processes that influence biofuel production, climate feedbacks, and the natural cycling of carbon? (3) What are the biological, geochemical, and physical forces that govern the behavior of Earth's subsurface environment? Ultimately, the goal of BER science is to support experimentation and modeling that can reliably predict the outcomes and

  10. ASCR User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR User Facilities User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance All User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 User

  11. ARM - Facility News Article

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    8, 2016 [Facility News] Early Career Funding Opportunity Available Bookmark and Share earlycareerprogram A funding opportunity for early career researchers in universities and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories is available from the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). The Early Career Research Program, now in its eighth year, supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research

  12. Department

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    on "Large Scale Production Computing Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research." The workshop will be held on May 7-8,2009, in the Washington, DC, area. The goal of this workshop is to accurately characterize the High Performance Computing (HPC) requirements of current and future work funded by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). These requirements will serve as input to the NERSC architecture and planning processes, and will help ensure that NERSC

  13. Documents and Background Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Requirements Review Reports Case Studies News & Publications ESnet News Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Blog ESnet Live Home » Science Engagement » Science Requirements Reviews » Network Requirements Reviews » Documents and Background Materials Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR

  14. HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013 Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013 HEP Attendees 2013 FES Requirements Review 2014 BES Requirements Review 2014 Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1

  15. Plant Microbe Interactions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    of Science Office of Biological and Environmental Research 1 Catherine M. Ronning, Ph.D. Program Manager, DOE-BER (catherine.ronning@science.doe.gov) Symbiosis Conference: Expanding Commercialization of Mutualistic Microbes to Increase Bioenergy Crop Production DOE EERE BETO June 20, 2013 Plant-Microbe Interactions: An Overview of Basic Research Supported by the DOE Office of Science Department of Energy * Office of Science * Biological and Environmental Research EERE Symbiosis Workshop 2013

  16. Contact | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Contact Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Contact Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Name Email Address * Subject * Type of Inquiry or Feedback IRB Review Requirements Resource Materials

  17. About | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    About Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About For Researchers For IRB Managers / Administrators For IRB Members For Institutional Officials For Prospective Human Subjects Leads Annual Reports Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 About

  18. Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Resources Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  19. Gas Phase Chemical Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Funding Opportunities Bioimaging Technology Bioimaging Technology Home Research Funding Opportunities Community Resources Contact BER Home Funding Opportunities Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page No Funding Opportunity Announcements are currently open for this program. Announcements are posted on the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science Grants and Contracts website and at Grants.gov External link . Information about preparing and submitting applications, as well as the DOE

  20. Community IRB Member Resources | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Community IRB Member Resources Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Announcement Sign-up Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown

  1. DOE Resources | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    DOE Resources Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Ethical Framework Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000

  2. Frequently Asked Questions for IRB Managers/Administrators | U.S. DOE

    Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) For IRB Managers / Administrators » Frequently Asked Questions for IRB Managers/Administrators Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About For Researchers For IRB Managers / Administrators Frequently Asked Questions For IRB Members For Institutional Officials For Prospective Human Subjects Leads Annual Reports Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact

  3. Frequently Asked Questions for Researchers | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC)

    (SC) For Researchers » Frequently Asked Questions for Researchers Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About For Researchers Frequently Asked Questions For IRB Managers / Administrators For IRB Members For Institutional Officials For Prospective Human Subjects Leads Annual Reports Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department

  4. Informed Consent | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Informed Consent Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  5. Other Resources | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Other Resources Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  6. Special Research Categories | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Special Research Categories Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence

  7. Announcement Sign-up | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC)

    Community IRB Member Resources » Announcement Sign-up Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Announcement Sign-up Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of

  8. 9-10-09_Final_Testimony_(Palmisano).pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    DR. ANNA PALMISANO ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF SCIENCE FOR BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH OFFICE OF SCIENCE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES SEPTEMBER 10, 2009 Thank you Mr. Chairman, Ranking Member Inglis, and Members of the Committee. I appreciate the opportunity to appear before you today to discuss the Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program in the Department of

  9. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical Diffusivity and Viscosity of Secondary Organic Aerosols Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zelenyuk-Imre, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Abramson E, D Imre, J Beránek, J Wilson, and A Zelenyuk. 2013. "Experimental determination of chemical diffusion within secondary organic zerosol particles." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15, doi:10.1039/C2CP44013J. Determining the

  10. Research Highlight

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Even at High Humidity, Aerosols Stick Around: Slowly Evaporating Particles Refute Assumption Download a printable PDF Submitter: Zelenyuk-Imre, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Aerosol Properties Working Group(s): Aerosol Life Cycle Journal Reference: Wilson J, D Imre, J Beránek, M Shrivastava, and A Zelenyuk. 2014. "Evaporation kinetics of laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols at elevated relative humidity." Environmental Science & Technology,

  11. User Facilities at a Glance | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Facilities at a Glance User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance All User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 User

  12. Reference Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences August 3-4, 2010 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors [not available] NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Workshop Agenda Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion

  13. Reference Materials

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics November 12-13, 2009 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Workshop Agenda Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion Energy Sciences

  14. Previous Reviews

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013 FES Requirements Review 2014 BES Requirements Review 2014 Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600

  15. Test (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Test Title: Test Trest Authors: Test Publication Date: 2016-01-20 OSTI Identifier: 1324454 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences

  16. irt (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    irt Title: irt Ingest data for Infrared Thermometer Authors: Shi, Yan Publication Date: 2016-10-18 OSTI Identifier: 1329238 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English

  17. kasacrvpthrc (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    kasacrvpthrc Title: kasacrvpthrc kasacrvpthrc Authors: Bharadwaj, Nitin ; Nelson, Dan Publication Date: 2016-03-28 OSTI Identifier: 1211543 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL

  18. Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (SC) Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance All User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact

  19. Neutron Scattering Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Neutron Scattering Facilities User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance All User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science

  20. Workshop Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Agenda Presentations Logistics Reference Materials Participants Organizing Committee Biological and Environmental Science (BER) Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) High Energy Physics (HEP) Nuclear Physics (NP) Overview Published Reports Case Study FAQs NERSC HPC Achievement Awards Share Your Research User Submitted Research Citations NERSC Citations Home » Science at NERSC » HPC Requirements Reviews » Requirements Reviews: Target 2014 » Basic Energy Sciences (BES) » Presentations Workshop

  1. Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    and Environmental Research: Target 2017 Large Scale Production Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research: Target 2017 BERmontage.gif September 11-12, 2012 Hilton Rockville Hotel and Executive Meeting Center 1750 Rockville Pike Rockville, MD, 20852-1699 TEL: 1-301-468-1100 Sponsored by: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) National Energy

  2. PNNL: About PNNL - People

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Allison A. Campbell Allison Campbell Photo Associate Laboratory Director - Earth and Biological Sciences Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 371-6000 allison.campbell@pnnl.gov Allison Campbell is the Associate Laboratory Director for Earth and Biological Sciences at PNNL. In this role, she sets the vision and strategy for PNNL's research in support of DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) and National Institutes of Health. Allison leads a research directorate of

  3. Environmental Microbiology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Microbiology Environmental Microbiology Los Alamos working to identify genetic regulatory systems in single microorganisms. Contact Us Cheryl Kuske DOE BER Biological System Science Division Program Manager Email Srinivas Iyer Bioscience Division Leader Email Rebecca McDonald Bioscience Communications Email Examining the soil beneath our feet Environmental microbiology Read caption + Many environmental molecular biology studies begin with purified DNA and RNA extracted from the

  4. FAQ for Case Study Authors

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews » FAQ for Case Study Authors Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems:

  5. Genomics and Systems Biology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Genomics and Systems Biology Genomics and Systems Biology Los Alamos scientists perform research in functional genomics and structural genomics, and applications for such work cover diverse fields such as energy, agriculture, and environmental cleanup. Contact Us Babetta Marrone Biofuels Program Manager Email Cheryl Kuske DOE BER Biological System Science Division Program Manager Email Kirsten McCabe Emerging Threats Program Manager Email Rebecca McDonald Bioscience Communications Email "We

  6. 2013 NISE Awards Summary Table

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Awards » 2013 NISE Summary Table 2013 NISE Awards Summary Table Investigator NERSC repo Hours awarded DOE Office Project Title Katie Antypas, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory m1759 250,000 ASCR Applied Mathematical Sciences NERSC Application Readiness for Future Architectures Inez Fung, University of California Berkeley m189 750,000 BER Climate and Environmental Sciences Carbon Data Assimilation with a Coupled Ensemble Kalman Filter Thomas Hamill, National Oceanic & Atmospheric

  7. FES Requirements Review 2014

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    FES Requirements Review 2014 Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013 FES Requirements Review 2014 FES Attendees 2014 BES Requirements Review 2014 Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1

  8. UWB channel estimation using new generating TR transceivers

    DOEpatents

    Nekoogar, Faranak; Dowla, Farid U.; Spiridon, Alex; Haugen, Peter C.; Benzel, Dave M.

    2011-06-28

    The present invention presents a simple and novel channel estimation scheme for UWB communication systems. As disclosed herein, the present invention maximizes the extraction of information by incorporating a new generation of transmitted-reference (Tr) transceivers that utilize a single reference pulse(s) or a preamble of reference pulses to provide improved channel estimation while offering higher Bit Error Rate (BER) performance and data rates without diluting the transmitter power.

  9. Biosystems Design | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Biosystems Design Biosystems Design Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2-A: Synthetic Biology and the Promise of Biofuels Pablo Rabinowicz, Program Manager, Biosystems Design Program, Biological and Environmental Research (BER), U.S. Department of Energy b13_rabinowicz_2-a.pdf (781.04 KB) More Documents & Publications HEARING BEFORE THE SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY Biomass 2013 Agenda Before the House Science and

  10. NERSC Allocations: for Principal Investigators and Account Managers

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Allocations NERSC Allocations: for Principal Investigators and Account Managers Allocations Overview and Eligibility A researcher may apply for an allocation of NERSC resources if their research project is funded by the DOE Office of Science, or if their research project is relevant to the mission of one of the six Offices of Science (ASCR, BES, BER, FES, HEP, NP). Read More » Apply for Your First NERSC Allocation This page describes the steps you need to take to become a new NERSC Principal

  11. NP User Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NP User Facilities User Facilities User Facilities Home User Facilities at a Glance All User Facilities ASCR User Facilities BES User Facilities BER User Facilities FES User Facilities HEP User Facilities NP User Facilities User Resources User Statistics Policies and Processes Frequently Asked Questions User Facility Science Highlights User Facility News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 User

  12. Network Requirements Reviews

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site

  13. Workshop Agenda

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Agenda Workshop Agenda Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Biological and Environmental Research May 7-8, 2009 Location: Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Executive Meeting Center. 1750 Rockville Pike, Rockville, Maryland, 20852 Thursday, May 7 8:00 am - Arrive, informal discussions 8:30 am - Welcome, introductions, workshop goals, charge to committee (Yukiko Sekine, DOE-SC/ASCR) 8:45 am - Workshop outline, logistics, format, procedures (Harvey Wasserman, NERSC) 9:00 am - BER Program

  14. BERReport-Final-Edit-10-13-2010

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC/BER/ASCR Requirements Workshop May 7 and 8, 2009 LARGE SCALE COMPUTING AND STORAGE REQUIREMENTS Biological and Environmental Research 2 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees or officers, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any

  15. BES Requirements Review 2014

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BES Requirements Review 2014 Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR Requirements Review 2015 Previous Reviews HEP/NP Requirements Review 2013 FES Requirements Review 2014 BES Requirements Review 2014 BES Attendees 2014 Requirements Review Reports Case Studies Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside US) 1

  16. Becoming an IRB Member | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    » Becoming an IRB Member Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Becoming an IRB Member Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Becoming an IRB Member Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Are you

  17. Climate Feedbacks from Permafrost Charlie Koven Lawrence Berkeley Na?onal Lab

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding and Modeling of Climate Feedbacks from Permafrost Charlie Koven Lawrence Berkeley Na?onal Lab With many others: Bill Riley, Dave Lawrence, Jen Harden, Gustaf Hugelius, the CESM Land Model Working Group, and the Permafrost Carbon Network Thanks to DOE-BER support from Regional and Global Climate Modeling Program (BGC Feedbacks SFA), Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Program (NGEE Arc?c), and Earth System Modeling Program (IMPACTS SFA) IPCC-AR5 (Ciais et al., 2013) Figure 6.22 | The

  18. ,"Table 3B.1. FRCC Monthly Peak Hour Demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area,"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    B.1. FRCC Monthly Peak Hour Demand, by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assesment Area," ,"1996-2010 Actual, 2011-2012 Projected" ,"(Megawatts)" ,"FRCC","Year","January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December"

  19. ARM Airborne Continuous carbon dioxide measurements (Dataset) | Data

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explorer 1 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences ARM; biraud-co2; SGP; AOS-CO2 Dataset File size N/AView Dataset View

  20. ARM Airborne Continuous carbon dioxide measurements (Dataset) | Data

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Explorer 3 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US) Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental Sciences ARM; biraud-co2; SGP; AOS-CO2 Dataset File size N/AView Dataset View

  1. ARM: Infrared/visible sky imager (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Infrared/visible sky imager Title: ARM: Infrared/visible sky imager Infrared/visible sky imager Authors: Annette Koontz ; Victor Morris Publication Date: 2014-05-20 OSTI Identifier: 1181986 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of

  2. ARM: Portable radiation package (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Portable radiation package Title: ARM: Portable radiation package Portable radiation package Authors: Annette Koontz ; R. Reynolds Publication Date: 2015-01-09 OSTI Identifier: 1181874 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of

  3. Alkatest (Dataset) | Data Explorer

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Alkatest Title: Alkatest zhggz Authors: zdgg Publication Date: 2016-10-02 OSTI Identifier: 1327918 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC05-00OR22725 Resource Type: Dataset Data Type: Numeric Data Research Org: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Archive, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (US); Sponsoring Org: USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Country of Publication: United States Availability: ORNL Language: English Subject: 54 Environmental

  4. Creating an Ethical Framework for Studies That Involve the Worker Community

    Office of Science (SC)

    | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) DOE Resources » Creating an Ethical Framework for Studies That Involve the Worker Community Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Ethical Framework Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home

  5. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Becoming an IRB Member Education and Resources Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page There are two central IRBs within DOE: Central DOE IRB

  6. JHYoon.pptx

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Polar Project & ACP SFA project. Presenter: Jin-Ho Yoon Pacific Northwest National Laboratory NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD 1. Project Description ! PI: Philip J. Rasch ! Key Players: Ghan, Easter, Fan, Fast, Ganguly, Liu, Ma, Ovchinnikov, Qian, Singh, Smith, H. Wang, M. Wang, Yoon, Zaveri ! ~ FY13: "Improving the Characterization of Clouds, Aerosols and the Cryosphere in Climate Models" --- Polar project' (multi-lab projects with LALN, LLNL,

