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Sample records for wholesale propane prices

  1. Residential propane prices surges

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Midwest and Northeast propane prices much higher this winter than last year Households that heat with propane will pay for that propane at prices averaging 39 percent higher in the ...

  2. Residential propane price decreases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.32 per gallon, down 2 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  3. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.98 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  4. Residential propane price decreases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    05, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 2.40 per gallon, down 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  5. Residential propane prices increase

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.9 cents from a week ago to 2.80 per gallon. That's up 53.7 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  6. Residential propane prices stable

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices stable The average retail price for propane is 2.37 per gallon. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the U.S. Energy Information ...

  7. Residential propane price

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.39 per gallon, up 3.9 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  8. Residential propane price decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.38 per gallon, down 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  9. Residential propane price decreases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    6, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.48 per gallon, down 15.9 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  10. Residential propane price decreases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    8, 2015 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.34 per gallon, down 1.7 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by ...

  11. Residential propane prices stable

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.40 per gallon, down 9-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  12. Residential propane prices available

    Annual Energy Outlook

    4, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.92 per gallon, up 1.4 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by ...

  13. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.03 per gallon, down 2-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  14. Residential propane price

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.29 per gallon, down 3.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  15. Residential propane prices available

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    8, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.91 per gallon, up 1.4 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by ...

  16. Residential propane prices surges

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices surges The average retail price for propane rose to an all-time high of 4.01 a gallon, that's up 1.05 from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  17. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.96 per gallon, up 1.8 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  18. Residential propane prices surges

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    5, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.30 per gallon, down 17.5 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  19. Residential propane price decreases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, down 7-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  20. Residential propane price

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.35 per gallon, down 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  1. Residential propane price decreases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.39 per gallon, down 2.2 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  2. Residential propane price increases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, down 5-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  3. Residential propane prices decreases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    5, 2014 Residential propane prices decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.89 per gallon, that's down 11.9 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating ...

  4. Residential propane prices available

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 1.91 per gallon, down 6.7 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the ...

  5. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.03 per gallon, up 1 cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  6. Residential propane prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose to 2.40 per gallon, up 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  7. Residential propane prices surges

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    2, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.17 per gallon, down 13.1 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  8. Residential propane price decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, down 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  9. Residential propane price decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, down 1.1 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  10. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.41 per gallon, up 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  11. Residential propane price increases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.96 per gallon, up 7-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  12. Residential propane prices available

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices available The average retail price for propane is 2.30 per gallon, based on the U.S. Energy Information Administration's weekly residential heating fuel survey. ...

  13. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 4.8 cents from a week ago to 2.76 per gallon. That's up 51.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  14. Residential propane prices available

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    8, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.94 per gallon, up 2 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the ...

  15. Residential propane price decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.01 per gallon, down 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  16. Residential propane prices available

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 1.92 per gallon, down 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  17. Residential propane prices available

    Annual Energy Outlook

    1, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.90 per gallon, up 2-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  18. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 5.5 cents per gallon from last week to 2.62 per gallon; up 37.4 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  19. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.00 per gallon, up 7-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  20. Residential propane prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 10.3 cents from a week ago to 2.96 per gallon. That's up 68.1 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  1. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 3.2 cents from a week ago to 2.86 per gallon. That's up 59.3 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  2. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.01 per gallon, down 8-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  3. Residential propane price decreases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.35 per gallon, down 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  4. Residential propane prices increase

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 9.1 cents from a week ago to 2.71 per gallon. That's up 46.9 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  5. Residential propane prices increase

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.3 cents per gallon from last week to 2.57 per gallon; up 32.2 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  6. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  7. Residential propane prices available

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane prices available The average retail price for propane is 1.94 per gallon, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. ...

  8. Residential propane prices increase

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane prices increase The average retail price for propane rose 2.5 cents from a week ago to 2.83 per gallon. That's up 56 cents from a year ago, based on the residential ...

  9. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.98 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  10. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.99 per gallon, up 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  11. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.01 per gallon, up 1.2 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  12. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, up 4-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  13. Residential propane prices surges

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.08 per gallon, down 8.6 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  14. Residential propane price increases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.03 per gallon, down 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  15. Residential propane price

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, down 1 cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  16. Residential propane price decreases

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is 2.37 per gallon, down 9-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  17. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 1.97 per gallon, up 6-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. ...

  18. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2015 Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is 2.36 per gallon, up half of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  19. Residential propane price increases

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Residential propane price virtually unchanged The average retail price for propane is 2.03 per gallon, up 1-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  20. Residential propane price

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    propane price decrease The average retail price for propane is 2.37 per gallon, down 1.3 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy ...

  1. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.02 per gallon, up 4-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.48 per gallon, down 1-tenth of a cent from last week, and down 43

  2. Residential propane prices available

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane prices available The average retail price for propane is $1.99 per gallon, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.40

  3. Residential propane price increases

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Residential propane virtually unchanged The average retail price for propane is 2.02 per gallon, up 1-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey ...

  4. Residential propane price decreases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane is $2.05 per gallon, down 1.6 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.49 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, and up 7.5

  5. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.05 per gallon, up 3.5 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.46 per gallon, up 3.9 cents from last week, and up 8.3 cents

  6. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.07 per gallon, up 1.4 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.47 per gallon, up 1.5 cents from last week, and up 8.5 cents from a year ago.

  7. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.06 per gallon, down 9-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.48 per gallon, up 8-tenths of a cents from last week, and up 6.8

  8. Residential propane price increases

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price increases The average retail price for propane is $2.03 per gallon, up 4.3 cents from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.44 per gallon, up 4.3 cents from last week, and up 7 cents from a year ago. This is Marcela Rourk, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marcela Rourk at 202-586-4412

  9. Residential propane price decreases slightly

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    propane price decreases slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.38 per gallon, down 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by ...

  10. Residential propane price is unchanged

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    13, 2014 Residential propane price is unchanged The average retail price for propane is 2.40 per gallon, down one-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating ...

  11. Residential propane price virtually unchanged

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Residential propane price virtually unchanged The average retail price for propane is $2.06 per gallon, up 2-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.48 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, and up 7.8

  12. Residential propane price continues to decrease

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    2, 2014 Residential propane price continues to decrease The average retail price for propane fell to 3.76 per gallon, down 13.4 cents from a week ago, based on the residential ...

  13. Residential propane price decreases slightly decreases slightly

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    7, 2014 Residential propane price decreases slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.38 per gallon, down 3-tenths of a cent from last week, based on the residential ...

  14. Residential propane price continues to decrease

    Annual Energy Outlook

    0, 2014 Residential propane price decreases The average retail price for propane fell to 3.64 per gallon, down 12.7 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel ...

  15. Wholesale Propane Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    0.667 0.680 0.699 0.687 0.659 0.626 2013-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) 0.710 0.725 0.739 0.728 0.705 0.674 2013-2016 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 0.733 0.757 0.770 0.753 0.728 0.699 2013-2016 Maryland 0.733 0.723 0.745 0.745 0.735 0.720 2016-2016 New Jersey 0.711 0.762 0.774 0.760 0.746 0.739 2013-2016 New York 0.770 0.774 0.783 0.765 0.737 0.703 2013-2016 Pennsylvania 0.700 0.747 0.762 0.741 0.713 0.681 2013-2016 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 0.677 0.682 0.695 0.693 0.671 0.639 2013-2016 Georgia 0.644

  16. Heating Oil and Propane Update - Energy Information Administration

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Petroleum Reports Heating Oil and Propane Update Note: The heating season is over. Data for residential and wholesale prices for heating oil and propane will return in October 2016. ...

