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Sample records for wind phase determine

  1. Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (Clipper) Wind Farm | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Clipper) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (Clipper) Wind Farm Facility Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (Clipper) Sector Wind energy Facility...

  2. Condon Wind Project phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Project phase II Jump to: navigation, search Name Condon Wind Project phase II Facility Condon Wind Project phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  3. Oak Creek Wind Power Phase 2 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Phase 2 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Oak Creek Wind Power Phase 2 Wind Farm Facility Oak Creek Wind Power Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  4. Kotzebue Wind Project Phase II & III | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II & III Jump to: navigation, search Name Kotzebue Wind Project Phase II & III Facility Kotzebue Wind Project Phase II & III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  5. Solano Wind Project- phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name Solano Wind Project- phase II Facility Solano Wind Project- phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  6. Milford Wind Corridor Phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Jump to: navigation, search Name Milford Wind Corridor Phase II Facility Milford Wind Corridor Phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  7. Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Jump to: navigation, search Name Victory Gardens Phase IV Wind Farm II Facility Victory Gardens- Phase IV Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  8. Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    I (GE Energy) Jump to: navigation, search Name Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Facility Milford Wind Corridor Phase I (GE Energy) Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  9. Nine Canyon Wind Farm Phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Farm Phase II Jump to: navigation, search Name Nine Canyon Wind Farm Phase II Facility Nine Canyon Wind Farm Phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  10. Kibby Mountain Phase I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Kibby Mountain Phase I Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Kibby Mountain Phase I Wind Farm Facility Kibby Mountain Phase I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale...

  11. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 Preprint D. Lew, G. Brinkman, E. Ibanez, ... consumer waste. 1 The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 D. Lew, G. ...

  12. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Executive...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC THE WESTERN WIND AND SOLAR INTEGRATION STUDY PHASE 2: Executive Summary i THE WESTERN WIND AND SOLAR INTEGRATION STUDY PHASE 2: ...

  13. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Transmission Interconnection Project Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project This report ...

  14. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B.-M.; King, J.

    2012-09-01

    The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigates the impacts of high penetrations of wind and solar power into the Western Interconnection of the United States. WWSIS2 builds on the Phase 1 study but with far greater refinement in the level of data inputs and production simulation. It considers the differences between wind and solar power on systems operations. It considers mitigation options to accommodate wind and solar when full costs of wear-and-tear and full impacts of emissions rates are taken into account. It determines wear-and-tear costs and emissions impacts. New data sets were created for WWSIS2, and WWSIS1 data sets were refined to improve realism of plant output and forecasts. Four scenarios were defined for WWSIS2 that examine the differences between wind and solar and penetration level. Transmission was built out to bring resources to load. Statistical analysis was conducted to investigate wind and solar impacts at timescales ranging from seasonal down to 5 minutes.

  15. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Greg Brinkman will present the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), Phase 2. This study, which follows the first phase of WWSIS, focuses on potential emissions and wear...

  16. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS);

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project | Department of Energy Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and

  17. Llano Estacado Wind Ranch at Texico phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Texico phase II Jump to: navigation, search Name Llano Estacado Wind Ranch at Texico phase II Facility Llano Estacado Wind Ranch at Texico phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  18. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3: Technical Overview

    SciTech Connect

    2015-11-01

    Technical fact sheet outlining the key findings of Phase 3 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-3). NREL and GE find that with good system planning, sound engineering practices, and commercially available technologies, the Western grid can maintain reliability and stability during the crucial first minute after grid disturbances with high penetrations of wind and solar power.

  19. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Phase 2 (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Lefton, S.; Kumar, N.; Venkataraman, S.; Jordan, G.

    2013-09-01

    This presentation summarizes the scope and results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

  20. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-09-01

    This is one-page, two-sided fact sheet presents high-level summary results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

  1. Leading Edge Erosion Phase II Wind Tunnel Test Begins

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Wind tunnel testing is commencing for the second phase of the leading edge erosion project, which is a collaboration between Texas A&M, UC Davis, and Sandia. During the 2012 fiscal ...

  2. Combined Experiment Phase 1. [Horizontal axis wind turbines: wind tunnel testing versus field testing

    SciTech Connect

    Butterfield, C.P.; Musial, W.P.; Simms, D.A.

    1992-10-01

    How does wind tunnel airfoil data differ from the airfoil performance on an operating horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) The National Renewable Energy laboratory has been conducting a comprehensive test program focused on answering this question and understanding the basic fluid mechanics of rotating HAWT stall aerodynamics. The basic approach was to instrument a wind rotor, using an airfoil that was well documented by wind tunnel tests, and measure operating pressure distributions on the rotating blade. Based an the integrated values of the pressure data, airfoil performance coefficients were obtained, and comparisons were made between the rotating data and the wind tunnel data. Care was taken to the aerodynamic and geometric differences between the rotating and the wind tunnel models. This is the first of two reports describing the Combined Experiment Program and its results. This Phase I report covers background information such as test setup and instrumentation. It also includes wind tunnel test results and roughness testing.

  3. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Florita, A.; Heaney, M.

    2013-09-01

    The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West.

  4. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, Debra; Brinkman, Greg; Ibanez, E.; Florita, A.; Heaney, M.; Hodge, B. -M.; Hummon, M.; Stark, G.; King, J.; Lefton, S. A.; Kumar, N.; Agan, D.; Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.

    2013-09-01

    The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West(GE Energy 2010).

  5. Ponnequin phase I and II (PSCo) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    I and II (PSCo) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Ponnequin phase I and II (PSCo) Wind Farm Facility Ponnequin phase I and II (PSCo) Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  6. Wind Turbine Drivetrain Condition Monitoring During GRC Phase 1 and Phase 2 Testing

    SciTech Connect

    Sheng, S.; Link, H.; LaCava, W.; van Dam, J.; McNiff, B.; Veers, P.; Keller, J.; Butterfield, S.; Oyague, F.

    2011-10-01

    This report will present the wind turbine drivetrain condition monitoring (CM) research conducted under the phase 1 and phase 2 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) tests. The rationale and approach for this drivetrain CM research, investigated CM systems, test configuration and results, and a discussion on challenges in wind turbine drivetrain CM and future research and development areas, will be presented.

  7. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Kumar, N.; Lefton, S.; Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.; King, J.

    2013-06-01

    This presentation accompanies Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, a follow-on to Phase 1, which examined the operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation on the electric power system in the West and was one of the largest variable generation studies to date. High penetrations of variable generation can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 calculated these costs and emissions, and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of variable generation on the fossil-fueled fleet. The presentation highlights the scope of the study and results.

  8. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  9. Caprock Wind Ranch phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & Brown Developer Cielo Wind Power Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Quay County NM...

  10. Ponnequin phase III (EUI) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Energy Unlimited Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Weld County CO Coordinates...

  11. Fowler Ridge Wind Farm Phase I (Clipper) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Alternative EnergyDominion Energy Developer BP Alternative EnergyDominion Energy Energy...

  12. Fowler Ridge Wind Farm Phase I (Vestas) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Alternative EnergyDominion Energy Developer BP Alternative EnergyDominion Energy Energy...

  13. Moulton Chandler Hills Wind Farm Phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Great River Energy Developer EnXco Energy Purchaser Great River Energy Location Near...

  14. Goat Mountain Phase II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner CieloEdison Mission Group Developer CieloEdison Mission Group Energy Purchaser Market Location...

  15. Goat Mountain Phase I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner CieloEdison Mission Group Developer CieloEdison Mission Group Energy Purchaser Market Location...

  16. Pole-phase modulated toroidal winding for an induction machine

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, John Michael; Ostovic, Vlado

    1999-11-02

    A stator (10) for an induction machine for a vehicle has a cylindrical core (12) with inner and outer slots (26, 28) extending longitudinally along the inner and outer peripheries between the end faces (22, 24). Each outer slot is associated with several adjacent inner slots. A plurality of toroidal coils (14) are wound about the core and laid in the inner and outer slots. Each coil occupies a single inner slot and is laid in the associated outer slot thereby minimizing the distance the coil extends from the end faces and minimizing the length of the induction machine. The toroidal coils are configured for an arbitrary pole phase modulation wherein the coils are configured with variable numbers of phases and poles for providing maximum torque for cranking and switchable to a another phase and pole configuration for alternator operation. An adaptor ring (36) circumferentially positioned about the stator improves mechanical strength, and provides a coolant channel manifold (34) for removing heat produced in stator windings during operation.

  17. Evolution of Operating Reserve Determination in Wind Power Integration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evolution of Operating Reserve Determination in Wind Power Integration Studies Erik Ela and Michael Milligan National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brendan Kirby Private Consultant Eamonn Lannoye, Damian Flynn, and Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Bob Zavadil EnerNex Presented at the 2010 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting Minneapolis, Minnesota July 25-29, 2010 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-49100 March 2011 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the

  18. Wind loads on flat plate photovoltaic array fields. Phase III, final report

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, R.D.; Zimmerman, D.K.

    1981-04-01

    The results of an experimental analysis (boundary layer wind tunnel test) of the aerodynamic forces resulting from winds acting on flat plate photovoltaic arrays are presented. Local pressure coefficient distributions and normal force coefficients on the arrays are shown and compared to theoretical results. Parameters that were varied when determining the aerodynamic forces included tilt angle, array separation, ground clearance, protective wind barriers, and the effect of the wind velocity profile. Recommended design wind forces and pressures are presented, which envelop the test results for winds perpendicular to the array's longitudinal axis. This wind direction produces the maximum wind loads on the arrays except at the array edge where oblique winds produce larger edge pressure loads.

  19. Biglow Canyon Phase II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Portland General Electric Developer Orion Energy Group Energy Purchaser Portland General Electric Location Sherman County OR...

  20. Biglow Canyon Phase III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Portland General Electric Developer Orion Energy Group Energy Purchaser Portland General Electric Location Sherman County OR...

  1. Sweetwater Phase II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & BrownCatamount Developer DKRWBabcock & BrownCatamount Energy Purchaser Austin Energy...

  2. Sweetwater Phase III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Babcock & BrownCatamount Developer DKRWBabcock & BrownCatamount Energy Purchaser CPS EnergyAustin...

  3. Maple Ridge Wind Farm phase II | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Developer 'PPM EnergyHorizon Wind Energy Energy Purchaser NYSERDAMarket Location Lewis County NY Coordinates 43.775565, -75.584614 Show Map Loading map......

  4. Low Wind Speed Technology Phase II: Integrated Wind Energy/Desalination System; General Electric Global Research

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-03-01

    This fact sheet describes a subcontract with General Electric Global Research to explore wind power as a desirable option for integration with desalination technologies.

  5. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is one-page, two-sided fact sheet presents high-level summary results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

  6. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration within IEA Wind Task 23: Phase IV Results Regarding Floating Wind Turbine Modeling; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Jonkman, J.; Larsen, T.; Hansen, A.; Nygaard, T.; Maus, K.; Karimirad, M.; Gao, Z.; Moan, T.; Fylling, I.

    2010-04-01

    Offshore wind turbines are designed and analyzed using comprehensive simulation codes that account for the coupled dynamics of the wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity, and controls of the turbine, along with the incident waves, sea current, hydrodynamics, and foundation dynamics of the support structure. This paper describes the latest findings of the code-to-code verification activities of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, which operates under Subtask 2 of the International Energy Agency Wind Task 23. In the latest phase of the project, participants used an assortment of codes to model the coupled dynamic response of a 5-MW wind turbine installed on a floating spar buoy in 320 m of water. Code predictions were compared from load-case simulations selected to test different model features. The comparisons have resulted in a greater understanding of offshore floating wind turbine dynamics and modeling techniques, and better knowledge of the validity of various approximations. The lessons learned from this exercise have improved the participants' codes, thus improving the standard of offshore wind turbine modeling.

  7. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, Continuation within IEA Wind Task 30: Phase II Results Regarding a Floating Semisubmersible Wind System: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Vorpahl, F.; Popko, W.; Qvist, J.; Froyd, L.; Chen, X.; Azcona, J.; Uzungoglu, E.; Guedes Soares, C.; Luan, C.; Yutong, H.; Pengcheng, F.; Yde, A.; Larsen, T.; Nichols, J.; Buils, R.; Lei, L.; Anders Nygard, T.; et al.

    2014-03-01

    Offshore wind turbines are designed and analyzed using comprehensive simulation tools (or codes) that account for the coupled dynamics of the wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity, and controls of the turbine, along with the incident waves, sea current, hydrodynamics, and foundation dynamics of the support structure. This paper describes the latest findings of the code-to-code verification activities of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, Continuation (OC4) project, which operates under the International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind Task 30. In the latest phase of the project, participants used an assortment of simulation codes to model the coupled dynamic response of a 5-MW wind turbine installed on a floating semisubmersible in 200 m of water. Code predictions were compared from load-case simulations selected to test different model features. The comparisons have resulted in a greater understanding of offshore floating wind turbine dynamics and modeling techniques, and better knowledge of the validity of various approximations. The lessons learned from this exercise have improved the participants? codes, thus improving the standard of offshore wind turbine modeling.

  8. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Executive Summary)

    SciTech Connect

    Lew, Debra; Brinkman, Greg

    2013-09-01

    The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West(GE Energy 2010).

  9. Top Crop Wind Farm (Phase II) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    (MW) 198198 MW 198,000 kW 198,000,000 W 198,000,000,000 mW 0.198 GW Number of Units 132 Commercial Online Date 2010 Wind Turbine Manufacturer GE Energy References WENDI1...

  10. Observation Targeting for the Tehachapi Pass and Mid-Columbia Basin: WindSENSE Phase III Project Summary Report

    SciTech Connect

    Hanley, D

    2011-10-22

    The overall goal of this multi-phased research project known as WindSENSE is to develop an observation system deployment strategy that would improve wind power generation forecasts. The objective of the deployment strategy is to produce the maximum benefit for 1- to 6-hour ahead forecasts of wind speed at hub-height ({approx}80 m). In Phase III of the project, the focus was on the Mid-Columbia Basin region which encompasses the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) wind generation area shown in Figure 1 that includes Klondike, Stateline, and Hopkins Ridge wind plants. The typical hub height of a wind turbine is approximately 80-m above ground level (AGL). So it would seem that building meteorological towers in the region upwind of a wind generation facility would provide data necessary to improve the short-term forecasts for the 80-m AGL wind speed. However, this additional meteorological information typically does not significantly improve the accuracy of the 0- to 6-hour ahead wind power forecasts because processes controlling wind variability change from day-to-day and, at times, from hour-to-hour. It is also important to note that some processes causing significant changes in wind power production function principally in the vertical direction. These processes will not be detected by meteorological towers at off-site locations. For these reasons, it is quite challenging to determine the best type of sensors and deployment locations. To address the measurement deployment problem, Ensemble Sensitivity Analysis (ESA) was applied in the Phase I portion of the WindSENSE project. The ESA approach was initially designed to produce spatial fields that depict the sensitivity of a forecast metric to a set of prior state variables selected by the user. The best combination of variables and locations to improve the forecast was determined using the Multiple Observation Optimization Algorithm (MOOA) developed in Phase I. In Zack et al. (2010a), the ESA-MOOA approach was

  11. Little Wind River Floods at Riverton, Wyoming: Study to Determine Impacts

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    on Soil Contaminants | Department of Energy Little Wind River Floods at Riverton, Wyoming: Study to Determine Impacts on Soil Contaminants Little Wind River Floods at Riverton, Wyoming: Study to Determine Impacts on Soil Contaminants July 18, 2016 - 12:21pm Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment. Goal 6. Engage the public, governments, and interested parties. RivertonFlood02.png The Little Wind River overflowed its banksand flooded the area being

  12. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    2013-09-01

    This fact sheet is a basic overview of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, Phase 2. The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions.

  13. North Wind Power Company 2-kilowatt high-reliability wind system. Phase I. Design and analysis. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Mayer, D J; Norton, Jr, J H

    1981-07-01

    Results are presented of Phase I of a program to design a 2kW high reliability wind turbine for use in remote locations and harsh environments. In phase I of the program, a predecessor of the proposed design was procured and tested in a wind tunnel and in the freestream to observe operational characteristics. An analytical procedure was developed for designing and modelling the proposed variable axis rotor control system (VARCS). This was then verified by extensive mobile testing of pre-prototype components. A low speed three phase alternator with a Lundel type rotor was designed. Prototypes were fabricated and tested to refine calculation procedures and develop an effective alternator with appropriate characteristics. A solid state field switching regulator was designed and tested successfully. All necessary support elements were designed and engineered. A complete analysis of system reliability was conducted including failure mode and effects analyses and reliability, maintenance and safety analyses. Cost estimates were performed for a mature product in production rates of 1000 per year. Analysis and testing conducted throughout the first phase is included.

  14. Using Economics to Determine the Efficient Curtailment of Wind Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.

    2009-02-01

    This paper discusses the potential societal benefits to the energy market by allowing the dispatch of wind generation in times when it may enhance reliability and be economically advantageous to do so.

  15. Using Economics to Determine the Efficient Curtailment of Wind Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, Erik

    2009-02-01

    This paper discusses the potential societal benefits to the energy market of allowing the dispatch of wind generation in times when it may enhance reliability and be economically advantageous to do so.

  16. Study Determines Wind-Induced Cycling Impacts are Minimal | Department...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in 2010 showed that up to 35% wind and solar energy penetration could be accommodated by the utility ...

  17. Determination of Cloud Base Height, Wind Velocity, and Short-Range Cloud

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Structure Using Multiple Sky Imagers Field Campaign Report (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Determination of Cloud Base Height, Wind Velocity, and Short-Range Cloud Structure Using Multiple Sky Imagers Field Campaign Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Determination of Cloud Base Height, Wind Velocity, and Short-Range Cloud Structure Using Multiple Sky Imagers Field Campaign Report Clouds are a central focus of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Atmospheric System

  18. Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Withers, C.; Kono, J.

    2015-04-01

    This report provides results from a second-phase research study of a phenomenon generally referred to as wind washing. Wind washing is the movement of unconditioned air around or through building thermal barriers in such a way as to diminish or nullify the intended thermal performance. In some cases, thermal and air barriers are installed very poorly or not at all, and air can readily move from unconditioned attic spaces into quasi-conditioned interstitial spaces. This study focused on the impact of poorly sealed and insulated floor cavities adjacent to attic spaces in Florida homes. In these cases, unconditioned attic air can be transferred into floor cavities through pathways driven by natural factors such as wind, or by thermal differences between the floor cavity and the attic. Air can also be driven into a floor cavity through mechanical forces imposed by return duct leakage in the floor cavity.

  19. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, Continuation: Phase II Results of a Floating Semisubmersible Wind System: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Robertson, A.; Jonkman, J.; Musial, W.; Vorpahl, F.; Popko, W.

    2013-11-01

    Offshore wind turbines are designed and analyzed using comprehensive simulation tools that account for the coupled dynamics of the wind inflow, aerodynamics, elasticity, and controls of the turbine, along with the incident waves, sea current, hydrodynamics, and foundation dynamics of the support structure. The Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration (OC3), which operated under the International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind Task 23, was established to verify the accuracy of these simulation tools [1]. This work was then extended under the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, Continuation (OC4) project under IEA Wind Task 30 [2]. Both of these projects sought to verify the accuracy of offshore wind turbine dynamics simulation tools (or codes) through code-to-code comparison of simulated responses of various offshore structures. This paper describes the latest findings from Phase II of the OC4 project, which involved the analysis of a 5-MW turbine supported by a floating semisubmersible. Twenty-two different organizations from 11 different countries submitted results using 24 different simulation tools. The variety of organizations contributing to the project brought together expertise from both the offshore structure and wind energy communities. Twenty-one different load cases were examined, encompassing varying levels of model complexity and a variety of metocean conditions. Differences in the results demonstrate the importance and accuracy of the various modeling approaches used. Significant findings include the importance of mooring dynamics to the mooring loads, the role nonlinear hydrodynamic terms play in calculating drift forces for the platform motions, and the difference between global (at the platform level) and local (at the member level) modeling of viscous drag. The results from this project will help guide development and improvement efforts for these tools to ensure that they are providing the accurate information needed to support the design and

  20. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration Continuation (OC4), Phase I - Results of Coupled Simulations of an Offshore Wind Turbine with Jacket Support Structure: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Popko, W.; Vorpahl, F.; Zuga, A.; Kohlmeier, M.; Jonkman, J.; Robertson, A.; Larsen, T. J.; Yde, A.; Saetertro, K.; Okstad, K. M.; Nichols, J.; Nygaard, T. A.; Gao, Z.; Manolas, D.; Kim, K.; Yu, Q.; Shi, W.; Park, H.; Vasquez-Rojas, A.

    2012-03-01

    This paper presents the results of the IEA Wind Task 30, Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration Continuation Project - Phase 1.

  1. Integrating High Penetrations of Solar in the Western United States: Results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Poster)

    SciTech Connect

    Bird, L.; Lew, D.

    2013-10-01

    This poster presents a summary of the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2.

  2. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3A: Low Levels of Synchronous Generation

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, Nicholas W.; Leonardi, Bruno; D'Aquila, Robert; Clark, Kara

    2015-11-17

    The stability of the North American electric power grids under conditions of high penetrations of wind and solar is a significant concern and possible impediment to reaching renewable energy goals. The 33% wind and solar annual energy penetration considered in this study results in substantial changes to the characteristics of the bulk power system. This includes different power flow patterns, different commitment and dispatch of existing synchronous generation, and different dynamic behavior from wind and solar generation. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, is one of the largest regional solar and wind integration studies to date. In multiple phases, it has explored different aspects of the question: Can we integrate large amounts of wind and solar energy into the electric power system of the West? The work reported here focused on the impact of low levels of synchronous generation on the transient stability performance in one part of the region in which wind generation has displaced synchronous thermal generation under highly stressed, weak system conditions. It is essentially an extension of WWSIS-3. Transient stability, the ability of the power system to maintain synchronism among all elements following disturbances, is a major constraint on operations in many grids, including the western U.S. and Texas systems. These constraints primarily concern the performance of the large-scale bulk power system. But grid-wide stability concerns with high penetrations of wind and solar are still not thoroughly understood. This work focuses on 'traditional' fundamental frequency stability issues, such as maintaining synchronism, frequency, and voltage. The objectives of this study are to better understand the implications of low levels of synchronous generation and a weak grid on overall system performance by: 1) Investigating the Western Interconnection under conditions of both high renewable generation (e

  3. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3 -- Frequency Response and Transient Stability (Report and Executive Summary)

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, N. W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

    2014-12-01

    The primary objectives of Phase 3 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-3) were to examine the large-scale transient stability and frequency response of the Western Interconnection with high wind and solar penetration, and to identify means to mitigate any adverse performance impacts via transmission reinforcements, storage, advanced control capabilities, or other alternatives.