  7. TEXT Pro Force Training

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Basic Protective Force Training Program DOE/IG-0641 March 2004 * None of the 10 sites included instruction in rappelling even though it was part of the special response team core curriculum and continued to be offered by the Nonprolif- eration and National Security Institute; * Only one site conducted basic training on use of a shotgun, despite the fact that a num- ber of sites used the weapon for breaching exercises and other purposes; and, * Seven of the sites modified prescribed training

  8. IRB7 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    IRB7 Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington,

  9. United States Industrial Electric Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    O R E W O R D I United States Industrial Electric Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment December 2002 This document was originally published by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) in Decem- ber 1998. As of fiscal year 2000, DOE's Motor Challenge Program was inte- grated into BestPractices, a broad initiative within EERE. EERE's BestPractices introduces industrial end users to emerging technolo- gies and cost-saving opportunities

  10. CITI Courses | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CITI Courses Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP) HSPP Home About Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) Education and Resources CITI Courses DOE Resources Informed Consent Special Research Categories Community IRB Member Resources Other Resources Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) IRB7 Regulations and Requirements Glossary Abbreviations Contact BER Home Contact Information Human Subjects Protection Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW

  11. CSChang.ppt

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Tokamak Edge Physics C.-S. Chang Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD 1. Project Description C.-S. Chang, PPPL and SciDAC EPSI (XGC family codes) X. Xu, LLNL (TEMPEST/COGENT and BOUT++) XGC1: Kinetic PIC (ODE) code in diverted geometry * Our present focus is in - Adding continuum technology into PIC method  Total-f - Electrostatic turbulence, background evolution, ions, electrons, neutral particles, impurity particles:

  12. Climate Research Roadmap Workshop: Summary Report, May 13-14, 2010

    SciTech Connect

    2010-09-01

    In recognition of the ongoing advances and challenges of climate change research, DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) organized a workshop asking the scientific community to identify the current state of climate science. The goal of the workshop was to determine the research challenges important for developing a predictive understanding of global climate. Participants were asked to focus on interdisciplinary research that capitalized on BER's scientific strengths in Atmospheric System Research, Terrestrial Ecosystem Science, and Climate and Earth System Modeling. Approximately 50 scientists representing these three areas were asked to identify desired outcomes for the next 10 years. Goals were identified for the near (1--3 years), mid (4--7 years), and long term (8--10 years). Discussions were focused by discipline (atmospheric, terrestrial, and modeling) and by latitude (high, temperate, and tropical). In addition, opportunities and needs for integration across disciplines and latitudes were identified with a specific focus on crosscutting challenges and outcomes. BER will use this workshop output to update its strategic plan for climate research.

  13. Measurement of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in proton-proton collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Chatrchyan, Serguei; et al.,

    2013-12-01

    Measurements of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections are presented using an integrated luminosity of 4.5(4.8) inverse femtobarns in the dimuon (dielectron) channel of proton-proton collision data recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV. The measured inclusive cross section in the Z-peak region (60-120 GeV) is \\sigma(\\ell \\ell) = 986.4 +/- 0.6 (stat.) +/- 5.9 (exp. syst.) +/- 21.7 (th. syst.) +/- 21.7 (lum.) pb for the combination of the dimuon and dielectron channels. Differential cross sections $d\\sigma/dm$ for the dimuon, dielectron, and combined channels are measured in the mass range 15 to 1500 GeV and corrected to the full phase space. Results are also presented for the measurement of the double-differential cross section d^2\\sigma/dm d |y| in the dimuon channel over the mass range 20 to 1500 GeV and absolute dimuon rapidity from 0 to 2.4. These measurements are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD calculations at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading orders using various sets of parton distribution functions.

  14. Measurement of the Top Quark Mass and ppbar -> ttbar Cross Section in the All-Hadronic Mode with the CDFII Detector

    SciTech Connect

    Aaltonen, T.; Adelman, J.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

    2010-02-01

    We present a measurement of the top quark mass and of the top-antitop pair production cross section using p{bar p} data collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron Collider at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 fb{sup -1}. We select events with six or more jets satisfying a number of kinematical requirements imposed by means of a neural network algorithm. At least one of these jets must originate from a b quark, as identified by the reconstruction of a secondary vertex inside the jet. The mass measurement is based on a likelihood fit incorporating reconstructed mass distributions representative of signal and background, where the absolute jet energy scale (JES) is measured simultaneously with the top quark mass. The measurement yields a value of 174.8 {+-} 2.4(stat+JES){sub -1.0}{sup +1.2}(syst)GeV/c{sup 2}, where the uncertainty from the absolute jet energy scale is evaluated together with the statistical uncertainty. The procedure measures also the amount of signal from which we derive a cross section, {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 7.2 {+-} 0.5(stat) {+-} 1.0(syst) {+-} 0.4(lum) pb, for the measured values of top quark mass and JES.

  15. The hydrophobic effect and the influence of solute-solvent attractions

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, David M.; Chandler, David

    2001-08-25

    We have studied the effect of weak solute-solvent attractions on the solvation of nonpolar molecules in water at ambient conditions using an extension and improved parameterization of the theory of solvation due to Lum, Chandler, and Weeks [J. Phys. Chem. B 1999, 103, 4570]. With a reasonable strength of alkane-water interactions, an accurate prediction of the alkane-water interfacial tension is obtained. As previously established for solutes with no attractive interactions with water, the free energy of solvation scales with volume for small solutes and with surface area for large solutes. The crossover to the latter regime occurs on a molecular length scale. It is associated with the formation of a liquid-vaporlike interface, a drying interface,between the large hydrophobic solute and liquid water. In the absence of attractions, this interface typically lies more than one solvent molecular diameter away from the hard sphere surface. With the addition of attractive interactions between water and the hard sphere, the average separation of the interface and solute surface is decreased. For attractive force strengths typical of alkane-water interactions, we show that the drying interface adjacent to a large hydrophobic solute remains largely intact, but is moved into contact with the solute surface. This effect results from the ''soft modes'' characterizing fluctuations of liquid-vapor interfaces. We show that attractive interactions are of almost no consequence to the temperature dependence of the solvation free energies relevant to protein folding.

  16. Palomar/triplespec observations of Spitzer/MIPSGAL 24 μm circumstellar shells: Unveiling the natures of their central sources

    SciTech Connect

    Flagey, N.; Noriega-Crespo, A.; Petric, A.; Geballe, T. R.

    2014-08-01

    We present near-IR spectroscopic observations of the central sources in 17 circumstellar shells from a sample of more than 400 'bubbles' discovered in the Spitzer/MIPSGAL 24 μm survey of the Galactic plane and in the Cygnus-X region. To identify the natures of these shells, we have obtained J, H, and K band spectra with a resolution of ∼2600 of the stars at their centers. We observed 14 MIPSGAL bubbles (MBs), WR149, and 2 objects in the Cygnus-X region (WR138a and BD+43 3710), our sample being about 2.5 mag fainter in the K band than previous studies of the central sources of MBs. We use spectroscopic diagnostics and spectral libraries of late- and early-type stars to constrain the natures of our targets. We find five late-type giants. The equivalent widths of their CO 2.29 μm features allow us to determine the spectral types of the stars and hence derive the extinction along the line of sight, distance, and physical size of the shells. We also find 12 early-type stars: in 9 MBs and the 3 comparison objects. We find that the subtype inferred from the near-IR for WR138a (WN9h) and WR149 (WN5h) agrees with that derived from optical observations. A careful analysis of the literature and the environment of BD+43 3710 allows us to rule out the carbon star interpretation previously suggested. Our near-IR spectrum suggests that it is a B5 supergiant. At the centers of the nine MBs, we find a WC5-6 star possibly of low mass, a candidate O5-6 V star, a B0 supergiant, a B/A-type giant, and five luminous blue variable (LBV) candidates. We also report the detections of emission lines arising from at least two shells with typical extents (∼10''), in agreement with those in the mid-IR. We summarize the findings on the natures of the MBs since their discovery, with 30% of them now known. Most MBs with central sources detected in the near- to mid-IR have been identified and are red and blue giants, supergiants, or stars evolving toward these phases, including, in particular

  17. Contributions of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the ARM Climate Research Facility to the U.S. Climate Change Science Program

    SciTech Connect

    SA Edgerton; LR Roeder

    2008-09-30

    The Earth’s surface temperature is determined by the balance between incoming solar radiation and thermal (or infrared) radiation emitted by the Earth back to space. Changes in atmospheric composition, including greenhouse gases, clouds, and aerosols can alter this balance and produce significant climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) are the primary tool for quantifying future climate change; however, there remain significant uncertainties in the GCM treatment of clouds, aerosol, and their effects on the Earth’s energy balance. The 2007 assessment (AR4) by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports a substantial range among GCMs in climate sensitivity to greenhouse gas emissions. The largest contributor to this range lies in how different models handle changes in the way clouds absorb or reflect radiative energy in a changing climate (Solomon et al. 2007). In 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) to address scientific uncertainties related to global climate change, with a specific focus on the crucial role of clouds and their influence on the transfer of radiation in the atmosphere. To address this problem, BER has adopted a unique two-pronged approach: * The ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF), a scientific user facility for obtaining long-term measurements of radiative fluxes, cloud and aerosol properties, and related atmospheric characteristics in diverse climate regimes. * The ARM Science Program, focused on the analysis of ACRF data to address climate science issues associated with clouds, aerosols, and radiation, and to improve GCMs. This report describes accomplishments of the BER ARM Program toward addressing the primary uncertainties related to climate change prediction as identified by the IPCC.

  18. NP Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NP Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program NP Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain NP's budget

  19. SLI Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SLI Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program SLI Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain SLI's budget

  20. HEP Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    HEP Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program HEP Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain HEP's budget

  1. A compact neutron generator using a field ionization source

    SciTech Connect

    Persaud, Arun; Waldmann, Ole; Kapadia, Rehan; Takei, Kuniharu; Javey, Ali; Schenkel, Thomas

    2011-10-31

    Field ionization as a means to create ions for compact and rugged neutron sources is pursued. Arrays of carbon nano-#12;bers promise the high #12;eld-enhancement factors required for efficient field ionization. We report on the fabrication of arrays of #12;field emitters with a density up to 10{sup 6} tips/cm{sup 2} and measure their performance characteristics using electron field emission. The critical issue of uniformity is discussed, as are efforts towards coating the nano-fibers to enhance their lifetime and surface properties.

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - NUG2008-UserSurvey

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    /2008 User Survey results Francesca Verdier NERSC User Group Meeting October 3, 2008 2 Response Profile ASCR 11.3% BER 11.8% BES 28.5% FES 13.7% HEP 12.4% NP 22.3% PIs 15.2% Proj Mgrs 15 % Users 69.8% 457 respondents * 70% "big user" response rate * 43% "medium user" response rate * 16.3% overall response rate 3 2007/2008 Survey Questions * 128 satisfaction questions scored on a 7-point scale * average score: 6.07 51 Very dissatisfied 1 75 Mostly dissatisfied 2 251 Somewhat

  3. Microsoft PowerPoint - gongposter_for_ARM_2008_4

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    properties of arctic boundary-layer stratus: impacts on surface radiation Gong Zhang and Greg McFarquhar University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Introduction Acknowledgments This research was supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. DOE, Grant Numbers DE-FG02-02ER63337 and DE-FG02- 07ER64378. FIG 1 Backscatter intensity and depolarization ratio measured by Wisconsin HSRL lidar in Barrow, AK show optically thick boundary-layer stratus between 5 and 12 Oct. 2004. Optically-thick

  4. SMB, X-Ray Spectroscopy & Imaging

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Home » X-Ray Spectroscopy & Imaging X-Ray Spectroscopy & Imaging SSRL has five hard X-ray Spectroscopy beamlines and three Microfocus Imaging beamlines dedicated to Biological and Biomedical research funded by the NIH and DOE-BER. The SMB group supports and develops technical instrumentation and theoretical methods for state-of-the-art tender and hard X-ray spectroscopy and EXAFS studies on metalloproteins, cofactors and metals in medicine. The SMB group has also contributed to the

  5. SCPD Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    SCPD Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program SCPD Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain SCPD's budget

  6. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Presentations Presentations Sort by: Default | Name | Date (low-high) | Date (high-low) | Source | Category NERSC Accomplishments and Plans October 7, 2009 | Author(s): Kathy Yelick | Download File: YelickK.pdf | pdf | 34 MB Hopper, the new NERSC-6 System October 7, 2009 | Author(s): Jonathan Carter | Download File: CarterJ.pdf | pdf | 2.5 MB 2009 User Survey Results October 7, 2009 | Author(s): Francesca Verdier | Download File: VerdierF.pdf | pdf | 2.9 MB Requirements Gathering & BER

  7. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Present and Future Computing Requirements for Computational Prediction of Protein-DNA Binding September 12, 2012 | Author(s): Mohammed AlQuraishi | Download File: AlQuraishi.pdf | pdf | 1 MB KBASE: Data and Modeling for Predictive Biology September 12, 2012 | Author(s): Tom Brettin and Shane Canon | Download File: KBaseBrettin.pdf | pdf | 5.9 MB NERSC Role in Biological and Environmental Research September 12, 2012 | Author(s): Kathy Yelick | Download File: NERSC-BER-Yelick.ppt | ppt | 35 MB

  8. Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ASCR Greenbook Presentation February 22, 2001 | Author(s): Mike Minkoff | Download File: Minkoff.greenbook-oascr2001.ppt | ppt | 47 KB BER Greenbook Presentation February 22, 2001 | Author(s): Doug Rotman | Download File: OBERFeb22Rotman.ppt | ppt | 5.5 MB BES Greenbook Presentation February 22, 2001 | Author(s): Theresa Windus | Download File: Windus.besgreenbook.ppt | ppt | 1.3 MB Draft OFES Contributions February 23, 2001 | Author(s): B. I. Cohen; A. Friedman; D. A. Spong | Download File:

  9. Document

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    7006 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 180 / Friday, September 17, 2010 / Notices DRAFT EIS PUBLIC HEARINGS Location Day, date, time Directions Jacumba Highland Center, 44681 Old Highway 80, Jacumba, Cali- fornia 91934. Tuesday, Octo- ber 5, 2010, 7-9 p.m. From the West, take I-8 East and take Exit 73 toward Jacumba. Turn right (South) onto Carrizo Gorge Road and drive South 1.1 miles. Turn right at Old Highway 80. Jacumba Highland Center will be on the left hand side. From the East, take I-8 West

  10. Workshop Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis and Redesign of Proteins and Biological Networks May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Costas Maranas | BER Overview May 7, 2009 | Author(s): David Thomassen | Boundary Layer Flow / Vegetation Air Exchanges May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Ned Patton | CCSM and Earth System Model May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Lawrence Buja, John Drake, Michael Wehner | Coupled High-Resolution Modeling of the Earth System May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Christopher Kerr | Global Cloud Resolving Model May 7, 2009 | Author(s): David

  11. Workshop Presentations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Presentations Workshop Presentations Sort by: Default | Name | Date (low-high) | Date (high-low) Workshop Goals/Overview May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Yukiko Sekine | Workshop Logistics May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Harvey Wasserman | BER Overview May 7, 2009 | Author(s): David Thomassen | NERSC Overview May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Kathy Yelick | CCSM and Earth System Model May 7, 2009 | Author(s): Lawrence Buja, John Drake, Michael Wehner | Role of Climate System Noise in Climate Simulations May 7, 2009 |

  12. BES Budget | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    BES Budget Budget Budget Home About Budget by Program ASCR Budget BES Budget BER Budget FES Budget HEP Budget NP Budget WDTS Budget SLI Budget S&S Budget SCPD Budget GAO Audit Reports External Links Contact Information Budget U.S. Department of Energy SC-41/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3541 F: (301) 903-9524 More Information » Budget by Program BES Budget Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The following links contain BES's budget

  13. BWXTymes, May 2007, A newsletter for the employees and friends of the Y-12 National Security Complex

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Photography Manager Terry Marlar has been surprised during his tenure at Y-12, but one thing he didn't expect was the num- ber of high-quality amateur photographers within the Complex. "I was amazed at the great photos we received for the con- test," Marlar said of the more than 1,000 photographs entered in the East Tennessee Nature Photography Contest. Winning photo- graphs will be displayed in the Jack Case and New Hope centers. Photographs were judged on technical and artistic

  14. Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 3, Technology evaluation data sheets; Part B, Remedial action, robotics/automation, waste management

    SciTech Connect

    Fellows, R.L.