  17. Michigan residential heating oil and propane price survey: 1995--1996 heating season. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Moriarty, C.

    1996-05-01

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of residential No. 2 distillate fuel (home heating oil) and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) prices over the 1995--1996 heating season in Michigan. The Michigan`s Public Service Commission (MPSC) conducted the survey under a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). This survey was funded in part by a grant from the DOE. From October 1995 through March 1996, the MPSC surveyed participating distributors by telephone for current residential retail home heating oil and propane prices. The MPSC transmitted the data via a computer modem to the EIA using the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). Survey results were published in aggregate on the MPSC World Wide Web site at http://ermisweb.state.mi.us/shopp. The page was updated with both residential and wholesale prices immediately following the transmission of the data to the EIA. The EIA constructed the survey using a sample of Michigan home heating oil and propane retailers. The sample accounts for different sales volumes, geographic location, and sources of primary supply.

  18. Wholesale Heating Oil Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October -

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    March) 1.644 1.629 1.639 1.614 1.503 1.471 2013-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) 1.643 1.629 1.640 1.615 1.504 1.471 2013-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 1.655 1.643 1.656 1.631 1.519 1.489 2013-2016 Connecticut 1.655 1.643 1.656 1.632 1.520 1.486 2013-2016 Maine 1.660 1.649 1.659 1.633 1.528 1.495 2013-2016 Massachusetts 1.663 1.651 1.663 1.640 1.525 1.496 2013-2016 New Hampshire 1.608 1.593 1.606 1.583 1.457 1.431 2013-2016 Rhode Island 1.642 1.631 1.648 1.618 1.512 1.477 2013-2016 Vermont 1.724 1.705

  19. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Marketing Annual 1999 421 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  20. Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    and EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type 28 Energy Information Administration ...

  1. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Marketing Annual 1995 467 Table A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Regional Residential Propane Price Model

    Reports and Publications

    2009-01-01

    The regional residential propane price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide residential retail price forecasts for the 4 Census regions: Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.

  3. Table A2. Refiner/Reseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    - W 73.5 See footnotes at end of table. A2. RefinerReseller Prices of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Kerosene, by PAD District, 1983-Present Energy Information Administration ...

  4. Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect

    McClanahan, Janice

    2001-04-01

    Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

  5. No. 2 heating oil/propane program

    SciTech Connect

    McBrien, J.

    1991-06-01

    During the 1990/91 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1990 through March 1991. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1990/91 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states.

  6. 2013 Propane Market Outlook

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    domestic propane prices will not fully delink from oil prices, and competition against electricity and natural gas in traditional propane markets will remain very challenging....

  7. Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane bills

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane bills Lower oil prices are not only driving down gasoline costs, but U.S. consumers will also see a bigger savings in their heating oil and propane bills this winter. In its new short-term forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said households that use heating oil most of which are located in the Northeast will pay on average $1,779 this winter. That's 25% less or a savings of nearly $600 compared with last winter. The

  8. Customer response to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, C.; Hopper, N.; Sezgen, O.; Moezzi, M.; Bharvirkar, R.; Neenan, B.; Boisvert, R.; Cappers, P.; Pratt, D.

    2004-07-01

    There is growing interest in policies, programs and tariffs that encourage customer loads to provide demand response (DR) to help discipline wholesale electricity markets. Proposals at the retail level range from eliminating fixed rate tariffs as the default service for some or all customer groups to reinstituting utility-sponsored load management programs with market-based inducements to curtail. Alternative rate designs include time-of-use (TOU), day-ahead real-time pricing (RTP), critical peak pricing, and even pricing usage at real-time market balancing prices. Some Independent System Operators (ISOs) have implemented their own DR programs whereby load curtailment capabilities are treated as a system resource and are paid an equivalent value. The resulting load reductions from these tariffs and programs provide a variety of benefits, including limiting the ability of suppliers to increase spot and long-term market-clearing prices above competitive levels (Neenan et al., 2002; Boren stein, 2002; Ruff, 2002). Unfortunately, there is little information in the public domain to characterize and quantify how customers actually respond to these alternative dynamic pricing schemes. A few empirical studies of large customer RTP response have shown modest results for most customers, with a few very price-responsive customers providing most of the aggregate response (Herriges et al., 1993; Schwarz et al., 2002). However, these studies examined response to voluntary, two-part RTP programs implemented by utilities in states without retail competition.1 Furthermore, the researchers had limited information on customer characteristics so they were unable to identify the drivers to price response. In the absence of a compelling characterization of why customers join RTP programs and how they respond to prices, many initiatives to modernize retail electricity rates seem to be stymied.

  9. No. 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1990/91

    SciTech Connect

    McBrien, J.

    1991-06-01

    During the 1990/91 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1990 through March 1991. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1990/91 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states.

  10. No. 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1992/93

    SciTech Connect

    McBrien, J.

    1993-05-01

    During the 1992--93 heating season, the Massachusetts Division Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October, 1992 through March, 1993. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1992--93 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

  11. Number 2 heating oil/propane program. Final report, 1991/92

    SciTech Connect

    McBrien, J.

    1992-06-01

    During the 1991--92 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October, 1991 through March, 1992. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events which had an impact on the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from the residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1991--1992 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by the EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data and responses to the events which unfolded during the 1991--1992 heating season.

  12. Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun; Kiliccote, Sila

    2012-06-01

    In New York State, the default electricity pricing for large customers is Mandatory Hourly Pricing (MHP), which is charged based on zonal day-ahead market price for energy. With MHP, retail customers can adjust their building load to an economically optimal level according to hourly electricity prices. Yet, many customers seek alternative pricing options such as fixed rates through retail access for their electricity supply. Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) based information exchange model that communicates price and reliability information. It allows customers to evaluate hourly prices and provide demand response in an automated fashion to minimize electricity costs. This document shows how OpenADR can support MHP and facilitate price responsive demand for large commercial customers in New York City.

  13. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-07-01

    This study presents BPA's market price forecasts for the Final Proposal, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's power rates. AURORA was used as the primary tool for (a) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP Settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years (FY) 2008 and 2009, (b) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments and IOU REP Settlements benefits, (c) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (d) providing a price input used for the risk analysis. For information about the calculation of the secondary revenues, uncertainty regarding the IOU REP Settlement benefits and DSI payment uncertainty, and the risk run, see Risk Analysis Study WP-07-FS-BPA-04.

  14. Microsoft Word - Joe Rose - Providence remarks.propane.JUR -...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The Propane Industries Goal: Ensure Propane Consumers are Served The winter of 2013-2014 proved a challenge for propane consumers in acquiring adequate supply at affordable prices. ...