  4. Exploiting large non-isomorphous differences for phase determination...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of a G-segment invertase-DNA complex Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Exploiting large non-isomorphous differences for phase determination of a G-segment ...

  5. Design and fabrication of a low-cost Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine system. Phase I, technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    Design and Fabrication of a Low Cost Darrieus Vertical Axis Wind Turbine System, Department of Energy Contract No. EM-78-C-04-4272, represents the first major step toward the commercialization of the Darrieus type vertical-axis wind turbine in the United States. The contract has two phases, a design phase and a fabrication and installation phase. Presented in this report is the work completed in Phase I, the design phase. As part of the Federal Wind Energy Program, the main objectives of this project are to obtain realistic fabrication cost data based on current technology and to provide a low cost system design suitable for continued production and/or to serve as a baseline for further cost reduction as well as engineering improvement efforts.

  6. Low Wind Speed Technology Phase II: Offshore Floating Wind Turbine Concepts: Fully Coupled Dynamic Response Simulations; Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-03-01

    This fact sheet describes a subcontract with Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study dynamic response simulations to evaluate floating platform concepts for offshore wind turbines.

  7. Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes, Phase 2

    SciTech Connect

    Withers, Charles R.; Kono, Jamie

    2015-04-13

    With U.S. Department of Energy goals of reducing existing home energy use by 30% and new home energy use by 50%, it is imperative to focus on several energy efficiency measures, including the quality of air and thermal barriers. This report provides results from a second-phase research study of a phenomenon generally referred to as wind washing. Wind washing is the movement of unconditioned air around or through building thermal barriers in such a way as to diminish or nullify the intended thermal performance. In some cases, thermal and air barriers are installed very poorly or not at all, and air can readily move from unconditioned attic spaces into quasi-conditioned interstitial spaces. This study focused on the impact of poorly sealed and insulated floor cavities adjacent to attic spaces in Florida homes. In these cases, unconditioned attic air can be transferred into floor cavities through pathways driven by natural factors such as wind, or by thermal differences between the floor cavity and the attic. Air can also be driven into a floor cavity through mechanical forces imposed by return duct leakage in the floor cavity.

  8. Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation: Preprint

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation Preprint M. Milligan National Renewable Energy Laboratory K. Porter Exeter Associates, Inc. To be presented at WindPower 2008 Houston, Texas June 1-4, 2008 Conference Paper NREL/CP-500-43433 June 2008 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor

  9. Operation of Concentrating Solar Power Plants in the Western Wind and Solar Integration Phase 2 Study

    SciTech Connect

    Denholm, P.; Brinkman, G.; Lew, D.; Hummon, M.

    2014-05-01

    The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) explores various aspects of the challenges and impacts of integrating large amounts of wind and solar energy into the electric power system of the West. The phase 2 study (WWSIS-2) is one of the first to include dispatchable concentrating solar power (CSP) with thermal energy storage (TES) in multiple scenarios of renewable penetration and mix. As a result, it provides unique insights into CSP plant operation, grid benefits, and how CSP operation and configuration may need to change under scenarios of increased renewable penetration. Examination of the WWSIS-2 results indicates that in all scenarios, CSP plants with TES provides firm system capacity, reducing the net demand and the need for conventional thermal capacity. The plants also reduced demand during periods of short-duration, high ramping requirements that often require use of lower efficiency peaking units. Changes in CSP operation are driven largely by the presence of other solar generation, particularly PV. Use of storage by the CSP plants increases in the higher solar scenarios, with operation of the plant often shifted to later in the day. CSP operation also becomes more variable, including more frequent starts. Finally, CSP output is often very low during the day in scenarios with significant PV, which helps decrease overall renewable curtailment (over-generation). However, the configuration studied is likely not optimal for High Solar Scenario implying further analysis of CSP plant configuration is needed to understand its role in enabling high renewable scenarios in the Western United States.

  10. System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor

    DOEpatents

    Lu, Bin; Habetler, Thomas G.; Zhang, Pinjia; Theisen, Peter J.

    2011-05-31

    A system and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor. The circuit includes at least one contactor and at least one switch to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor. The system also includes a controller connected to the circuit and configured to modify a switching time of the at least one switch to create a DC component in an output of the system corresponding to an input to the AC motor and determine a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the injected DC component of the voltage and current.

  11. System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor using motor drives

    DOEpatents

    Lu, Bin; Habetler, Thomas G; Zhang, Pinjia

    2013-02-26

    A system and method for determining the stator winding resistance of AC motors is provided. The system includes an AC motor drive having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor, a pulse width modulation (PWM) converter having switches therein to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor, and a control system connected to the PWM converter. The control system generates a command signal to cause the PWM converter to control an output of the AC motor drive corresponding to an input to the AC motor, selectively generates a modified command signal to cause the PWM converter to inject a DC signal into the output of the AC motor drive, and determines a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the DC signal of at least one of the voltage and current.

  12. Pre-construction Activities for Phase 1 of Shu'luuk Wind Project

    SciTech Connect

    Connolly, Michael

    2015-07-01

    Final Report on pre-construction activities grant for the Shu'luuk Wind project on the Campo Indian Reservation

  13. Serially-Connected Compensator for Eliminating the Unbalanced Three-Phase Voltage Impact on Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Z.; Hsu, P.; Muljadi, E.; Gao, W.

    2015-04-06

    Untransposed transmission lines, unbalanced tap changer operations, and unbalanced loading in weak distribution lines can cause unbalanced-voltage conditions. The resulting unbalanced voltage at the point of interconnection affects proper gird integration and reduces the lifetime of wind turbines due to power oscillations, torque pulsations, mechanical stresses, energy losses, and uneven and overheating of the generator stator winding. This work investigates the dynamic impact of unbalanced voltage on the mechanical and electrical components of integrated Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence (FAST) wind turbine generation systems (WTGs) of Type 1 (squirrel-cage induction generator) and Type 3 (doubly-fed induction generator). To alleviate this impact, a serially-connected compensator for a three-phase power line is proposed to balance the wind turbine-side voltage. Dynamic simulation studies are conducted in MATLAB/Simulink to compare the responses of these two types of wind turbine models under normal and unbalanced-voltage operation conditions and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed compensator.

  14. A Serially-Connected Compensator for Eliminating the Unbalanced Three-Phase Voltage Impact on Wind Turbine Generators

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Ziping; Hsu, Ping; Muljadi, Eduard; Gao, Wenzhong

    2015-10-05

    Untransposed transmission lines, unbalanced tap changer operations, and unbalanced loading in weak distribution lines can cause unbalanced-voltage conditions. The resulting unbalanced voltage at the point of interconnection affects proper gird integration and reduces the lifetime of wind turbines due to power oscillations, torque pulsations, mechanical stresses, energy losses, and uneven and overheating of the generator stator winding. This work investigates the dynamic impact of unbalanced voltage on the mechanical and electrical components of integrated Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence (FAST) wind turbine generation systems (WTGs) of Type 1 (squirrel-cage induction generator) and Type 3 (doubly-fed induction generator). To alleviate this impact, a serially-connected compensator for a three-phase power line is proposed to balance the wind turbine-side voltage. Dynamic simulation studies are conducted in MATLAB/Simulink to compare the responses of these two types of wind turbine models under normal and unbalanced-voltage operation conditions and demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed compensator.

  15. Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

    2008-06-01

    This paper summarizes state and regional studies examining the capacity value of wind energy, how different regions define and implement capacity reserve requirements, and how wind energy is defined as a capacity resource in those regions.

  16. Kaman 40-kW wind system. Phase II. Fabrication and tests. Volume II. Technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Howes, H; Perley, R

    1981-01-01

    A program is underway to design, fabricate and test a horizontal axis Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) capable of producing 40 kW electrical output power in a 20 mph wind. Results are presented of the program effort covering fabrication and testing of the Wing Turbine Generator designed earlier. A minimum of difficulties were experienced during fabrication and, after successful completion of Contractor tests through 20 mph winds, the WTG was shipped to Rocky Flats, assembled and operated there. The 40 kW WTG is presently undergoing extended tests at Rockwell's Rocky Flats test facility.

  17. DOE SBIR Phase II Final Technical Report - Assessing Climate Change Effects on Wind Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Whiteman, Cameron; Capps, Scott

    2014-11-05

    Specialized Vertum Partners software tools were prototyped, tested and commercialized to allow wind energy stakeholders to assess the uncertainties of climate change on wind power production and distribution. This project resulted in three commercially proven products and a marketing tool. The first was a Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) based resource evaluation system. The second was a web-based service providing global 10m wind data from multiple sources to wind industry subscription customers. The third product addressed the needs of our utility clients looking at climate change effects on electricity distribution. For this we collaborated on the Santa Ana Wildfire Threat Index (SAWTi), which was released publicly last quarter. Finally to promote these products and educate potential users we released “Gust or Bust”, a graphic-novel styled marketing publication.

  18. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration within IEA Wind Annex XXIII: Phase II Results Regarding Monopile Foundation Modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Jonkman, J.; Butterfield, S.; Passon, P.; Larsen, T.; Camp, T.; Nichols, J.; Azcona, J.; Martinez, A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents an overview and describes the latest findings of the code-to-code verification activities of the Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration, which operates under Subtask 2 of the International Energy Agency Wind Annex XXIII.

  19. Technical Progress Report, Phase II Inventory of Wind Green Pricing report Fact Sheets Liability Insurance for Small Wind Energy Systems Zoning Issues for Small Wind Systems Small Wind System Slideshow Small Wind State by State Information Wind Power and Electric transmission Policy: Constructs, Constraints and Critical Path

    SciTech Connect

    Swisher, Randall Holt, Edward Wooley, David

    2002-05-08

    Status report on Green power Factsheets and product database. Small wind turbines as a distributed power

  20. Operational Impacts of Wind Energy Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration Control Area - Phase I Report

    SciTech Connect

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Lu, Shuai

    2008-07-15

    This report presents a methodology developed to study the future impact of wind on BPA power system load following and regulation requirements. The methodology uses historical data and stochastic processes to simulate the load balancing processes in the BPA power system, by mimicking the actual power system operations. Therefore, the results are close to reality, yet the study based on this methodology is convenient to conduct. Compared with the proposed methodology, existing methodologies for doing similar analysis include dispatch model simulation and standard deviation evaluation on load and wind data. Dispatch model simulation is constrained by the design of the dispatch program, and standard deviation evaluation is artificial in separating the load following and regulation requirements, both of which usually do not reflect actual operational practice. The methodology used in this study provides not only capacity requirement information, it also analyzes the ramp rate requirements for system load following and regulation processes. The ramp rate data can be used to evaluate generator response/maneuverability requirements, which is another necessary capability of the generation fleet for the smooth integration of wind energy. The study results are presented in an innovative way such that the increased generation capacity or ramp requirements are compared for two different years, across 24 hours a day. Therefore, the impact of different levels of wind energy on generation requirements at different times can be easily visualized.

  1. Determination of alternative fuels combustion products: Phase 1 report

    SciTech Connect

    Whitney, K.A.

    1997-09-01

    This report describes the laboratory effort to identify and quantify organic exhaust species generated from alternative-fueled light-duty vehicles operating over the Federal Test Procedure on compressed natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, methanol, ethanol, and reformulated gasoline. The exhaust species from these vehicles were identified and quantified for fuel/air equivalence ratios of 0.8, 1.0, and 1.2, nominally, and were analyzed with and without a vehicle catalyst in place to determine the influence of a catalytic converter on species formation.

  2. Determination of alternative fuels combustion products: Phase 3 report

    SciTech Connect

    Whitney, K.A.

    1997-12-01

    This report describes the laboratory efforts to characterize particulate and gaseous exhaust emissions from a passenger vehicle operating on alternative fuels. Tests were conducted at room temperature (nominally 72 F) and 20 F utilizing the chassis dynamometer portion of the FTP for light-duty vehicles. Fuels evaluated include Federal RFG, LPG meeting HD-5 specifications, a national average blend of CNG, E85, and M85. Exhaust particulate generated at room temperature was further characterized to determine polynuclear aromatic content, trace element content, and trace organic constituents. For all fuels except M85, the room temperature particulate emission rate from this vehicle was about 2 to 3 mg/mile. On M85, the particulate emission rate was more than 6 mg/mile. In addition, elemental analysis of particulate revealed an order of magnitude more sulfur and calcium from M85 than any other fuel. The sulfur and calcium indicate that these higher emissions might be due to engine lubricating oil in the exhaust. For RFG, particulate emissions at 20 F were more than six times higher than at room temperature. For alcohol fuels, particulate emissions at 20 F were two to three times higher than at room temperature. For CNG and LPG, particulate emissions were virtually the same at 72 F and 20 F. However, PAH emissions from CNG and LPG were higher than expected. Both gaseous fuels had larger amounts of pyrene, 1-nitropyrene, and benzo(g,h,i)perylene in their emissions than the other fuels.

  3. Analysis of phases in the structure determination of an icosahedral virus

    SciTech Connect

    Plevka, Pavel; Kaufmann, Bärbel; Rossmann, Michael G.

    2012-03-15

    The constraints imposed on structure-factor phases by noncrystallographic symmetry (NCS) allow phase improvement, phase extension to higher resolution and hence ab initio phase determination. The more numerous the NCS redundancy and the greater the volume used for solvent flattening, the greater the power for phase determination. In a case analyzed here the icosahedral NCS phasing appeared to have broken down, although later successful phase extension was possible when the envelope around the NCS region was tightened. The phases from the failed phase-determination attempt fell into four classes, all of which satisfied the NCS constraints. These four classes corresponded to the correct solution, opposite enantiomorph, Babinet inversion and opposite enantiomorph with Babinet inversion. These incorrect solutions can be seeded from structure factors belonging to reciprocal-space volumes that lie close to icosahedral NCS axes where the structure amplitudes tend to be large and the phases tend to be 0 or {pi}. Furthermore, the false solutions can spread more easily if there are large errors in defining the envelope designating the region in which NCS averaging is performed.

  4. Apex Offshore Phase 2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Apex Offshore Phase 2 Facility Apex Offshore Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Apex Wind...

  5. Apex Offshore Phase 1 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Apex Offshore Phase 1 Facility Apex Offshore Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Apex Wind...

  6. Planning a Small Wind Electric System | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    Small Wind Electric System Planning a Small Wind Electric System Small wind electric systems require planning to determine if there is enough wind, the location is appropriate, if ...

  7. Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement

    DOEpatents

    Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

    1997-11-11

    An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency. 4 figs.

  8. Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement

    DOEpatents

    Slavik, Charles J.; Rhudy, Ralph G.; Bushman, Ralph E.

    1997-01-01

    An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of .sqroot.3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency.

  9. Characterization of winds through the rotor plane using a phased array SODAR and recommendations for future work.

    SciTech Connect

    Deola, Regina Anne

    2010-02-01

    Portable remote sensing devices are increasingly needed to cost effectively characterize the meteorology at a potential wind energy site as the size of modern wind turbines increase. A short term project co-locating a Sound Detection and Ranging System (SODAR) with a 200 meter instrumented meteorological tower at the Texas Tech Wind Technology Field Site was performed to collect and summarize wind information through an atmospheric layer typical of utility scale rotor plane depths. Data collected identified large speed shears and directional shears that may lead to unbalanced loads on the rotors. This report identifies suggestions for incorporation of additional data in wind resource assessments and a few thoughts on the potential for using a SODAR or SODAR data to quantify or investigate other parameters that may be significant to the wind industry.

  10. Experimental phasing for structure determination using membrane-protein crystals grown by the lipid cubic phase method

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Dianfan; Pye, Valerie E.; Caffrey, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Very little information is available in the literature concerning the experimental heavy-atom phasing of membrane-protein structures where the crystals have been grown using the lipid cubic phase (in meso) method. In this paper, pre-labelling, co-crystallization, soaking, site-specific mercury binding to genetically engineered single-cysteine mutants and selenomethionine labelling as applied to an integral membrane kinase crystallized in meso are described. An assay to assess cysteine accessibility for mercury labelling of membrane proteins is introduced. Despite the marked increase in the number of membrane-protein structures solved using crystals grown by the lipid cubic phase or in meso method, only ten have been determined by SAD/MAD. This is likely to be a consequence of the technical difficulties associated with handling proteins and crystals in the sticky and viscous hosting mesophase that is usually incubated in glass sandwich plates for the purposes of crystallization. Here, a four-year campaign aimed at phasing the in meso structure of the integral membrane diacylglycerol kinase (DgkA) from Escherichia coli is reported. Heavy-atom labelling of this small hydrophobic enzyme was attempted by pre-labelling, co-crystallization, soaking, site-specific mercury binding to genetically engineered single-cysteine mutants and selenomethionine incorporation. Strategies and techniques for special handling are reported, as well as the typical results and the lessons learned for each of these approaches. In addition, an assay to assess the accessibility of cysteine residues in membrane proteins for mercury labelling is introduced. The various techniques and strategies described will provide a valuable reference for future experimental phasing of membrane proteins where crystals are grown by the lipid cubic phase method.

  11. Cleveland Project Phase 2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Project Phase 2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleveland Project Phase 2 Facility Cleveland Project Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status...

  12. Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Windfloat Phase 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 Facility Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status...

  13. Windy Flats Phase III | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Phase III Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Phase III Facility Windy Flats Phase III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed...

  14. Solano Phase 3 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Phase 3 Jump to: navigation, search Name Solano Phase 3 Facility Solano Phase 3 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Sacramento...

  15. Your wind driven generator

    SciTech Connect

    Wolff, B.

    1984-01-01

    Wind energy pioneer Benjamin Lee Wolff offers practical guidance on all aspects of setting up and operating a wind machine. Potential builders will learn how to: determine if wind energy is suitable for a specific application; choose an appropriate machine; assess the financial costs and benefits of wind energy; obtain necessary permits; sell power to local utilities; and interpret a generator's specifications. Coverage includes legislation, regulations, siting, and operation. While describing wind energy characteristics, Wolff explores the relationships among wind speed, rotor diameter, and electrical power capacity. He shows how the power of wind energy can be tapped at the lowest cost.

  16. Determination of operating conditions in an anaerobic acid-phase reactor treating dairy wastewater

    SciTech Connect

    Kasapgil, B.; Ince, O.; Anderson, G.K.

    1996-11-01

    Anaerobic digestion of organic material is a multistep process. Two groups of bacteria, namely acidogenic and methanogenic bacteria, are responsible for the acidification and for the methane formation, respectively. The growth requirements of the two groups of bacteria are rather different. In order to create optimum conditions for the process, it was first proposed to separate the process into two phases. Operating variables applicable for the selection and enrichment of microbial populations in phased digesters include digester loading, hydraulic retention time (HRT), pH, temperature, reactor design, and operating mode. By proper manipulation of these operating parameters it is possible to prevent any significant growth of methane bacteria and at the same time achieve the required level of acidification in the first reactor. Further enrichment of two cultures is possible by biomass recycle around each phase. Since the 1970s, phase separation has been introduced into anaerobic digestion technology. However, data concerning the optimization of operating conditions in both acidogenic and methanogenic phase reactors are scarce. This study was therefore carried out for the purposes given below. These were: (1) to determine the best combination of pH and temperature within the ranges studied for the pre-acidification of dairy wastewater; (2) to determine the maximum acidogenic conversion from COD to VFAs, and (3) to determine the changes in the distribution of major VFAs being produced during the pre-acidification of dairy wastewater.

  17. Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration within IEA Wind Annex XXIII: Phase III Results Regarding Tripod Support Structure Modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Nichols, J.; Camp, T.; Jonkman, J.; Butterfield, S.; Larsen, T.; Hansen, A.; Azcona, J.; Martinez, A.; Munduate, X.; Vorpahl, F.; Kleinhansl, S.; Kohlmeier, M.; Kossel, T.; Boker, C.; Kaufer, D.

    2009-01-01

    Offshore wind turbines are designed and analyzed using comprehensive simulation codes. This paper describes the findings of code-to-code verification activities of the IEA Offshore Code Comparison Collaboration.

  18. SERI Advanced and Innovative Wind-Energy-Concepts Program

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, R.L.; Jacobs, E.W.

    1983-06-01

    In 1978 the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) was given the responsibility of managing the Advanced and Innovative Wind Energy Concepts (AIWEC) Task by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this program has been to determine the technical and economic potential of advanced wind energy concepts. Assessment and R and D efforts in the AIWEC program have included theoretical performance analyses, wind tunnel testing, and/or costing studies. Concepts demonstrating sufficient potential undergo prototype testing in a Proof-of-Concept research phase. Several concepts, such as the Dynamic Inducer, the Diffuser Augmented wind Turbine, the Electrofluid Dynamic Wind-Driven Generator, the Passive Cyclic Pitch concept, and higher performance airfoil configurations for vertical axis wind turbines, have recently made significant progress. The latter has currently reached the Proof-of-Concept phase. The present paper provides an overview of the technical progress and current status of these concepts.

  19. Electric utility value determination for wind energy. Volume II. A user's guide. [WTP code; WEIBUL code; ROSEN code; ULMOD code; FINAM code

    SciTech Connect

    Percival, David; Harper, James

    1981-02-01

    This report describes a method for determining the value of wind energy systems to electric utilities. It is performed by a package of computer models available from SERI that can be used with most utility planning models. The final output of these models gives a financial value ($/kW) of the wind energy system under consideration in the specific utility system. This volume, the second of two volumes, is a user's guide for the computer programs available from SERI. The first volume describes the value determination methodology and gives detailed discussion on each step of the computer modeling.

  20. Design and fabrication of a low-cost Darrieus vertical-axis wind-turbine system, Phase II. Volume 3. Design, fabrication, and site drawing

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-03-01

    This report contains the design, fabrication, and site drawings associated with fabrication, installation, and check-out of 100-kW 17-metre Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs), under a 2-year, $1.8 million Phase II contract with the US Department of Energy. Design by Alcoa in Phase I of this contract, the turbines are Darrieus-type VAWTs with rotors 17 metres (55 feet) in diameter and 25.15 metres (83 feet) in height. They can produce 100 kW of electric power at a cost of energy as low as 3 cents per kWh, in an 18-mph wind regime using 12% annualized costs. Four turbines were produced; three are installed and are operable at (1) the Wind Systems Test Center, Rocky Flats, Colorado; (2) the US Department of Agriculture Conservation and Production Research Center at Bushland, Texas; and (3) Tisbury Water Authority, Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts, on the island of Martha's Vineyard. The fourth turbine is stored at Bushland, Texas, awaiting selection of an erection site.