    1993-02-26

    The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WN) problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remediation, decontamination, and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume 3 B provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (Remedial Action Robotics and Automation, Waste Management) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than each technology in Vol. 2. The TEDS are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each data sheet. Volume 3 can be used in two ways: (1) technologies that are identified from Vol. 2 can be referenced directly in Vol. 3 by using the TEDS codes, and (2) technologies and general technology areas (alternatives) can be located in the index in the front of this volume.

  15. Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram

    SciTech Connect

    Fellows, R.L.

    1993-02-26

    The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WN) problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remediation, decontamination, and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume 3 B provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (Remedial Action Robotics and Automation, Waste Management) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than each technology in Vol. 2. The TEDS are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each data sheet. Volume 3 can be used in two ways: (1) technologies that are identified from Vol. 2 can be referenced directly in Vol. 3 by using the TEDS codes, and (2) technologies and general technology areas (alternatives) can be located in the index in the front of this volume.

  16. Epitaxial growth and physical properties of ternary nitride thin films by polymer-assisted deposition

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Enriquez, Erik M.; Zhang, Yingying; Chen, Aiping; Bi, Zhenxing; Wang, Yongqiang; Fu, Engang; Harrell, Zachary John; Lu, Xujie; Dowden, Paul Charles; Wang, Haiyan; et al

    2016-08-26

    Epitaxial layered ternary metal-nitride FeMoN2, (Fe0.33 Mo0.67)MoN2, CoMoN2, and FeWN2 thin films have been grown on c-plane sapphire substrates by polymer-assisted deposition. The ABN2 layer sits on top of the oxygen sublattices of the substrate with three possible matching configurations due to the significantly reduced lattice mismatch. The doping composition and elements affect not only the out-of-plane lattice parameters but also the temperature-dependent electrical properties. These films have resistivity in the range of 0.1–1 mΩ·cm, showing tunable metallic or semiconducting behaviors by adjusting the composition. A modified parallel connection channel model has been used to analyze the grain boundary andmore » Coulomb blockade effect on the electrical properties. Furthermore, the growth of the high crystallinity layered epitaxial thin films provides an avenue to study the composition-structure-property relationship in ABN2 materials through A and B-site substitution.« less

  17. Work function tuning of plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposited WC{sub x}N{sub y} electrodes for metal/oxide/semiconductor devices

    SciTech Connect

    Zonensain, Oren; Fadida, Sivan; Eizenberg, Moshe; Fisher, Ilanit; Gao, Juwen; Chattopadhyay, Kaushik; Harm, Greg; Mountsier, Tom; Danek, Michal

    2015-02-23

    One of the main challenges facing the integration of metals as gate electrodes in advanced MOS devices is control over the Fermi level position at the metal/dielectric interface. In this study, we demonstrate the ability to tune the effective work function (EWF) of W-based electrodes by process modifications of the atomic layer deposited (ALD) films. Tungsten carbo-nitrides (WC{sub x}N{sub y}) films were deposited via plasma-enhanced and/or thermal ALD processes using organometallic precursors. The process modifications enabled us to control the stoichiometry of the WC{sub x}N{sub y} films. Deposition in hydrogen plasma (without nitrogen based reactant) resulted in a stoichiometry of WC{sub 0.4} with primarily W-C chemical bonding, as determined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. These films yielded a relatively low EWF of 4.2 ± 0.1 eV. The introduction of nitrogen based reactant to the plasma or the thermal ALD deposition resulted in a stoichiometry of WC{sub 0.1}N{sub 0.6–0.8} with predominantly W-N chemical bonding. These films produced a high EWF of 4.7 ± 0.1 eV.

  18. General results for higher spin Wilson lines and entanglement in Vasiliev theory

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Hegde, Ashwin; Kraus, Per; Perlmutter, Eric

    2016-01-28

    Here, we develop tools for the efficient evaluation of Wilson lines in 3D higher spin gravity, and use these to compute entanglement entropy in the hs[λ ] Vasiliev theory that governs the bulk side of the duality proposal of Gaberdiel and Gopakumar. Our main technical advance is the determination of SL(N) Wilson lines for arbitrary N, which, in suitable cases, enables us to analytically continue to hs[λ ] via N→ -λ. We then apply this result to compute various quantities of interest, including entanglement entropy expanded perturbatively in the background higher spin charge, chemical potential, and interval size. This includesmore » a computation of entanglement entropy in the higher spin black hole of the Vasiliev theory. Our results are consistent with conformal field theory calculations. We also provide an alternative derivation of the Wilson line, by showing how it arises naturally from earlier work on scalar correlators in higher spin theory. The general picture that emerges is consistent with the statement that the SL(N) Wilson line computes the semiclassical WN vacuum block, and our results provide an explicit result for this object.« less

  19. Biomass-derived high-performance tungsten-based electrocatalysts on graphene for hydrogen evolution

    SciTech Connect

    Meng, Fanke; Hu, Enyuan; Zhang, Lihua; Sasaki, Kotaro; Muckerman, James T.; Fujita, Etsuko

    2015-08-05

    We report a new class of highly active and stable tungsten-based catalysts to replace noble metal materials for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in an acidic electrolyte. The catalyst is produced by heating an earth-abundant and low-cost mixture of ammonium tungstate, soybean powder and graphene nanoplatelets (WSoyGnP). The catalyst compound consists of tungsten carbide (W₂C and WC) and tungsten nitride (WN) nanoparticles decorated on graphene nanoplatelets. The catalyst demonstrates an overpotential (η₁₀, the potential at a current density of 10 mA cm⁻²) of 0.105 V, which is the smallest among tungsten-based HER catalysts in acidic media. The coupling with graphene significantly reduces the charge transfer resistance and increases the active surface area of the product, which are favorable for enhancing the HER activity. Therefore, the approach of employing biomass and other less expensive materials as precursors for the production of catalysts with high HER activity provides a new path for the design and development of efficient catalysts for the hydrogen production industry.

  20. Biomass-derived high-performance tungsten-based electrocatalysts on graphene for hydrogen evolution

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Meng, Fanke; Hu, Enyuan; Zhang, Lihua; Sasaki, Kotaro; Muckerman, James T.; Fujita, Etsuko

    2015-08-05

    We report a new class of highly active and stable tungsten-based catalysts to replace noble metal materials for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) in an acidic electrolyte. The catalyst is produced by heating an earth-abundant and low-cost mixture of ammonium tungstate, soybean powder and graphene nanoplatelets (WSoyGnP). The catalyst compound consists of tungsten carbide (W₂C and WC) and tungsten nitride (WN) nanoparticles decorated on graphene nanoplatelets. The catalyst demonstrates an overpotential (η₁₀, the potential at a current density of 10 mA cm⁻²) of 0.105 V, which is the smallest among tungsten-based HER catalysts in acidic media. The coupling with graphenemore » significantly reduces the charge transfer resistance and increases the active surface area of the product, which are favorable for enhancing the HER activity. Therefore, the approach of employing biomass and other less expensive materials as precursors for the production of catalysts with high HER activity provides a new path for the design and development of efficient catalysts for the hydrogen production industry.« less

  1. The close binary frequency of Wolf-Rayet stars as a function of metallicity in M31 and M33

    SciTech Connect

    Neugent, Kathryn F.; Massey, Philip E-mail: phil.massey@lowell.edu

    2014-07-01

    Massive star evolutionary models generally predict the correct ratio of WC-type and WN-type Wolf-Rayet stars at low metallicities, but underestimate the ratio at higher (solar and above) metallicities. One possible explanation for this failure is perhaps single-star models are not sufficient and Roche-lobe overflow in close binaries is necessary to produce the 'extra' WC stars at higher metallicities. However, this would require the frequency of close massive binaries to be metallicity dependent. Here we test this hypothesis by searching for close Wolf-Rayet binaries in the high metallicity environments of M31 and the center of M33 as well as in the lower metallicity environments of the middle and outer regions of M33. After identifying ∼100 Wolf-Rayet binaries based on radial velocity variations, we conclude that the close binary frequency of Wolf-Rayets is not metallicity dependent and thus other factors must be responsible for the overabundance of WC stars at high metallicities. However, our initial identifications and observations of these close binaries have already been put to good use as we are currently observing additional epochs for eventual orbit and mass determinations.

  2. Massive binaries in the vicinity of Sgr A*

    SciTech Connect

    Pfuhl, O.; Gillessen, S.; Genzel, R.; Eisenhauer, F.; Fritz, T. K.; Ott, T.; Alexander, T.; Martins, F.

    2014-02-20

    A long-term spectroscopic and photometric survey of the most luminous and massive stars in the vicinity of the supermassive black hole Sgr A* revealed two new binaries: a long-period Ofpe/WN9 binary, IRS 16NE, with a modest eccentricity of 0.3 and a period of 224 days, and an eclipsing Wolf-Rayet binary with a period of 2.3 days. Together with the already identified binary IRS 16SW, there are now three confirmed OB/WR binaries in the inner 0.2 pc of the Galactic center. Using radial velocity change upper limits, we were able to constrain the spectroscopic binary fraction in the Galactic center to F{sub SB}=0.30{sub −0.21}{sup +0.34} at a confidence level of 95%, a massive binary fraction close to that observed in dense clusters. The fraction of eclipsing binaries with photometric amplitudes Δm > 0.4 is F{sub EB}{sup GC}=3%±2%, which is consistent with local OB star clusters (F {sub EB} = 1%). Overall, the Galactic center binary fraction seems to be similar to the binary fraction in comparable young clusters.

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 2.5 Residential Construction and Housing Market

    Buildings Energy Data Book

    0 Home Price Index (HPI), All-Transactions, by Census Region (1)(2) New Mid. S. E-S W-S E-N W-N United Eng. Atl. Atl. Centrl Centrl Centrl Centrl MT Pacific States 1975 63.1 71.8 68.5 68.8 56.0 63.5 62.1 56.5 46.2 61.3 1976 69.2 73.9 71.5 71.7 62.8 68.7 68.1 61.6 54.7 66.6 1977 73.1 78.0 76.0 79.8 69.0 76.8 77.0 70.8 68.4 74.3 1978 86.3 82.7 85.6 90.7 81.6 89.5 88.4 83.9 80.1 85.3 1979 97.9 94.4 94.6 99.3 95.4 99.0 98.7 96.7 93.9 96.4 1980 106.6 106.4 104.1 103.9 104.0 102.3 104.0 105.3 105.8

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book

    0 Home Price Index (HPI), All-Transactions, by Census Region (1)(2) New Mid. S. E-S W-S E-N W-N United Eng. Atl. Atl. Centrl Centrl Centrl Centrl MT Pacific States 1975 63.1 71.8 68.5 68.8 56.0 63.5 62.1 56.5 46.2 61.3 1976 69.2 73.9 71.5 71.7 62.8 68.7 68.1 61.6 54.7 66.6 1977 73.1 78.0 76.0 79.8 69.0 76.8 77.0 70.8 68.4 74.3 1978 86.3 82.7 85.6 90.7 81.6 89.5 88.4 83.9 80.1 85.3 1979 97.9 94.4 94.6 99.3 95.4 99.0 98.7 96.7 93.9 96.4 1980 106.6 106.4 104.1 103.9 104.0 102.3 104.0 105.3 105.8

  5. A Measurement of the t anti-t Cross Section in p anti-p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV using Dilepton Events with a Lepton plus Track Selection

    SciTech Connect

    Aaltonen, T.; Adelman, Jahred A.; Akimoto, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, Dante E.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, Alberto; Antos, Jaroslav; Apollinari, G.; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U.

    2009-03-01

    This paper reports a measurement of the cross section for the pair production of top quarks in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron. The data was collected from the CDF II detector in a set of runs with a total integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb{sup -1}. The cross section is measured in the dilepton channel, the subset of t{bar t} events in which both top quarks decay through t {yields} Wb {yields} {ell}{nu}b, where {ell} = e, {mu}, or {tau}. The lepton pair is reconstructed as one identified electron or muon and one isolated track. The use of an isolated track to identify the second lepton increases the t{bar t} acceptance, particularly for the case in which one W decays as W {yields} {tau}{nu}. The purity of the sample may be further improved at the cost of a reduction in the number of signal events, by requiring an identified b-jet. They present the results of measurements performed with and without the request of an identified b-jet. the former is the first published CDF result for which a b-jet requirement is added to the dilepton selection. In the CDF data there are 129 pretag lepton + track candidate events, of which 69 are tagged. With the tagging information, the sample is divided into tagged and untagged sub-samples, and a combined cross section is calculated by maximizing a likelihood. The result is {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} = 9.6 {+-} 1.2(stat.){sub -0.5}{sup +0.6}(sys.) {+-} 0.6(lum.) pb, assuming a branching ratio of BR(W {yields} {ell}{nu}) = 10.8% and a top mass of m{sub t} = 175 GeV/c{sup 2}.

  6. Study on the top quark pair production mechanism in 1.96 TeV proton-antiproton collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Naganoma, Junji; /Waseda U.