  15. Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

  16. Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

  17. No. 2 heating oil/propane program 1994--1995. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    McBrien, J.

    1995-05-01

    During the 1994--95 heating season, the Massachusetts Division of Energy Resources (DOER) participated in a joint data collection program between several state energy offices and the federal Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). The purpose of the program was to collect and monitor retail and wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories from October 1994 through March 1995. This program augmented the existing Massachusetts data collection system and served several important functions. The information helped the federal and state governments respond to consumer, congressional and media inquiries regarding No. 2 oil and propane. The information also provided policy decision-makers with timely, accurate and consistent data to monitor current heating oil and propane markets and develop appropriate state responses when necessary. In addition, the communication network between states and the DOE was strengthened through this program. This final report begins with an overview of the unique events that had an impact on the petroleum markets prior to and during the reporting period. Next, the report summarizes the results from residential heating oil and propane price surveys conducted by DOER over the 1994--95 heating season. The report also incorporates the wholesale heating oil and propane prices and inventories collected by EIA and distributed to the states. Finally, the report outlines DOER`s use of the data.

  18. Propane - A Mid-Heating Season Assessment

    Reports and Publications

    2001-01-01

    This report will analyze some of the factors leading up to the rapid increase in propane demand and subsequent deterioration in supply that propelled propane prices to record high levels during December and early January.

  19. Propane Basics

    SciTech Connect

    NREL

    2010-03-01

    Propane powers about 190,000 vehicles in the U.S. and more than 14 million worldwide. Propane vehicles are a good choice for many fleet applications including school buses, shuttle buses, taxies and light-duty trucks.

  20. State heating oil and propane program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The following is a report of New Hampshire's participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

  1. This Week In Petroleum Propane Section

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Residential propane prices (dollars per gallon) Average Regional U.S. residential propane prices graph Regional residential propane prices graph Residential propane prices (dollars per gallon) more price data › Year ago Most recent 11/16/15 11/14/16 11/07/16 10/31/16 10/24/16 10/17/16 10/10/16 10/03/16 Average 1.938 2.048 2.064 2.059 2.069 2.053 2.018 1.984 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.632 2.808 2.837 2.827 2.843 2.826 2.801 2.760 New England (PADD 1A) 2.635 2.905 2.932 2.918 2.902 2.875 2.845 2.789

  2. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices - Industrial

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    80 - - - - - 1994-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 1.945 - - - - - 1994-2015 New England (PADD 1A) 1.954 - - - - - 1994-2015 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.021 - - - - - 1994-2015 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 1.917 - - - - - 1994-2015 Midwest (PADD 2) 1.822 - - - - - 1994-2015 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 1.842 - - - - - 1994-2015 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 1.918 - - - - - 1994-2015 West Coast (PADD 5) 1.927

  3. Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System:...

  4. Propane update

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    March 30,2016 | Washington, DC (Inventory data as of 32516; residential heating fuel prices as of 32816) By U.S. Energy Information Administration 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Oct-15 ...

  5. Propane/Propylene Exports

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Winter 2014-15: Propane Supply & Infrastructure For State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) Workshop October 8, 2014 | Washington, DC By T. Mason Hamilton, Petroleum Markets Analyst U.S. Energy Information Administration Winter 2014-15 takeaways and potential issues- propane * Primary propane stocks in the Gulf Coast and Midwest are currently 10 million barrels (17%) above this time last year * Propane production from natural gas plants is up and is projected to average 970,000 bbl/d

  6. Today in Energy - Daily Prices - Prices - U.S. Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Administration (EIA) November 18, 2016Daily Prices Daily wholesale and retail prices for various energy products are shown below, including spot prices and select futures prices at national or regional levels. Prices are updated each weekday (excluding federal holidays), typically between 7:30 and 8:30 a.m. This page is meant to provide a snapshot of selected daily prices only. Prices are republished by EIA with permission as follows: Wholesale Spot Petroleum Prices from Thomson Reuters,

  7. Propane Fuel Basics

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Propane, also known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or autogas, is a clean-burning, high-energy alternative fuel. It has been used for decades to fuel light-duty and heavy-duty propane vehicles.

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Vehicles » Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane on

  9. Propane Bakery Delivery Step Vans

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Case Study - Propane Bakery Delivery Step Vans April 2016 1 Contents Background .......................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Motivation for Adopting Propane ................................................................................................................................... 3 Financial Benefits

  10. Residential heating oil prices decline

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    propane price increase slightly The average retail price for propane is $2.41 per gallon, up 1-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Propane prices in the Midwest region averaged $1.95 per gallon, up 5-tenths of a cent from last week, and down 10.4

  11. Supreme court agrees: FERC must regulate wholesale markets

    SciTech Connect

    Wolak, Frank A.

    2008-08-15

    The author believes that wholesale markets in the United States would have a greater likelihood of ultimately benefiting consumers if the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission did not have the mandate under the Federal Power Act (FPA) to ensure that wholesale prices are ''just and reasonable.'' However, he continues to believe that the FERC cannot avoid having an ex post criteria for asssessing whether market prices are just and reasonable. Moreover, changes in the design and regulatory oversight of U.S. wholesale electricity markets in recent years, including the recent Supreme Court decision, have caused him to believe even more strongly in the guardrails-for-market-outcomes approach. Finally, several questions are addressed which relate to the pricing of fixed-price, long-term contracts and the impact of these obligations on the behavior of suppliers in short-term wholesale markets that are directly relevant to answering the two major questions that the Supreme Court remanded to FERC in its recent decision.

  12. Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

    Reports and Publications

    2016-01-01

    Monthly analysis of crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas, and propane prices is released as a regular supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  13. Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2016 JW-2-F Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Florida System: Jim Woodruff October 1, 2016 JW-1-K Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Woodruff Preference Customer System: Jim Woodruff October 1, 2015 KP-AP-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott October 1, 2015 KP-AP-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System:

  14. NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Wholesale Electricity Market...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Wholesale Electricity Market Operations Researchers at NREL are studying wholesale electricity market operations to understand how they currently maximize competition, efficiency, ...

  15. Liquid Propane Injection Applications

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Liquid propane injection technology meets manufacturing/assembly guidelines, maintenance/repair strategy, and regulations, with same functionality, horsepower, and torque as gasoline counterpart.

  16. Auto propane -- Some technical considerations

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-31

    This booklet reviews some of the facts about propane as a vehicle fuel. It describes propane fuel properties, propane vehicle fuel systems and their components, propane vehicles and engines obtainable as original equipment from the vehicle manufacturer, after-market propane fuel system installations, propane vehicle operational characteristics, propane-fueled vehicle maintenance, government regulations and safety measures related to propane vehicles, and the environmental benefits of propane and propane-fueled vehicles. The final sections discuss the economics of propane vehicle ownership and the factors to be considered when estimating annual or lifetime savings or payback periods. Appendices include a directory of information sources, a sample worksheet for calculating payback, and examples of success stories relating the positive experiences of vehicle fleets with propane fueling.

  17. Propane Vehicle Basics

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    There are more than 147,000 on-road propane vehicles in the United States. Many are used in fleets, including light- and heavy-duty trucks, buses, taxicabs, police cars, and rental and delivery vehicles. Compared with vehicles fueled with conventional diesel and gasoline, propane vehicles can produce fewer harmful emissions.