  1. Wind farm electrical system

    DOEpatents

    Erdman, William L.; Lettenmaier, Terry M.

    2006-07-04

    An approach to wind farm design using variable speed wind turbines with low pulse number electrical output. The output of multiple wind turbines are aggregated to create a high pulse number electrical output at a point of common coupling with a utility grid network. Power quality at each individual wind turbine falls short of utility standards, but the aggregated output at the point of common coupling is within acceptable tolerances for utility power quality. The approach for aggregating low pulse number electrical output from multiple wind turbines relies upon a pad mounted transformer at each wind turbine that performs phase multiplication on the output of each wind turbine. Phase multiplication converts a modified square wave from the wind turbine into a 6 pulse output. Phase shifting of the 6 pulse output from each wind turbine allows the aggregated output of multiple wind turbines to be a 24 pulse approximation of a sine wave. Additional filtering and VAR control is embedded within the wind farm to take advantage of the wind farm's electrical impedence characteristics to further enhance power quality at the point of common coupling.

  2. Temporal evolution of solar wind ion composition and their source coronal holes during the declining phase of cycle 23. I. Low-latitude extension of polar coronal holes

    SciTech Connect

    Ko, Yuan-Kuen; Wang, Yi-Ming; Muglach, Karin; Young, Peter R.; Lepri, Susan T.

    2014-06-01

    We analyzed 27 solar wind (SW) intervals during the declining phase of cycle 23, whose source coronal holes (CHs) can be unambiguously identified and are associated with one of the polar CHs. We found that the SW ions have a temporal trend of decreasing ionization state, and such a trend is different between the slow and fast SW. The photospheric magnetic field, both inside and at the outside boundary of the CH, also exhibits a trend of decrease with time. However, EUV line emissions from different layers of the atmosphere exhibit different temporal trends. The coronal emission inside the CH generally increases toward the CH boundary as the underlying field increases in strength and becomes less unipolar. In contrast, this relationship is not seen in the coronal emission averaged over the entire CH. For C and O SW ions that freeze-in at lower altitude, stronger correlation between their ionization states and field strength (both signed and unsigned) appears in the slow SW, while for Fe ions that freeze-in at higher altitude, stronger correlation appears in the fast SW. Such correlations are seen both inside the CH and at its boundary region. On the other hand, the coronal electron temperature correlates well with the SW ion composition only in the boundary region. Our analyses, although not able to determine the likely footpoint locations of the SW of different speeds, raise many outstanding questions for how the SW is heated and accelerated in response to the long-term evolution of the solar magnetic field.

  3. The Determination of Pertechnetate and Non-Pertechnetate Species in Hanford Tanks - Phase 1

    SciTech Connect

    Duncan, James B.; Catlow, Stanley A.

    2014-02-01

    An analytical method is required to distinguish between the pertechnetate and non-pertechnetate forms of technetium; currently, the methods available only report the total technetium present in a sample. The overall objective of this effort is to develop a method for routinely analyzing Hanford tank waste for technetium in the pertechnetate and the non-pertechnetate forms. A phased approach will be deployed to accomplish this objective: Phase I Comparison of existing technetium analysis methods with modification; Phase II Demonstration of modified methods using non-pertechnetate spiked simulants; and, Phase III Demonstration of chosen method on Hanford tank sample containing non-pertechnetate. This report describes the Phase I work, providing a comparison of Aliquat 336 and TEVA(R)1 in the removal of pertechnetate and discussing the subsequent analysis for technetium in both alkaline and acidic environments without oxidation. The effort was executed under LAB-PLN-13-00004, The Determination of Pertechnetate and Non-Pertechnetate Species in Hanford Tanks Phase I.

  4. West Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Winds Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name West Winds Wind Farm Facility West Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  5. Design and fabrication of a low cost Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine system: Phase II. Volume 1. Executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-03-01

    Described is the successful fabrication, installation, and checkout of 100 kW 17 metre Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs). The turbines are Darrieus-type VAWTs with rotors 17 metres (55 feet) in diameter and 25.15 metres (83 feet) in height. They can produce 100 kW of electric power at a cost of energy as low as 3 cents per kWh, in an 18 mph wind regime using 12% annualized costs. Four turbines were produced; three are installed and are operable at: (1) Wind Systems Test Center, Rocky Flats, Colorado; (2) the US Department of Agriculture Conservation and Production Research Center at Bushland, Texas; and (3) Tisbury Water Authority, Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts, on the island of Martha's Vineyard. The fourth turbine is stored at Bushland, Texas, awaiting selection of an erection site.

  6. Design and fabrication of a low-cost Darrieus vertical-axis wind-turbine system, Phase II. Volume 2. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-03-01

    This report describes Alcoa's successful fabrication, installation, and check-out of 100-kW 17-metre Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs). The turbines are Darrieus-type VAWTs with rotors 17 meters (55 feet) in diameter and 25.15 metres (83 feet) in height. They can produce 100 kW of electric power at a cost of energy as low as 3 cents per kWh, in an 18-mph wind regime using 12% annualized costs. Four turbines were produced; three are installed and are operable at (1) the Wind Systems Test Center, Rocky Flats, Colorado; (2) the US Department of Agriculture Conservation and Production Research Center at Bushland, Texas; and (3) Tisbury Water Authority, Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts, on the island of Martha's Vineyard. The fourth turbine is stored at Bushland, Texas, awaiting selection of an erection site. Technical direction was provided to Alcoa by Sandia National Laboratories. Contract results are documented in this report (SAND82-7113) and in the Phase I Technical Report (ALO-4272), both of which are available through NTIS.

  7. Renaissance for wind power

    SciTech Connect

    Flavin, C.

    1981-10-01

    Wind research and development during the 1970s and recent studies showing wind to be a feasible source of both electrical and mechanical power are behind the rapid expansion of wind energy. Improved technology should make wind energy economical in most countries having sufficient wind and appropriate needs. A form of solar energy, winds form a large pattern of global air circulation because the earth's rotation causes differences in pressure and oceans cause differences in temperature. New development in the ancient art of windmill making date to the 1973 oil embargo, but wind availability must be determined at local sites to determine feasibility. Whether design features of the new technology and the concept of large wind farms will be incorporated in national energy policies will depend on changing attitudes, acceptance by utilities, and the speed with which new information is developed and disseminated. 44 references, 6 figures. (DCK)

  8. Position for determining gas phase volatile organic compound concentrations in transuranic waste containers. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Connolly, M.J.; Liekhus, K.J.; Djordjevic, S.M.; Loehr, C.A.; Spangler, L.R.

    1995-08-01

    In the conditional no-migration determination (NMD) for the test phase of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imposed certain conditions on the US Department of Energy (DOE) regarding gas phase volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the void space of transuranic (TRU) waste containers. Specifically, the EPA required the DOE to ensure that each waste container has no layer of confinement that contains flammable mixtures of gases or mixtures of gases that could become flammable when mixed with air. The EPA also required that sampling of the headspace of waste containers outside inner layers of confinement be representative of the entire void space of the container. The EPA stated that all layers of confinement in a container would have to be sampled until DOE can demonstrate to the EPA that sampling of all layers is either unnecessary or can be safely reduced. A test program was conducted at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to demonstrate that the gas phase VOC concentration in the void space of each layer of confinement in vented drums can be estimated from measured drum headspace using a theoretical transport model and that sampling of each layer of confinement is unnecessary. This report summarizes the studies performed in the INEL test program and extends them for the purpose of developing a methodology for determining gas phase VOC concentrations in both vented and unvented TRU waste containers. The methodology specifies conditions under which waste drum headspace gases can be said to be representative of drum gases as a whole and describes a method for predicting drum concentrations in situations where the headspace concentration is not representative. The methodology addresses the approach for determining the drum VOC gas content for two purposes: operational period drum handling and operational period no-migration calculations.

  9. Position for determining gas-phase volatile organic compound concentrations in transuranic waste containers. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Connolly, M.J.; Liekhus, K.J.; Djordjevic, S.M.; Loehr, C.A.; Spangler, L.R.

    1998-06-01

    In the conditional no-migration determination (NMD) for the test phase of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imposed certain conditions on the US Department of Energy (DOE) regarding gas phase volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the void space of transuranic (TRU) waste containers. Specifically, the EPA required the DOE to ensure that each waste container has no layer of confinement that contains flammable mixtures of gases or mixtures of gases that could become flammable when mixed with air. The EPA also required that sampling of the headspace of waste containers outside inner layers of confinement be representative of the entire void space of the container. The EPA stated that all layers of confinement in a container would have to be sampled until DOE can demonstrate to the EPA that sampling of all layers is either unnecessary or can be safely reduced. A test program was conducted at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to demonstrate that the gas phase VOC concentration in the void space of each layer of confinement in vented drums can be estimated from measured drum headspace using a theoretical transport model and that sampling of each layer of confinement is unnecessary. This report summarizes the studies performed in the INEEL test program and extends them for the purpose of developing a methodology for determining gas phase VOC concentrations in both vented and unvented TRU waste containers. The methodology specifies conditions under which waste drum headspace gases can be said to be representative of drum gases as a whole and describes a method for predicting drum concentrations in situations where the headspace concentration is not representative. The methodology addresses the approach for determining the drum VOC gas content for two purposes: operational period drum handling and operational period no-migration calculations.

  10. Hualapai Wind Project Feasibility Report

    SciTech Connect

    Davidson, Kevin; Randall, Mark; Isham, Tom; Horna, Marion J; Koronkiewicz, T; Simon, Rich; Matthew, Rojas; MacCourt, Doug C.; Burpo, Rob

    2012-12-20

    The Hualapai Department of Planning and Economic Development, with funding assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy, Tribal Energy Program, with the aid of six consultants has completed the four key prerequisites as follows: 1. Identify the site area for development and its suitability for construction. 2. Determine the wind resource potential for the identified site area. 3. Determine the electrical transmission and interconnection feasibility to get the electrical power produced to the marketplace. 4. Complete an initial permitting and environmental assessment to determine the feasibility for getting the project permitted. Those studies indicated a suitable wind resource and favorable conditions for permitting and construction. The permitting and environmental study did not reveal any fatal flaws. A review of the best power sale opportunities indicate southern California has the highest potential for obtaining a PPA that may make the project viable. Based on these results, the recommendation is for the Hualapai Tribal Nation to move forward with attracting a qualified wind developer to work with the Tribe to move the project into the second phase - determining the reality factors for developing a wind project. a qualified developer will bid to a utility or negotiate a PPA to make the project viable for financing.

  11. Wind Integration

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Generation - ScheduledActual Balancing Reserves - Deployed Near Real-time Wind Animation Wind Projects under Review Growth Forecast Fact Sheets Working together to address...

  12. Position for determining gas phase volatile organic compound concentrations in transuranic waste containers

    SciTech Connect

    Connolly, M.J.; Liekhus, K.J.; Djordjevic, S.M.; Loehr, C.A. Spangler, L.R.

    1995-12-01

    In the conditional no-migration determination (NMD) for the test phase of the Waste isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) imposed certain conditions on the US Department of Energy (DOE) regarding gas phase volatile organic compound (VOC) concentrations in the void space of transuranic (TRU) waste containers. The EPA required the DOE to ensure that each waste container has no layer of confinement that contains flammable mixtures of gases or mixtures of gases that could become flammable when mixed with air. The EPA also required that sampling of the headspace of waste containers outside inner layers of confinement be representative of the entire void space of the container. The EPA stated that all layers of confinement in a container would have to be sampled until DOE can demonstrate to the EPA that sampling of all layers is unnecessary. A test program was conducted to demonstrate that the gas phase VOC concentration in the void space of each layer of confinement in vented drums can be estimated from measured drum headspace using a theoretical transport model and that sampling of each layer of confinement is unnecessary. This report summarizes the studies performed in the INEL test program and extends them for the purpose of developing a methodology for determining gas phase VOC concentrations in both vented and unvented TRU waste containers. The methodology specifies conditions under which waste drum headspace gases can be said to be representative of drum gases as a whole and describes a method for predicting drum concentrations in situations where the headspace concentration is not representative.

  13. Prairie Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Prairie Winds Wind Farm Facility Prairie Winds Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  14. Loraine Phase 2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Loraine Phase 2 Facility Loraine Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Third Planet...

  15. Loraine Phase 1 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Loraine Phase 1 Facility Loraine Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Third Planet...

  16. Determination of anharmonic free energy contributions: Low temperature phases of the Lennard-Jones system

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Calero, C.; Knorowski, C.; Travesset, A.

    2016-03-22

    We investigate a general method to calculate the free energy of crystalline solids by considering the harmonic approximation and quasistatically switching the anharmonic contribution. The advantage of this method is that the harmonic approximation provides an already very accurate estimate of the free energy, and therefore the anharmonic term is numerically very small and can be determined to high accuracy. We further show that the anharmonic contribution to the free energy satisfies a number of exact inequalities that place constraints on its magnitude and allows approximate but fast and accurate estimates. The method is implemented into a readily available generalmore » software by combining the code HOODLT (Highly Optimized Object Oriented Dynamic Lattice Theory) for the harmonic part and the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation package HOOMD-blue for the anharmonic part. We use the method to calculate the low temperature phase diagram for Lennard-Jones particles. We demonstrate that hcp is the equilibrium phase at low temperature and pressure and obtain the coexistence curve with the fcc phase, which exhibits reentrant behavior. Furthermore, several implications of the method are discussed.« less

  17. Two-station phase velocity determination for structure in North Africa

    SciTech Connect

    Hazler, S; Pasyanos, M; Sheehan, A; Walter, W

    1999-07-28

    The seismic structure of North Africa is poorly understood due to the relative paucity of stations and seismicity when compared to other continental regions of the world. A better understanding of the velocity structure in this area will allow improved models of travel times and regional phase amplitudes. Such models will improve location and identification capability in this region leading to more effective monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Using regional-to-teleseismic Rayleigh and Love waves that traverse the area we can obtain information about the region's seismic structure by examining phase velocity as a function of period. We utilize earthquakes from the tectonically active regions bounding North Africa (Mediterranean, Red Sea, East African Rift, and Mid-Atlantic Ridge) recorded at broadband seismic stations distributed throughout the region. A two-station method is utilized to determine phase velocity information along the interstation segment of the ray path. The two-station method provides particular advantage in this region as it dramatically increases the number of events available to provide pure North African sampling. Bandpass filters are applied to the seismograms so that peaks and troughs may be correlated. The phase is unwrapped and a difference curve computed. The difference curve is then converted to a phase velocity dispersion curve. Phase velocity curves are constructed in the range of 10 to 120 seconds. Rayleigh and Love waves in this period range are most sensitive to the shear velocity structure of the lithosphere and can be used in combination with additional independent seismic observations (e.g. Pn tomography, surface wave group velocity tomography, receiver functions, etc.) to construct reliable velocity models. We compare velocities computed in this study to those generated from well known models for similar tectonic regions throughout the world in order to better define the tectonic setting of North Africa

  18. Comparison of field and wind tunnel Darrieus wind turbine data

    SciTech Connect

    Sheldahl, R.E.

    1981-01-01

    A 2-m-dia Darrieus Vertical Axis Wind Turbine with NACA-0012 blades was extensively tested in the Vought Corporation Low Speed Wind Tunnel. This same turbine was installed in the field at the Sandia National Laboratories Wind Turbine Test Site and operated to determine if field data corresponded to data obtained in the wind tunnel. It is believed that the accuracy of the wind tunnel test data was verified and thus the credibility of that data base was further established.

  19. Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines Use this identity guideline to determine proper formatting for all materials ...

  20. Wind Turbine Testing | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Turbine Testing Photo of a large wind turbine blade sticking out of the structural testing laboratory; it is perpendicular to a building at the National Wind Technology Center. A multimegawatt wind turbine blade extends outside of the structural testing facility at the NWTC. PIX #19010 Testing capabilities at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) support the installation and testing of wind turbines that range in size from 400 watts to 5.0 megawatts. Engineers provide wind industry

  1. Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications | Department...

    Energy Saver

    Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Teams competing in the U.S. Department of ...

  2. Comparison of API & IEC Standards for Offshore Wind Turbine Applications in the U.S. Atlantic Ocean: Phase II; March 9, 2009 - September 9, 2009

    SciTech Connect

    Jha, A.; Dolan, D.; Gur, T.; Soyoz, S.; Alpdogan, C.

    2013-01-01

    This report compares two design guidelines for offshore wind turbines: Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platform Structures and the International Electrotechnical Commission 61400-3 Design Requirements for Offshore Wind Turbines.

  3. Wind Simulation

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2008-12-31

    The Software consists of a spreadsheet written in Microsoft Excel that provides an hourly simulation of a wind energy system, which includes a calculation of wind turbine output as a power-curve fit of wind speed.

  4. Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center

    2002-04-01

    Blade fatigue life is an important element in determining the economic viability of the Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT). VAWT-SAL Vertical Axis Wind Turbine- Stochastic Aerodynamic Loads Ver 3.2 numerically simulates the stochastic (random0 aerodynamic loads of the Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) created by the atomspheric turbulence. The program takes into account the rotor geometry, operating conditions, and assumed turbulence properties.

  5. Wind Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... First Power for SWiFT Turbine Achieved during Recommissioning Facilities, News, Renewable Energy, SWIFT, Wind Energy, Wind News First Power for SWiFT Turbine Achieved during ...

  6. Wind News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ... Laboratory PV Regional Test Centers Scaled Wind Farm Technology Facility Climate & Earth ...

  7. wind energy

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    5%2A en Pantex to Become Wind Energy Research Center http:nnsa.energy.govfieldofficesnponpopressreleasespantex-become-wind-energy-research-center

  8. Wind News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ... Wind-turbine blade growth continues to have the largest impact on energy capture and ...

  9. Wind Resource Assessment | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Resource Assessment A map of the United States is color-coded to indicate the high winds at 80 meters. This map shows the wind resource at 80 meters for both land-based and ...

  10. Determination of volume fractions in two-phase flows from sound speed measurement

    SciTech Connect

    Chaudhuri, Anirban; Sinha, Dipen N.; Osterhoudt, Curtis F.

    2012-08-15

    Accurate measurement of the composition of oil-water emulsions within the process environment is a challenging problem in the oil industry. Ultrasonic techniques are promising because they are non-invasive and can penetrate optically opaque mixtures. This paper presents a method of determining the volume fractions of two immiscible fluids in a homogenized two-phase flow by measuring the speed of sound through the composite fluid along with the instantaneous temperature. Two separate algorithms are developed by representing the composite density as (i) a linear combination of the two densities, and (ii) a non-linear fractional formulation. Both methods lead to a quadratic equation with temperature dependent coefficients, the root of which yields the volume fraction. The densities and sound speeds are calibrated at various temperatures for each fluid component, and the fitted polynomial is used in the final algorithm. We present results when the new algorithm is applied to mixtures of crude oil and process water from two different oil fields, and a comparison of our results with a Coriolis meter; the difference between mean values is less than 1%. Analytical and numerical studies of sensitivity of the calculated volume fraction to temperature changes and calibration errors are also presented.

  11. Wind Powering America's Regional Stakeholder Meetings and Priority State Reports: FY11 Summary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2013-06-01

    Beginning in 2010, DOE conducted an assessment of Wind Powering America (WPA) activities to determine whether the methods the department had used to help grow the wind industry to provide 2% of the nation's electrical energy should be the same methods used to achieve 20% of the nation's energy from wind (as described in the report 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply). After the assessment, it was determined that the initiative's state-based activities should be phased out as part of a shift to regional-based approaches. To assist with this transition, WPA hosted a series of 1-day regional meetings at six strategic locations around the country and a single teleconference for island states, U.S. territories, and remote communities. This report summarizes the results of the inaugural regional meetings and the state reports with a focus on ongoing wind deployment barriers in each region.

  12. Distributed Wind Research | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    an introduction to distributed wind projects and a brief overview of topics to consider when developing a distributed wind energy ordinance. Distributed Wind Ordinances Photo from Byers and Renier Construction, NREL 18820 Distributed Wind Ordinances The U.S. Department of Energy defines distributed wind projects as: (a) The use of wind turbines, on- or off-grid, at homes, farms and ranches, businesses, public and industrial facilities, or other sites to offset all or a portion of the local

  13. Offshore Wind Research | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A photo of several rows of wind turbines standing in the ocean with the sun overhead. Capabilities NREL's offshore wind turbine research capabilities focus on critical areas that ...

  14. Winding for linear pump

    DOEpatents

    Kliman, G.B.; Brynsvold, G.V.; Jahns, T.M.

    1989-08-22

    A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium are disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet. 4 figs.

  15. Winding for linear pump

    DOEpatents

    Kliman, Gerald B.; Brynsvold, Glen V.; Jahns, Thomas M.

    1989-01-01

    A winding and method of winding for a submersible linear pump for pumping liquid sodium is disclosed. The pump includes a stator having a central cylindrical duct preferably vertically aligned. The central vertical duct is surrounded by a system of coils in slots. These slots are interleaved with magnetic flux conducting elements, these magnetic flux conducting elements forming a continuous magnetic field conduction path along the stator. The central duct has placed therein a cylindrical magnetic conducting core, this core having a cylindrical diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical duct. The core once placed to the duct defines a cylindrical interstitial pumping volume of the pump. This cylindrical interstitial pumping volume preferably defines an inlet at the bottom of the pump, and an outlet at the top of the pump. Pump operation occurs by static windings in the outer stator sequentially conveying toroidal fields from the pump inlet at the bottom of the pump to the pump outlet at the top of the pump. The winding apparatus and method of winding disclosed uses multiple slots per pole per phase with parallel winding legs on each phase equal to or less than the number of slots per pole per phase. The slot sequence per pole per phase is chosen to equalize the variations in flux density of the pump sodium as it passes into the pump at the pump inlet with little or no flux and acquires magnetic flux in passage through the pump to the pump outlet.

  16. SERI Wind Energy Program

    SciTech Connect

    Noun, R. J.