    2008-03-01

    The study of the top quark pair production mechanism in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV is described. The main subjects are the measurements of the top quark pair production cross section, the top quark mass and a search for a new particle decaying to the top quark pair. The analyses are based on 1.9 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) Run II experiment between March 2002 and May 2007, using the lepton+jets events. The measured top quark pair production cross section is 8.2 {+-} 0.5 (stat.) {+-} 0.8 (syst.) {+-} 0.5 (lum.) pb, which is slightly higher than the standard model prediction at the top mass of 175 GeV/c{sup 2}. The top quark mass is an important parameter in the standard model, and also in the experimental studies. The measured top quark mass if 171.6 {+-} 2.0 (stat.) {+-} 1.3(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}. Finally, they report on a search for a new gauge boson decaying to t{bar t}, which interferes with the standard model gluon in the q{bar q} {yields} t{bar t} production process. They call such a hypothetical particle a 'Massive Gluon'. The observed t{bar t} invariant mass distribution is consistent with the standard model expectations, and also the measured massive gluon coupling strength with quarks is consistent within a statistical fluctuation of the standard model expectation in the wide range of the massive gluon masses and widths. They set the upper and lower limits on the coupling strength of the massive gluon.

  7. A Meaurement of the W+ W- production cross section in p$\\bar{p}$ collisions at √s=1.96 TeV in the DiLepton channel and limits on anomalous WWZ/γ couplings

    SciTech Connect

    McGivern, Dustin

    2005-12-23

    Measurements of the production cross section of W+ W- pairs in p$\\bar{p}$ collisions at 1.96 TeV and limits on trilinear gauge boson coupling (TGC) parameters are presented. The data were recorded with the CDF experiment at Tevatron during the 2001 and 2002 data taking periods in which a total integrated luminosity of 184 pb-1 was collected. The data sample was filtered for events with two leptonic w boson decays where the charged leptons can be either electrons or muons. 17 events are observed against an expected background of 5.0$+2.2\\atop{-0.8}$ events. The resulting cross-section is found to be σ(p$\\bar{p}$ → W+ W-) = 14.5$+5.8\\atop{-5.1}$(stat)$+1.8\\atop{-3.0}$(syst) ± 0.9(lum) pb and agrees well with the Standard Model expectation. Limits on the TGC parameters Δκ and λ are set under both the equal coupling scheme, that assumes the W boson couples identically to the Z and γ, and the HISZ coupling scheme, that requires the couplings to respect SU(2)L x &(1)Y gauge symmetry. In both cases this is achieved by using a likelihood fit to the lepton-PT distribution of the 17 candidate events. The resulting limits are found to be: -0.4 < Δκ < +0.6(λ = 0); -0.3 < λ < +0.4 (Δκ = 0) for the EQUAL couplings and -0.7 < Δκ < +0.9 (λ = 0); -0.4 < λ < +0.4 (Δκ = 0) for the HISZ couplings.

  8. Research in progress: FY 1992. Summaries of projects

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    The Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Program of OHER has two main missions: (1) to develop the knowledge base necessary to identify, understand, and anticipate the long-term health and environmental consequences of energy use and development and (2) to utilize the Department`s unique scientific and technological capabilities to solve major scientific problems in medicine, biology, and the environment. These missions reflect a commitment to develop the beneficial uses of advanced energy technologies while at the same time assuring that any potentially adverse health and environmental impacts of the Nation`s energy policies are fully identified and understood. The BER Program includes research in atmospheric, marine, and terrestrial processes, including the linkage between the use in greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, and regional and global climate change; in molecular and subcellular mechanisms underlying human somatic and genetic processes and their responses to energy-related environmental toxicants; in nuclear medicine, structural biology, the human genome, measurement sciences and instrumentation, and other areas that require the unique capabilities of the Department`s laboratory system. The principal areas of research are Health Research and Environmental Research.

  9. Biological and Environmental Research Network Requirements

    SciTech Connect

    Balaji, V.; Boden, Tom; Cowley, Dave; Dart, Eli; Dattoria, Vince; Desai, Narayan; Egan, Rob; Foster, Ian; Goldstone, Robin; Gregurick, Susan; Houghton, John; Izaurralde, Cesar; Johnston, Bill; Joseph, Renu; Kleese-van Dam, Kerstin; Lipton, Mary; Monga, Inder; Pritchard, Matt; Rotman, Lauren; Strand, Gary; Stuart, Cory; Tatusova, Tatiana; Tierney, Brian; Thomas, Brian; Williams, Dean N.; Zurawski, Jason

    2013-09-01

    The Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) is the primary provider of network connectivity for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science (SC), the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States. In support of SC programs, ESnet regularly updates and refreshes its understanding of the networking requirements of the instruments, facilities, scientists, and science programs that it serves. This focus has helped ESnet be a highly successful enabler of scientific discovery for over 25 years. In November 2012, ESnet and the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) of the DOE SC organized a review to characterize the networking requirements of the programs funded by the BER program office. Several key findings resulted from the review. Among them: 1) The scale of data sets available to science collaborations continues to increase exponentially. This has broad impact, both on the network and on the computational and storage systems connected to the network. 2) Many science collaborations require assistance to cope with the systems and network engineering challenges inherent in managing the rapid growth in data scale. 3) Several science domains operate distributed facilities that rely on high-performance networking for success. Key examples illustrated in this report include the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) and the Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase). This report expands on these points, and addresses others as well. The report contains a findings section as well as the text of the case studies discussed at the review.

  10. Thermal conductivity of nitride films of Ti, Cr, and W deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect

    Jagannadham, Kasichainula

    2015-05-15

    Nitride films of Ti, Cr, and W were deposited using reactive magnetron sputtering from metal targets in argon and nitrogen plasma. TiN films with (200) orientation were achieved on silicon (100) at the substrate temperature of 500 and 600?C. The films were polycrystalline at lower temperature. An amorphous interface layer was observed between the TiN film and Si wafer deposited at 600?C. TiN film deposited at 600?C showed the nitrogen to Ti ratio to be near unity, but films deposited at lower temperature were nitrogen deficient. CrN film with (200) orientation and good stoichiometry was achieved at 600?C on Si(111) wafer but the film deposited at 500?C showed cubic CrN and hexagonal Cr{sub 2}N phases with smaller grain size and amorphous back ground in the x-ray diffraction pattern. An amorphous interface layer was not observed in the cubic CrN film on Si(111) deposited at 600?C. Nitride film of tungsten deposited at 600?C on Si(100) wafer was nitrogen deficient, contained both cubic W{sub 2}N and hexagonal WN phases with smaller grain size. Nitride films of tungsten deposited at 500?C were nonstoichiometric and contained cubic W{sub 2}N and unreacted W phases. There was no amorphous phase formed along the interface for the tungsten nitride film deposited at 600?C on the Si wafer. Thermal conductivity and interface thermal conductance of all the nitride films of Ti, Cr, and W were determined by transient thermoreflectance technique. The thermal conductivity of the films as function of deposition temperature, microstructure, nitrogen stoichiometry and amorphous interaction layer at the interface was determined. Tungsten nitride film containing both cubic and hexagonal phases was found to exhibit much higher thermal conductivity and interface thermal conductance. The amorphous interface layer was found to reduce effective thermal conductivity of TiN and CrN films.

  11. LARGE-SCALE PERIODIC VARIABILITY OF THE WIND OF THE WOLF-RAYET STAR WR 1 (HD 4004)

    SciTech Connect

    Chene, A.-N.

    2010-06-20

    We present the results of an intensive photometric and spectroscopic monitoring campaign of the WN4 Wolf-Rayet (WR) star WR 1 = HD 4004. Our broadband V photometry covering a timespan of 91 days shows variability with a period of P = 16.9{sup +0.6}{sub -0.3} days. The same period is also found in our spectral data. The light curve is non-sinusoidal with hints of a gradual change in its shape as a function of time. The photometric variations nevertheless remain coherent over several cycles and we estimate that the coherence timescale of the light curve is of the order of 60 days. The spectroscopy shows large-scale line-profile variability which can be interpreted as excess emission peaks moving from one side of the profile to the other on a timescale of several days. Although we cannot unequivocally exclude the unlikely possibility that WR 1 is a binary, we propose that the nature of the variability we have found strongly suggests that it is due to the presence in the wind of the WR star of large-scale structures, most likely corotating interaction regions (CIRs), which are predicted to arise in inherently unstable radiatively driven winds when they are perturbed at their base. We also suggest that variability observed in WR 6, WR 134, and WR 137 is of the same nature. Finally, assuming that the period of CIRs is related to the rotational period, we estimate the rotation rate of the four stars for which sufficient monitoring has been carried out, i.e., v{sub rot} = 6.5, 40, 70, and 275 km s{sup -1} for WR 1, WR 6, WR 134, and WR 137, respectively.

  12. Luminous and variable stars in M31 and M33. II. Luminous blue variables, candidate LBVs, Fe II emission line stars, and other supergiants

    SciTech Connect

    Humphreys, Roberta M.; Davidson, Kris; Weis, Kerstin; Bomans, D. J.; Burggraf, Birgitta E-mail: kweis@astro.rub.de

    2014-07-20

    An increasing number of non-terminal eruptions are being found in the numerous surveys for optical transients. Very little is known about these giant eruptions, their progenitors and their evolutionary state. A greatly improved census of the likely progenitor class, including the most luminous evolved stars, the luminous blue variables (LBVs), and the warm and cool hypergiants is now needed for a complete picture of the final pre-supernova stages of very massive stars. We have begun a survey of the evolved and unstable luminous star populations in several nearby resolved galaxies. In this second paper on M31 and M33, we review the spectral characteristics, spectral energy distributions, circumstellar ejecta, and evidence for mass loss for 82 luminous and variable stars. We show that many of these stars have warm circumstellar dust including several of the Fe II emission line stars, but conclude that the confirmed LBVs in M31 and M33 do not. The confirmed LBVs have relatively low wind speeds even in their hot, quiescent or visual minimum state compared to the B-type supergiants and Of/WN stars which they spectroscopically resemble. The nature of the Fe II emission line stars and their relation to the LBV state remains uncertain, but some have properties in common with the warm hypergiants and the sgB[e] stars. Several individual stars are discussed in detail. We identify three possible candidate LBVs and three additional post-red supergiant candidates. We suggest that M33-013406.63 (UIT301,B416) is not an LBV/S Dor variable, but is a very luminous late O-type supergiant and one of the most luminous stars or pair of stars in M33.

  13. The trace of the CNO cycle in the ring nebula NGC 6888

    SciTech Connect

    Mesa-Delgado, A.; Esteban, C.; García-Rojas, J.; Reyes-Pérez, J.; Morisset, C.; Bresolin, F.

    2014-04-20

    We present new results on the chemical composition of the Galactic ring nebula NGC 6888 surrounding the WN6(h) star WR136. The data are based on deep spectroscopical observations taken with the High Dispersion Spectrograph at the 8.2 m Subaru Telescope. The spectra cover the optical range from 3700 to 7400 Å. The effect of the CNO cycle is well-identified in the abundances of He, N, and O, while elements not involved in the synthesis such as Ar, S, and Fe present values consistent with the solar vicinity and the ambient gas. The major achievement of this work is the first detection of the faint C II λ4267 recombination line in a Wolf-Rayet nebula. This allows us to estimate the C abundance in NGC 6888 and therefore investigate for the first time the trace of the CNO cycle in a ring nebula around a Wolf-Rayet star. Although the detection of the C II line has a low signal-to-noise ratio, the C abundance seems to be higher than the predictions of recent stellar evolution models of massive stars. The Ne abundance also shows a puzzling pattern with an abundance of about 0.5 dex lower than the solar vicinity, which may be related to the action of the NeNa cycle. Attending to the constraints imposed by the dynamical timescale and the He/H and N/O ratios of the nebula, the comparison with stellar evolution models indicates that the initial mass of the stellar progenitor of NGC 6888 is between 25 M {sub ☉} and 40 M {sub ☉}.

  14. Searching for magnetic fields in 11 Wolf-Rayet stars: Analysis of circular polarization measurements from ESPaDOnS

    SciTech Connect

    De la Chevrotière, A.; St-Louis, N.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Collaboration: MiMeS Collaboration

    2014-02-01

    With recent detections of magnetic fields in some of their progenitor O stars, combined with known strong fields in their possible descendant neutron stars, it is natural to search for magnetic fields in Wolf-Rayet (WR) stars, despite the problems associated with the presence of winds enhanced by an order of magnitude over those of O stars. We continue our search among a sample of 11 bright WR stars following our introductory study in a previous paper of WR6 = EZ CMa using the spectropolarimeter ESPaDOnS at Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, most of them in all four Stokes parameters. This sample includes six WN stars and five WC stars encompassing a range of spectral subclasses. Six are medium/long-period binaries and three show corotating interaction regions. We report no definite detections of a magnetic field in the winds in which the lines form (which is about the same distance from the center of the star as it is from the surface of the progenitor O star) for any of the eleven stars. Possible reasons and their implications are discussed. Nonetheless, the data show evidence supporting marginal detections for WR134, WR137, and WR138. According to the Bayesian analysis, the most probable field intensities are B {sub wind} ∼ 200, 130, and 80 G, respectively, with a 95.4% probability that the magnetic fields present in the observable parts of their stellar wind, if stronger, does not exceed B{sub wind}{sup max}∼1900 G, ∼1500 G, and ∼1500 G, respectively. In the case of non-detections, we report an average field strength upper limit of B{sub wind}{sup max}∼500 G.

  15. SEARCH FOR A MAGNETIC FIELD VIA CIRCULAR POLARIZATION IN THE WOLF-RAYET STAR EZ CMa

    SciTech Connect

    De la Chevrotiere, A.; St-Louis, N.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Collaboration: MiMeS Collaboration

    2013-02-20

    We report on the first deep, direct search for a magnetic field via the circular polarization of Zeeman splitting in a Wolf-Rayet (W-R) star. Using the highly efficient ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, we observed at three different epochs one of the best W-R candidates in the sky expected to harbor a magnetic field, the bright, highly variable WN4 star EZ CMa = WR6 = HD 50896. We looked for the characteristic circular polarization (Stokes V) pattern in strong emission lines that would arise as a consequence of a global, rotating magnetic field with a split monopole configuration. We also obtained nearly simultaneous linear polarization spectra (Stokes Q and U), which are dominated by electron scattering, most likely from a flattened wind with large-scale corotating structures. As the star rotates with a period of 3.766 days, our view of the wind changes, which in turn affects the value of the linear polarization in lines versus continuum at the {approx}0.2% level. Depending on the epoch of observation, our Stokes V data were affected by significant crosstalk from Stokes Q and U to V. We removed this spurious signal from the circular polarization data and experimented with various levels of spectral binning to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of our data. In the end, no magnetic field is unambiguously detected in EZ CMa. Assuming that the star is intrinsically magnetic and harbors a split monopole configuration, we find an upper limit of B {approx} 100 G for the intensity of its field in the line-forming regions of the stellar wind.