  18. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report … February 2006

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    widespread use (natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol), as well as prices for ... fuels (with the exception of biodiesel) are lower in price than conventional ...

  19. Residential Propane Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2.018 2.053 2.069 2.059 2.064 2.048 1990-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.801 2.826 2.843 2.827 2.837 2.808 1990-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 2.845 2.875 2.902 2.918 2.932 2.905 1990-2016 Connecticut 2.701 2.742 2.738 2.733 2.776 2.660 1990-2016 Maine 2.227 2.246 2.266 2.292 2.280 2.279 1990-2016 Massachusetts 2.825 2.829 2.900 2.917 2.932 2.886 1990-2016 New Hampshire 3.149 3.186 3.206 3.223 3.231 3.219 1990-2016 Rhode Island 3.395 3.441 3.474 3.470 3.463 3.282 1990-2016 Vermont 3.251 3.308 3.316 3.328

  20. Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grant Program

    SciTech Connect

    Jack Mallinger

    2004-08-27

    Project Description: Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants The Propane Vehicle Demonstration Grants was established to demonstrate the benefits of new propane equipment. The US Department of Energy, the Propane Education & Research Council (PERC) and the Propane Vehicle Council (PVC) partnered in this program. The project impacted ten different states, 179 vehicles, and 15 new propane fueling facilities. Based on estimates provided, this project generated a minimum of 1,441,000 new gallons of propane sold for the vehicle market annually. Additionally, two new off-road engines were brought to the market. Projects originally funded under this project were the City of Portland, Colorado, Kansas City, Impco Technologies, Jasper Engines, Maricopa County, New Jersey State, Port of Houston, Salt Lake City Newspaper, Suburban Propane, Mutual Liquid Propane and Ted Johnson.

  1. Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2011 CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU October 1, 2011 CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate...

  2. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, October, 2015

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. * Prices were submitted ... Propane** 2.90 2.90 0.00 per gallon Biodiesel (B20) 2.93 2.66 -0.27 per gallon ...

  3. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, April, 2016

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    for compressed natural gas (CNG), ethanol, propane and biodiesel (B20 and B99B100). ... use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. * Prices were submitted ...

  4. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, July, 2016

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. * Prices were submitted ... Propane** 2.77 2.76 -0.01 per gallon Biodiesel (B20) 2.23 2.54 0.31 per gallon ...

  5. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report … January 2016

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. * Prices were submitted ... Propane** 2.90 2.85 -0.05 per gallon Biodiesel (B20) 2.66 2.41 -0.25 per gallon ...

  6. State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1990--1991

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The following is a report of New Hampshire`s participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

  7. Heating Oil and Propane Update

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Maps of states participating in Winter Fuels Survey Residential propane PADD map Residential heating oil PADD map

  8. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices - Commercial/Institutional

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    73 - - - - - 1994-2015 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.006 - - - - - 1994-2015 New England (PADD 1A) 1.952 - - - - - 1994-2015 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.075 - - - - - 1994-2015 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 1.984 - - - - - 1994-2015 Midwest (PADD 2) 1.689 - - - - - 1994-2015 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 1.853 - - - - - 1994-2015 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 1.760 - - - - - 1994-2015 West Coast (PADD 5) 1.824

  9. Price controls and international petroleum product prices

    SciTech Connect

    Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

    1980-02-01

    The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share

  11. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Benefits to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Benefits on AddThis.com... More in this section... Propane Basics

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Related Links on Digg Find

  13. Heating Oil and Propane Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    The Federal forms below are required for State Energy Officials participating in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) to execute their cooperative agreements with the ...

  14. Heating Oil and Propane Update

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Holiday Release Schedule The Heating Oil and Propane Update is produced during the winter heating season, which extends from October through March of each year. The standard ...

  15. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, January, 2015

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. * Prices were collected ... now include blends of up to 5% biodiesel as regular diesel fuel; therefore the ...

  16. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, April, 2015

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    ... use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. Prices were submitted ... now include blends of up to 5% biodiesel as regular diesel fuel; therefore the ...

  17. Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Price Report, October, 2014

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    use, i.e. natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and ethanol. Prices were collected ... now include blends of up to 5% biodiesel as regular diesel fuel; therefore the ...

  18. CK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    quantities. Document Available for Download PDF icon CK-1-H Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTV-1-H Wholesale Power Rate ...

  19. Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public...

  20. The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, September 2005 The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, ...

  1. AP-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American ... American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), PJM ...

  2. AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American ... American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), the ...

  3. AP-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American ... American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), the ...

  4. AP-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule AP-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American ... of American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company) and ...

  5. Electric Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications for Investment Electric Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications for Investment PowerPoint ...

  6. Pump-2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Pump-2 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carters & ... Document Available for Download PDF icon Pump-2 Rate Schedule More Documents & ...

  7. Pump-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Pump-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carters & ... Document Available for Download PDF icon Pump-1-A Rate Schedule More Documents & ...

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Fueling Stations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Stations on

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Availability to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Availability on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane

  10. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Conversions to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Conversions on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle

  11. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Wholesale Power Rate Development Study.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2007-11-01

    The Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS) calculates BPA proposed rates based on information either developed in the WPRDS or supplied by the other studies that comprise the BPA rate proposal. All of these studies, and accompanying documentation, provide the details of computations and assumptions. In general, information about loads and resources is provided by the Load Resource Study (LRS), WP-07-E-BPA-01, and the LRS Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-01A. Revenue requirements information, as well as the Planned Net Revenues for Risk (PNNR), is provided in the Revenue Requirement Study, WP-07-E-BPA-02, and its accompanying Revenue Requirement Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-02A and WP-07-E-BPA-02B. The Market Price Forecast Study (MPFS), WP-07-E-BPA-03, and the MPFS Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-03A, provide the WPRDS with information regarding seasonal and diurnal differentiation of energy rates, as well information regarding monthly market prices for Demand Rates. In addition, this study provides information for the pricing of unbundled power products. The Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-E-BPA-04, and the Risk Analysis Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-04A, provide short-term balancing purchases as well as secondary energy sales and revenue. The Section 7(b)(2) Rate Test Study, WP-07-E-BPA-06, and the Section 7(b)(2) Rate Test Study Documentation, WP-07-E-BPA-06A, implement Section 7(b)(2) of the Northwest Power Act to ensure that BPA preference customers firm power rates applied to their general requirements are no higher than rates calculated using specific assumptions in the Northwest Power Act.

  12. Case Study … Propane School Bus Fleets

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane ................................................................................................................................... 4 Financial Benefits ........................................................................................................................................................... 4 Environmental and Energy Benefits ........................................................................................................................... 6 Project-Specific

  13. Propane Market Assessment for Winter

    Reports and Publications

    1997-01-01

    1997-1998 Final issue of this report. This article reviews the major components of propane supply and demand in the United States and their status entering the 1997-1998 heating season.