    1983-06-01

    The SERI Wind Energy Program manages the areas or innovative research, wind systems analysis, and environmental compatibility for the U.S. Department of Energy. Since 1978, SERI wind program staff have conducted in-house aerodynamic and engineering analyses of novel concepts for wind energy conversion and have managed over 20 subcontracts to determine technical feasibility; the most promising of these concepts is the passive blade cyclic pitch control project. In the area of systems analysis, the SERI program has analyzed the impact of intermittent generation on the reliability of electric utility systems using standard utility planning models. SERI has also conducted methodology assessments. Environmental issues related to television interference and acoustic noise from large wind turbines have been addressed. SERI has identified the causes, effects, and potential control of acoustic noise emissions from large wind turbines.

  17. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study | Grid Modernization...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Can we integrate large amounts of wind and solar energy into the electric power system of the ... Development of Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets Phase 2 Research ...

  18. Method and apparatus for determining two-phase flow in rock fracture

    DOEpatents

    Persoff, Peter; Pruess, Karsten; Myer, Larry

    1994-01-01

    An improved method and apparatus as disclosed for measuring the permeability of multiple phases through a rock fracture. The improvement in the method comprises delivering the respective phases through manifolds to uniformly deliver and collect the respective phases to and from opposite edges of the rock fracture in a distributed manner across the edge of the fracture. The improved apparatus comprises first and second manifolds comprising bores extending within porous blocks parallel to the rock fracture for distributing and collecting the wetting phase to and from surfaces of the porous blocks, which respectively face the opposite edges of the rock fracture. The improved apparatus further comprises other manifolds in the form of plenums located adjacent the respective porous blocks for uniform delivery of the non-wetting phase to parallel grooves disposed on the respective surfaces of the porous blocks facing the opposite edges of the rock fracture and generally perpendicular to the rock fracture.

  19. AWEA Wind Project Siting Seminar 2015

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    As the wind industry has grown and evolved, the scope and complexity of siting and environmental compliance issues has evolved and increased, and now affects all phases of a wind facility's life...

  20. Low Wind Speed Technology Phase II: Investigation of the Application of Medium-Voltage Variable-Speed Drive Technology to Improve the Cost of Energy from Low Wind Speed Turbines; Behnke, Erdman and Whitaker Engineering, Inc.

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-03-01

    This fact sheet describes a subcontract with Behnke, Erdman & Whitaker Engineering, Inc. to test the feasibility of applying medium-voltage variable-speed drive technology to low wind speed turbines.

  1. Phase Concentration Determination of Fe16N2 Using State of the Art Neutron Scattering Techniques

    DOE PAGES [OSTI]

    Bennett, S. P.; Feygenson, M.; Jiang, Y.; Zande, B. J.; Zhang, X.; Sankar, S. G.; Wang, J. P.; Lauter, V.

    2016-03-25

    Limitation on the availability of rare earth elements have made it imperative that new high energy product rare earth free permanent magnet materials are developed for the next generation of energy systems. One promising low cost permanent magnet candidate for a high energy magnet is -Fe16N2, whose giant magnetic moment has been predicted to be well above any other from conventional first principles calculations. Despite its great promise, the phase is metastable; making synthesis of the pure phase difficult, resulting in less than ideal magnetic characteristics. This instability gives way to a slew of possible secondary phases (i.e. -Fe, Fe2O3,more » Fe8N, Fe4N ) whose concentrations are difficult to detect by conventional x-ray diffraction. Moreover, we show how high resolution neutron diffraction and polarized neutron reflectometry can be used to extract the phase concentration ratio of the giant magnetic phase from ultra-small powder sample sizes (~0.1g) and thin films. These studies have led to the discovery of promising fabrication methods for both homogeneous thin films, and nanopowders containing the highest reported to date (>95%) phase concentrations of room temperature stable -Fe16N2.« less

  2. Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Wind The U.S. wind energy industry continued its strong growth in 2015, adding new generating capacity faster than any other source of electricity generation. Get the latest update on the state of the industry in our 2015 Wind Market Reports. The U.S. wind energy industry continued its strong growth in 2015, adding new generating capacity faster than any other source of electricity generation. Get the latest update on the state of the industry in our 2015 Wind Market Reports. The United

  3. Cisco Wind Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cisco Wind Energy Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cisco Wind Energy Wind Farm Facility Cisco Wind Energy Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  4. Low Wind Speed Turbine Project Phase II: The Application of Medium-Voltage Electrical Apparatus to the Class of Variable Speed Multi-Megawatt Low Wind Speed Turbines; 15 June 2004--30 April 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Erdman, W.; Behnke, M.

    2005-11-01

    Kilowatt ratings of modern wind turbines have progressed rapidly from 50 kW to 1,800 kW over the past 25 years, with 3.0- to 7.5-MW turbines expected in the next 5 years. The premise of this study is simple: The rapid growth of wind turbine power ratings and the corresponding growth in turbine electrical generation systems and associated controls are quickly making low-voltage (LV) electrical design approaches cost-ineffective. This report provides design detail and compares the cost of energy (COE) between commercial LV-class wind power machines and emerging medium-voltage (MV)-class multi-megawatt wind technology. The key finding is that a 2.5% reduction in the COE can be achieved by moving from LV to MV systems. This is a conservative estimate, with a 3% to 3.5% reduction believed to be attainable once purchase orders to support a 250-turbine/year production level are placed. This evaluation considers capital costs as well as installation, maintenance, and training requirements for wind turbine maintenance personnel. Subsystems investigated include the generator, pendant cables, variable-speed converter, and padmount transformer with switchgear. Both current-source and voltage-source converter/inverter MV topologies are compared against their low-voltage, voltage-source counterparts at the 3.0-, 5.0-, and 7.5-MW levels.

  5. Wind Power

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the best wind power generation potential near WIPP is along the Delaware Mountain ridge line of the southern Guadalupe ...

  6. Wind Farm

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The wind farm in Greensburg, Kansas, was completed in spring 2010, and consists of ten 1.25 megawatt (MW) wind turbines that supply enough electricity to power every house, business, and municipal...

  7. Wind Easements

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The statutes authorizing the creation of wind easements include several provisions to protect property owners. For example, a wind easement may not make the property owner liable for any property...

  8. Polarization periodicity in the B1 columnar phase determined by resonant x-ray scattering

    SciTech Connect

    Folcia, C.L.; Pindak, R.; Ortega, J.; Etxebarria, J.; Pan, L.; Wang, S.; Huang, C.C.; Ponsinet, V.; Barois, P. and Gimeno, N.

    2011-07-14

    We report structural results that evidence the polarization distribution of the blocks in the columnar phase of an achiral bent-core liquid crystal. The study was performed using resonant x-ray diffraction at the sulfur K edge on oriented samples aligned on substrates. The extra periodicity is revealed through the violation of the systematic extinction rule of the structural symmetry group along the experimentally accessible diffraction direction. Further data obtained from the polarization analysis of a resonant reflection give information concerning the transition mechanism between B{sub 1} and B{sub 2} phases.

  9. Polarization Periodicity in the B(1) Columnar Phase Determined by Resonant X-ray Scattering

    SciTech Connect

    C Folcia; J Ortega; J Etxebarria; L Pan; S Wang; C Huang; V Ponsinet; P Barois; R Pindak; N Gimeno

    2011-12-31

    We report structural results that evidence the polarization distribution of the blocks in the columnar phase of an achiral bent-core liquid crystal. The study was performed using resonant x-ray diffraction at the sulfur K edge on oriented samples aligned on substrates. The extra periodicity is revealed through the violation of the systematic extinction rule of the structural symmetry group along the experimentally accessible diffraction direction. Further data obtained from the polarization analysis of a resonant reflection give information concerning the transition mechanism between B{sub 1} and B{sub 2} phases.

  10. Lower Sioux Wind Feasibility & Development

    SciTech Connect

    Minkel, Darin

    2012-04-01

    This report describes the process and findings of a Wind Energy Feasibility Study (Study) conducted by the Lower Sioux Indian Community (Community). The Community is evaluating the development of a wind energy project located on tribal land. The project scope was to analyze the critical issues in determining advantages and disadvantages of wind development within the Community. This analysis addresses both of the Community's wind energy development objectives: the single turbine project and the Commerical-scale multiple turbine project. The main tasks of the feasibility study are: land use and contraint analysis; wind resource evaluation; utility interconnection analysis; and project structure and economics.

  11. Winnebago Tribe - Wind Assessment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska Wind Energy Feasibility Project Update November 18, 2008 Discussion Outline * Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska * Project Objectives and Overview * Project Location * Project Participants * Project Status ƒ Accomplishments ƒ Lessons Learned * Next Steps © 2008 All Rights Reserved Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska © 2008 All Rights Reserved Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska © 2008 All Rights Reserved DOE Wind Project: Purpose * To initiate a study to determine feasibility of

  12. System and method for monitoring and controlling stator winding temperature in a de-energized AC motor

    DOEpatents

    Lu, Bin; Luebke, Charles John; Habetler, Thomas G.; Zhang, Pinjia; Becker, Scott K.

    2011-12-27

    A system and method for measuring and controlling stator winding temperature in an AC motor while idling is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of a multi-phase AC motor. The circuit further includes a plurality of switching devices to control current flow and terminal voltages in the multi-phase AC motor and a controller connected to the circuit. The controller is configured to activate the plurality of switching devices to create a DC signal in an output of the motor control device corresponding to an input to the multi-phase AC motor, determine or estimate a stator winding resistance of the multi-phase AC motor based on the DC signal, and estimate a stator temperature from the stator winding resistance. Temperature can then be controlled and regulated by DC injection into the stator windings.

  13. Technology Solutions Case Study: Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2, Southeastern United States

    SciTech Connect

    2015-05-01

    In many two-story homes, there are attic spaces above the first-floor of the home that border portions of the second-story conditioned space. These spaces have breaches of the air and thermal boundaries, creating a phenomenon known as wind washing. This can cause attic air above the first-floor space to be driven into the cavity between the first and second floors by wind, thermal buoyancy forces, or mechanical driving forces as well as circulation of hot attic air against the wallboard because of gaps between insulation batts installed on knee walls and the gypsum wallboard. In this project, the U.S. Department of Energy team Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC) investigated wind washing in 56 homes. The goals were to identify the failure mechanisms that lead to wind washing, characterize the pathways for air and heat to enter the house, and evaluate the seasonal energy savings and peak demand reduction that can result from repairing these wind washing problems. Based on this research, the team developed recommendations for cost-effective retrofit solutions and information that can help avoid these problems in new construction.

  14. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study | Grid Modernization | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Can we integrate large amounts of wind and solar energy into the electric power system of the West? That's the question explored by the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, one of the largest such regional studies to date. Phase 1 Research During its first phase, the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigated the benefits and challenges of integrating up to 35% wind and solar energy in the WestConnect subregion and, more broadly,

  15. Groundwater quality assessment plan for the 1324-N/NA Site: Phase 1 (first determination)

    SciTech Connect

    Hartman, M.J.

    1998-05-01

    The 1324-N Surface Impoundment and 1324-NA Percolation Pond (1324-N/NA Site) are treatment/storage/disposal sites regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA). They are located in the 100-N Area of the Hanford Site, and were used to treat and dispose of corrosive waste from a water treatment plant. Groundwater monitoring under an interim-status detection program compared indicator parameters from downgradient wells to background values established from an upgradient well. One of the indicator parameters, total organic carbon (TOC), exceeded its background value in one downgradient well, triggering an upgrade from a detection program to an assessment program. This plan presents the first phase of the assessment program.

  16. Atomic oxygen flux determined by mixed-phase Ag/Ag2O deposition

    SciTech Connect

    Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2010-11-01

    The flux of atomic oxygen generated in a electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) microwave plasma source was quantified by two different methods. The commonly applied approach of monitoring the frequency change of a silver-coated quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) deposition rate monitor as the silver is oxidized was found to underestimate the atomic oxygen flux by an order of magnitude compared to a more direct deposition approach. In the mixed-phase Ag/Ag2O deposition method, silver films were deposited in the presence of the plasma such that the films were partially oxidized to Ag2O; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was utilized for quantification of the oxidized fraction. The inaccuracy of the QCM oxidation method was tentatively attributed to efficient catalytic recombination of O atoms on the silver surface.

  17. Wind Energy Projects | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy Projects Wind Energy ...

  18. Phonon dispersion curves determination in (delta)-phase Pu-Ga alloys

    SciTech Connect

    Wong, J; Clatterbuck, D; Occelli, F; Farber, D; Schwartz, A; Wall, M; Boro, C; Krisch, M; Beraud, A; Chiang, T; Xu, R; Hong, H; Zschack, P; Tamura, N

    2006-02-07

    We have designed and successfully employed a novel microbeam on large grain sample concept to conduct high resolution inelastic x-ray scattering (HRIXS) experiments to map the full phonon dispersion curves of an fcc {delta}-phase Pu-Ga alloy. This approach obviates experimental difficulties with conventional inelastic neutron scattering due to the high absorption cross section of the common {sup 239}Pu isotope and the non-availability of large (mm size) single crystal materials for Pu and its alloys. A classical Born von-Karman force constant model was used to model the experimental results, and no less than 4th nearest neighbor interactions had to be included to account for the observation. Several unusual features including, a large elastic anisotropy, a small shear elastic modulus, (C{sub 11}-C{sub 12})/2, a Kohn-like anomaly in the T{sub 1}[011] branch, and a pronounced softening of the T[111] branch towards the L point in the Brillouin are found. These features may be related to the phase transitions of plutonium and to strong coupling between the crystal structure and the 5f valence instabilities. Our results represent the first full phonon dispersions ever obtained for any Pu-bearing material, thus ending a 40-year quest for this fundamental data. The phonon data also provide a critical test for theoretical treatments of highly correlated 5f electron systems as exemplified by recent dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) calculations for {delta}-plutonium. We also conducted thermal diffuse scattering experiments to study the T(111) dispersion at low temperatures with an attempt to gain insight into bending of the T(111) branch in relationship to the {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} transformation.

  19. Wind Power Forecasting Data

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Operations Call 2012 Retrospective Reports 2012 Retrospective Reports 2011 Smart Grid Wind Integration Wind Integration Initiatives Wind Power Forecasting Wind Projects Email...

  20. NREL: Wind Research - Wind Career Map Shows Wind Industry Career...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Career Map Shows Wind Industry Career Opportunities, Paths A screenshot of the wind career map showing the various points on a chart that show different careers in the wind...

  1. Wind News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & ...

  2. Offshore Wind

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & ...

  3. wind turbines

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & ...

  4. Wind Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & ...

  5. Wind Workshop

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Workshop - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy ...

  6. Wind Power Partners '94 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    4 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wind Power Partners '94 Wind Farm Facility Wind Power Partners '94 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  7. Wethersfield Wind Power Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wethersfield Wind Power Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wethersfield Wind Power Wind Farm Facility Wethersfield Wind Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial...

  8. State Fair Wind Energy Education Center Wind Farm | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Fair Wind Energy Education Center Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name State Fair Wind Energy Education Center Wind Farm Facility Wind Energy Education Center Sector Wind...

  9. Portsmouth Abbey School Wind Turbine Wind Farm | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Abbey School Wind Turbine Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Portsmouth Abbey School Wind Turbine Wind Farm Facility Portsmouth Abbey School Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy...

  10. Harbec Plastic Wind Turbine Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Harbec Plastic Wind Turbine Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Harbec Plastic Wind Turbine Wind Farm Facility Harbec Plastic Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type...

  11. Stetson Wind Expansion Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stetson Wind Expansion Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Stetson Wind Expansion Wind Farm Facility Stetson Wind Expansion Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale...

  12. Planning a Small Wind Electric System | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Small wind electric systems require planning to determine if there is enough wind, the location is appropriate, if wind systems are allowed, and if the system will be economical. | ...

  13. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL's Offshore Wind Testing Capabilities 35 years of wind turbine testing experience ... Testing Applying 35 years of wind turbine testing expertise, NREL has developed ...

  14. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Turbine Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Offshore Wind Turbine Research Photo of a European offshore wind farm. Photo by Siemens ... NREL's offshore wind turbine research capabilities focus on critical areas that reflect ...

  15. NREL: Wind Research - Offshore Wind Resource Characterization

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Resource Characterization Map of the United States, showing the wind potential of offshore areas across the country. Enlarge image US offshore wind speed estimates at 90-m ...

  16. NREL: Wind Research - Wind Resource Assessment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    State Wind Maps International Wind Resource Maps Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools Due to the existence of special ... to anticipate wind generation levels and adjust the ...

  17. Quantitative Determination of the Hubbard Model Phase Diagram from Optical Lattice Experiments by Two-Parameter Scaling

    SciTech Connect

    Campo, V. L. Jr.; Capelle, K.; Quintanilla, J.; Hooley, C.

    2007-12-14

    We propose an experiment to obtain the phase diagram of the fermionic Hubbard model, for any dimensionality, using cold atoms in optical lattices. It is based on measuring the total energy for a sequence of trap profiles. It combines finite-size scaling with an additional 'finite-curvature scaling' necessary to reach the homogeneous limit. We illustrate its viability in the 1D case, simulating experimental data in the Bethe-ansatz local-density approximation. Including experimental errors, the filling corresponding to the Mott transition can be determined with better than 3% accuracy.

  18. Danielson Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Danielson Wind Facility Danielson Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Juhl Wind...

  19. Kawailoa Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Kawailoa Wind Facility Kawailoa Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  20. Palouse Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Palouse Wind Facility Palouse Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  1. Harbor Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Harbor Wind Facility Harbor Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Harbor Wind LLC...

  2. Kahuku Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Kahuku Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Kahuku Wind Facility Kahuku Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  3. Wiota Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wiota Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Wiota Wind Facility Wiota Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Wiota Wind Energy LLC...

  4. Bravo Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Bravo Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Bravo Wind Facility Bravo Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Bravo Wind LLC...

  5. Auwahi Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Auwahi Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Auwahi Wind Facility Auwahi Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner BP Wind Energy...

  6. Traer Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Traer Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Traer Wind Facility Traer Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Norsemen Wind Energy LLC...

  7. Sheffield Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Sheffield Wind Facility Sheffield Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  8. Rollins Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Rollins Wind Facility Rollins Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  9. Dynamometer Test Facilities | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Dynamometer Test Facilities Dynamometers test wind turbine drivetrains by replacing the rotor and blades of a turbine with a powerful motor. The National Wind Technology Center features dynamometers that can test wind turbine systems from 1 kilowatt (kW) to 5 megawatts (MW). Photo of large blue and red test machinery with a man looking up at it. Capabilities Perform steady-state testing to determine a turbine's "power curve": how its electrical production relates to the input

  10. Phase 1. Screening guidelines to determine the structures exempt from Executive Order 12941

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This report presents data regarding the guidelines for determining structures that are exempt from executive order 12941. Executive order 12941 was enacted to assure seismic safety of existing federally owned or leased buildings. This reports considered only the minimum amount of information. This information varied from building to building and from site to site. The scope of the guidelines is to cover all five DOE sites that fall under the DOE Oak Ridge Operations and are operated by LMES. These facilities are the ORNL, Y-12 Plant, K-25 Site all at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Paducah, Kentucky; and the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Portsmouth, Ohio. Off site facilities, owned or leased, that are occupied by LMES are also included.

  11. Accelerating Offshore Wind Development | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Accelerating Offshore Wind Development Click on a project for more information. The Energy Department has selected seven projects that will accelerate the commercialization of innovative offshore wind technologies in the United States. Each project will receive up to $4 million from the Energy Department to complete the engineering, site evaluation, and planning phase of their project. Upon completion of this phase, the Energy Department will select the up

  12. Wyoming Wind Power Project (generation/wind)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power > Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Wyoming Wind Power Project (Foote Creek Rim I and II) Thumbnail image of wind...

  13. Offshore Wind Power USA

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Offshore Wind Power USA conference provides the latest offshore wind market updates and forecasts.

  14. Methods and apparatus for reducing peak wind turbine loads

    DOEpatents

    Moroz, Emilian Mieczyslaw

    2007-02-13

    A method for reducing peak loads of wind turbines in a changing wind environment includes measuring or estimating an instantaneous wind speed and direction at the wind turbine and determining a yaw error of the wind turbine relative to the measured instantaneous wind direction. The method further includes comparing the yaw error to a yaw error trigger that has different values at different wind speeds and shutting down the wind turbine when the yaw error exceeds the yaw error trigger corresponding to the measured or estimated instantaneous wind speed.

  15. Conceptual Model of Offshore Wind Environmental Risk Evaluation System

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, Richard M.; Copping, Andrea E.; Van Cleve, Frances B.; Unwin, Stephen D.; Hamilton, Erin L.

    2010-06-01

    In this report we describe the development of the Environmental Risk Evaluation System (ERES), a risk-informed analytical process for estimating the environmental risks associated with the construction and operation of offshore wind energy generation projects. The development of ERES for offshore wind is closely allied to a concurrent process undertaken to examine environmental effects of marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy generation, although specific risk-relevant attributes will differ between the MHK and offshore wind domains. During FY10, a conceptual design of ERES for offshore wind will be developed. The offshore wind ERES mockup described in this report will provide a preview of the functionality of a fully developed risk evaluation system that will use risk assessment techniques to determine priority stressors on aquatic organisms and environments from specific technology aspects, identify key uncertainties underlying high-risk issues, compile a wide-range of data types in an innovative and flexible data organizing scheme, and inform planning and decision processes with a transparent and technically robust decision-support tool. A fully functional version of ERES for offshore wind will be developed in a subsequent phase of the project.

  16. WINDExchange: Selling Wind Power

    WindExchange

    Market Sectors Printable Version Bookmark and Share Utility-Scale Wind Distributed Wind Motivations for Buying Wind Power Buying Wind Power Selling Wind Power Selling Wind Power Owners of wind turbines interconnected directly to the transmission or distribution grid, or that produce more power than the host consumes, can sell wind power as well as other generation attributes. Wind-Generated Electricity Electricity generated by wind turbines can be used to cover on-site energy needs

  17. Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 1 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 1 Facility Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind...