  16. Eastern Kodak Company

    SciTech Connect

    Y.S. Tyan

    2009-06-30

    Lighting consumes more than 20% of electricity generated in the United States. Solid state lighting relies upon either inorganic or organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). OLED devices because of their thinness, fast response, excellent color, and efficiency could become the technology of choice for future lighting applications, provided progress is made to increase power efficiency and device lifetime and to develop cost-effective manufacturing processes. As a first step in this process, Eastman Kodak Company has demonstrated an OLED device architecture having an efficacy over 50 lm/W that exceeds the specifications of DOE Energy Star Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting. The project included work designed to optimize an OLED device, based on a stacked-OLED structure, with performance parameters of: low voltage; improved light extraction efficiency; improved internal quantum efficiency; and acceptable lifetime. The stated goal for the end of the project was delivery of an OLED device architecture, suitable for development into successful commercial products, having over 50 lum/W power efficiency and 10,000 hours lifetime at 1000 cd/m{sup 2}. During the project, Kodak developed and tested a tandem hybrid IES device made with a fluorescent blue emitter, a phosphorescent yellow emitter, and a phosphorescent red emitter in a stacked structure. The challenge was to find low voltage materials that do not absorb excessive amounts of emitted light when the extraction enhancement structure is applied. Because an extraction enhancement structure forces the emitted light to travel several times through the OLED layers before it is emitted, it exacerbates the absorption loss. A variety of ETL and HTL materials was investigated for application in the low voltage SSL device structure. Several of the materials were found to successfully yield low operating device voltages without incurring excessive absorption loss when the extraction enhancement structure was applied

  17. A Measurement of Z Boson Production and Rapidity Distribution in p - anti-p Collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Robson, Aidan

    2005-01-01

    High-precision measurements are made of Z boson production in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab, using the electron decay channel. The cross-section times branching ratio is measured to be {sigma}{sub Z} {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) = (255.7 {+-} 2.4{sub stat} {+-} 5.2{sub sys} {+-} 15.2{sub lum})pb in a dataset of 194 pb{sup -1} collected between March 2002 and June 2003. This agrees well with theoretical predictions. The cross-section for W boson production in the electron channel has also been measured in the subset of this dataset of 72 pb{sup -1} collected up until January 2003. Using this smaller dataset the ratio of cross-sections is determined to be R {equivalent_to} {sigma}{sub W} {center_dot} Br(W {yields} e{nu})/{sigma}{sub Z} {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} ee) = 10.82 {+-} 0.18{sub stat} {+-} 0.16{sub sys}. Combining these results with measurements made in the muon channel gives R = 10.92 {+-} 0.15{sub stat} {+-} 0.14{sub sys} (e + {mu} channels), from which the branching ratio of the W to electrons and muons, and the total width of the W, have been extracted: Br(W {yields} {ell}{nu}) = 0.1089 {+-} 0.0022 ({ell} = e,{mu}); {Lambda}(W) = 2078.8 {+-} 41.4 MeV, which are in good agreement with the Standard Model values and with other measurements. The CKM quark mixing matrix element |V{sub cs}| has been extracted: |V{sub cs}| = 0.967 {+-} 0.030. The rapidity distribution d{sigma}/dy for Z {yields} ee has also been measured over close to the full kinematic range using 194 pb{sup -1} of data, and is found to be in good agreement with the NNLO prediction.

  18. Measurement of W + gamma Production in the W to Muon Decay Channel in Proton - Anti-proton Collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

    SciTech Connect

    Tanimoto, Naho

    2005-03-01

    The production cross section and the kinematic properties of the decay products of W{gamma} in the W {yields} {mu}{nu} decay channel from p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV are presented. The measurement use the high p{sub T} muon data from the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The data were collected between March 2002 and September 2003. The total integrated luminosities are 192 pb{sup -1} with the muon detector which covers the pseudorapidity region of |{eta}| {le} 0.6 and 175 pb{sup -1} with the muon detector covering the region 0.6 {le} |{eta}| {le} 1.0. In the Standard Model the {mu}{nu}{gamma} final states occur due to W{gamma} {yields} {mu}{nu}{gamma} production and via muon Bremsstrahlung, W {yields} {mu}{nu} {yields} {mu}{nu}{gamma}. W bosons are selected in their muon decay mode. Additionally, photons with transverse energy above 7 GeV, pseudorapidity in the central region (|{eta}| < 1.1) and muon-photon angular separation {Delta}R({mu},{gamma}) > 0.7 are selected. The author observes a total of 128 W{gamma} candidates, whereas the Standard Model expectation is 142.4 {+-} 9.5 events. The W{gamma} production cross section is found to be {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} {mu}{nu}{gamma}) = 16.3 {+-} 2.3(stat.) {+-} 1.8(syst.) {+-} 1.2(lum.) [pb]. The theoretical prediction for this cross section is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} l{nu}{gamma}) = 19.3 {+-} 1.4(th.) [pb]. The Standard Model predictions for several kinematic + variables are compared with data for E{sub T}{sup {gamma}} > 7 GeV and {Delta}R({mu},{gamma}) > 0.7. The measured cross section and the photon and W boson production kinematics are found to agree with the Standard Model predictions.

  19. Aerial Observation Needs Workshop, May 13-14, 2015

    SciTech Connect

    Nasiri, Shaima; Serbin, Shawn; Lesmes, David; Petty, Rick; Schmid, Beat; Vogelmann, Andrew; de Boer, Gijs; Dafflon, Baptiste; Guenther, Alex; Moore, David

    2015-10-01

    The mission of the Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) of the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Science is "to advance a robust, predictive understanding of Earth's climate and environmental systems and to inform the development of sustainable solutions to the nation's energy and environmental challenges." Accomplishing this mission requires aerial observations of the atmospheric and terrestrial components of the climate system. CESD is assessing its current and future aerial observation needs to develop a strategy and roadmap of capability requirements for the next decade. To facilitate this process, a workshop was convened that consisted of invited experts in the atmospheric and terrestrial sciences, airborne observations, and modeling. This workshop report summarizes the community input prior to and during the workshop on research challenges and opportunities, as well as specific science questions and observational needs that require aerial observations to address.

  20. Radiation preservation of foods of plant origin. Part VI. Mushrooms, tomatoes, minor fruits and vegetables, dried fruits, and nuts

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, P.

    1988-01-01

    In this concluding article in the series on the technological feasibility of ionizing radiation treatment for shelf life improvement of fruits and vegetables, the present status of research on several commodities that have not been dealt with earlier is discussed. The commodities include mushrooms, tomatoes, pineapples, lychees, longans, rambutans, mangostenes, guavas, sapotas, loquats, ber, soursops, passion fruits, persimmons, figs, melons, cucumbers, aubergines, globe artichokes, endives, lettuce, ginger, carrots, beet roots, turnips, olives, dates, chestnuts, almonds, pistachios, and other dried fruits and nuts. Changes induced by irradiation on metabolism, chemical constituents, and organoleptic qualities are considered while evaluating the shelf life. The commodities have been grouped into those showing potential benefits and those not showing any clear advantages from radiation treatment. Shelf life improvement of mushrooms and insect disinfestation in dried fruits, nuts, and certain fresh fruits appears to have immediate potential for commercial application. 194 references.

  1. 300 Area Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC) Field Site Management Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Freshley, Mark D.

    2008-12-31

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has established the 300 Area Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (300 Area IFRC) on the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the Office of Science. The project is funded by the Environmental Remediation Sciences Division (ERSD). The purpose of the project is to conduct research at the 300 IFRC to investigate multi-scale mass transfer processes associated with a subsurface uranium plume impacting both the vadose zone and groundwater. The management approach for the 300 Area IFRC requires that a Field Site Management Plan be developed. This is an update of the plan to reflect the installation of the well network and other changes.

  2. The NGEE Arctic Data Archive -- Portal for Archiving and Distributing Data and Documentation

    SciTech Connect

    Boden, Thomas A; Palanisamy, Giri; Devarakonda, Ranjeet; Killeffer, Terri S; Krassovski, Misha B; Hook, Leslie A

    2014-01-01

    The Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE Arctic) project is committed to implementing a rigorous and high-quality data management program. The goal is to implement innovative and cost-effective guidelines and tools for collecting, archiving, and sharing data within the project, the larger scientific community, and the public. The NGEE Arctic web site is the framework for implementing these data management and data sharing tools. The open sharing of NGEE Arctic data among project researchers, the broader scientific community, and the public is critical to meeting the scientific goals and objectives of the NGEE Arctic project and critical to advancing the mission of the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Biological and Environmental (BER) Terrestrial Ecosystem Science (TES) program.

  3. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: TOWARDS ADVANCED UNDERSTANDING AND PREDICTIVE CAPABILITY OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC USING A HIGH-RESOLUTION REGIONAL ARCTIC CLIMATE SYSTEM MODEL

    SciTech Connect

    Gutowski, William J.

    2013-02-07

    The motivation for this project was to advance the science of climate change and prediction in the Arctic region. Its primary goals were to (i) develop a state-of-the-art Regional Arctic Climate system Model (RACM) including high-resolution atmosphere, land, ocean, sea ice and land hydrology components and (ii) to perform extended numerical experiments using high performance computers to minimize uncertainties and fundamentally improve current predictions of climate change in the northern polar regions. These goals were realized first through evaluation studies of climate system components via one-way coupling experiments. Simulations were then used to examine the effects of advancements in climate component systems on their representation of main physics, time-mean fields and to understand variability signals at scales over many years. As such this research directly addressed some of the major science objectives of the BER Climate Change Research Division (CCRD) regarding the advancement of long-term climate prediction.

  4. Secret Key Generation via a Modified Quantum Secret Sharing Protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Smith IV, Amos M; Evans, Philip G; Lawrie, Benjamin J; Legre, Matthieu; Lougovski, Pavel; Ray, William R; Williams, Brian P; Qi, Bing; Grice, Warren P

    2015-01-01

    We present and experimentally show a novel protocol for distributing secret information between two and only two parties in a N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) system. We demonstrate this new algorithm with N = 3 active parties over 6km of telecom. ber. Our experimental device is based on the Clavis2 Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of the N parties can build secret keys based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N > 2 parties. This algorithm allows for the creation of two-party secret keys were standard QSS does not and signicantly reduces the number of resources needed to implement QKD on a highly connected network such as the electrical grid.

  5. Two-Party secret key distribution via a modified quantum secret sharing protocol

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Grice, Warren P.; Evans, Philip G.; Lawrie, Benjamin; Legré, M.; Lougovski, P.; Ray, William R.; Williams, Brian P.; Qi, B.; Smith, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    We present and demonstrate a method of distributing secret information based on N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) in a modied plug-and-play two-party Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system with N 2 intermediate nodes and compare it to both standard QSS and QKD. Our setup is based on the Clavis2 QKD system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of N parties can build a secret key based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N 2 parties. This method signicantly reduces the number of resources (singlemore » photon detectors, lasers and dark ber connections) needed to implement QKD on the grid.« less

  6. Two-Party secret key distribution via a modified quantum secret sharing protocol

    SciTech Connect

    Grice, Warren P.; Evans, Philip G.; Lawrie, Benjamin; Legré, M.; Lougovski, P.; Ray, William R.; Williams, Brian P.; Qi, B.; Smith, A. M.

    2015-01-01

    We present and demonstrate a method of distributing secret information based on N-party single-qubit Quantum Secret Sharing (QSS) in a modied plug-and-play two-party Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) system with N 2 intermediate nodes and compare it to both standard QSS and QKD. Our setup is based on the Clavis2 QKD system built by ID Quantique but is generalizable to any implementation. We show that any two out of N parties can build a secret key based on partial information from each other and with collaboration from the remaining N 2 parties. This method signicantly reduces the number of resources (single photon detectors, lasers and dark ber connections) needed to implement QKD on the grid.

  7. A Passion for Discovery

    ScienceCinema

    Peter Freund

    2016-07-12

    The human side of doing theoretical physics is explored through stories about the interactions between physicists and about the way world events can affect not only the scientists' behavior, but even their scientific interests and style.  These stories cluster nicely around certain bigger themes to create an overarching whole.  This happens both on account of some interesting narrative structures intrinsic to the science of Physics itself and on account of the way Physics integrates into the general culture. The stories concern Einstein, Schrödinger, Pauli, Heisenberg, Stueckelberg, Jordan and Fock and also involve some mathematicians like Emmy Noether, Teichmüller and Bers and even the psychologist C.G. Jung.

  8. Evaluation of the effects of a plasma activated medium on cancer cells

    SciTech Connect

    Mohades, S.; Laroussi, M. Sears, J.; Barekzi, N.; Razavi, H.

    2015-12-15

    The interaction of low temperature plasma with liquids is a relevant topic of study to the field of plasma medicine. This is because cells and tissues are normally surrounded or covered by biological fluids. Therefore, the chemistry induced by the plasma in the aqueous state becomes crucial and usually dictates the biological outcomes. This process became even more important after the discovery that plasma activated media can be useful in killing various cancer cell lines. Here, we report on the measurements of concentrations of hydrogen peroxide, a species known to have strong biological effects, produced by application of plasma to a minimum essential culture medium. The activated medium is then used to treat SCaBER cancer cells. Results indicate that the plasma activated medium can kill the cancer cells in a dose dependent manner, retain its killing effect for several hours, and is as effective as apoptosis inducing drugs.

  9. F

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Anthropogenic C limate C hange U sing S uper--- Parameteriza0on Cris0ana S tan George M ason U niversity and COLA NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD 1. P roject D escrip0on * Objec0ve: C onduct a nd a nalyze s imula0ons o f anthropogenic c limate c hange w ithin a f ramework i n which t he a tmosphere m odel h as a c loud---resolving model e mbedded i n e ach g rid c olumn. * Our p resent f ocus i s t o c onduct s imula0ons i n w hich the c loud---resolving m

  10. F

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Requirements f or t he D ark E nergy S urvey Sco> D odelson Fermilab NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 November 27, 2012 Rockville, MD Dark E nergy S urvey Fermilab, U IUC/NCSA, U niversity o f C hicago, L BNL , N OAO, U niversity C ollege L ondon, U niversity o f Cambridge, U niversity o f E dinburgh, U niversity o f P ortsmouth, U niversity o f S ussex, U niversity o f NoKngham, I ns0tuto d e C iencias d el E spacio, I ns0tut d e F isica d 'Altes E nergies, C entro d e Inves0gaciones E

  11. F

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    " Development o f F rameworks f or R obust Regional C limate M odeling" L. R uby L eung Pacific N orthwest N a0onal L aboratory NERSC BER Requirements for 2017 September 11-12, 2012 Rockville, MD 1. P roject D escrip0on Ruby L eung, P NNL; T odd R ingler, L ANL; B ill C ollins, L BNL, a nd M oet Ashfaq, O RNL; M ark T aylor, S NL * Objec0ves: * Applies a h ierarchical f ramework t o e valuate t hree d ynamical approaches t o m odeling r egional c limate t hrough g lobal h igh resolu0on

  12. LOUISIANA IMMERSIVE TECHNOLOGIES ENTERPRISE (LITE): ENABLING COASTAL STEWARDSHIP AND RELIABLE ENERGY

    SciTech Connect

    Cruz-Neira, Carolina

    2009-01-24

    This project will focus on research and application development in the area of large scale data computing and visualization that are critical to the DoE BER program areas of climate change research, environmental sciences, life sciences, and medical sciences. Most commercial applications available today are unable to handle the sizes of data in these domains, usually in the order of terabytes and petabytes. This project will address this problem, by taking advantage of the advanced scientific computing infrastructure of the LITE and LONI to conduct research and develop software applications that run natively on these 64-bit supercomputing platforms. The project is consistent with the goals of Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC), a DoE initiative.