  14. Propane Supply & Infrastructure Suggested Slides

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Winter 2014-15: Propane Supply & Infrastructure For State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) Workshop October 8, 2014 | Washington, DC By T. Mason Hamilton, Petroleum Markets Analyst U.S. Energy Information Administration Winter 2014-15 takeaways and potential issues- propane * Primary propane stocks in the Gulf Coast and Midwest are currently 10 million barrels (17%) above this time last year * Propane production from natural gas plants is up and is projected to average 970,000 bbl/d

  15. Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Petroleum Product Prices Module

    Reports and Publications

    2015-01-01

    The petroleum products price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide U.S. average wholesale and retail price forecasts for motor gasoline, diesel fuel, heating oil, and jet fuel.

  16. Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation, and Asymmetry of Price Pass-Through

    Reports and Publications

    2005-01-01

    Spot to retail price pass-through behavior of the U.S. gasoline market was investigated at the national and regional levels, using weekly wholesale and retail motor gasoline prices from January 2000 to the present.

  17. Liquefied propane carburetor modification system

    SciTech Connect

    Batchelor, D.R.; Batchelor, W.H.

    1983-01-25

    A system which can be retrofit into an existing conventional gasoline powered vehicle for enabling the vehicle to operate on either gasoline or liquefied propane fuel. The system includes a mixer in the form of an adapter to fit on the top of an existing carburetor. The mixer has a unique spring balanced metering device which controls flow of gaseous propane to the carburetor in proportion to airflow through the carburetor. The mixer is connected to a regulator assembly which receives liquid propane in a first chamber, heats the liquid propane to form a vapor, and feeds the vapor through an idle valve to control idling of the engine. The vapor is also passed to a second chamber of the regulator assembly in response to demand from the metering device which is sensed by a diaphragm actuated gas flow valve. From the second chamber, the gaseous propane is fed to a high speed inlet of the mixer. Engine manifold vacuum is also used to provide additional control for the gas flow valve to increase efficiency of the system. Other features include a special purpose fuel tank and an optional exhaust system oxygen sensor for further regulating gas flow to the engine.

  18. Understanding the Benefits of Dispersed Grid-Connected Photovoltaics: From Avoiding the Next Major Outage to Taming Wholesale Power Markets

    SciTech Connect

    Letendre, Steven E.; Perez, Richard

    2006-07-15

    Thanks to new solar resource assessment techniques using cloud cover data available from geostationary satellites, it is apparent that grid-connected PV installations can serve to enhance electric grid reliability, preventing or hastening recovery from major power outages and serving to mitigate extreme price spikes in wholesale energy markets. (author)

  19. An analysis of US propane markets, winter 1996-1997

    SciTech Connect

    1997-06-01

    In late summer 1996, in response to relatively low inventory levels and tight world oil markets, prices for crude oil, natural gas, and products derived from both began to increase rapidly ahead of the winter heating season. Various government and private sector forecasts indicated the potential for supply shortfalls and sharp price increases, especially in the event of unusually severe winter weather. Following a rapid runup in gasoline prices in the spring of 1996, public concerns were mounting about a possibly similar situation in heating fuels, with potentially more serious consequences. In response to these concerns, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) participated in numerous briefings and meetings with Executive Branch officials, Congressional committee members and staff, State Energy Offices, and consumers. EIA instituted a coordinated series of actions to closely monitor the situation and inform the public. This study constitutes one of those actions: an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends.

  20. 1993 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.

    SciTech Connect

    US Bonneville Power Administration

    1993-10-01

    Bonneville Power Administration 1993 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and 1993 Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Commission, United States Department of Energy, in September, 1993. These rate schedules and provisions supersede the Administration`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions effective October 1, 1991.

  1. Costs Associated With Propane Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.; Gonzales, J.

    2014-08-05

    This document is designed to help fleets understand the cost factors associated with propane vehicle fueling infrastructure. It provides an overview of the equipment and processes necessary to develop a propane fueling station and offers estimated cost ranges.

  2. Costs Associated With Propane Vehicle Fueling Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.; Gonzales, J.

    2014-08-01

    This document is designed to help fleets understand the cost factors associated with propane vehicle fueling infrastructure. It provides an overview of the equipment and processes necessary to develop a propane fueling station and offers estimated cost ranges.

  3. Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification Liquid propane injection ...

  4. CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to Southern Illinois Power...

  5. VA-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  6. NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia PowerCP&L System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  7. VA-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  8. VA-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  9. VA-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VA-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and...

  10. CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to Southern Illinois Power ...

  11. CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: East Kentucky System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to East Kentucky Power Cooperative ...

  12. CTV-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    TVA. Document Available for Download PDF icon CTV-1-H Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications CTVI-1-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM

  13. CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to Big Rivers ...

  14. CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: MEAM, MDEA, and SMEPA System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi ...

  15. CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to...

  16. Electric Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Investment | Department of Energy Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications for Investment Electric Wholesale Market Regimes in the United States: Implications for Investment PowerPoint presentation to the Electricity Advisory Committee by Charles Whitmore, Senior Market Advisor at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission on electric wholesale market regimes in the United States and the implications for investment in those markets. Electric Wholesale Market Regimes in the

  17. State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season

    SciTech Connect

    Hunton, G.

    1998-06-01

    The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

  18. State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1996--1997

    SciTech Connect

    Hunton, G.

    1997-08-01

    The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1996-97 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used in rural areas where Natural GAs is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity and its perception as a clean heating fuel has increased the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Propane Cars

  20. EERE Success Story-Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Program Brings 1200 Propane Vehicles to the Road | Department of Energy Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings 1200 Propane Vehicles to the Road EERE Success Story-Nationwide: Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program Brings 1200 Propane Vehicles to the Road February 10, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis The Southeast Propane Autogas Development Program, an $8.6 million Clean Cities Recovery Act project, finished bringing 1,200 propane vehicles and 11 new stations to

  1. Analysis of U.S. Propane Markets Winter 1996-97, An

    Reports and Publications

    1997-01-01

    This study constitutes an examination of propane supply, demand, and price developments and trends. The Energy Information Administration's approach focused on identifying the underlying reasons for the tight supply/demand balance in the fall of 1996, and on examining the potential for a recurrence of these events next year.

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Infrastructure Development to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure Development on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Infrastructure

  3. Silane-propane ignitor/burner

    DOEpatents

    Hill, Richard W.; Skinner, Dewey F.; Thorsness, Charles B.

    1985-01-01

    A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

  4. Silane-propane ignitor/burner

    DOEpatents

    Hill, R.W.; Skinner, D.F. Jr.; Thorsness, C.B.

    1983-05-26

    A silane propane burner for an underground coal gasification process which is used to ignite the coal and to controllably retract the injection point by cutting the injection pipe. A narrow tube with a burner tip is positioned in the injection pipe through which an oxidant (oxygen or air) is flowed. A charge of silane followed by a supply of fuel, such as propane, is flowed through the tube. The silane spontaneously ignites on contact with oxygen and burns the propane fuel.

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vehicle Emissions

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Converting conventional vehicles is a viable option for incorporating propane into medium- and heavy-duty fleet operations. EPA requires conversion system manufacturers to ...

  6. Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2009-04-01

    Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels.

  7. Comparison of Hydrogen and Propane Fuels (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2008-10-01

    Factsheet comparing the chemical, physical, and thermal properties of hydrogen and propane, designed to facilitate an understanding of the differences and similarites of the two fuels

  8. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Basics

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    It presents no threat to soil, surface water, or groundwater. Propane is produced as a ... fuel. Its main uses include home and water heating, cooking and refrigerating food, ...