  18. Wind-To-Hydrogen Energy Pilot Project

    SciTech Connect

    Ron Rebenitsch; Randall Bush; Allen Boushee; Brad G. Stevens; Kirk D. Williams; Jeremy Woeste; Ronda Peters; Keith Bennett

    2009-04-24

    WIND-TO-HYDROGEN ENERGY PILOT PROJECT: BASIN ELECTRIC POWER COOPERATIVE In an effort to address the hurdles of wind-generated electricity (specifically wind's intermittency and transmission capacity limitations) and support development of electrolysis technology, Basin Electric Power Cooperative (BEPC) conducted a research project involving a wind-to-hydrogen system. Through this effort, BEPC, with the support of the Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota, evaluated the feasibility of dynamically scheduling wind energy to power an electrolysis-based hydrogen production system. The goal of this project was to research the application of hydrogen production from wind energy, allowing for continued wind energy development in remote wind-rich areas and mitigating the necessity for electrical transmission expansion. Prior to expending significant funding on equipment and site development, a feasibility study was performed. The primary objective of the feasibility study was to provide BEPC and The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) with sufficient information to make a determination whether or not to proceed with Phase II of the project, which was equipment procurement, installation, and operation. Four modes of operation were considered in the feasibility report to evaluate technical and economic merits. Mode 1 - scaled wind, Mode 2 - scaled wind with off-peak, Mode 3 - full wind, and Mode 4 - full wind with off-peak In summary, the feasibility report, completed on August 11, 2005, found that the proposed hydrogen production system would produce between 8000 and 20,000 kg of hydrogen annually depending on the mode of operation. This estimate was based on actual wind energy production from one of the North Dakota (ND) wind farms of which BEPC is the electrical off-taker. The cost of the hydrogen produced ranged from $20 to $10 per kg (depending on the mode of operation). The economic sensitivity analysis performed as part of the feasibility

  19. Grid Integration of Offshore Wind | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Grid Integration of Offshore Wind Much can be learned from the existing land-based integration research for handling the variability and uncertainty of the wind resource. Photograph of a wind turbine in the ocean. Located about 10 kilometers off the coast of Arklow, Ireland, the Arklow Bank offshore wind park consists of seven GE Wind 3.6-MW wind turbines. Integration and Transmission One comprehensive grid integration study is the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS), in

  20. Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Below are frequently asked questions related to using a small wind energy system to power your home. The frequently asked questions below will help you determine if a small wind energy system is practical for powering your home. What are the benefits to homeowners from using wind turbines? Is wind power practical for me? Is my site right? What about legal, environmental, and economic issues? Where

  1. Wind Measurement Buoy Advances Offshore Wind Energy | Department...

    Energy Saver

    Measurement Buoy Advances Offshore Wind Energy Wind Measurement Buoy Advances Offshore Wind Energy December 7, 2015 - 1:52pm Addthis Wind Measurement Buoy Advances Offshore Wind ...

  2. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: The Effects of...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind and Solar Power- Induced Cycling on Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Results From the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 The electric grid is a highly complex, ...

  3. Careers in the Wind Industry | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    phase of wind energy development. Ecotech Institute. Ditch the Desk: The Complete E-Book to Starting a Career in Wind Energy This guide features industry facts, tips for job...

  4. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    SciTech Connect

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Jerome Eyer

    2003-01-01

    The Earth Sciences and Resources Institute, University of South Carolina is conducting a proof of concept study to determine the location and distribution of subsurface DNAPL carbon tetrachloride (CCl{sub 4}) contamination at the 216-Z-9 crib, 200 West area, DOE Hanford Site, Washington by use of two-dimensional high-resolution seismic reflection surveys and borehole geophysical data. The study makes use of recent advances in seismic reflection amplitude versus offset (AVO) technology to directly detect the presence of subsurface DNAPL. The techniques proposed are noninvasive means of site characterization and direct free-phase DNAPL detection. This final report covers the results of Tasks 1, 2, and 3. Task (1) contains site evaluation and seismic modeling studies. The site evaluation consists of identifying and collecting preexisting geological and geophysical information regarding subsurface structure and the presence and quantity of DNAPL. The seismic modeling studies were undertaken to determine the likelihood that an AVO response exists and its probable manifestation. Task (2) is the design and acquisition of 2-D seismic reflection data to image areas of probable high concentration of DNAPL. Task (3) is the processing and interpretation of the 2-D data. During the commission of these tasks four seismic reflection profiles were collected. Subsurface velocity information was obtained by vertical seismic profile surveys in three wells. The interpretation of these data is in two parts. Part one is the construction and interpretation of structural contour maps of the contact between the Hanford Fine unit and the underlying Plio/Pleistocene unit and of the contact between the Plio/Pleistocene unit and the underlying caliche layer. These two contacts were determined to be the most likely surfaces to contain the highest concentration CCl{sub 4}. Part two of the interpretation uses the results of the AVO modeling to locate any seismic amplitude anomalies that might be

  5. Summary of Time Period-Based and Other Approximation Methods for Determining the Capacity Value of Wind and Solar in the United States: September 2010 - February 2012

    SciTech Connect

    Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2012-03-01

    This paper updates previous work that describes time period-based and other approximation methods for estimating the capacity value of wind power and extends it to include solar power. The paper summarizes various methods presented in utility integrated resource plans, regional transmission organization methodologies, regional stakeholder initiatives, regulatory proceedings, and academic and industry studies. Time period-based approximation methods typically measure the contribution of a wind or solar plant at the time of system peak - sometimes over a period of months or the average of multiple years.

  6. Michigan Wind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Michigan Wind II Wind Farm Facility Michigan Wind II Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  7. Metro Wind LLC Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind LLC Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Metro Wind LLC Wind Farm Facility Metro Wind LLC Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  8. JD Wind 6 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    JD Wind 6 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name JD Wind 6 Wind Farm Facility JD Wind 6 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  9. JD Wind 7 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    JD Wind 7 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name JD Wind 7 Wind Farm Facility JD Wind 7 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  10. Garnet Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Garnet Wind Facility Garnet Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Azusa Light & Water...

  11. Lime Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Lime Wind Facility Lime Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Joseph Millworks Inc...

  12. Fairhaven Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Fairhaven Wind Facility Fairhaven Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Solaya Energy Palmer...

  13. Scituate Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Scituate Wind Facility Scituate Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Solaya Energy ...

  14. Pacific Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Pacific Wind Facility Pacific Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner enXco Developer...

  15. Galactic Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Galactic Wind Facility Galactic Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Epic Systems...

  16. Rockland Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Rockland Wind Facility Rockland Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Ridgeline...

  17. Greenfield Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name Greenfield Wind Facility Greenfield Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Greenfield Wind Power...

  18. Willmar Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Willmar Wind Facility Willmar Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Willmar...

  19. Rotationally sampled wind characteristics and correlations with MOD-OA wind turbine response

    SciTech Connect

    George, R.L.; Connell, J.R.

    1984-09-01

    This report presents results of a comprehensive wind and wind turbine measurement program: the Clayton, New Mexico, vertical plane array/MOD-OA project. In this experiment, the turbulent wind was measured for a large array of fixed anemometers located two blade diameters upwind of a 200-kW horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT). Simultaneously, key wind turbine response parameters were also measured. The first of two major objectives of this experiment was to determine the turbulent wind, rotationally sampled to emulate the motion of the wind turbine blade, for the range of different wind speeds and stability classes actually experienced by the wind turbine. The second major objective was to correlate this rotationally sampled wind with the wind turbine blade stress and power, in order to assess the usefulness of the wind measurements for wind turbine loads testing a prediction. Time series of rotationally sampled winds and wind turbine blade bending moments and power were converted to frequency spectra using Fourier transform techniques. These spectra were used as the basis for both qualitative and quantitative comparisons among the various cases. A quantitative comparison between the rotationally sampled wind input and blade bending response was made, using the Fourier spectra to estimate the blade transfer function. These transfer functions were then used to calculate an approximate damping coefficient for the MOD-OA fiberglass blade.

  20. Wind Program News

    SciTech Connect

    2012-01-06

    Stay current on the news about the wind side of the Wind and Water Power Program and important wind energy events around the U.S.

  1. Energy 101: Wind Turbines

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

  2. Energy 101: Wind Turbines

    SciTech Connect

    2011-01-01

    See how wind turbines generate clean electricity from the power of the wind. Highlighted are the various parts and mechanisms of a modern wind turbine.

  3. Coastal Ohio Wind Project

    SciTech Connect

    Gorsevski, Peter; Afjeh, Abdollah; Jamali, Mohsin; Bingman, Verner

    2014-04-04

    The Coastal Ohio Wind Project intends to address problems that impede deployment of wind turbines in the coastal and offshore regions of Northern Ohio. The project evaluates different wind turbine designs and the potential impact of offshore turbines on migratory and resident birds by developing multidisciplinary research, which involves wildlife biology, electrical and mechanical engineering, and geospatial science. Firstly, the project conducts cost and performance studies of two- and three-blade wind turbines using a turbine design suited for the Great Lakes. The numerical studies comprised an analysis and evaluation of the annual energy production of two- and three-blade wind turbines to determine the levelized cost of energy. This task also involved wind tunnel studies of model wind turbines to quantify the wake flow field of upwind and downwind wind turbine-tower arrangements. The experimental work included a study of a scaled model of an offshore wind turbine platform in a water tunnel. The levelized cost of energy work consisted of the development and application of a cost model to predict the cost of energy produced by a wind turbine system placed offshore. The analysis found that a floating two-blade wind turbine presents the most cost effective alternative for the Great Lakes. The load effects studies showed that the two-blade wind turbine model experiences less torque under all IEC Standard design load cases considered. Other load effects did not show this trend and depending on the design load cases, the two-bladed wind turbine showed higher or lower load effects. The experimental studies of the wake were conducted using smoke flow visualization and hot wire anemometry. Flow visualization studies showed that in the downwind turbine configuration the wake flow was insensitive to the presence of the blade and was very similar to that of the tower alone. On the other hand, in the upwind turbine configuration, increasing the rotor blade angle of attack

  4. Wind turbine

    DOEpatents

    Cheney, Jr., Marvin C.

    1982-01-01

    A wind turbine of the type having an airfoil blade (15) mounted on a flexible beam (20) and a pitch governor (55) which selectively, torsionally twists the flexible beam in response to wind turbine speed thereby setting blade pitch, is provided with a limiter (85) which restricts unwanted pitch change at operating speeds due to torsional creep of the flexible beam. The limiter allows twisting of the beam by the governor under excessive wind velocity conditions to orient the blades in stall pitch positions, thereby preventing overspeed operation of the turbine. In the preferred embodiment, the pitch governor comprises a pendulum (65,70) which responds to changing rotor speed by pivotal movement, the limiter comprising a resilient member (90) which engages an end of the pendulum to restrict further movement thereof, and in turn restrict beam creep and unwanted blade pitch misadjustment.

  5. EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Massachusetts | Department of Energy 0: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts June 25, 2014 EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Final General Conformity Determination Cape Wind Energy Project, Final General Conformity Determination, June 23, 2014 December 21, 2012 EIS-0470: Final Environmental Impact Statement Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, MA December 31, 2012 EIS-0470:

  6. Wind Turbine Control Systems | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL is researching new control methodologies for both land-based wind turbines and offshore wind turbines. A photo of a wind turbine against blue sky with white blades on their ...

  7. NREL: Wind Research - Site Wind Resource Characteristics

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Site Wind Resource Characteristics A graphic showing the location of National Wind Technology Center and its wind power class 2. Click on the image to view a larger version. ...

  8. Wind Farm Recommendation Report

    SciTech Connect

    John Reisenauer

    2011-05-01

    On April 21, 2011, an Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Land Use Committee meeting was convened to develop a wind farm recommendation for the Executive Council and a list of proposed actions for proceeding with the recommendation. In terms of land use, the INL Land Use Committee unanimously agrees that Site 6 is the preferred location of the alternatives presented for an INL wind farm. However, further studies and resolution to questions raised (stated in this report) by the INL Land Use Committee are needed for the preferred location. Studies include, but are not limited to, wind viability (6 months), bats (2 years), and the visual impact of the wind farm. In addition, cultural resource surveys and consultation (1 month) and the National Environmental Policy Act process (9 to 12 months) need to be completed. Furthermore, there is no documented evidence of developers expressing interest in constructing a small wind farm on INL, nor a specific list of expectations or concessions for which a developer might expect INL to cover the cost. To date, INL assumes the National Environmental Policy Act activities will be paid for by the Department of Energy and INL (the environmental assessment has only received partial funding). However, other concessions also may be expected by developers such as roads, fencing, power line installation, tie-ins to substations, annual maintenance, snow removal, access control, down-time, and remediation. These types of concessions have not been documented, as a request, from a developer and INL has not identified the short and long-term cost liabilities for such concessions should a developer expect INL to cover these costs. INL has not identified a go-no-go funding level or the priority this Wind Farm Project might have with respect to other nuclear-related projects, should the wind farm remain an unfunded mandate. The Land Use Committee recommends Legal be consulted to determine what, if any, liabilities exist with the Wind Farm Project and

  9. Wind | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Science & Innovation Energy Sources Renewable Energy Wind Wind Wind The United States is home to one of the largest and fastest growing wind markets in the world. To stay ...

  10. ELECTRONIC BIVANE WIND DIRECTION INDICATOR

    DOEpatents

    Moses, H.

    1961-05-01

    An apparatus is described for determining and recording three dimensional wind vectors. The apparatus comprises a rotatably mounted azimuthal wind component sensing head and an elevational wind component sensing head mounted to the azimuthal head and adapted to rotate therewith in the azimuthal plane and independently in the elevational plane. A heat source and thermocouples disposed thereabout are mounted within each of the sensing heads, the thermocouples providing electrical signals responsive to the temperature differential created by the passage of air through the sensing tuhes. The thermocouple signals are applied to drive mechanisms which position the sensing heads to a null wind position. Recording means are provided responsive to positional data from the drive mechanisms which are a measurement of the three dimensional wind vectors.

  11. New guidelines for wind turbine gearboxes

    SciTech Connect

    McNiff, B.; Errichello, R.

    1997-12-31

    The American Gear Manufacturers Association in cooperation with the American Wind Energy Association will soon be publishing AGMA/AWEA 921-A97 {open_quotes}Recommended Practices for Design and Specification of Gearboxes for Wind Turbine Generator Systems.{close_quotes} Much has been learned about the unique operation and loading of gearboxes in wind turbine applications since the burgeoning of the modern wind turbine industry in the early 1980`s. AGMA/AWEA 921-A97 documents this experience in a manner that provides valuable information to assist gear manufacturers and wind turbine designers, operators, and manufacturers in developing reliable wind turbine gearboxes. The document provides information on procurement specification development, wind turbine architecture, environmental considerations, and gearbox load determination, as well as the design, manufacturing, quality assurance, lubrication, operation and maintenance of wind turbine gearboxes. This paper presents the salient parts of the practices recommended in AGMA/AWEA 921-A97.

  12. Offshore Wind Resource Characterization | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Resource Characterization NREL scientists and engineers are leading efforts in ... and development, and forecasting that are essential for the development of offshore wind. ...

  13. Wind Integration National Dataset (WIND) Toolkit

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    For utility companies, grid operators and other stakeholders interested in wind energy integration, collecting large quantities of high quality data on wind energy resources is vitally important....

  14. NREL: Wind Research - Wind Energy Videos

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Energy Videos The National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) is pleased to offer video presentations of its world-class capabilities, facilities, research areas, and personnel. As ...

  15. NREL: Wind Research - Small Wind Turbine Development

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Wind Turbine Development A photo of Southwest Windpower's Skystream wind turbine in ... Testing included power performance, safety and function, noise, and partial loads tests. ...

  16. Electronically commutated serial-parallel switching for motor windings

    DOEpatents

    Hsu, John S.

    2012-03-27

    A method and a circuit for controlling an ac machine comprises controlling a full bridge network of commutation switches which are connected between a multiphase voltage source and the phase windings to switch the phase windings between a parallel connection and a series connection while providing commutation discharge paths for electrical current resulting from inductance in the phase windings. This provides extra torque for starting a vehicle from lower battery current.

  17. Three Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Projects Receive

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Phase 2 Funding | Department of Energy Three Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Projects Receive Phase 2 Funding Three Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Projects Receive Phase 2 Funding September 11, 2014 - 3:16pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded additional funding to three of the seven projects from the Offshore Wind Advanced Technology Demonstration Funding Opportunity. Dominion Virginia Power, Fishermen's Energy of New Jersey, and Principle

  18. CX-100274 Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CX-100274 Categorical Exclusion Determination An Integrated Approach to Offshore Wind ... University to develop best practices for offshore wind measurements that are used to ...

  19. CX-004656: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CX-004656: Categorical Exclusion Determination Small Wind Turbine Regional Test Center - ... RTCs that would offer small wind turbine certification testing to the industry by ...

  20. CX-005301: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    wind turbine(s); conducting business and organizational planning to determine whether a wind-diesel plant is feasible; developing and conducting educational and informational...

  1. Phase formation sequences in the silicon-phosphorous system : determined by in-situ synchrotron andj conventional x-ray diffraction measurements and predicted by a theoretical model.

    SciTech Connect

    Carlsson, J. R. A.; Clevenger, L.; Madsen, L. D.; Hultman, L.; Li, X.-H.; Jordan-Sweet, J.; Lavoie, C.; Roy, R. A.; Cabral, C., Jr.; Morales, G.; Ludwig, K. L.; Stephenson, G. B.; Hentzell, H. T. G.; Materials Science Division; Linkoeping Univ.; IBM T. J. Watson Research Center; Boston Univ.

    1997-01-01

    The phase formation sequences of Si-P alloy thin films with P concentrations between 20 and 44 at. % have been studied. The samples were annealed at progressively higher temperatures and the newly formed phases were identified both after each annealing step by ex-situ conventional X-ray diffraction (XRD) and continuously by in-situ synchrotron XRD. It was found that Si was the only phase to form in a sample with 20 at.% P since the evaporation of P at the crystallization temperature prevented phosphides from forming. For a sample with 30at.% P, the Si{sub 12}P{sub 5} phase formed prior to the SiP phase. For samples with 35 and 44at.%P, the formation of SiP preceded the formation of the Si{sub 12}P{sub 5} phase. The experimentally determined phase formation sequences were successfully predicted by a proposed model. According to the model, the first and second crystalline phases to form are those with the lowest and next-lowest crystallization temperatures of the competing compounds predicted by the Gibbs free-energy diagram.

  2. In-situ Neutron Scattering Determination of 3D Phase-Morphology Correlations in Fullerene Block Copolymer Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Karim, Alamgir; Bucknall, David; Raghavan, Dharmaraj

    2015-02-23

    a fundamental study that does not set out to evaluate new materials or produce devices, but rather we wish to understand from first principles how the molecular structure of polymer-fullerene mixtures determined using neutron scattering (small angle neutron scattering and neutron reflection) affects device characteristics and consequently performance. While this seems a very obvious question to ask, this critical understanding is far from being realized despite the wealth of studies into OPV’s and is severely limiting organic PV devices from achieving their theoretical potential. Despite the fundamental nature of proposed work, it is essential to remain technologically relevant and therefore to ensure we address these issues we have developed relationships on the fundamental nature of structure-processing-property paradigm as applied to future need for large area, flexible OPV devices. Nanoscale heterojunction systems consisting of fullerenes dispersed in conjugated polymers are promising materials candidates for achieving high performance organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In order to understand the phase behavior in these devices, neutron reflection is used to determine the behavior of model conjugated polymer-fullerene mixtures. Neutron reflection is particularly useful for these types of thin film studies since the fullerene generally have a high scattering contrast with respect to most polymers. We are studying model bulk heterojunction (BHJ) films based on mixtures of poly(3-hexyl thiophene)s (P3HT), a widely used photoconductive polymer, and different fullerenes (C60, PCBM and bis-PCBM). The characterization technique of neutron reflectivity measurements have been used to determine film morphology in a direction normal to the film surfaces. The novelty of the approach over previous studies is that the BHJ layer is sandwiched between a PEDOT/PSS and Al layers in real device configuration. Using this model system, the effect of typical thermal annealing

  3. JD Wind 1 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name JD Wind 1 Wind Farm Facility JD Wind 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner DWSJohn...

  4. North Dakota Wind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name North Dakota Wind II Wind Farm Facility North Dakota Wind II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  5. Venture Wind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Venture Wind II Wind Farm Facility Venture Wind II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  6. MinWind I & II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    I & II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name MinWind I & II Wind Farm Facility MinWind I & II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  7. Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm Facility Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility...

  8. JD Wind 5 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    5 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name JD Wind 5 Wind Farm Facility JD Wind 5 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner John...

  9. JD Wind 4 Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    4 Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name JD Wind 4 Wind Farm Facility JD Wind 4 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner John...

  10. Gearbox Reliability Collaborative | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Premature gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, NREL initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC). The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database in a multi-pronged approach to determine why many wind turbine gearboxes do not achieve their expected design life-the time period that manufacturers

  11. Kaw Nation - Wind Energy Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Project Wind Energy Project Pre Pre - - Development Phase Development Phase Bob Gaddis, P.E., P.G. Bob Gaddis, P.E., P.G. Utilities Commissioner & Utilities Commissioner & Acting Director Acting Director Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Development on Tribal Development on Tribal Lands Lands FY 2003 FY 2003 - - 06 Project 06 Project Dept. of Energy NREL Dept. of Energy NREL Oct 17 Oct 17 - - 20, 2005 20, 2005 Radisson Hotel Radisson Hotel Denver Stapleton Plaza Denver Stapleton Plaza

  12. Upstream Measurements of Wind Profiles with Doppler Lidar for Improved Wind Energy Integration

    SciTech Connect

    Rodney Frehlich

    2012-10-30

    New upstream measurements of wind profiles over the altitude range of wind turbines will be produced using a scanning Doppler lidar. These long range high quality measurements will provide improved wind power forecasts for wind energy integration into the power grid. The main goal of the project is to develop the optimal Doppler lidar operating parameters and data processing algorithms for improved wind energy integration by enhancing the wind power forecasts in the 30 to 60 minute time frame, especially for the large wind power ramps. Currently, there is very little upstream data at large wind farms, especially accurate wind profiles over the full height of the turbine blades. The potential of scanning Doppler lidar will be determined by rigorous computer modeling and evaluation of actual Doppler lidar data from the WindTracer system produced by Lockheed Martin Coherent Technologies, Inc. of Louisville, Colorado. Various data products will be investigated for input into numerical weather prediction models and statistically based nowcasting algorithms. Successful implementation of the proposed research will provide the required information for a full cost benefit analysis of the improved forecasts of wind power for energy integration as well as the added benefit of high quality wind and turbulence information for optimal control of the wind turbines at large wind farms.

  13. Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 2 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 2 Facility Brigantine OffshoreMW Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed...