  13. Facile synthesis of SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles for biomedical applications

    SciTech Connect

    Scano, A. Pilloni, M. Cabras, V. Ennas, G.; Vazquez-Vazquez, C.

    2014-10-21

    Silica nanoparticles (SiO{sub 2} NPs) for biomedical applications have been prepared by using a facile modified Stöber-synthesis. Potassium borohydride (KBH{sub 4}) has been introduced in the synthesis procedure in order to control NP size. Several samples have been prepared varying tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) concentration, and using different process conditions (temperature, reaction time and atmosphere). In order to study the influence of the process conditions on the NP size, morphology and properties, several characterization techniques were used. Size and morphology of the as-prepared SiO{sub 2} NPs have been studied by using Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) techniques. Structural characterization was carried out by X-ray powder diffraction. To investigate the SiO{sub 2} NP fluorescence emission properties the fluorescence spectroscopy was also used.

  14. Improved Radiation Dosimetry/Risk Estimates to Facilitate Environmental Management of Plutonium-Contaminated Sites

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, Bobby R.; Tokarskaya, Zoya B.; Zhuntova, Galina V.; Osovets, Sergey V.; Syrchikov, Victor A., Belyaeva, Zinaida D.

    2007-12-14

    This report summarizes 4 years of research achievements in this Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) project. The research described was conducted by scientists and supporting staff at Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute (LRRI)/Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI) and the Southern Urals Biophysics Institute (SUBI). All project objectives and goals were achieved. A major focus was on obtaining improved cancer risk estimates for exposure via inhalation to plutonium (Pu) isotopes in the workplace (DOE radiation workers) and environment (public exposures to Pu-contaminated soil). A major finding was that low doses and dose rates of gamma rays can significantly suppress cancer induction by alpha radiation from inhaled Pu isotopes. The suppression relates to stimulation of the body's natural defenses, including immunity against cancer cells and selective apoptosis which removes precancerous and other aberrant cells.

  15. Polar Research with Unmanned Aircraft and Tethered Balloons

    SciTech Connect

    Ivey, M; Petty, R; Desilets, D; Verlinde, J; Ellingson, R

    2014-01-24

    The Arctic is experiencing rapid climate change, with nearly double the rate of surface warming observed elsewhere on the planet. While various positive feedback mechanisms have been suggested, the reasons for Arctic amplification are not well understood, nor are the impacts to the global carbon cycle well quantified. Additionally, there are uncertainties associated with the complex interactions between Earth’s surface and the atmosphere. Elucidating the causes and consequences of Arctic warming is one of the many goals of the Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) program, and is part of the larger CESD initiative to develop a robust predictive understanding of Earth’s climate system.

  16. Phase-resolved XMM-Newton and swift observations of WR 25

    SciTech Connect

    Pandey, J. C.; Pandey, S. B.; Karmakar, Subhajeet

    2014-06-10

    We present an analysis of long-term X-ray and optical observations of the Wolf-Rayet binary, WR 25. Using archival data from observations with the XMM-Newton and the Swift observatories, spanning over ∼10 yr, we show that WR 25 is a periodic variable in X-rays with a period of 208 ± 3 days. X-ray light curves in the 0.5-10.0 keV energy band show phase-locked variability, where the flux increased by a factor of ∼2 from minimum to maximum, being maximum near periastron passage. The light curve in the soft energy band (0.5-2.0 keV) shows two minima indicating the presence of two eclipses. However, the light curve in the hard energy band (2.0-10.0 keV) shows only one minimum during the apastron passage. The X-ray spectra of WR 25 were explained by a two-temperature plasma model. Both the cool and the hot plasmas were constant at 0.628 ± 0.008 and 2.75 ± 0.06 keV throughout an orbital cycle, where the cooler plasma could be due to small scale shocks in a radiation-driven outflow and the high temperature plasma could be due to the collision of winds. The column density varied with the orbital phase and was found to be maximum after the periastron passage, when the WN star is in front of the O star. The abundances of WR 25 were found to be non-solar. Optical V-band data of WR 25 also show the phase-locked variability, being at maximum near periastron passage. The results based on the present analysis indicate that WR 25 is a colliding wind binary where the presence of soft X-rays is attributed to individual components; however, hard X-rays are due to the collision of winds.

  17. Synergized resmethrin and corticosterone alter the chicken's response to west nile virus

    SciTech Connect

    Jankowski, Mark David; Franson, J Christian; Mostl, Erich; Porter, Warren P; Hofmeister, Erik K

    2009-01-01

    Debate concerning arbovirus control strategies remains contentious because concern regarding the relative risk of viral infection and environmental toxicant exposure is high but inadequately characterized. Taking this into account, mosquito control agencies employ aerial insecticides only after arbovirus surveillance data indicate high local mosquito-infection-rates. Successfully mitigating the risk of adult-mosquito-control insecticides ('adulticides') to non-target species such as humans, domestic animals, fish, beneficial insects and wildlife, while increasing their efficacy to reduce arbovirus outbreak intensity requires targeted scientific data from animal toxicity studies and environmental monitoring activities. Wild birds are an important reservoir host for WNv and are potentially exposed to insecticides used for mosquito control. However, no risk assessments have evaluated whether insecticides augment or extend the potential transmissibility of West Nile virus (WNv) in birds. In order to augment existing resmethrin risk assessments, we aimed to determine whether synergized resmethrin (SR) may cause chickens to develop an elevated or extended WN viremia and if subacute stress may affect its immunotoxicity. We distributed 40 chickens into four groups then exposed them prior to and during WNv infection with SR (50 {mu}g/l resmethrin + 150 {mu}g/l piperonyl butoxide) and/or 20 mg/I corticosterone (CORT) in their drinking-water. Corticosterone was given for 10 continuous days and SR was given for 3 alternate days starting the 3rd day of CORT exposure, then chickens were subcutaneously inoculated with WNv on the 5th day of CORT treatment. Compared to controls, CORT treatment extended and elevated viremia, enhanced WNv-specific antibody and increased the percentage of birds that shed oral virus, whereas SR treatment extended viremia, depressed WNv-specific IgG, and increased the percentage of CORT-treated birds that shed oral virus. Corticosterone and SR

  18. Progress report and technical evaluation of the ISCR pilot test conducted at the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Centralia, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2009-01-14

    In October, 2007, the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA) presented the document Interim Measure Conceptual Design (Argonne 2007a) to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Bureau of Environmental Remediation (KDHE/BER), for a proposed non-emergency Interim Measure (IM) at the site of the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Centralia, Kansas (Figure 1.1). The IM was recommended to mitigate existing levels of carbon tetrachloride contamination identified in the vadose zone soils beneath the former facility and in the groundwater beneath and in the vicinity of the former facility, as well as to moderate or decrease the potential future concentrations of carbon tetrachloride in the groundwater. The Interim Measure Conceptual Design (Argonne 2007a) was developed in accordance with the KDHE/BER Policy No.BERRS-029, Policy and Scope of Work: Interim Measures (KDHE 1996). The hydrogeologic, geochemical, and contaminant distribution characteristics of the Centralia site, as identified by the CCC/USDA, factored into the development of the nonemergency IM proposal. These characteristics were summarized in the Interim Measure Conceptual Design (Argonne 2007a) and were discussed in detail in previous Argonne reports (Argonne 2002a, 2003, 2004, 2005a,b,c, 2006a,b, 2007b). The identified remedial goals of the proposed IM were as follows: (1) To reduce the existing concentrations of carbon tetrachloride in groundwater in three 'hot spot' areas identified at the site (at SB01, SB05, and SB12-MW02; Figure 1.2) to levels acceptable to the KDHE. (2) To reduce carbon tetrachloride concentrations in the soils near the location of former soil boring SB12 and existing monitoring well MW02 (Figure 1.2) to levels below the KDHE Tier 2 Risk-Based Screening Level (RBSL) of 200 {micro}g/kg for this contaminant. To address these goals, the potential application of an in situ chemical reduction (ISCR) treatment technology, employing the

  19. Ultra-scale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT)

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Dean N.

    2011-07-20

    This report summarizes work carried out by the Ultra-scale Visualization Climate Data Analysis Tools (UV-CDAT) Team for the period of January 1, 2011 through June 30, 2011. It discusses highlights, overall progress, period goals, and collaborations and lists papers and presentations. To learn more about our project, please visit our UV-CDAT website (URL: http://uv-cdat.org). This report will be forwarded to the program manager for the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER), national and international collaborators and stakeholders, and to researchers working on a wide range of other climate model, reanalysis, and observation evaluation activities. The UV-CDAT executive committee consists of Dean N. Williams of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Dave Bader and Galen Shipman of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Phil Jones and James Ahrens of Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Claudio Silva of Polytechnic Institute of New York University (NYU-Poly); and Berk Geveci of Kitware, Inc. The UV-CDAT team consists of researchers and scientists with diverse domain knowledge whose home institutions also include the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the University of Utah. All work is accomplished under DOE open-source guidelines and in close collaboration with the project's stakeholders, domain researchers, and scientists. Working directly with BER climate science analysis projects, this consortium will develop and deploy data and computational resources useful to a wide variety of stakeholders, including scientists, policymakers, and the general public. Members of this consortium already collaborate with other institutions and universities in researching data discovery, management, visualization, workflow analysis, and provenance. The UV-CDAT team will address the following high-level visualization requirements: (1) Alternative parallel streaming statistics and analysis pipelines - Data

  20. U.S. Radioecology Research Programs of the Atomic Energy Commission in the 1950s

    SciTech Connect

    Reichle, D.E.

    2004-01-12

    This report contains two companion papers about radiological and environmental research that developed out of efforts of the Atomic Energy Commission in the late 1940s and the 1950s. Both papers were written for the Joint U.S.-Russian International Symposium entitled ''History of Atomic Energy Projects in the 1950s--Sociopolitical, Environmental, and Engineering Lessons Learned,'' which was hosted by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxemberg, Austria, in October 1999. Because the proceedings of this symposium were not published, these valuable historic reviews and their references are being documented as a single ORNL report. The first paper, ''U.S. Radioecology Research Programs Initiated in the 1950s,'' written by David Reichle and Stanley Auerbach, deals with the formation of the early radioecological research programs at the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's nuclear production facilities at the Clinton Engineering Works in Oak Ridge, Tennessee; at the Hanford Plant in Richland, Washington; and at the Savannah River Plant in Georgia. These early radioecology programs were outgrowths of the environmental monitoring programs at each site and eventually developed into the world renowned National Laboratory environmental program sponsored by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research of the U.S. Department of Energy. The original version of the first paper was presented by David Reichle at the symposium. The second paper, ''U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's Environmental Research Programs Established in the 1950s,'' summarizes all the environmental research programs supported by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in the 1950s and discusses their present-day legacies. This paper is a modified, expanded version of a paper that was published in September 1997 in a volume commemorating the 50th anniversary symposium of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (DOE/BER). Contributors to the original

  1. Recent Advances on Carbon Nanospheres. Synthetic Routes and Applications

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Zhang, Pengfei; Qiao, Zhenan; Dai, Sheng

    2015-04-02

    Carbon-based materials are the most popular material types in both fundamental research and industrial applications, partly because of their well-controlled nano-morphologies. In the past two decades, we have witnessed a number of breakthroughs in carbon research: fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and more recently graphene. Nowadays, carbon nanospheres are attracting more and more attention worldwide due to their excellent performance in various fields: drug delivery, heterogeneous catalysis, encapsulation of support and electrode materials. Actually, spherical carbon is an old material, whereas controlling carbon spheres in the nanometer range is a recent story. In the past 5 years, it has become possible tomore » precisely control the particle size, surface area, pore size, chemical composition, and dispersity of carbon nanospheres. Toward this end, a number of synthetic strategies are emerging, such as hydrothermal carbonization of biomass-based resources, extended Stöber synthesis, and organic–organic self-assembly via different binding methods. In this feature article, we summarize recent routes for carbon nanospheres and briefly touch on their applications to shed light on the potential of this field. Throughout this article, a special emphasis is placed on the possible modulation of spherical structures at the nanoscale, and we wish to inspire many more designs and applications of carbon nanostructures in the near future.« less

  2. Recent Advances on Carbon Nanospheres. Synthetic Routes and Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, Pengfei; Qiao, Zhenan; Dai, Sheng

    2015-04-02

    Carbon-based materials are the most popular material types in both fundamental research and industrial applications, partly because of their well-controlled nano-morphologies. In the past two decades, we have witnessed a number of breakthroughs in carbon research: fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and more recently graphene. Nowadays, carbon nanospheres are attracting more and more attention worldwide due to their excellent performance in various fields: drug delivery, heterogeneous catalysis, encapsulation of support and electrode materials. Actually, spherical carbon is an old material, whereas controlling carbon spheres in the nanometer range is a recent story. In the past 5 years, it has become possible to precisely control the particle size, surface area, pore size, chemical composition, and dispersity of carbon nanospheres. Toward this end, a number of synthetic strategies are emerging, such as hydrothermal carbonization of biomass-based resources, extended Stöber synthesis, and organic–organic self-assembly via different binding methods. In this feature article, we summarize recent routes for carbon nanospheres and briefly touch on their applications to shed light on the potential of this field. Throughout this article, a special emphasis is placed on the possible modulation of spherical structures at the nanoscale, and we wish to inspire many more designs and applications of carbon nanostructures in the near future.

  3. Size dependent structural, vibrational and magnetic properties of BiFeO{sub 3} and core-shell structured BiFeO{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect

    Chauhan, Sunil Kumar, Manoj Chhoker, Sandeep Katyal, S. C.

    2014-04-24

    Bulk BiFeO{sub 3}, BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles and core-shell structured BiFeO{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles were synthesized by solid state reaction method, sol-gel and Stöber process (SiO{sub 2} shell) respectively. Transmission electron microscopy image confirmed the core-shell structure of BiFeO{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles with BiFeO3 core ∼50-90 nm and SiO{sub 2} shell ∼16 nm. X-ray diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy results showed the presence of distorted rhombohedral structure with R3c space group in all three samples. The magnetic measurement indicated the existence of room-temperature weak ferromagnetism in core-shell BiFeO{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles and BiFeO3 nanoparticles, whereas bulk BiFeO{sub 3} showed antiferromagnteic nature. Electron Spin Resonance results confirmed the enhancement in magnetic properties of coreshell structured BiFeO{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles in comparison with BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles and bulk BiFeO{sub 3}.