  9. Propane Supply & Infrastructure Suggested Slides

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    ... U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters, data through March, 2013 PADD 2 ... Administration, Thomson Reuters, data through October 3, 2014 Price spread (Conway - Mt. ...

  10. MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association (hereinafter called the Customer) to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and PowerSouth Energy Cooperative (hereinafter called PowerSouth). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of

  11. JW-1-K Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-K Wholesale Power Rate Schedule JW-1-K Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Woodruff Preference Customer System: Jim Woodruff This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served by the Duke Energy Florida and having points of delivery within 150 miles of the Jim Woodruff Project (hereinafter called the Project). This rate schedule shall be applicable to firm power and accompanying energy made available by the Government from the Project and sold in wholesale

  12. Santee-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and

  13. Santee-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and

  14. Santee-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Santee-Cooper System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina served through the transmission facilities of South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy

  15. October 1996 - September 2001 Wholesale Power Rates (rates/previous...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    affecting a specific power purchase. For more specific information see: 1996 Final Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules: Power Rates (PDF, 84 pages, 188 kb) Ancillary...

  16. Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, ...

  17. Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, ...

  18. SOCO-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, ...

  19. Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, ...

  20. Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, ...

  1. Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project | Department of Energy

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    ...vt058tiball2012o.pdf (1.29 MB) More Documents & Publications Texas Propane Vehicle Pilot Project Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program Southeast Propane AutoGas Development Program

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in Maine on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Shuttle Visitors in

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the Nation on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Fleets Across the

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Tank Overfill Safety Advisory on Digg

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: South Florida Fleet Fuels with Propane on

  6. GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID | Open...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE: INDICATORS OF FLUID Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: GEOTHERMAL FLUID PROPENE AND PROPANE:...

  7. Heating Oil and Propane Update

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Q1: Why are data not collected over the summer? The residential pricing data collected on ... In addition, some State Energy Offices collect these data independent of this survey. Q2: ...

  8. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Risk Analysis Study.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01

    The Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS), operated on behalf of the ratepayers of the PNW by BPA and other Federal agencies, faces many uncertainties during the FY 2007-2009 rate period. Among these uncertainties, the largest revolve around hydro conditions, market prices and river operations for fish recovery. In order to provide a high probability of making its U.S. Treasury payments, BPA performs a Risk Analysis as part of its rate-making process. In this Risk Analysis, BPA identifies key risks, models their relationships, and then analyzes their impacts on net revenues (total revenues less expenses). BPA subsequently evaluates in the ToolKit Model the Treasury Payment Probability (TPP) resulting from the rates, risks, and risk mitigation measures described here and in the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS). If the TPP falls short of BPA's standard, additional risk mitigation revenues, such as PNRR and CRAC revenues are incorporated in the modeling in ToolKit until the TPP standard is met. Increased wholesale market price volatility and six years of drought have significantly changed the profile of risk and uncertainty facing BPA and its stakeholders. These present new challenges for BPA in its effort to keep its power rates as low as possible while fully meeting its obligations to the U.S. Treasury. As a result, the risk BPA faces in not receiving the level of secondary revenues that have been credited to power rates before receiving those funds is greater. In addition to market price volatility, BPA also faces uncertainty around the financial impacts of operations for fish programs in FY 2006 and in the FY 2007-2009 rate period. A new Biological Opinion or possible court-ordered change to river operations in FY 2006 through FY 2009 may reduce BPA's net revenues included Initial Proposal. Finally, the FY 2007-2009 risk analysis includes new operational risks as well as a more comprehensive analysis of non-operating risks. Both the operational

  9. Propane vehicles : status, challenges, and opportunities.

    SciTech Connect

    Rood Werpy, M.; Burnham, A.; Bertram, K.; Energy Systems

    2010-06-17

    Propane as an auto fuel has a high octane value and has key properties required for spark-ignited internal combustion engines. To operate a vehicle on propane as either a dedicated fuel or bi-fuel (i.e., switching between gasoline and propane) vehicle, only a few modifications must be made to the engine. Until recently propane vehicles have commonly used a vapor pressure system that was somewhat similar to a carburetion system, wherein the propane would be vaporized and mixed with combustion air in the intake plenum of the engine. This leads to lower efficiency as more air, rather than fuel, is inducted into the cylinder for combustion (Myers 2009). A newer liquid injection system has become available that injects propane directly into the cylinder, resulting in no mixing penalty because air is not diluted with the gaseous fuel in the intake manifold. Use of a direct propane injection system will improve engine efficiency (Gupta 2009). Other systems include the sequential multi-port fuel injection system and a bi-fuel 'hybrid' sequential propane injection system. Carbureted systems remain in use but mostly for non-road applications. In the United States a closed-loop system is used in after-market conversions. This system incorporates an electronic sensor that provides constant feedback to the fuel controller to allow it to measure precisely the proper air/fuel ratio. A complete conversion system includes a fuel controller, pressure regulator valves, fuel injectors, electronics, fuel tank, and software. A slight power loss is expected in conversion to a vapor pressure system, but power can still be optimized with vehicle modifications of such items as the air/fuel mixture and compression ratios. Cold start issues are eliminated for vapor pressure systems since the air/fuel mixture is gaseous. In light-duty propane vehicles, the fuel tank is typically mounted in the trunk; for medium- and heavy-duty vans and trucks, the tank is located under the body of the vehicle

  10. State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

  11. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices - Sales to End Users

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    77 1.976 - - - - 1994-2014 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.133 2.374 - - - - 1994-2014 New England (PADD 1A) 2.241 2.442 - - - - 1994-2014 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.263 2.480 - - - -...

  12. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Sales to End Users, Average 1.777 1.976 - - - - 1994-2014 Residential 2.025 2.224 - - - - 1994-2014 CommercialInstitutional 1.698 1.873...

  13. Residential Heating Oil Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October -

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    March) 2.366 2.380 2.394 2.399 2.386 2.375 1990-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.370 2.385 2.399 2.404 2.393 2.382 1990-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 2.286 2.317 2.328 2.334 2.336 2.331 1990-2016 Connecticut 2.449 2.503 2.511 2.514 2.530 2.526 1990-2016 Maine 2.010 2.040 2.061 2.086 2.071 2.060 1990-2016 Massachusetts 2.394 2.407 2.423 2.413 2.421 2.426 1990-2016 New Hampshire 2.103 2.156 2.175 2.188 2.200 2.201 1990-2016 Rhode Island 2.462 2.457 2.435 2.451 2.431 2.405 1990-2016 Vermont 2.104 2.151

  14. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices - Sales to End Users

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1993-2016 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1993-2016 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1993-2016 Central ...

  15. Knoxville Area Transit: Propane Hybrid Electric Trolleys

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2005-04-01

    A 2-page fact sheet summarizing the evaluation done by the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity on the Knoxville Area Transit's use of propane hybrid electric trolleys.

  16. QER- Comment of Propane Education & Research Council

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    I plan to attend and ask a question of the Secretary regarding propane supply for the upcoming winter. Please do not hesitate to call or email if you have questions. Tucker Perkins

  17. QER- Comment of National Propane Gas Association

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Ladies and Gentlemen: Please find attached the QER comments of the National Propane Gas Association. Please feel to contact us if we can provide further information. Thank you for your attention to our submission.