  14. Grid Integration of Wind Energy | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Grid Integration of Wind Energy Researchers study grid integration of wind energy to better understand how variable generation resources such as wind energy impact the grid and how to increase the percentage of wind generation in the United States' energy portfolio. A photo of three wind turbines with transmission lines in the background. Capabilities NREL's grid integration analysts work with the U.S. Department of Energy, university researchers, independent system operators, and regional

  15. Wind Data and Tools | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Data and Tools Learn more about wind energy through these NREL data and tools. A photo of two men silhouetted against a computer-generated simulation with white and blue rows illustrating wind plant aerodynamics. NWTC Information Portal This open-source library houses NREL's wind and water power simulation and modeling software and data, including computer-aided engineering tools and integrated system design and analysis tools. All software is available for download. Wind-Wildlife Impacts

  16. GL Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    GL Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name GL Wind Facility GL Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner GL Wind Developer Juhl...

  17. Wind Technologies & Evolving Opportunities (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Robichaud, R.

    2014-07-01

    This presentation covers opportunities for wind technology; wind energy market trends; an overview of the National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado; wind energy price and cost trends; wind turbine technology improvements; and wind resource characterization improvements.

  18. Wind energy | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind energy (Redirected from Wind power) Jump to: navigation, search Wind energy is a form of solar energy.1 Wind energy (or wind power) describes the process by which wind is...

  19. WINDExchange: Potential Wind Capacity

    WindExchange

    Potential Wind Capacity Potential wind capacity maps are provided for a 2014 industry standard wind turbine installed on a 110-m tower, which represents plausible current technology options, and a wind turbine on a 140-m tower, which represents near-future technology options. For more detailed information regarding the assumptions and calculations behind the wind potential capacity maps, see the Energy Department's Enabling Wind Power Nationwide report. Enlarge image This map shows the wind

  20. 2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association Midwest Regional Energy Job Fair 2015 Iowa Wind Power Conference and Iowa Wind Energy Association Midwest Regional...

  1. Brazos Wind Ranch Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Shell Wind EnergyMitsui Developer Cielo Wind PowerOrion Energy Energy Purchaser Green...

  2. Wind tunnel performance data for the Darrieus wind turbine with...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Wind tunnel performance data for the Darrieus wind turbine with NACA 0012 blades Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Wind tunnel performance data for the Darrieus wind ...

  3. A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind Energy Industry in the United States A National Offshore Wind Strategy: Creating an Offshore Wind Energy Industry in ...

  4. 20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 2: Wind Turbine Technology...

    Energy Saver

    2: Wind Turbine Technology Summary Slides 20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 2: Wind Turbine Technology Summary Slides Summary slides for wind turbine technology, its challenges, ...

  5. First Wind (Formerly UPC Wind) (Oregon) | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    First Wind (Formerly UPC Wind) Address: 1001 S.W. Fifth Avenue Place: Portland, Oregon Zip: 97204 Region: Pacific Northwest Area Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind power developer...

  6. WINDExchange: Community-Scale 50-Meter Wind Maps

    WindExchange

    Community-Scale 50-Meter Wind Maps The U.S. Department of Energy provides 50-meter (m) height, high-resolution wind resource maps for most of the states and territories of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in the United States. Counties, towns, utilities, and schools use community-scale wind resource maps to locate and quantify the wind resource, identifying potentially windy sites determining a potential site's economic and technical viability. Map of the updated wind resource assessment

  7. WIND VARIABILITY IN BZ CAMELOPARDALIS

    SciTech Connect

    Honeycutt, R. K.; Kafka, S.; Robertson, J. W. E-mail: skafka@dtm.ciw.edu

    2013-02-01

    Sequences of spectra of the nova-like cataclysmic variable (CV) BZ Cam were acquired on nine nights in 2005-2006 in order to study the time development of episodes of wind activity known to occur frequently in this star. We confirm the results of Ringwald and Naylor that the P-Cygni absorption components of the lines mostly evolve from higher expansion velocity to lower velocity as an episode progresses. We also commonly find blueshifted emission components in the H{alpha} line profile, whose velocities and durations strongly suggest that they are also due to the wind. Curiously, Ringwald and Naylor reported common occurrences of redshifted H{alpha} emission components in their BZ Cam spectra. We have attributed these emission components in H{alpha} to occasions when gas concentrations in the bipolar wind (both front side and back side) become manifested as emission lines as they move beyond the disk's outer edge. We also suggest, based on changes in the P-Cygni profiles during an episode, that the progression from larger to smaller expansion velocities is due to the higher velocity portions of a wind concentration moving beyond the edge of the continuum light of the disk first, leaving a net redward shift of the remaining absorption profile. We derive a new orbital ephemeris for BZ Cam, using the radial velocity of the core of the He I {lambda}5876 line, finding P = 0.15353(4). Using this period, the wind episodes in BZ Cam are found to be concentrated near the inferior conjunction of the emission line source. This result helps confirm that the winds in nova-like CVs are often phase dependent, in spite of the puzzling implication that such winds lack axisymmetry. We argue that the radiation-driven wind in BZ Cam receives an initial boost by acting on gas that has been lifted above the disk by the interaction of the accretion stream with the disk, thereby imposing flickering timescales onto the wind events, as well as leading to an orbital modulation of the wind

  8. Determination of the phase diagram of the electron doped superconductor Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2

    SciTech Connect

    Chu, Jiun-Haw; Analytis, James G.; Kucharczyk, Chris; Fisher, Ian R.; /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

    2010-02-15

    Systematic measurements of the resistivity, heat capacity, susceptibility and Hall coefficient are presented for single crystal samples of the electron-doped superconductor Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2}. These data delineate an x-T phase diagram in which the single magnetic/structural phase transition that is observed for undoped BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} at 134 K apparently splits into two distinct phase transitions, both of which are rapidly suppressed with increasing Co concentration. Superconductivity emerges for Co concentrations above x {approx}0.025, and appears to coexist with the broken symmetry state for an appreciable range of doping, up to x {approx} 0.06. The optimal superconducting transition temperature appears to coincide with the Co concentration at which the magnetic/structural phase transitions are totally suppressed, at least within the resolution provided by the finite step size between crystals prepared with different doping levels. Superconductivity is observed for a further range of Co concentrations, before being completely suppressed for x {approx} 0.018 and above. The form of this x-T phase diagram is suggestive of an association between superconductivity and a quantum critical point arising from suppression of the magnetic and/or structural phase transitions.

  9. National Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Wind Place: Minneapolis, Minnesota Zip: 55402 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind project developer in the upper Midwest and Plains...

  10. Solar Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Wind Place: Krasnodar, Romania Zip: 350000 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind...

  11. Wind Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Energy Wind Energy Below are resources for Tribes on wind energy technologies. 2012 Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications Includes a breakdown of ...

  12. Horn Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name: Horn Wind Place: Windthorst, Texas Zip: 76389 Sector: Wind energy Product: Texas-based company that develops community-based industrial wind...

  13. Royal Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Royal Wind Place: Denver, Colorado Sector: Wind energy Product: Vertical Wind Turbines Year Founded: 2008 Website: www.RoyalWindTurbines.com Coordinates: 39.7391536,...

  14. Coriolis Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Coriolis Wind Name: Coriolis Wind Place: Great Falls, Virginia Zip: 22066 Product: Mid-Scale Wind Turbine Year Founded: 2007 Website:...

  15. Jasper Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jasper Wind Place: Athens, Greece Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Athens-based wind and solar project developer. Coordinates: 37.97615,...

  16. WINDExchange: Siting Wind Turbines

    WindExchange

    Deployment Activities Printable Version Bookmark and Share Regional Resource Centers Economic Development Siting Resources & Tools Siting Wind Turbines This page provides resources about wind turbine siting. American Wind Wildlife Institute The American Wind Wildlife Institute (AWWI) facilitates timely and responsible development of wind energy, while protecting wildlife and wildlife habitat. AWWI was created and is sustained by a unique collaboration of environmentalists, conservationists,

  17. The Capacity Value of Wind in the United States: Methods and Implementation

    SciTech Connect

    Milligan, Michael; Porter, Kevin

    2006-03-01

    As more wind energy capacity is added in the nation, the question of wind's capacity value is raised. This article shows how the capacity value of wind is determined, both in theory and in practice. (author)

  18. An Exploration of Wind Energy & Wind Turbines

    Education - Teach & Learn

    This unit, which includes both a pre and post test on wind power engages students by allowing them to explore connections between wind energy and other forms of energy. Students learn about and examine the overall design of a wind turbine and then move forward with an assessment of the energy output as factors involving wind speed, direction and blade design are altered. Students are directed to work in teams to design, test and analyze components of a wind turbine such as blade length, blade shape, height of turbine, etc Student worksheets are included to facilitate the design and analysis process. Learning Goals: Below are the learning targets for the wind energy unit.

  19. History and Solution of the Phase Problem in theTheory of Structure Determination of Crystals from X-ray Diffraction Experiments

    ScienceCinema

    Wolf, Emil [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States

    2016-07-12

    Since the pioneering work of Max von Laue on interference and diffraction of x-rays, carried out almost 100 years ago, numerous attempts have been made to determine structures of crystalline media from x-ray diffraction experiments. The usefulness of all of them has been limited by the inability of measuring phases of the diffracted beams. In this talk, the most important research carried out in this field will be reviewed and a recently obtained solution of the phase problem will be presented.

  20. Crow Lake Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Crow Lake Wind Facility Crow Lake Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Prairie Winds...

  1. Wildcat Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wildcat Ridge Wind Farm Facility Wildcat Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Midwest Wind Energy Developer Midwest Wind...

  2. Radial Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name Radial Wind Farm Facility Radial Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Radial Wind Developer Radial Wind Location...

  3. Building America Case Study: Investigating Solutions to Wind...

    Energy Saver

    in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2 Southeastern United States PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Investigating Solutions to Wind Washing Issues in Two-Story Florida Homes: Phase 2 ...

  4. NREL: Wind Research - News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Technology Center at NREL provides a number of wind news sources to help you stay up-to-date with its activities, research, and new developments. NREL Wind News See...

  5. Wind Power Today

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2006-05-01

    Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

  6. Wind Power Today

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2007-05-01

    Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

  7. Model Wind Ordinance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In July, 2008 the North Carolina Wind Working Group, a coalition of state government, non-profit and wind industry organizations, published a model wind ordinance to provide guidance for...

  8. Solar and Wind Easements

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2011, the provisions related to wind easements were repealed by House Bill 295 (2011) and replaced with more extensive wind easements provisions.  This legislation defines wind energy ri...

  9. Coastal ocean current response to storm winds

    SciTech Connect

    Gordon, R.L.

    1982-03-20

    Design of offshore structures requires knowledge of the appropriate current profile to be used in conjunction with the design wave. Accurate determination of the current profile will depend on reliable current models. Vertical transfer of momentum in storm-driven current models is commonly treated either by using eddy viscosity or by assuming 'slab-like' mixed layer flow. These two fundamentally different approaches predict different current speeds and profiles during severe storms. The existing data base is inadequate to determine which approach is better, but most existing data sets are subject to one or more of four limitations that can lead one improperly to interpret the data as supporting the existence of current velocity shear in otherwise uniform mixed layers. One-dimensional slab models are found to compare favorably with observed wind-driven currents at the Ocean Test Structure in the Gulf of Mexico (deployed in 20 m deep water). By using some reasonably simple assumptions, these slab models are able to replicate many of the significantly features of the wide range of different responses. The character of the response appears to depend on an interaction of stratification and topography. Barotropic responses are characteristic of typical coastal responses; current oriented longshore and are in phase with the wind. Baroclinic responses are dominantly inertial as might be expected in the deep sea, but with an additional near-bottom cross-shore counter flow. The structure of one observed barotropic response is compared to detail to predictions of both slab and eddy viscosity models and found consistent with a slab model and inconsistent with eddy viscosity models. Shear observed during this event was not significantly different from zero, but was significantly below estimated shear predictions of four eddy viscosity models given the peak 0.4 N/m/sup 2/ wind stress.

  10. Impacts | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Impacts Read about NREL's impacts on innovations in wind energy research. Photo of four men in hard hats standing on top of a large wind turbine overlooking several other wind turbines in the distance. Fact Sheets Wind Energy Benefits thumbnail Wind Energy Benefits Screenshot of the cover of the national wind technology brochure. 35 Years of Innovation: Leading the Way to a Clean Energy Future JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impact Model thumbnail JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impact

  11. Distributed Wind Ordinances: Slides

    WindExchange

    an introduction to distributed wind projects and a brief overview of topics to consider when developing a distributed wind energy ordinance. Distributed Wind Ordinances Photo from Byers and Renier Construction, NREL 18820 Distributed Wind Ordinances The U.S. Department of Energy defines distributed wind projects as: (a) The use of wind turbines, on- or off-grid, at homes, farms and ranches, businesses, public and industrial facilities, or other sites to offset all or a portion of the local

  12. Wind Energy Integration: Slides

    WindExchange

    information about integrating wind energy into the electricity grid. Wind Energy Integration Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 25907 Wind energy currently contributes significant power to energy portfolios around the world. *U.S. Department of Energy. (August 2015). 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report. Wind Energy Integration In 2014, Denmark led the way with wind power supplying roughly 39% of the country's electricity demand. Ireland, Portugal, and Spain provided more than 20% of their

  13. 2009 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    9 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. September 14, 2009 IEA Wind Energy 2008 Annual Report Now Available for Free Download The IEA Annual Report for 2008 provides the latest information on wind industries in 20 International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind member countries. August 26, 2009 NWTC Installs Multimegawatt Research Turbines NREL's National Wind Technology Center installed the first of two multimegawatt wind turbines last week to be used for research to advance

  14. 2014 WIND POWER PROGRAM PEER REVIEW-ADVANCED GRID INTEGRATION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Advanced Grid Integration March 24-27, 2014 Wind Energy Technologies PR-5000-62152 2 Contents Advanced Grid Integration Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (ERGIS)-Barbara O'Neill, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Western Wind and Solar Integration Study - Phase 2 and Phase 3-Kara Clark, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Integration Support/UVIG-Michael Milligan, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind Interconnection and Transmission-Willett Kempton,

  15. Wind Power Reliability Research | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Power Reliability Research The U.S. wind power industry is well established, with nearly 75 gigawatts of installed capacity across the United States. Given this large base of ...

  16. Wind Energy Modeling and Simulation | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Energy Modeling and Simulation Wind turbines are unique devices that are typically anchored to the ground but operate in the atmosphere, which subjects them to a variety of ...

  17. Wind Vision Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Facility Status In Service Owner Wind Vision Developer Wind Vision Location St. Ansgar IA Coordinates 43.348224, -92.888816 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappings...

  18. Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute

    SciTech Connect

    Courtney Lane

    2011-12-20

    As the Department of Energy stated in its 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, there will need to be enhanced outreach efforts on a national, state, regional, and local level to communicate wind development opportunities, benefits and challenges to a diverse set of stakeholders. To help address this need, PennFuture was awarded funding to create the Mid-Atlantic Regional Wind Energy Institute to provide general education and outreach on wind energy development across Maryland, Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Over the course of the two-year grant period, PennFuture used its expertise on wind energy policy and development in Pennsylvania and expanded it to other states in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture accomplished this through reaching out and establishing connections with policy makers, local environmental groups, health and economic development organizations, and educational institutions and wind energy developers throughout the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture conducted two regional wind educational forums that brought together wind industry representatives and public interest organizations from across the region to discuss and address wind development in the Mid-Atlantic region. PennFuture developed the agenda and speakers in collaboration with experts on the ground in each state to help determine the critical issue to wind energy in each location. The sessions focused on topics ranging from the basics of wind development; model ordinance and tax issues; anti-wind arguments and counter points; wildlife issues and coalition building. In addition to in-person events, PennFuture held three webinars on (1) Generating Jobs with Wind Energy; (2) Reviving American Manufacturing with Wind Power; and (3) Wind and Transmission. PennFuture also created a web page for the institute (http://www.midatlanticwind.org) that contains an online database of fact sheets, research reports, sample advocacy letters, top anti-wind claims and information on how to

  19. Alaska Wind Update

    Energy Saver

    Alaska Wind Update BIA Providers Conference Dec. 2, 2015 Unalakleet wind farm Energy Efficiency First Make homes, workplaces and communities energy efficient thru ...

  20. @NWTC Newsletter | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    from the Energy Department's National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) at the National ... an essential partner for the technical development and deployment of wind and water power. ...

  1. Scaled Wind Farm Technology

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Scaled Wind Farm Technology - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations ... Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ...

  2. vertical axis wind turbine

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    vertical axis wind turbine - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations ... Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power ...

  3. Enabling Wind Power Nationwide

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Enabling Wind Power Nationwide May 2015 This report is being disseminated by the U.S. ... ordering: ntis.govordering.htm Enabling Wind Power Nationwide Primary Authors Jose ...

  4. Articles about Wind Siting

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    energy.gov Model Examines Cumulative Impacts of Wind Energy Development on the Greater Sage-Grouse http:energy.goveerewindarticlesmodel-examines-cumulative-impacts-wind-ener...

  5. Wind Program: Publications

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Resources Publications Advanced Search Browse by Topic Mail Requests Help Energy Basics Wind Energy FAQs Small Wind Systems FAQs Multimedia Related Links Feature featured...

  6. Wind | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Wind EERE plays a key role in advancing America's "all of the above" energy strategy, leading a large network of researchers and other partners to deliver innovative ...

  7. Market Acceleration | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL's team also offers energy and economic analysis, maps, forecasting, workforce development, and education. An aerial photo of three wind turbines at the National Wind ...

  8. Wind Turbine Tribology Seminar

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wind turbine reliability issues are often linked to failures of contacting components, such as bearings, gears, and actuators. Therefore, special consideration to tribological design in wind...

  9. NREL: Wind Research - Publications

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Publications The NREL wind research program develops publications about its R&D projects, accomplishments, and goals in wind energy technologies. Here you will find links to some ...

  10. Sandia Energy Wind News

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Wake-Imaging System Successfully Deployed at Scaled Wind Farm Technology Facility http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wake-imaging-system-successfully-deployed-at-scaled-wind-fa...

  11. Scale Models & Wind Turbines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Turbines * Readings about Cape Wind and other offshore and onshore siting debates for wind farms * Student Worksheet * A number of scale model items: Ken, Barbie or other dolls...

  12. Small Wind Conference 2015

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Small Wind Conference brings together small wind installers, site assessors, manufacturers, dealers and distributors, supply chain stakeholders, educators, public benefits program managers, and...

  13. Wind for Schools (Poster)

    SciTech Connect

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2010-05-01

    As the United States dramatically expands wind energy deployment, the industry is challenged with developing a skilled workforce and addressing public resistance. Wind Powering America's Wind for Schools project addresses these issues by developing Wind Application Centers (WACs) at universities; WAC students assist in implementing school wind turbines and participate in wind courses, by installing small wind turbines at community "host" schools, by implementing teacher training with interactive curricula at each host school. This poster provides an overview of the first two years of the Wind for Schools project, primarily supporting activities in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, and Idaho.

  14. Wind energy bibliography

    SciTech Connect

    1995-05-01

    This bibliography is designed to help the reader search for information on wind energy. The bibliography is intended to help several audiences, including engineers and scientists who may be unfamiliar with a particular aspect of wind energy, university researchers who are interested in this field, manufacturers who want to learn more about specific wind topics, and librarians who provide information to their clients. Topics covered range from the history of wind energy use to advanced wind turbine design. References for wind energy economics, the wind energy resource, and environmental and institutional issues related to wind energy are also included.

  15. Requirements for Wind Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In 2015 Oklahoma amended the Oklahoma Wind Energy Development Act. The amendments added new financial security requirements, setback requirements, and notification requirements for wind energy...

  16. WINDExchange: Distributed Wind

    WindExchange

    Distributed Wind Photo of a small wind turbine next to a farm house with a colorful sunset in the background. The distributed wind market includes wind turbines and projects of many sizes, from small wind turbines less than 1 kilowatt (kW) to multi-megawatt wind farms. The term "distributed wind" describes off-grid or grid-connected wind turbines at homes, farms and ranches, businesses, public and industrial facilities, and other sites. The turbines can provide all of the power used at

  17. Cherokee Wind

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Cherokee Wind Presenter: Carol Wyatt Cherokee Nation Businesses, Inc. DOE Tribal Energy Program October 26, 2010 KA W PA W N EE TO NK AW A PO NC A OT OE -M IS S OU RI CH E RO KE E Acr es: 2,633 .348 CH E RO KE E Acr es: 1,641 .687 CHEROKEE NATION Kay County Chilocco Property DATA SOU RC ES: US Census Bureau (T iger Files ) D OQQ's , USGS D RG's, USGS Cherokee Nation Realty D epartment C herokee N ation GeoD ata C enter Date: 12/19/01 e:\project\land\c hilocc o N E W S Tribal Land Chilocco

  18. Chaninik Wind Group: Harnessing Wind, Building Capacity

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Chaninik Wind Group: Harnessing Wind, Building Capacity Installation of Village Energy Information System Smart Grid Controller, Thermal Stoves and Meters to Enhance the Efficiency of Wind- Diesel Hybrid Power Generation in Tribal Regions of Alaska Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program Review November 16-20, 2009 The Chananik Wind Group Our goal is to become the "heartbeat of our region." Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program Review November 16-20, 2009 Department of Energy

  19. Dynamic Models for Wind Turbines and Wind Power Plants

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, M.; Santoso, S.

    2011-10-01

    The primary objective of this report was to develop universal manufacturer-independent wind turbine and wind power plant models that can be shared, used, and improved without any restrictions by project developers, manufacturers, and engineers. Manufacturer-specific models of wind turbines are favored for use in wind power interconnection studies. While they are detailed and accurate, their usages are limited to the terms of the non-disclosure agreement, thus stifling model sharing. The primary objective of the work proposed is to develop universal manufacturer-independent wind power plant models that can be shared, used, and improved without any restrictions by project developers, manufacturers, and engineers. Each of these models includes representations of general turbine aerodynamics, the mechanical drive-train, and the electrical characteristics of the generator and converter, as well as the control systems typically used. To determine how realistic model performance is, the performance of one of the models (doubly-fed induction generator model) has been validated using real-world wind power plant data. This work also documents selected applications of these models.

  20. ARM: 915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler: Wind Moments, operating in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler: Wind Moments, operating in low power mode Title: ARM: 915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler: Wind Moments, operating in low power mode 915-MHz Radar Wind ...

  1. Hull Wind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    II Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hull Wind II Wind Farm Facility Hull II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hull...

  2. Wind Vision: Continuing the Success of Wind Energy | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Vision: Continuing the Success of Wind Energy Wind Vision: Continuing the Success of Wind Energy April 2, 2015 - 10:35am Addthis The Wind Vision Report describes potential ...