  4. DOE NABIR PI Workshop: Abstracts 2002

    SciTech Connect

    Hawkes , Dan

    2002-01-09

    The mission of the NABIR program is to provide the fundamental science that will serve as the basis for the development of cost-effective bioremediation and long-term stewardship of radionuclides and metals in the subsurface at DOE sites. The focus of the program is on strategies leading to long-term immobilization of contaminants in place to reduce the risk to humans and the environment. Contaminants of special interest are uranium, technetium, plutonium, chromium, and mercury. The focus of the NABIR program is on the bioremediation of these contaminants in the subsurface below the root zone, including both vadose and saturated zones. The program is implemented through four interrelated scientific research elements (Biogeochemistry, Biomolecular Science and Engineering, Biotransformation, and Community Dynamics/Microbial Ecology); and through an element called Bioremediation and its Societal Implications and Concerns (BASIC), which addresses societal issues and potential concerns of stakeholders. The material presented at this year's workshop focuses on approximately 60 research projects funded in FY 2000-2002 by DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). Abstracts of NABIR research projects are provided in this book.

  5. Multi Spectral Pushbroom Imaging Radiometer (MPIR) for remote sensing cloud studies

    SciTech Connect

    Phipps, G.S.; Grotbeck, C.L.

    1995-10-01

    A Multi Spectral Pushbroom Imaging Radiometer (MPIR) has been developed as are relatively inexpensive ({approximately}$IM/copy), well-calibrated,imaging radiometer for aircraft studies of cloud properties. The instrument is designed to fly on an Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) platform at altitudes from the surface up to 20 km. MPIR is being developed to support the Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle portion of the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Radiation Measurements program (ARM/UAV). Radiation-cloud interactions are the dominant uncertainty in the current General Circulation Models used for atmospheric climate studies. Reduction of this uncertainty is a top scientific priority of the US Global Change Research Program and the ARM program. While the DOE`s ARM program measures a num-ber of parameters from the ground-based Clouds and Radiation Testbed sites, it was recognized from the outset that other key parameters are best measured by sustained airborne data taking. These measurements are critical in our understanding of global change issues as well as for improved atmospheric and near space weather forecasting applications.

  6. ESG-CET Final Progress Title

    SciTech Connect

    Don Middleton

    2011-10-06

    Drawing to a close after five years of funding from DOE's ASCR and BER program offices, the SciDAC-2 project called the Earth System Grid (ESG) Center for Enabling Technologies has successfully established a new capability for serving data from distributed centers. The system enables users to access, analyze, and visualize data using a globally federated collection of networks, computers and software. The ESG software - now known as the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) - has attracted a broad developer base and has been widely adopted so that it is now being utilized in serving the most comprehensive multi-model climate data sets in the world. The system is used to support international climate model intercomparison activities as well as high profile U.S. DOE, NOAA, NASA, and NSF projects. It currently provides more than 25,000 users access to more than half a petabyte of climate data (from models and from observations) and has enabled over a 1,000 scientific publications.

  7. Department of Energy's Biological and Environmental Research Strategic Data Roadmap for Earth System Science

    SciTech Connect

    Williams, Dean N.; Palanisamy, Giri; Shipman, Galen; Boden, Thomas A.; Voyles, Jimmy W.

    2014-04-25

    Rapid advances in experimental, sensor, and computational technologies and techniques are driving exponential growth in the volume, acquisition rate, variety, and complexity of scientific data. This wealth of scientifically meaningful data has tremendous potential to lead to scientific discovery. However, to achieve scientific breakthroughs, these data must be exploitable—they must be analyzed effectively and efficiently and the results shared and communicated easily within the wider Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) community. The explosion in data complexity and scale makes these tasks exceedingly difficult to achieve, particularly given that an increasing number of disciplines are working across techniques, integrating simulation and experimental or observational results (see Table 5 in Appendix 2). Consequently, we need new approaches to data management, analysis, and visualization that provide research teams with easy-to-use and scalable end-to-end solutions. These solutions must facilitate (and where feasible, automate and capture) every stage in the data lifecycle (shown in Figure 1), from collection to management, annotation, sharing, discovery, analysis, and visualization. In addition, the core functionalities are the same across climate science communities, but they require customization to adapt to specific needs and fit into research and analysis workflows. To this end, the mission of CESD’s Data and Informatics Program is to integrate all existing and future distributed CESD data holdings into a seamless and unified environment for the acceleration of Earth system science.

  8. PMEL contributions to the collaboration: SCALING THE EARTH SYSTEM GRID TO PETASCALE DATA for the DOE SciDACs Earth System Grid Center for Enabling Technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Hankin, Steve

    2012-06-01

    Drawing to a close after five years of funding from DOE's ASCR and BER program offices, the SciDAC-2 project called the Earth System Grid (ESG) Center for Enabling Technologies has successfully established a new capability for serving data from distributed centers. The system enables users to access, analyze, and visualize data using a globally federated collection of networks, computers and software. The ESG software now known as the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) has attracted a broad developer base and has been widely adopted so that it is now being utilized in serving the most comprehensive multi-model climate data sets in the world. The system is used to support international climate model intercomparison activities as well as high profile U.S. DOE, NOAA, NASA, and NSF projects. It currently provides more than 25,000 users access to more than half a petabyte of climate data (from models and from observations) and has enabled over a 1,000 scientific publications.

  9. Time-of-flight Extreme Environment Diffractometer at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin

    SciTech Connect

    Prokhnenko, Oleksandr Stein, Wolf-Dieter; Bleif, Hans-Jürgen; Fromme, Michael; Bartkowiak, Maciej; Wilpert, Thomas

    2015-03-15

    The Extreme Environment Diffractometer (EXED) is a new neutron time-of-flight instrument at the BER II research reactor at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Germany. Although EXED is a special-purpose instrument, its early construction made it available for users as a general-purpose diffractometer. In this respect, EXED became one of the rare examples, where the performance of a time-of-flight diffractometer at a continuous source can be characterized. In this paper, we report on the design and performance of EXED with an emphasis on the unique instrument capabilities. The latter comprise variable wavelength resolution and wavelength band, control of the incoming beam divergence, the possibility to change the angular positions of detectors and their distance to the sample, and use of event recording and offline histogramming. These features combined make EXED easily tunable to the requirements of a particular problem, from conventional diffraction to small angle neutron scattering. The instrument performance is demonstrated by several reference measurements and user experiments.

  10. Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry

    SciTech Connect

    Silber, Herbert B.

    2013-06-20

    The ACS Summer Schools in Nuclear and Radiochemistry (herein called “Summer Schools”) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy and held at San Jose State University (SJSU) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The Summer Schools offer undergraduate students with U.S. citizenship an opportunity to complete coursework through ACS accredited chemistry degree programs at SJSU or the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SBU). The courses include lecture and laboratory work on the fundamentals and applications of nuclear and radiochemistry. The number of students participating at each site is limited to 12, and the low student-to-instructor ratio is needed due to the intense nature of the six-week program. To broaden the students’ perspectives on nuclear science, prominent research scientists active in nuclear and/or radiochemical research participate in a Guest Lecture Series. Symposia emphasizing environmental chemistry, nuclear medicine, and career opportunities are conducted as a part of the program. The Department of Energy’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) renewed the five-year proposal for the Summer Schools starting March 1, 2007, with contributions from Biological and Environmental Remediation (BER) and Nuclear Physics (NP). This Final Technical Report covers the Summer Schools held in the years 2007-2011.

  11. Scientific Grand Challenges: Challenges in Climate Change Science and the Role of Computing at the Extreme Scale

    SciTech Connect

    Khaleel, Mohammad A.; Johnson, Gary M.; Washington, Warren M.

    2009-07-02

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) in partnership with the Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) held a workshop on the challenges in climate change science and the role of computing at the extreme scale, November 6-7, 2008, in Bethesda, Maryland. At the workshop, participants identified the scientific challenges facing the field of climate science and outlined the research directions of highest priority that should be pursued to meet these challenges. Representatives from the national and international climate change research community as well as representatives from the high-performance computing community attended the workshop. This group represented a broad mix of expertise. Of the 99 participants, 6 were from international institutions. Before the workshop, each of the four panels prepared a white paper, which provided the starting place for the workshop discussions. These four panels of workshop attendees devoted to their efforts the following themes: Model Development and Integrated Assessment; Algorithms and Computational Environment; Decadal Predictability and Prediction; Data, Visualization, and Computing Productivity. The recommendations of the panels are summarized in the body of this report.

  12. DOE-NABIR PI Workshop: Abstracts 2003

    SciTech Connect

    Various

    2003-01-28

    The mission of the NABIR program is to provide the fundamental science that will serve as the basis for the development of cost-effective bioremediation and long-term stewardship of radionuclides and metals in the subsurface at DOE sites. The focus of the program is on strategies leading to long-term immobilization of contaminants in situ to reduce the risk to humans and the environment. Contaminants of special interest are uranium, technetium, plutonium, chromium, and mercury. The focus of the NABIR program is on the bioremediation of these contaminants in the subsurface below the root zone, including both vadose and saturated zones. The program consists of four interrelated Science Elements (Biotransformation, Community Dynamics/Microbial Ecology, Biomolecular Science and Engineering, and Biogeochemistry). The program also has a cross-cutting Assessment Element that supports development of innovative approaches and technologies to support the science elements. An element called Bioremediation and its Societal Implications and Concerns (BASIC) addresses potential societal issues of implementing NABIR scientific findings. The material presented at this year's workshop focuses on approximately 60 research projects funded in FY 2000-2003 by the Environmental Remediation Sciences Division in DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) in the Office of Science. Abstracts of NABIR research projects are provided in this book.

  13. Interim measure work plan/design for Agra, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-11-18

    This Interim Measure Work Plan/Design (IMWP/D) is supplemental to the Argonne document Interim Measure Conceptual Design for Remediation of Source Area Contamination at Agra, Kansas. The IMWP/D includes information required by Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy BER-RS-029, Policy and Scope of Work for Interim Measures. Specific to Policy BER-RS-029 is the requirement for several documents that will ensure that an adequate amount and type of data are collected for implementation of the IMWP/D and that data quality and safe conditions are prevailed. Such information is included in the IMWP/D as follows: Appendix A: Data Acquisition Plan--Design Testing Requirements; Appendix B: Basis of Design; Appendix C: Permits; Appendix D: Quality Assurance Project Plan; Appendix E: Health and Safety Plan; and Appendix F: Operations, Maintenance, and Monitoring Schedule. The proposed remedial technology for this project is the installation of five large-diameter boreholes (LDBs) in a source area that has been identified on the property formerly used for grain storage by the Commodity Credit Corporation of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (CCC/USDA). The goal of the LDB technology is the remediation of the source area by removal of mass quantities of contaminated soil from the vadose zone and treatment of any remaining contaminated soils that are adjacent to the source area to achieve a carbon tetrachloride concentration below 200 {micro}g/kg. Secondary to the soil remediation is the remediation of groundwater at and adjacent to the source areas. The LDB technology serves the following purposes: (1) The physical removal of contaminated soil from the identified source area. (2) Replacement of less permeable native materials (silty clay, clayey silt, and silty sand) with more permeable materials to facilitate the capture of volatilized contaminants in the vertical borehole. (3) Removal of contaminants volatilized by air sparging (AS) and extracted from the

  14. Final work plan : groundwater monitoring at Morrill, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect

    LaFreniere, L. M.

    2006-01-27

    This Work Plan outlines the scope of work for a program of twice yearly groundwater monitoring at Morrill, Kansas (Figure 1.1). The purposes of this monitoring program are to follow changes in plume dynamics and to collect data necessary to evaluate the suitability of monitored natural attenuation as a remedial option, under the requirements of Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy No.BER-RS-042. This monitoring program is planned for a minimum of 2 yr. The planned monitoring activity is part of an investigation at Morrill being performed on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), by the Environmental Research Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an interagency agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. Details and background for this Work Plan were presented previously (Argonne 2004, 2005). Argonne has also issued a Master Work Plan (Argonne 2002) that describes the general scope of and guidance for all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas. The Master Work Plan (approved by the KDHE) contains the materials common to investigations at all locations in Kansas. These documents must be consulted for the complete details of plans for this work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Morrill.

  15. Final work plan : groundwater monitoring at Centralia, Kansas.

    SciTech Connect

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2005-08-31

    This Work Plan outlines the scope of work for a program of twice yearly groundwater monitoring at the site of a former grain storage facility at Centralia, Kansas (Figure 1.1). The purposes of this monitoring program are to follow changes in plume dynamics and to collect data necessary to evaluate the suitability of monitored natural attenuation as a remedial option, under the requirements of Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) Policy No.BER-RS-042. This monitoring program is planned for a minimum of 2 yr. The planned monitoring activity is part of an investigation at Centralia being performed on behalf of the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), by the Environmental Research Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by the University of Chicago for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an interagency agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. Details and background for this Work Plan were presented previously (Argonne 2004, 2005). Argonne has also issued a Master Work Plan (Argonne 2002) that describes the general scope of and guidance for all investigations at former CCC/USDA facilities in Kansas. The Master Work Plan (approved by the KDHE) contains the materials common to investigations at all locations in Kansas. These documents must be consulted for the complete details of plans for this work associated with the former CCC/USDA facility at Centralia.

  16. Annual Report FY2013-- A Kinematically Complete, Interdisciplinary, and Co-Institutional Measurement of the 19F(α,n) Cross-section for Nuclear Safeguards Science

    SciTech Connect

    Peters, William A; Smith, Michael Scott; Clement, Ryan; Tan, Wanpeng; Stech, Ed; Cizewski, J A; Febbraro, Michael; Madurga Flores, Miguel

    2013-10-01

    The goal of this proposal is to enable neutron detection for precision Non-Destructive Assays (NDAs) of actinide-fluoride samples. Neutrons are continuously generated from a UFx matrix in a container or sample as a result of the interaction of alpha particles from uranium-decay α particles with fluorine nuclei in the matrix. Neutrons from 19F(α,n)22Na were once considered a poorly characterized background for assays of UFx samples via 238U spontaneous fission neutron detection [SMI2010B]. However, the yield of decay-α-driven neutrons is critical for 234,235U LEU and HEU assays, as it can used to determine both the total amount of uranium and the enrichment [BER2010]. This approach can be extremely valuable in a variety of safeguard applications, such as cylinder monitoring in underground uranium storage facilities, nuclear criticality safety studies, nuclear materials accounting, and other nonproliferation applications. The success of neutron-based assays critically depends on an accurate knowledge of the cross section of the (α,n) reaction that generates the neutrons. The 40% uncertainty in the 19F(α,n)22Na cross section currently limits the precision of such assays, and has been identified as a key factor in preventing accurate enrichment determinations [CRO2003]. The need for higher quality cross section data for (α,n) reactions has been a recurring conclusion in reviews of the nuclear data needs to support safeguards. The overarching goal of this project is to enable neutron detection to be used for precision Non- Destructive Assays (NDAs) of actinide-fluoride samples. This will significantly advance safeguards verification at existing declared facilities, nuclear materials accounting, process control, nuclear criticality safety monitoring, and a variety of other nonproliferation applications. To reach this goal, Idaho National Laboratory (INL), in partnership with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Rutgers University (RU), and the University of Notre

  17. MIDWESTERN REGIONAL CENTER OF THE DOE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR CLIMATIC CHANGE RESEARCH

    SciTech Connect

    Burton, Andrew J.