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    out Greener Future Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Help Minnesota Schools Carve out Greener Future on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Schools Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Buses Save Money for Virginia Schools on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data

  20. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Station Locations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Fueling Station Locations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Orleans Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers Airport Shuttles in New Orleans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa,

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Alabama Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa, Alabama to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Powers School Buses in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on Delicious Rank

  3. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Production and Distribution to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Production and Distribution on Digg Find More places to

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Company Rolling Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation Company Rolling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation Company Rolling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation Company Rolling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep Kansas City Transportation Company Rolling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Vans Keep

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Vans Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renzenberger Inc Saves Money With Propane Vans on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data

  6. State Heating Oil and Propane Program

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Program Marcela Rourk 2014 SHOPP Workshop October 8, 2014 | Washington, DC Key Topics Marcela Rourk, Washington, DC October 8, 2014 2 * Expansion of propane data collection * EIA resources available to States * Improvements to SHOPP What is SHOPP? Marcela Rourk, Washington, DC October 8, 2014 3 * State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) - cooperative data collection effort between EIA and State Energy Offices (SEOs) - data used by policymakers, industry analysts, and consumers - collects

  7. Unbundling of services in a competitive wholesale market: Lessons from the UK

    SciTech Connect

    Evans, N.L.

    1996-03-01

    Since the beginning of operation of the electricity Pool in England and Wales in 1990, the energy and capacity components of Pool prices have only to a limited extent reflected changes in supply and demand in the wholesale market. To a greater extent, they have resulted from the specific bidding tactics adopted by dominant generators. These bidding tactics have, in turn, been influenced by the companies` contractual positions (with regard to fuel purchases and electricity sales), their relationship with the regulator, and their longer term strategic objectives. In recent years greater attention has focused on Uplift, the third component of Pool prices. Uplift represents the difference between the Pool Purchase Price (the price received by generators), and the Pool Selling Price (the price paid by suppliers). The costs of Uplift (against which most suppliers are unhedged) have increased considerably since the early years of operation of the Pool, and Uplift revenues have become an important source of profits for the major generators. In this paper the author describes the development of the three key price components in the electricity Pool in England and Wales since its establishment in 1990 and explain the reasons behind the principal price movements. The author focuses on Uplift and discusses the way in which increases in the level of Uplift have led to pressures for greater unbundling of the various Uplift components. This unbundling has been associated with moves to increase the extent to which various Pool services which contribute to Uplift are exposed to competition. The author concludes the paper with a discussion of the messages that emerge for the electricity market as a whole from England and Wales experiences with Uplift.

  8. CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CM-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule October 1, 2011 - 3:22pm Addthis Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley,

  9. ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to the PowerSouth Energy Cooperative. This rate schedule shall be applicable to power and accompanying energy generated at the Allatoona, Buford, J. Strom Thurmond, Walter F. George, Hartwell, Millers Ferry, West Point, Robert F. Henry, Carters, and Richard B. Russell Projects and sold under contract between

  10. Paying for demand-side response at the wholesale level

    SciTech Connect

    Falk, Jonathan

    2010-11-15

    The recent FERC Notice of Public Rulemaking regarding the payment to demand-side resources in wholesale markets has engendered a great deal of comments including FERC's obligation to ensure just and reasonable rates in the wholesale market and criteria for what FERC should do (on grounds of economic efficiency) without any real focus on what that commitment would really mean if FERC actually pursued it. (author)

  11. Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at

  12. Regulation-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Regulation-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Regulation-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Regulation Services System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom service is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of

  13. SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: AMEA, Unaffil AL Munis and Coops, Hampton, East Miss., SMEPA off-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated

  14. SOCO-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Off-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government and Southern Company Services, Incorporated (hereinafter called the Company) and the Customer. This rate

  15. SOCO-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SOCO-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: OPC System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida served through the transmission facilities of Southern Company Services, Inc. (hereinafter called the Company) or the Georgia Integrated Transmission System. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the

  16. Santee-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Santee-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central, Bamberg, and Georgetown System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter call the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and South Carolina Public Service Authority (hereinafter called the Authority). This rate schedule shall be applicable

  17. VANC-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    VANC-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule VANC-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives or their agents (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom transmission is provided from the PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM) or Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called CP&L). This rate schedule shall be applicable to transmission services provided and sold under

  18. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Risk Analysis Study Documentation.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01

    The RiskMod Model is comprised of a set of risk simulation models, collectively referred to as RiskSim; a set of computer programs that manages data referred to as Data Management Procedures; and RevSim, a model that calculates net revenues. RiskMod interacts with the AURORA Model, the RAM2007, and the ToolKit Model during the process of performing the Risk Analysis Study. AURORA is the computer model being used to perform the Market Price Forecast Study (see Market Price Forecast Study, WP-07-E-BPA-03); the RAM2007 is the computer model being used to calculate rates (see Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-E-BPA-05); and the ToolKit is the computer model being used to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard (see Section 3 in the Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-E-BPA-04). Variations in monthly loads, resources, natural gas prices, forward market electricity prices, transmission expenses, and aluminum smelter benefit payments are simulated in RiskSim. Monthly spot market electricity prices for the simulated loads, resources, and natural gas prices are estimated by the AURORA Model. Data Management Procedures facilitate the format and movement of data that flow to and/or from RiskSim, AURORA, and RevSim. RevSim estimates net revenues using risk data from RiskSim, spot market electricity prices from AURORA, loads and resources data from the Load Resource Study, WP-07-E-BPA-01, various revenues from the Revenue Forecast component of the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-E-BPA-05, and rates and expenses from the RAM2007. Annual average surplus energy revenues, purchased power expenses, and section 4(h)(10)(C) credits calculated by RevSim are used in the Revenue Forecast and the RAM2007. Heavy Load Hour (HLH) and Light Load Hour (LLH) surplus and deficit energy values from RevSim are used in the Transmission Expense Risk Model. Net revenues estimated for each simulation by RevSim are input into the ToolKit Model

  19. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Risk Analysis Study Documentation.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-07-01

    The RiskMod Model is comprised of a set of risk simulation models, collectively referred to as RiskSim; a set of computer programs that manages data referred to as Data Management Procedures; and RevSim, a model that calculates net revenues. RiskMod interacts with the AURORA Model, the RAM2007, and the ToolKit Model during the process of performing the Risk Analysis Study. AURORA is the computer model being used to perform the Market Price Forecast Study (see Market Price Forecast Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-03); the RAM2007 is the computer model being used to calculate rates (see Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-05); and the ToolKit is the computer model being used to develop the risk mitigation package that achieves BPA's 92.6 percent TPP standard (see Section 3 in the Risk Analysis Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-04). Variations in monthly loads, resources, natural gas prices, forward market electricity prices, transmission expenses, and aluminum smelter benefit payments are simulated in RiskSim. Monthly spot market electricity prices for the simulated loads, resources, and natural gas prices are estimated by the AURORA Model. Data Management Procedures facilitate the format and movement of data that flow to and/or from RiskSim, AURORA, and RevSim. RevSim estimates net revenues using risk data from RiskSim, spot market electricity prices from AURORA, loads and resources data from the Load Resource Study, WP-07-FS-BPA-01, various revenues from the Revenue Forecast component of the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study, WP-07-FSBPA-05, and rates and expenses from the RAM2007. Annual average surplus energy revenues, purchased power expenses, and section 4(h)(10)(C) credits calculated by RevSim are used in the Revenue Forecast and the RAM2007. Heavy Load Hour (HLH) and Light Load Hour (LLH) surplus and deficit energy values from RevSim are used in the Transmission Expense Risk Model. Net revenues estimated for each simulation by RevSim are input into the Tool

  20. Is the price squeeze doctrine still viable in fully-regulated energy markets

    SciTech Connect

    Spiwak, L.J.