  3. Extended investigation of intermartensitic transitions in Ni-Mn-Ga magnetic shape memory alloys: A detailed phase diagram determination

    SciTech Connect

    akir, Asli; Aktrk, Seluk; Righi, Lara

    2013-11-14

    Martensitic transitions in shape memory Ni-Mn-Ga Heusler alloys take place between a high temperature austenite and a low temperature martensite phase. However, intermartensitic transformations have also been encountered that occur from one martensite phase to another. To examine intermartensitic transitions in magnetic shape memory alloys in detail, we carried out temperature dependent magnetization, resistivity, and x-ray diffraction measurements to investigate the intermartensitic transition in Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 50x}Ga{sub x} in the composition range 12?x?25 at. %. Rietveld refined x-ray diffraction results are found to be consistent with magnetization and resistivity data. Depending on composition, we observe that intermartensitic transitions occur in the sequences 7M?L1{sub 0},?5M?7M, and 5M?7M?L1{sub 0} with decreasing temperature. The L1{sub 0} non-modulated structure is most stable at low temperature.

  4. WWSIS Phase 2 Kick-off

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On March 16, 2011, DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory hosted a kick-off meeting for Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS).

  5. Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool

    SciTech Connect

    2011-12-01

    Power through Policy: 'Best Practices' for Cost-Effective Distributed Wind is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project to identify distributed wind technology policy best practices and to help policymakers, utilities, advocates, and consumers examine their effectiveness using a pro forma model. Incorporating a customized feed from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE), the Web-based Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool (Policy Tool) is designed to assist state, local, and utility officials in understanding the financial impacts of different policy options to help reduce the cost of distributed wind technologies. The Policy Tool can be used to evaluate the ways that a variety of federal and state policies and incentives impact the economics of distributed wind (and subsequently its expected market growth). It also allows policymakers to determine the impact of policy options, addressing market challenges identified in the U.S. DOE’s '20% Wind Energy by 2030' report and helping to meet COE targets.

  6. NON-INVASIVE DETERMINATION OF THE LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FREE-PHASE DENSE NONAQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS (DNAPL) BY SEISMIC REFLECTION TECHNIQUES

    SciTech Connect

    Michael G. Waddell; William J. Domoracki; Tom J. Temples

    2001-05-01

    This semi-annual technical progress report is for Task 4 site evaluation, Task 5 seismic reflection design and acquisition, and Task 6 seismic reflection processing and interpretation on DOE contact number DE-AR26-98FT40369. The project had planned one additional deployment to another site other than Savannah River Site (SRS) or DOE Hanford. During this reporting period the project had an ASME peer review. The findings and recommendation of the review panel, as well at the project team response to comments, are in Appendix A. After the SUBCON midyear review in Albuquerque, NM and the peer review it was decided that two additional deployments would be performed. The first deployment is to test the feasibility of using non-invasive seismic reflection and AVO analysis as monitoring to assist in determining the effectiveness of Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) in removal of DNAPL. Under the rescope of the project, Task 4 would be performed at the Charleston Navy Weapons Station, Charleston, SC and not at the Dynamic Underground Stripping (DUS) project at SRS. The project team had already completed Task 4 at the M-area seepage basin, only a few hundred yards away from the DUS site. Because the geology is the same, Task 4 was not necessary. However, a Vertical Seismic Profile (VSP) was conducted in one well to calibrate the geology to the seismic data. The first deployment to the DUS Site (Tasks 5 and 6) has been completed. Once the steam has been turned off these tasks will be performed again to compare the results to the pre-steam data. The results from the first deployment to the DUS site indicated a seismic amplitude anomaly at the location and depths of the known high concentrations of DNAPL. The deployment to another site with different geologic conditions was supposed to occur during this reporting period. The first site selected was DOE Paducah, Kentucky. After almost eight months of negotiation, site access was denied requiring the selection of another site

  7. Wind Vision | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Vision Introduction U.S. Wind Power Impacts Roadmap Download Wind Vision: A New Era ... Back to top Chapter 4: The Wind Vision Roadmap The Wind Vision includes a detailed roadmap ...

  8. History of Wind Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    History of Wind Energy History of Wind Energy

  9. History of Wind Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    History of Wind Energy History of Wind Energy

  10. Wind power 85

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at a conference on wind turbines. Topics considered at the conference included resource assessment, wind tunnels, performance testing, aerodynamics, turbulence, fatigue, electric generators, wind loads, horizontal axis turbines, vertical axis turbines, Darrieus rotors, wind-powered pumps, economics, environmental impacts, national and international programs, field tests, flow models, feasibility studies, turbine blades, speed regulators, and airfoils.

  11. Wind power 85

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This book presents the papers given at a conference on wind turbines. Topics considered at the conference included resource assessment, wind tunnel testing, vertical axis turbines, wind turbine generators, aerodynamics, airfoils, wind loads, Darrieus rotors, economics, legislation, regulations, environmental impacts, national and international programs, fatigue testing, and horizontal axis turbines.

  12. NREL: Innovation Impact - Wind

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Energy Menu Home Home Solar Solar Wind Wind Analysis Analysis Bioenergy Bioenergy Buildings Buildings Transportation Transportation Manufacturing Manufacturing Energy Systems Integration Energy Systems Integration Wind turbines must withstand powerful aerodynamic forces unlike any other propeller-drive machines. Close NREL's work with industry has improved the efficiency and durability of turbine blades and gearboxes. Innovations include: Specialized airfoils Variable-speed turbines

  13. Energy from the wind

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-07-01

    This document provides a brief description of the use of wind power. Windmills from the 18th century are described. Modern wind turbines and wind turbine arrays are discussed. Present and future applications of wind power in the US are explained. (JDH)

  14. Wind Energy Benefits: Slides

    WindExchange

    1. Wind energy is cost competitive. *Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M. (2015). 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report. U.S. Department of Energy. Wind Energy Benefits Photo from DOE Flickr. 465 020 003 In 2014, the average levelized price of signed wind power purchase agreements was about 2.35 cents per kilowatt-hour. This price is cost competitive with new gas-fired power plants and projects compare favorably through 2040.* 2. Wind energy creates jobs. American Wind Energy Association. (2015). U.S. Wind

  15. Hi-Q Rotor - Low Wind Speed Technology

    SciTech Connect

    Todd E. Mills; Judy Tatum

    2010-01-11

    The project objective was to optimize the performance of the Hi-Q Rotor. Early research funded by the California Energy Commission indicated the design might be advantageous over state-of-the-art turbines for collecting wind energy in low wind conditions. The Hi-Q Rotor is a new kind of rotor targeted for harvesting wind in Class 2, 3, and 4 sites, and has application in areas that are closer to cities, or 'load centers.' An advantage of the Hi-Q Rotor is that the rotor has non-conventional blade tips, producing less turbulence, and is quieter than standard wind turbine blades which is critical to the low-wind populated urban sites. Unlike state-of-the-art propeller type blades, the Hi-Q Rotor has six blades connected by end caps. In this phase of the research funded by DOE's Inventions and Innovation Program, the goal was to improve the current design by building a series of theoretical and numeric models, and composite prototypes to determine a best of class device. Development of the rotor was performed by aeronautical engineering and design firm, DARcorporation. From this investigation, an optimized design was determined and an 8-foot diameter, full-scale rotor was built and mounted using a Bergey LX-1 generator and furling system which were adapted to support the rotor. The Hi-Q Rotor was then tested side-by-side against the state-of-the-art Bergey XL-1 at the Alternative Energy Institute's Wind Test Center at West Texas State University for six weeks, and real time measurements of power generated were collected and compared. Early wind tunnel testing showed that the cut-in-speed of the Hi-Q rotor is much lower than a conventional tested HAWT enabling the Hi-Q Wind Turbine to begin collecting energy before a conventional HAWT has started spinning. Also, torque at low wind speeds for the Hi-Q Wind Turbine is higher than the tested conventional HAWT and enabled the wind turbine to generate power at lower wind speeds. Based on the data collected, the results of

  16. Wind Energy Resource Assessment of the Caribbean and Central America

    SciTech Connect

    DL Elliott; CI Aspliden; GL Gower; CG Holladay, MN Schwartz

    1987-04-01

    A wind energy resource assessment of the Caribbean and Central America has identified many areas with good to outstanding wind resource potential for wind turbine applications. Annual average wind resource maps and summary tables have been developed for 35 island/country areas throughout the Caribbean and Central America region. The wind resource maps highlight the locations of major resource areas and provide estimates of the wind energy resource potential for typical well-exposed sites in these areas. The average energy in the wind flowing in the layer near the ground is expressed as a wind power class: the greater the average wind energy, the higher the wind power class. The summary tables that are included with each of the 35 island/country wind energy maps provide information on the frequency distribution of the wind speeds (expressed as estimates of the Weibull shape factor, k) and seasonal variations in the wind resource for the major wind resource areas identified on the maps. A new wind power class legend has been developed for relating the wind power classes to values of mean wind power density, mean wind speed, and Weibull k. Guidelines are presented on how to adjust these values to various heights above ground for different roughness and terrain characteristics. Information evaluated in preparing the assessment included existing meteorological data from airports and other weather stations, and from ships and buoys in offshore and coastal areas. In addition, new data from recent measurement sites established for wind energy siting studies were obtained for a few areas of the Caribbean. Other types of information evaluated in the assessment were climatological data and maps on winds aloft, surface pressure, air flow, and topography. The various data were screened and evaluated for their usefulness in preparing the wind resource assessment. Much of the surface data from airports and other land-based weather stations were determined to be from sheltered

  17. ARM - Wind Chill Calculations

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    CalculatorsWind Chill Calculations Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Wind Chill Calculations Wind Chill is the apparent temperature felt on the exposed human body owing to the combination of temperature and wind speed. From 1945 to 2001, Wind Chill was calculated by the Siple

  18. Wind Power Outlook 2004

    SciTech Connect

    anon.

    2004-01-01

    The brochure, expected to be updated annually, provides the American Wind Energy Association's (AWAE's) up-to-date assessment of the wind industry. It provides a summary of the state of wind power in the U.S., including the challenges and opportunities facing the industry. It provides summary information on the growth of the industry, policy-related factors such as the federal wind energy production tax credit status, comparisons with natural gas, and public views on wind energy.

  19. WINDExchange: Collegiate Wind Competition

    WindExchange

    Education Printable Version Bookmark and Share Workforce Development Collegiate Wind Competition Wind for Schools Project School Project Locations Education & Training Programs Curricula & Teaching Materials Resources Collegiate Wind Competition The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Collegiate Wind Competition challenges interdisciplinary teams of undergraduate students from a variety of programs to offer a unique solution to a complex wind energy project. The Competition provides students

  20. WINDExchange: Wind Energy Ordinances

    WindExchange

    Wind Energy Ordinances Federal, state, and local regulations govern many aspects of wind energy development. The nature of the project and its location will largely drive the levels of regulation required. Wind energy ordinances adopted by counties, towns, and other types of municipalities are one of the best ways for local governments to identify conditions and priorities for all types of wind development. These ordinances regulate aspects of wind projects such as their location, permitting

  1. 2006 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    6 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. December 14, 2006 NREL and Xcel Energy Dedicate Wind-Powered Hydrogen Generator DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Xcel Energy dedicated a new system to convert wind power into hydrogen on December 14th. The system, located at NREL's National Wind Technology Center, links two wind turbines to devices called electrolyzers, which pass the electricity through water to split the liquid into hydrogen and oxygen.

  2. A Simultaneous Multi-phase Approach to Determine P-wave and S-wave Attenuation of the Crust and Upper Mantle

    SciTech Connect

    Pasyanos, M E; Walter, W R; Matzel, E M

    2009-02-26

    We have generalized the methodology of our regional amplitude tomography from the Lg phase to the four primary regional phases (Pn, Pg, Sn, Lg). Differences in the geometrical spreading, source term, site term, and travel paths are accounted for, while event source parameters such as seismic moment are consistent among phases. In the process, we have developed the first regional attenuation model that uses the amplitudes of four regional phases to determine a comprehensive P-wave and S-wave attenuation model of the crust and upper mantle. When applied to an area encompassing the Middle East, eastern Europe, western Asia, south Asia, and northeast Africa for the 1-2 Hz passband, we find large differences in the attenuation of the lithosphere across the region. The tectonic Tethys collision zone has high attenuation, while stable outlying regions have low attenuation. While crust and mantle Q variations are often consistent, we do find several notable areas where they differ considerably, but are appropriate given the region's tectonic history. Lastly, the relative values of Qp and Qs indicate that scattering Q is likely the dominant source of attenuation in the crust at these frequencies.

  3. NGNP PHASE I REVIEW

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    NGNP PHASE I REVIEW NEAC REACTOR TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE CURRENT STATUS DECEMBER 9, 2010 EPACT 2005 REQUIREMENTS * FIRST PROJECT PHASE REVIEW-On a determination by the Secretary...

  4. Northern Cheyenne Tribe - Wind Power Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Northern Cheyenne Tribe Wind Power Project Program Review 2006 Ingrid Gardner Project Overview * Project began in 2002 * Sole decision maker and final authority » NORTHERN CHEYENNE TRIBE * Technical Participant » Distributed Generation Systems, Inc. * Tribal Participant » TRIBAL EDA COMMITTEE » TRIBAL EDA PLANNER Project Design * Development Phase Approach - Long Term Wind Data Collected »RAWS SITE »AIR QUALITY SITES »ON-SITE MET TOWERS 50 meter tower 20 meter tower Project Design Cont. *

  5. WINDExchange: Offshore 90-Meter Wind Maps and Wind Resource Potential

    WindExchange

    Offshore 90-Meter Wind Maps and Wind Resource Potential The U.S. Department of Energy provides 90-meter (m) height, high-resolution wind maps and estimates of the total offshore wind potential that would be possible from developing the available offshore areas. The offshore wind resource maps can be used as a guide to identify regions for commercial wind development. A map of the United States showing offshore wind resource. Washington offshore wind map. Oregon offshore wind map. California

  6. National Wind Assessments formerly Romuld Wind Consulting | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Assessments formerly Romuld Wind Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Wind Assessments (formerly Romuld Wind Consulting) Place: Minneapolis, Minnesota Zip: 55416...

  7. Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWIFT) Facility Wind Turbine Controller...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    (SWIFT) Facility Wind Turbine Controller Ground Testing - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon ... Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWIFT) Facility Wind Turbine Controller Ground Testing Home...

  8. NREL: Wind Research - Small and Distributed Wind Turbine Research

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Small and Distributed Wind Turbine Research A distributed wind farm in Wisconsin at ... Standards: The suite of tests conducted on small wind turbines includes acoustic noise ...

  9. Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sinomatech Wind Power Blade aka Sinoma Science Technology Wind Turbine Blade Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sinomatech Wind Power Blade (aka Sinoma Science & Technology...

  10. Small Wind Electric Systems: A Maine Consumer's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-06-01

    The purpose of the Small Wind Electric Systems Consumer's: A Maine Consumer's Guide is to provide consumers with enough information to help them determine if a small wind electric system will work for them based on their wind resource, the type and size of their sites, and their economics. The cover of this guide contains a wind resource map for the state of Maine and information about state incentives and contacts for more information.

  11. Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines Use this identity guideline to determine proper formatting for all materials developed for the Collegiate Wind Competition. Collegiate Wind Competition Identity Guidelines (2.64 MB) More Documents & Publications Identity Guidelines for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EV Everywhere Logo Contest Federal Register Notice Re-Energize: Building Energy Smart Communities

  12. Small Wind Electric Systems: A New Hampshire Consumer's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-06-01

    The purpose of the Small Wind Electric Systems Consumer's: A New Hampshire Consumer's Guide is to provide consumers with enough information to help them determine if a small wind electric system will work for them based on their wind resource, the type and size of their sites, and their economics. The cover of this guide contains a New Hampshire wind resource map and information about state incentives and contacts for more information.

  13. Distributed Wind | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Distributed Wind Distributed Wind The Wind Program's activities in wind technologies in distributed applications-or distributed wind-address the performance and reliability challenges associated with smaller turbines by focusing on technology development, testing, certification, and manufacturing. What is Distributed Wind? Photo of a turbine behind a school. The Wind Program defines distributed wind in terms of technology application, based on a wind plant's location relative to end-use and

  14. Chaninik Wind Group Wind Heat Smart Grid

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Chaninik Wind Group Wind Heat Smart Grid Our Presentation * William Igkurak, President Chaninik Wind Group * the harness renewables to lower energy costs, * create economic opportunities * build human capacity * Dennis Meiners * Principal Intelligent Energy Systems, Anchorage Ak. * How it all works Program Highlights ²Award Tribal Energy funding 2009, Village Smart Grid ²Received funds November 2010 ²Project to be complete June 2011 ²Theme: "communities working together we can become

  15. Small Wind Electric Systems: A U.S. Consumer's Guide

    SciTech Connect

    2007-08-01

    The handbook provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and their economics. Topics discussed in the guide include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy.

  16. Star Point Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Point Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Star Point Wind Farm Facility Star Point Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  17. Gulf Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Gulf Wind Farm Facility Gulf Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Pattern Energy...

  18. Stetson Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Stetson Wind Farm Facility Stetson Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner First Wind...

  19. Zirbel Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name Zirbel Wind Farm Facility Zirbel Wind Farm (Glenmore Wind Energy Facility) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  20. Beebe Community Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    navigation, search Name Beebe Community Wind Facility Beebe Community Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exelon Wind...

  1. Woodstock Municipal Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    search Name Woodstock Municipal Wind Facility Woodstock Municipal Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer Juhl Wind...

  2. Winona County Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    to: navigation, search Name Winona County Wind Facility Winona County Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Juhl Wind...

  3. Story City Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Jump to: navigation, search Name Story City Wind Facility Story City Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Hamilton Wind Energy...

  4. Palmetto Wind Research Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Research Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Palmetto Wind Research Project Facility Palmetto Wind Research Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind...

  5. Tillamook Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Tillamook Offshore Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Tillamook Offshore Wind Farm Facility Tillamook Offshore Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind...

  6. Deepwater Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name Deepwater Wind Farm Facility Deepwater Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner PSEG Renewable Generation Deepwater Wind...

  7. Galveston Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Galveston Offshore Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Galveston Offshore Wind Farm Facility Galveston Offshore Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind...

  8. Montfort Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Montfort Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Montfort Wind Farm Facility Montfort Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  9. Wildcat 1 Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wildcat 1 Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Wildcat 1 Wind Project Facility Wildcat 1 Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  10. Springview II Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Springview II Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Springview II Wind Project Facility Springview II Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  11. Shiloh Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Shiloh Wind Power Project Facility Shiloh Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  12. Fenton Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Fenton Wind Power Project Facility Fenton Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  13. Madison Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Madison Wind Power Project Facility Madison Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  14. Somerset Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Somerset Wind Power Project Facility Somerset Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  15. Desert Wind Power | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Desert Wind Power Facility Desert Wind Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer...

  16. Moraine Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Moraine Wind Power Project Facility Moraine Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  17. Adams Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Adams Wind Project Facility Adams Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  18. Blue Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Creek Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Blue Creek Wind Farm Facility Blue Creek Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  19. Tuana Springs Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Springs Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Tuana Springs Wind Farm Facility Tuana Springs Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  20. Thousand Springs Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Springs Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Thousand Springs Wind Park Facility Thousand Springs Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  1. First State Marine Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    State Marine Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name First State Marine Wind Facility First State Marine Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed...

  2. Minco Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Minco Wind Energy Center Facility Minco Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  3. Dunlap Wind Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Dunlap Wind Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Dunlap Wind Energy Project Facility Dunlap Wind Energy Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  4. Baseline Wind Energy Facility | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Baseline Wind Energy Facility Facility Baseline Wind Energy Facility Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  5. Howard Wind Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Howard Wind Energy Project Facility Howard Wind Energy Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status...

  6. Cape Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Cape Wind Project Facility Cape Wind Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Cape Wind Developer Cape...

  7. Wales Wind Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wales Wind Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Wales Wind Energy Project Facility Wales Wind Energy Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility...

  8. Wyoming Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Wyoming Wind Energy Center Facility Wyoming Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  9. Vantage Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Vantage Wind Energy Center Facility Vantage Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  10. Bayonne Wind Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Bayonne Wind Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Bayonne Wind Energy Project Facility Bayonne Wind Energy Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind...

  11. Gary Wind Energy Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gary Wind Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Gary Wind Energy Project Facility Gary Wind Energy Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility...

  12. Havoco Wind Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Havoco Wind Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Havoco Wind Energy LLC Place: Dallas, Texas Zip: 75206 Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind developer of Altamont Pass wind...

  13. Oliver Wind Energy Center | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Energy Center Jump to: navigation, search Name Oliver Wind Energy Center Facility Oliver Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  14. Flat Water Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Water Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Flat Water Wind Farm Facility Flat Water Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  15. Gray County Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gray County Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Gray County Wind Farm Facility Gray County Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  16. Hopkins Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hopkins Ridge Wind Farm Facility Hopkins Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  17. Luther College Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Luther College Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Luther College Wind Turbine Facility Luther College Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind...

  18. Williams Stone Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stone Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Williams Stone Wind Turbine Facility Williams Stone Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status...

  19. Portsmouth Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Portsmouth Wind Turbine Facility Portsmouth Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service...

  20. Charlestown Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Charlestown Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Charlestown Wind Turbine Facility Charlestown Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  1. Fenner Wind Power Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Power Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Fenner Wind Power Project Facility Fenner Wind Power Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  2. Shane Cowell Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Shane Cowell Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Shane Cowell Wind Farm Facility Shane Cowell Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  3. Antelope Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Antelope Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Antelope Ridge Wind Farm Facility Antelope Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  4. Locust Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Locust Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Locust Ridge Wind Farm Facility Locust Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  5. Rosiere Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Rosiere Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Rosiere Wind Farm Facility Rosiere Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  6. Paynes Ferry Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Paynes Ferry Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Paynes Ferry Wind Farm Facility Paynes Ferry Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  7. Marengo Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Marengo Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Marengo Wind Farm Facility Marengo Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  8. Stoney Corners Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Stoney Corners Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Stoney Corners Wind Farm Facility Stoney Corners Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  9. Marshall Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Marshall Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Marshall Wind Farm Facility Marshall Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  10. Laredo Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Laredo Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Laredo Ridge Wind Farm Facility Laredo Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  11. Nine Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Nine Canyon Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Nine Canyon Wind Farm Facility Nine Canyon Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  12. Casper Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Casper Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Casper Wind Farm Facility Casper Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  13. Wallys Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wallys Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wallys Wind Farm Facility Wallys Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  14. Cassia Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cassia Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cassia Wind Farm Facility Cassia Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  15. Hatchet Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Hatchet Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Hatchet Ridge Wind Farm Facility Hatchet Ridge Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  16. Cedar Point Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Cedar Point Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cedar Point Wind Farm Facility Cedar Point Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status...