    2014-02-28

    The goal of NICCR (National Institute for Climatic Change Research) was to mobilize university researchers, from all regions of the country, in support of the climatic change research objectives of DOE/BER. The NICCR Midwestern Regional Center (MRC) supported work in the following states: North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio. The MRC of NICCR was able to support nearly $8 million in climatic change research, including $6,671,303 for twenty projects solicited and selected by the MRC over five requests for proposals (RFPs) and $1,051,666 for the final year of ten projects from the discontinued DOE NIGEC (National Institute for Global Environmental Change) program. The projects selected and funded by the MRC resulted in 135 peer-reviewed publications and supported the training of 25 PhD students and 23 Masters students. Another 36 publications were generated by the final year of continuing NIGEC projects supported by the MRC. The projects funded by the MRC used a variety of approaches to answer questions relevant to the DOE’s climate change research program. These included experiments that manipulated temperature, moisture and other global change factors; studies that sought to understand how the distribution of species and ecosystems might change under future climates; studies that used measurements and modeling to examine current ecosystem fluxes of energy and mass and those that would exist under future conditions; and studies that synthesized existing data sets to improve our understanding of the effects of climatic change on terrestrial ecosystems. In all of these efforts, the MRC specifically sought to identify and quantify responses of terrestrial ecosystems that were not well understood or not well modeled by current efforts. The MRC also sought to better understand and model important feedbacks between terrestrial ecosystems, atmospheric chemistry, and regional

  18. Minimal Proton Channel Enables H2 Oxidation and Production with a Water-Soluble Nickel-Based Catalyst

    SciTech Connect

    Dutta, Arnab; Lense, Sheri; Hou, Jianbo; Engelhard, Mark H.; Roberts, John A.; Shaw, Wendy J.

    2013-11-08

    Hydrogenase enzymes efficiently interconvert H2 and H+ using first row transition metals with low overpotentials and high rates in aqueous solution. The development of efficient electrocatalysts mimicking the properties of hydrogenase enzymes for fuel and electrolysis cells based upon abundant and inexpensive metals could enable the widespread use of renewable fuels such as solar and wind. However, molecular electrocatalysts are typically unable to operate bidirectionally and are notably unable to meet the overall efficiency of the enzyme in either direction. Here we show that introducing an amino acid residue in the outer coordination sphere of a Ni-based complex Ni(PCy2NGlycine2)2 creates an electrocatalyst that is active and efficient for hydrogen oxidation (5-8 s-1, overpotential=44-250 mV) over a range of moderate pH values (3.5-9.0). Hydrogen production can be achieved from the same complex under identical solution conditions (>1200 s-1). Proton transfer from the amino acid carboxylates in the outer coordination sphere to the pendant amines in the second coordination sphere is observed by NMR and IR, signifying a plausible role of the carboxylate groups in creating a proton channel for proton removal and delivery during the catalytic cycle. These results with this first generation water soluble Ni(PR2NR’2)2 complex indicate that fast, bidirectional (hydrogen production/oxidation) catalysis for molecular catalysts is achievable. This work was funded by the Office of Science Early Career Research Program through the USDOE, BES (AD, SL, WJS), and the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the US DOE, Office of Science, Office of BES (JH, JASR). Part of the research was conducted at the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by U.S. DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) program located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL

  19. FINAL REPORT: DOE CONTRACT NUMBER FG0205ER64026 Biological Neutron Scattering: A Collaboration with the Oak Ridge Center for Structural Molecular Biology

    SciTech Connect

    Jill Trewhella

    2011-01-12

    The overarching goal of this project was to promote applications of small-angle scattering in structural molecular biology by providing model examples of cutting edge applications that demonstrate the unique capabilities and potential of the DOE national user facilities at Oak Ridge, especially the newly commissioned BioSANS. The approach taken was three-fold: (1) to engage in high impact collaborative research projects that would benefit from small-angle neutron scattering to both demonstrate the power of the technique while expanding the potential user community; (2) to provide access to scattering facilities established at the University of Utah to as broad a set of researchers as possible to increase the expertise in small-angle scattering generally; and (3) to develop new methods and tools for small-angle scattering. To these ends, three major research collaborations were pursued that resulted in a significant body of published work where neutron scattering and contrast variation played a major role. These major collaborations involved studies of protein complexes involved in (1) bacterial transcription regulation and adaptive response (a DOE/BER priority area); (2) regulation of cardiac muscle; and (3) neuronal disorders. In addition, to broaden the impact of the project, smaller collaborative efforts were supported that used either small-angle X-ray or neutron scattering. Finally, the DOE supported facilities at the University of Utah were made available to researchers on a service basis and a number of independent groups took advantage of this opportunity. In all of this work, there was an emphasis on the training of students and post docs in scattering techniques, and a set of publications (a book chapter, a review, and an encyclopedia article) were produced to guide the non-specialist potential user of scattering techniques in successful applications of the techniques. We also developed a suite of user friendly web-based computational tools currently

  20. AlphaSpectrum ASPECT analysis code for background correction & peak integration

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2005-04-13

    The ASPECT code provides a means for rapid analysis of energy-resolved spectra obtained by multi-channel pulse-height analysis (MCA) during (or after) counting of alpha-emissions from a filter air sample (or other suitably prepared sample) utilizing a solid-state detector, or other detector having sufficient energy resolution indiviual radioisotope peaks indentified in a spectrum are fitted using a peak shape algorithm by non-linear least-square fitting procedures that minimize Chi-square differences between the data and a fitted peakmore » function. The code accomplishes the identification of all significant peaks present in the spectrum with automatic recalibration to the 7.68 Po-214 alpha peak from the Radon-222 decay chain, the subtraction of all radon progeny interference overlaps with lower energy peaks in the energy range of Pu-238, Am-241, Pu-239, and U-234/Th-232, and the integration of the counts in any peak identified for these transuranic radionuclides. The output is therefore in the form of isotope specific net transuranic CPM, DPM or concentration, available in near real-time during air sampling. In this "copyright" version, the assumption is made that the alpha spectra to be analyzed have been stored by unique name in sequential form: "FileName(i)", where "FileName" can be any name and i is the index number of the file saved (e.g., i = 1,2, ..., n). this format is one automatically generated by the alpha Environmental Continuous Air Monitor (ECAM), developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory, and manufactured by Canberra Industries, a Laboratory Industrial Partner for this technology. It is assumed in this version of the code that the alpha spectrum data are stored in a 256 channel spectrum, although a larger num ber of channels could be easily accommodated by small code changes. The ECAM data output format is RADNET compliant (an inidustry standard developed at Los Alamos), and include, in addition to a 256-channel alpha spectrum, data on the

  1. AlphaSpectrum ASPECT analysis code for background correction & peak integration

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2005-04-13

    The ASPECT code provides a means for rapid analysis of energy-resolved spectra obtained by multi-channel pulse-height analysis (MCA) during (or after) counting of alpha-emissions from a filter air sample (or other suitably prepared sample) utilizing a solid-state detector, or other detector having sufficient energy resolution indiviual radioisotope peaks indentified in a spectrum are fitted using a peak shape algorithm by non-linear least-square fitting procedures that minimize Chi-square differences between the data and a fitted peakmorefunction. The code accomplishes the identification of all significant peaks present in the spectrum with automatic recalibration to the 7.68 Po-214 alpha peak from the Radon-222 decay chain, the subtraction of all radon progeny interference overlaps with lower energy peaks in the energy range of Pu-238, Am-241, Pu-239, and U-234/Th-232, and the integration of the counts in any peak identified for these transuranic radionuclides. The output is therefore in the form of isotope specific net transuranic CPM, DPM or concentration, available in near real-time during air sampling. In this "copyright" version, the assumption is made that the alpha spectra to be analyzed have been stored by unique name in sequential form: "FileName(i)", where "FileName" can be any name and i is the index number of the file saved (e.g., i = 1,2, ..., n). this format is one automatically generated by the alpha Environmental Continuous Air Monitor (ECAM), developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory, and manufactured by Canberra Industries, a Laboratory Industrial Partner for this technology. It is assumed in this version of the code that the alpha spectrum data are stored in a 256 channel spectrum, although a larger num ber of channels could be easily accommodated by small code changes. The ECAM data output format is RADNET compliant (an inidustry standard developed at Los Alamos), and include, in addition to a 256-channel alpha spectrum, data on the count

  2. Final Technical Report: Viral Infection of Subsurface Microorganisms and Metal/Radionuclide Transport

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Karrie A.; Bender, Kelly S.; Li, Yusong

    2013-09-28

    Microbially mediated metabolisms have been identified as a significant factor either directly or indirectly impacting the fate and transport of heavy metal/radionuclide contaminants. To date microorganisms have been isolated from contaminated environments. Examination of annotated finished genome sequences of many of these subsurface isolates from DOE sites, revealed evidence of prior viral infection. To date the role that viruses play influencing microbial mortality and the resulting community structure which directly influences biogeochemical cycling in soils and sedimentary environments remains poorly understood. The objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the role of viral infection of subsurface bacteria and the formation of contaminant-bearing viral particles. This objective was approached by examining the following working hypotheses: (i) subsurface microorganisms are susceptible to viral infections by the indigenous subsurface viral community, and (ii) viral surfaces will adsorb heavy metals and radionuclides. Our results have addressed basic research needed to accomplish the BER Long Term Measure to provide sufficient scientific understanding such that DOE sites would be able to incorporate coupled physical, chemical and biological processes into decision making for environmental remediation or natural attenuation and long-term stewardship by establishing viral-microbial relationships on the subsequent fate and transport of heavy metals and radionuclides. Here we demonstrated that viruses play a significant role in microbial mortality and community structure in terrestrial subsurface sedimentary systems. The production of viral-like particles within subsurface sediments in response to biostimulation with dissolved organic carbon and a terminal electron acceptor resulted in the production of viral-like particles. Organic carbon alone did not result in significant viral production and required the addition of a terminal electron acceptor

  3. Genomics:GTL Bioenergy Research Centers White Paper

    SciTech Connect

    Mansfield, Betty Kay; Alton, Anita Jean; Andrews, Shirley H; Bownas, Jennifer Lynn; Casey, Denise; Martin, Sheryl A; Mills, Marissa; Nylander, Kim; Wyrick, Judy M; Drell, Dr. Daniel; Weatherwax, Sharlene; Carruthers, Julie

    2006-08-01

    only a first step. Other advances include the growing number of high-throughput techniques for protein production and characterization; a range of new instrumentation for observing proteins and other cell constituents; the rapid growth of commercially available reagents for protein production; a new generation of high-intensity light sources that provide precision imaging on the nanoscale and allow observation of molecular interactions in ultrafast time intervals; major advances in computational capability; and the continually increasing numbers of these instruments and technologies within the national laboratory infrastructure, at universities, and in private industry. All these developments expand our ability to elucidate mechanisms present in living cells, but much more remains to be done. The Centers are designed to accomplish GTL program objectives more rapidly, more effectively, and at reduced cost by concentrating appropriate technologies and scientific expertise, from genome sequence to an integrated systems understanding of the pathways and internal structures of microbes and plants most relevant to developing bioenergy compounds. The Centers will seek to understand the principles underlying the structural and functional design of selected microbial, plant, and molecular systems. This will be accomplished by building technological pathways linking the genome-determined components in an organism with bioenergy-relevant cellular systems that can be characterized sufficiently to generate realistic options for biofuel development. In addition, especially in addressing what are believed to be nearer-term approaches to renewable energy (e.g., producing cellulosic ethanol cost-effectively and energy-efficiently), the Center research team must understand in depth the current industrial-level roadblocks and bottlenecks (see section, GTL's Vision for Biological Energy Alternatives, below). For the Centers, and indeed the entire BER effort, to be successful, Center

  4. Blackcomb: Hardware-Software Co-design for Non-Volatile Memory in Exascale Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Schreiber, Robert

    2014-11-26

    Summary of technical results of Blackcomb Memory Devices We explored various different memory technologies (STTRAM, PCRAM, FeRAM, and ReRAM). The progress can be classified into three categories, below. Modeling and Tool Releases Various modeling tools have been developed over the last decade to help in the design of SRAM or DRAM-based memory hierarchies. To explore new design opportunities that NVM technologies can bring to the designers, we have developed similar high-level models for NVM, including PCRAMsim [Dong 2009], NVSim [Dong 2012], and NVMain [Poremba 2012]. NVSim is a circuit-level model for NVM performance, energy, and area estimation, which supports various NVM technologies, including STT-RAM, PCRAM, ReRAM, and legacy NAND Flash. NVSim is successfully validated against industrial NVM prototypes, and it is expected to help boost architecture-level NVM-related studies. On the other side, NVMain is a cycle accurate main memory simulator designed to simulate emerging nonvolatile memories at the architectural level. We have released these models as open source tools and provided contiguous support to them. We also proposed PS3-RAM, which is a fast, portable and scalable statistical STT-RAM reliability analysis model [Wen 2012]. Design Space Exploration and Optimization With the support of these models, we explore different device/circuit optimization techniques. For example, in [Niu 2012a] we studied the power reduction technique for the application of ECC scheme in ReRAM designs and proposed to use ECC code to relax the BER (Bit Error Rate) requirement of a single memory to improve the write energy consumption and latency for both 1T1R and cross-point ReRAM designs. In [Xu 2011], we proposed a methodology to design STT-RAM for different optimization goals such as read performance, write performance and write energy by leveraging the trade-off between write current and write time of MTJ. We also studied the tradeoffs in building a reliable crosspoint Re

  5. Parameterizations of Cloud Microphysics and Indirect Aerosol Effects

    SciTech Connect

    Tao, Wei-Kuo

    2014-05-19

    role in terms of aerosol-precipitation interaction. • Two of the three cloud systems presented in this paper formed a line structure (squall system). A 2D simulation, therefore, gives a good approximation to such a line of convective clouds. Since the real atmosphere is 3D, further 3D cloud-resolving simulations are needed to address aerosol-precipitation interactions. 4. REFERENCES Tao, W.-K., X. Li, A. Khain, T. Matsui, S. Lang, and J. Simpson, 2007: The role of atmospheric aerosol concentration on deep convective precipitation: Cloud-resolving model simulations. J. Geophy. Res., 112, D24S18, doi:10.1029/2007JD008728. All other references can be found in above paper. 5. Acknowledgements The GCE model is mainly supported by the NASA Headquarters Atmospheric Dynamics and Thermodynamics Program and the NASA Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). The research was also supported by the Office of Science (BER), U. S. Department of Energy/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE/ARM) Interagency. The authors acknowledge NASA Goddard Space Flight Center for computer time used in this research.