  17. Allegheny Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Allegheny Ridge Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Allegheny Ridge Wind Farm Facility Allegheny Ridge wind farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind...

  18. Greensburg Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Greensburg Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Greensburg Wind Farm Facility Greensburg Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  19. Wheatfield Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wheatfield Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Wheatfield Wind Farm Facility Wheatfield Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  20. Ewington Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Ewington Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Ewington Wind Farm Facility Ewington Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service...

  1. Uilk Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Uilk Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Uilk Wind Farm Facility Uilk Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Developer...

  2. Octotillo Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Octotillo Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Octotillo Wind Farm Facility Octotillo Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  3. Don Sneve Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sneve Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Don Sneve Wind Project Facility Don Sneve Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  4. Spring Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Spring Canyon Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Spring Canyon Wind Farm Facility Spring Canyon Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility...

  5. Green Mountain Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Mountain Wind Farm Facility Green Mountain Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  6. Red Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Canyon Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Red Canyon Wind Farm Facility Red Canyon Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  7. Kansas/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Kansas Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  8. Idaho/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Idaho Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  9. Nevada/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Nevada Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  10. Iowa/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Iowa Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  11. Small Wind Guidebook | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Home >> Wind >> Small Wind Guidebook WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  12. Maine/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Maine Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  13. Hawaii/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Hawaii Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  14. Oregon/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Oregon Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  15. Alaska/Wind Resources | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Guidebook >> Alaska Wind Resources WindTurbine-icon.png Small Wind Guidebook * Introduction * First, How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient? * Is Wind Energy Practical...

  16. Olsen Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Olsen Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Olsen Wind Farm Facility Olsen Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  17. Sigel Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Sigel Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Sigel Wind Park Facility Sigel Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  18. Minden Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Minden Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Minden Wind Park Facility Minden Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner...

  19. Fossil Gulch Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Gulch Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Fossil Gulch Wind Park Facility Fossil Gulch Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  20. Criterion Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Criterion Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Criterion Wind Park Facility Criterion Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  1. Golden Valley Wind Park | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Wind Park Jump to: navigation, search Name Golden Valley Wind Park Facility Golden Valley Wind Park Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  2. Condon Wind Project | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Condon Wind Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Condon Wind Project Facility Condon Wind Project Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  3. Turkey Track Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Track Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Turkey Track Wind Farm Facility Turkey Track Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  4. Spanish Fork Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Fork Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Spanish Fork Wind Farm Facility Spanish Fork Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  5. Economics of wind farm layout

    SciTech Connect

    Germain, A.C.; Bain, D.A.

    1997-12-31

    The life cycle cost of energy (COE) is the primary determinant of the economic viability of a wind energy generation facility. The cost of wind turbines and associated hardware is counterbalanced by the energy which can be generated. This paper focuses on the turbine layout design process, considering the cost and energy capture implications of potential spacing options from the viewpoint of a practicing project designer. It is argued that lateral spacings in the range of 1.5 to 5 diameters are all potentially optimal, but only when matched to wind resource characteristics and machine design limits. The effect of wakes on energy capture is quantified while the effect on turbine life and maintenance cost is discussed qualitatively. Careful optimization can lower COE and project designers are encouraged to integrate the concepts in project designs.

  6. Wind Power (pbl/generation)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Generation Hydro Power Wind Power Monthly GSP BPA White Book Dry Year Tools Firstgov Wind Power (Updated June 16, 2014) Project Descriptions Foote Creek I Wind Project (Carbon...

  7. AWEA Wind Energy Fall Symposium

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The AWEA Wind Energy Fall Symposium gathers wind energy professionals for informal yet productive interactions with industry peers. Jose Zayas, Director, Wind & Water Power Technologies Office,...

  8. Modular Wind | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Signal Hill, California Sector: Wind energy Product: California-based wind turbine blade designer in stealth mode. References: Modular Wind1 This article is a stub. You can...

  9. Wind 7 | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    Name: Wind 7 Place: Eckernfoerde, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany Zip: 24340 Sector: Wind energy Product: Eckernfoerde-based company that develops & operates wind power projects in...

  10. Avian study protocols and wind energy development

    SciTech Connect

    Fisher, K.

    1995-12-01

    This paper identifies the need to develop and use standardized avian study protocols to determine avian impacts at new and existing wind energy facilities. This will allow data collected from various sites to be correlated for better understanding wind energy related avian impacts. Factors contributing to an increased interest in wind energy facilities by electric utilities include: (1) Increased demand for electricity;(2) increased constraints on traditional electrical generating facilities (i.e. hydroelectric and nuclear power plants);(3) improved wind turbine technology. During the 1980`s generous tax credits spawned the development of wind energy facilities, known as wind farms, in California. Commercial scale wind farm proposals are being actively considered in states across the country - Washington, Oregon, Wyoming, Wisconsin, Texas, and Vermont to name a few. From the wind farms in California the unexpected issue of avian impacts, especially to birds-of-prey, or raptor, surfaced and continues to plague the wind industry. However, most of the avian studies did not followed a standardized protocol or methodology and, therefore, data is unavailable to analyze and compare impacts at different sites or with differing technologies and configurations. Effective mitigation can not be designed and applied until these differences are understood. The Bonneville Power Administration is using comparable avian study protocols to collect data for two environmental impact statements being prepared for two separate wind farm proposals. Similar protocol will be required for any other avian impact analysis performed by the agency on proposed or existing wind farms. The knowledge gained from these studies should contribute to a better understanding of avian interactions with wind energy facilities and the identification of effective mitigation measures.

  11. Wind | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Wind The U.S. wind energy industry continued its strong growth in 2015, adding new generating capacity faster than any other source of electricity generation. Get the latest update on the state of the industry in our 2015 Wind Market Reports. The U.S. wind energy industry continued its strong growth in 2015, adding new generating capacity faster than any other source of electricity generation. Get the latest update on the state of the industry in our 2015 Wind Market Reports. The United

  12. Wind Power Career Chat

    SciTech Connect

    L. Flowers

    2011-01-01

    This document will teach students about careers in the wind energy industry. Wind energy, both land-based and offshore, is expected to provide thousands of new jobs in the next several decades. Wind energy companies are growing rapidly to meet America's demand for clean, renewable, and domestic energy. These companies need skilled professionals. Wind power careers will require educated people from a variety of areas. Trained and qualified workers manufacture, construct, operate, and manage wind energy facilities. The nation will also need skilled researchers, scientists, and engineers to plan and develop the next generation of wind energy technologies.

  13. Research | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Research During the past 35 years of wind research and development, NREL has pioneered many of the components and systems that have taken wind energy technologies to new heights. Through its expertise and one-of-a-kind assets, the research performed at NREL has become a guiding force, advancing wind technologies from initial concepts to deployment. A photo of six megawatt-scale wind turbines at various heights on a flat field. Land-Based Wind A photo of a singular wind turbine on a yellow

  14. See the Wind

    Education - Teach & Learn

    The goal of this activity is to help students see the difference in the speed and smoothness of the wind at different altitudes above the earth. This is important for wind engineers as they seek to place their wind turbines in the fastest and smoothest winds possible. It is also a major reason that wind turbines are getting larger and higher in the sky, and is why we are starting to see wind turbines in the plains and out in the ocean near the coast. Teacher background and assessment sheets are provided.

  15. Wind ripple analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Akins, R.E.

    1981-01-01

    Efficient and economical utilization of wind power will require the ability to measure and ultimately predict the effects fluctuations in the incident wind will have on a wind turbine. In order to quantitatively assess these effects, experimental techniques have been developed which allow analysis of full-scale performance of wind turbines with particular emphasis on the effects caused by turbulence in the incident wind. Examples of these techniques are presented using data from the DOE/Sandia Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) program.

  16. Wind energy information guide

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    This book is divided into nine chapters. Chapters 1--8 provide background and annotated references on wind energy research, development, and commercialization. Chapter 9 lists additional sources of printed information and relevant organizations. Four indices provide alphabetical access to authors, organizations, computer models and design tools, and subjects. A list of abbreviations and acronyms is also included. Chapter topics include: introduction; economics of using wind energy; wind energy resources; wind turbine design, development, and testing; applications; environmental issues of wind power; institutional issues; and wind energy systems development.

  17. Model Examines Cumulative Impacts of Wind Energy Development...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ... Source: Sandia EERE Success Story-Percussive Hammer Enables Geothermal Drilling New Approach to Determine the Need for Operating Reserves in Electricity Markets with Wind Power

  18. Generating Economic Development from a Wind Power Plant in Spanish...

    WindExchange

    of the utility companies. In Utah, the Commission is responsible for determining avoided cost rates for qualifying facilities. As will be noted later, the Spanish Fork Wind...

  19. Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation- 2006 Project

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The tribe will determine the feasibility of developing a commercial wind facility on the reservation to maximize the economic benefits and create employment for tribal members.

  20. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) for the determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in foundry molding sand

    SciTech Connect

    Dungan, R.S. [USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD (United States). Environmental Management & Byproducts Utilization Laboratory

    2005-07-01

    The use of headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) to determine benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in foundry molding sand, specifically a 'green sand' (clay-bonded sand) was investigated. The BTEX extraction was conducted using a 75 {mu} M carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane (CAR-PDMS) fiber, which was suspended above 10 g of sample. The SPME fiber was desorbed in a gas chromatograph injector port (280{sup o}C for 1 min) and the analytes were characterized by mass spectrometry. The effects of extraction time and temperature, water content, and clay and bituminous coal percentage on HS-SPME of BTEX were investigated. Because green sands contain bentonite clay and carbonaceous material such as crushed bituminous coal, a matrix effect was observed. The detection limits for BTEX were determined to be {lt}= 0.18 ng g{sup -1} of green sand.

  1. Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Highlights Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States Wind Vision Objectives The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Wind and Water Power Technologies Office has ...

  2. 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution...

    Energy Saver

    % Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply ...

  3. EERE 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report Finds Wind Power at...

    Energy Saver

    2014 Wind Technologies Market Report Finds Wind Power at Record Low Prices EERE 2014 Wind Technologies Market Report Finds Wind Power at Record Low Prices August 10, 2015 - 11:00am ...

  4. Ion-driven instabilities in the solar wind: Wind observations...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ion-driven instabilities in the solar wind: Wind observations of 19 March 2005 Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Ion-driven instabilities in the solar wind: Wind ...

  5. PHOTOIONIZATION IN THE SOLAR WIND

    SciTech Connect

    Landi, E.; Lepri, S. T.

    2015-10-20

    In this work we investigate the effects of photoionization on the charge state composition of the solar wind. Using measured solar EUV and X-ray irradiance, the Michigan Ionization Code and a model for the fast and slow solar wind, we calculate the evolution of the charge state distribution of He, C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, and Fe with and without including photoionization for both types of wind. We find that the solar radiation has significant effects on the charge state distribution of C, N, and O, causing the ionization levels of these elements to be higher than without photoionization; differences are largest for oxygen. The ions commonly observed for elements heavier than O are much less affected, except in ICMEs where Fe ions more ionized than 16+ can also be affected by the solar radiation. We also show that the commonly used O{sup 7+}/O{sup 6+} density ratio is the most sensitive to photoionization; this sensitivity also causes the value of this ratio to depend on the phase of the solar cycle. We show that the O{sup 7+}/O{sup 6+} ratio needs to be used with caution for solar wind classification and coronal temperature estimates, and recommend the C{sup 6+}/C{sup 4+} ratio for these purposes.

  6. 2008 Wind Energy Projects, Wind Powering America (Poster)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-01-01

    The Wind Powering America program produces a poster at the end of every calendar year that depicts new U.S. wind energy projects. The 2008 poster includes the following projects: Stetson Wind Farm in Maine; Dutch Hill Wind Farm in New York; Grand Ridge Wind Energy Center in Illinois; Hooper Bay, Alaska; Forestburg, South Dakota; Elbow Creek Wind Project in Texas; Glacier Wind Farm in Montana; Wray, Colorado; Smoky Hills Wind Farm in Kansas; Forbes Park Wind Project in Massachusetts; Spanish Fork, Utah; Goodland Wind Farm in Indiana; and the Tatanka Wind Energy Project on the border of North Dakota and South Dakota.

  7. Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2012-09-01

    Initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system, the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. The goal is to understand the effects of variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. In the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 1, solar penetration was limited to 5%. Utility-scale PV was not included because of limited capability to model sub-hourly, utility-scale PV output . New techniques allow the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 to include high penetrations of solar - not only CSP and rooftop PV but also utility-scale PV plants.

  8. Community Wind Handbook/Conduct a Wind Resource Estimate | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    "Windustry. Wind Resource Assessment" "AWS Scientific for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Wind Resource Assessment Handbook" Retrieved from "http:...

  9. Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Collegiate Wind Competition Wind Tunnel Specifications Teams competing in the U.S. Department of Energy Collegiate Wind Competition must design a prototype wind turbine that fits inside the wind tunnel created to test the performance of each team's project. The tunnel has a "draw down" configuration, introduced by the fan, that sucks air through the box. There are two debris filters, one at

  10. 2016 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2016 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. September 13, 2016 Survey Reveals Projections for Lower Wind Energy Costs The cost of producing electricity ...

  11. ARM - Measurement - Horizontal wind

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    wind ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Horizontal wind The horizontal ...

  12. 2012 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. September 25, 2012 Wind Energy Research Institutes Join Forces at the Inaugural Meeting of the North American ...

  13. 2010 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    0 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. October 27, 2010 Offshore Wind Energy Poised to Play a Vital Role in Future U.S. Energy Markets A new report ...

  14. DOE Wind Program Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wind Program Update March 2007 P.J. Dougherty Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program Since the 1970's, DOE has spent just over 1B in developing a market, which will reach over ...

  15. 2011 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. December 9, 2011 Saving Farmland One Wind Energy Project at a Time Rich VanderVeen, president of Mackinaw Power, ...

  16. WINDExchange: Learn About Wind

    WindExchange

    wind turbines in a row at sunset. The sky is varying hues of orange and the sun is halfway past the horizon. Wind power comes in many sizes. Here, several...

  17. WindWaveFloat

    SciTech Connect

    Weinstein, Alla

    2011-11-01

    Presentation from the 2011 Water Peer Review includes in which principal investigator Alla Weinstein discusses project progress in development of a floating offshore wind structure - the WindFloat - and incorporation therin of a Spherical Wave Energy Device.

  18. Articles about Offshore Wind

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    unprecedented information on offshore wind patterns, making it possible to harness wind power in entirely new locations.

    Mon, 07 Dec 2015 18:52:00 +0000...

  19. Research Facilities | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Photo of five wind turbines of varying sizes in the background and an office building in the foreground. Field Test Sites A photo of two people wearing hard hats in front of a wind ...

  20. Wind Energy Basics | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... How Wind Turbines Work U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Photo of a girl and a boy standing beneath a large wind turbine. Students can ...

  1. Distributed Wind 2015

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Distributed Wind 2015 is committed to the advancement of both distributed and community wind energy. This two day event includes a Business Conference with sessions focused on advancing the...

  2. NREL: Wind Research - Events

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Events Below are upcoming events related to wind energy technology. December 2015 Wind and Water Power Small Business Voucher Open House December 2, 2015, 9:00 - 1:00 MST Boulder,...

  3. See the Wind

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ... Engineers are also concerned about wind shear and turbulence as this can cause a great deal of stress on their gearbox and bearings in their turbines. Characterizing Shear and Wind ...

  4. Distributed Wind Energy Workshop

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join instructor Brent Summerville for a fun and interactive workshop at Appalachian State University's Small Wind Research and Demonstration Site. Learn about a variety of distributed wind energy...

  5. Wind Vision | Department of Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    A New Era for Wind Power in the United States The Wind Vision report updates the Department of Energy's 2008 20% Wind Energy by 2030 through analysis of scenarios of wind power ...

  6. WIND ENERGY | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    WIND ENERGY WIND ENERGY WIND ENERGY POSTER (3.22 MB) More Documents & Publications WIND ENERGY Download LPO's Illustrated Poster Series LPO Financial Performance Report DOE-LPO_Email-Update_001_Through_1

  7. 2007 News | Wind | NREL

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    7 News Below are news stories related to Wind. RSS Learn about RSS. June 27, 2007 U.S., Danish laboratories to cooperate on wind energy research NREL and Denmark's Risø National Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), have signed an agreement to cooperate closely on improving wind energy technologies. June 25, 2007 Large Wind Turbine Blade Test Facilities to be in Mass., Texas NREL will work with consortiums from Texas and Massachusetts to design, build and operate new facilities to

  8. Wind/solar resource in Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, V.; Starcher, K.; Gaines, H.

    1997-12-31

    Data are being collected at 17 sites to delineate a baseline for the wind and solar resource across Texas. Wind data are being collected at 10, 25, and 40 m (in some cases at 50 m) to determine wind shear and power at hub heights of large turbines. Many of the sites are located in areas of predicted terrain enhancement. The typical day in a month for power and wind turbine output was calculated for selected sites and combination of sites; distributed systems. Major result to date is that there is the possibility of load matching in South Texas during the summer months, even though the average values by month indicate a low wind potential.

  9. Wind Energy Markets, 2. edition

    SciTech Connect

    2007-11-15

    The report provides an overview of the global market for wind energy, including a concise look at wind energy development in key markets including installations, government incentives, and market trends. Topics covered include: an overview of wind energy including the history of wind energy production and the current market for wind energy; key business drivers of the wind energy market; barriers to the growth of wind energy; key wind energy trends and recent developments; the economics of wind energy, including cost, revenue, and government subsidy components; regional and national analyses of major wind energy markets; and, profiles of key wind turbine manufacturers.

  10. Operating Reserves and Wind Power Integration: An International Comparison

    SciTech Connect

    Milligan, M.; Donohoo, P.; Lew, D.; Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Holttinen, H.; Lannoye, E.; Flynn, D.; O'Malley, M.; Miller, N.; Ericksen, P. B.; Gottig, A.; Rawn, B.; Frunt, J.; Kling, W. L.; Gibescu, M.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Robitaille, A.; Kamwa, I.

    2010-01-01

    The determination of additional operating reserves in power systems with high wind penetration is attracting a significant amount of attention and research. Wind integration analysis over the past several years has shown that the level of operating reserve that is induced by wind is not a constant function of the installed capacity. Observations and analysis of actual wind plant operating data has shown that wind does not change its output fast enough to be considered as a contingency event. However, the variability that wind adds to the system does require the activation or deactivation of additional operating reserves. This paper provides a high-level international comparison of methods and key results from both operating practice and integration analysis, based on the work in International Energy Agency IEA WIND Task 25 on Large-scale Wind Integration. The paper concludes with an assessment of the common themes and important differences, along with recent emerging trends.

  11. Wind power outlook 2006

    SciTech Connect

    anon.

    2006-04-15

    This annual brochure provides the American Wind Energy Association's up-to-date assessment of the wind industry in the United States. This 2006 general assessment shows positive signs of growth, use and acceptance of wind energy as a vital component of the U.S. energy mix.

  12. Wind Economic Development (Postcard)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

  13. Wind power soars

    SciTech Connect

    Flavin, C.

    1996-12-31

    Opinions on the world market for wind power are presented in this paper. Some data for global wind power generating capacity are provided. European and other markets are discussed individually. Estimated potential for wind power is given for a number of countries. 3 figs.

  14. Wind Vision | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Information Resources » Wind Vision Wind Vision Wind Vision About In support of the President's strategy to diversify our nation's clean energy mix, an elite team of researchers, academics, scientists, engineers, and wind industry experts revisited the findings of the Energy Department's 2008 20% Wind by 2030 report and built upon its findings to conceptualize a new vision for wind energy through 2050. The Wind Vision Report takes America's current installed wind power capacity across all

  15. Wind for Schools Curriculum Brief

    SciTech Connect

    2010-08-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of wind energy curricula as it relates to the Wind for Schools project.

  16. WINDExchange: Wind Maps and Data

    WindExchange

    Wind Maps and Data WINDExchange provides wind maps and anemometer data to help homeowners, communities, states, and regions learn more about their available wind resources and plan wind energy projects. WINDExchange also maintains more than a decade of installed capacity maps showing how wind energy has progressed across the United States over time as advances in wind technology and materials make wind resources more available. A map illustration of the United States showing the various wind

  17. Wind loading on solar concentrators: some general considerations

    SciTech Connect

    Roschke, E. J.

    1984-05-01

    A survey has been completed to examine the problems and complications arising from wind loading on solar concentrators. Wind loading is site specific and has an important bearing on the design, cost, performance, operation and maintenance, safety, survival, and replacement of solar collecting systems. Emphasis herein is on paraboloidal, two-axis tracking systems. Thermal receiver problems also are discussed. Wind characteristics are discussed from a general point of view; current methods for determining design wind speed are reviewed. Aerodynamic coefficients are defined and illustrative examples are presented. Wind tunnel testing is discussed, and environmental wind tunnels are reviewed; recent results on heliostat arrays are reviewed as well. Aeroelasticity in relation to structural design is discussed briefly. Wind loads, i.e., forces and moments, are proportional to the square of the mean wind velocity. Forces are proportional to the square of concentrator diameter, and moments are proportional to the cube of diameter. Thus, wind loads have an important bearing on size selection from both cost and performance standpoints. It is concluded that sufficient information exists so that reasonably accurate predictions of wind loading are possible for a given paraboloidal concentrator configuration, provided that reliable and relevant wind conditions are specified. Such predictions will be useful to the design engineer and to the systems engineer as well. Information is lacking, however, on wind effects in field arrays of paraboloidal concentrators. Wind tunnel tests have been performed on model heliostat arrays, but there are important aerodynamic differences between heliostats and paraboloidal dishes.

  18. NREL: Wind Research - Winds of Change Blowing for Wind Farm Research...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Winds of Change Blowing for Wind Farm Research with NREL's SOWFA Tool Simulation from SOWFA that shows a number of wind turbines and how the wind is flowing between them, with the ...

  19. Small Wind Electric Systems: A Maryland Consumer's Guide (Revised)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-08-01

    Small Wind Electric Systems: A Maryland Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and their economics. Topics discussed in the guide include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a regional wind resource map and a list of incentives and contacts for more information.

  20. Wind energy applications guide

    SciTech Connect

    anon.

    2001-01-01

    The brochure is an introduction to various wind power applications for locations with underdeveloped transmission systems, from remote water pumping to village electrification. It includes an introductory section on wind energy, including wind power basics and system components and then provides examples of applications, including water pumping, stand-alone systems for home and business, systems for community centers, schools, and health clinics, and examples in the industrial area. There is also a page of contacts, plus two specific example applications for a wind-diesel system for a remote station in Antarctica and one on wind-diesel village electrification in Russia.