    1993-01-01

    Simply stated, a price squeeze occurs when a firm with monopoly power on the primary, or wholesale, level engages in a prolonged price increase that drives competitors out of the secondary, or retail level, and thereby extends its monopoly power to the secondary market. A price squeeze will not be found, however, for any short-term exercise in market power. Rather, because anticompetitive effects of a price squeeze are indirect, the price squeeze must last long enough and be severe enough to produce effects on actual or potential competition in the secondary market. In regulated electric industries, a price squeeze claim usually arises from the complex relationship between the supplier, the wholesale customer, the retail customer, and the federal and state regulators. The supplier sells electric power to both wholesale and retail customers. Wholesale transactions are regulated by federal regulators, and retail transactions are regulated at the state level. The wholesale customers in turn sell power to their retail customers. Over the last several years, there have been substantial developments in the application of the price squeeze doctrine to fully-regulated electric utilities. This article will examine the current developments in this area, and attempt to highlight the burdens potential litigants, both plaintiffs and defendants, must overcome to succeed.

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Propane Fuel Buses for Dallas County Schools on ...

  2. Bakery Switches to Propane Vans | Argonne National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Bakery Switches to Propane Vans By Jo Napolitano * April 21, 2016 Tweet EmailPrint A switch to propane from diesel by a major Midwest bakery fleet showed promising results, ...

  3. NREL: Transportation Research - NREL Evaluates Propane-to-Electricity

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Shuttle Bus Conversion at Zion National Park Evaluates Propane-to-Electricity Shuttle Bus Conversion at Zion National Park July 14, 2016 Photo of shuttle buses in mountain setting. NREL is evaluating the drive-cycle characteristics of a fleet of propane-powered shuttle buses operating at Zion National Park. The National Park Service (NPS) originally deployed the propane buses in 2000 to reduce congestion along the park's main traffic corridor. As the propane-powered fleet ages and associated

  4. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Transit Corporation Adds Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Buses to Its Fleet Delaware Transit Corporation Adds Propane Buses to Its Fleet to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Transit Corporation Adds Propane Buses to Its Fleet on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Transit Corporation Adds Propane Buses to Its Fleet on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Transit Corporation Adds Propane Buses to Its Fleet on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Transit

  5. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Hybrid Trolleys Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With Propane Hybrid Trolleys on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Reduces Pollution With

  6. Liquid Propane Injection Technology Conductive to Today's North American Specification

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Liquid propane injection technology can offer the same power, torque, and environmental vehicle performance while reducing imports of foreign oil

  7. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2010-07-01

    This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects.

  8. Case Study - Propane School Bus Fleets

    SciTech Connect

    Laughlin, M; Burnham, A.

    2014-08-31

    As part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) effort to deploy transportation technologies that reduce U.S. dependence on imported petroleum, this study examines five school districts, one in Virginia and four in Texas, successful use of propane school buses. These school districts used school buses equipped with the newly developed liquid propane injection system that improves vehicle performance. Some of the school districts in this study saved nearly 50% on a cost per mile basis for fuel and maintenance relative to diesel. Using Argonne National Laboratory’s Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environmental and Economic Transportation (AFLEET) Tool developed for the DOE’s Clean Cities program to help Clean Cities stakeholders estimate petroleum use, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air pollutant emissions and cost of ownership of light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles, the results showed payback period ranges from 3—8 years, recouping the incremental cost of the vehicles and infrastructure. Overall, fuel economy for these propane vehicles is close to that of displaced diesel vehicles, on an energy-equivalent basis. In addition, the 110 propane buses examined demonstrated petroleum displacement, 212,000 diesel gallon equivalents per year, and GHG benefits of 770 tons per year.

  9. Portland Public School Children Move with Propane

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-04-01

    This 2-page Clean Cities fact sheet describes the use of propane as a fuel source for Portland Public Schools' fleet of buses. It includes information on the history of the program, along with contact information for the local Clean Cities Coordinator and Portland Public Schools.

  10. File:07FDDExemptWholesaleGeneratorStatusProcess.pdf | Open Energy...

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    FDDExemptWholesaleGeneratorStatusProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:07FDDExemptWholesaleGeneratorStatusProcess.pdf Size of this...

  11. CP&L-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-4-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available...

  12. CP&L-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Energy Saver

    3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-3-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available...

  13. CP&L-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available...

  14. CP&L-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CP&L-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Carolina Power & Light, Eastern Division System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available...

  15. KP-DEP-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-DEP-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies ...

  16. KP-AP-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-AP-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies ...

  17. KP-DEP-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-DEP-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies ...

  18. KP-DEP-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-DEP-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies ...

  19. KP-DEP-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-DEP-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies ...

  20. KP-AP-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    AP-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-AP-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public ...

  1. KP-NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-NC-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia PowerDuke Energy Progress System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available ...

  2. The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, September 2005

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Report evaluating DG/CHP as wholesale power resources, installed on the utility side of the customer meter

  3. EIS-0102: Bonneville Power Administration's 1983 Wholesale Power Rate

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Bonneville Power Administration prepared this EIS to evaluate the potential environmental impacts associated with an increase in wholesale power rates that would become effective on November 1, 1983, including the effects of rate hikes in that year and the cumulative effects of previous rate hikes.

  4. Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    from 2000 to 2013 | Department of Energy 7: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends from 2000 to 2013 Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends from 2000 to 2013 Retail prices for most transportation fuels have been highly volatile over the past 13 years. The figure below shows quarterly price fluctuations for select fuel types from 2000 to 2013. Gasoline, diesel, propane, E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline), and B20 (20% biodiesel

  5. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    See footnotes at end of table. 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State 386 Energy Information...

  6. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Marketing Annual 1998 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  7. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Marketing Annual 1995 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  8. Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Marketing Annual 1999 Table 49. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Propane, and Residual Fuel Oil by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

  9. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY Pursuant to Section 1815 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 The Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force The Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force Members: J. Bruce McDonald, Department of Justice Michael Bardee, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission John H. Seesel, Federal Trade Commission David Meyer, Department of Energy Karen Larsen, Department of Agriculture Report Contributors: Robin Allen -

  10. Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    generation: Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability | Argonne National Laboratory Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability Title Wholesale electricity market design with increasing levels of renewable generation: Revenue sufficiency and long-term reliability Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2016 Authors Milligan, M, Frew, BA, Bloom, A, Ela, E, Botterud, A, Townsend, A, Levin, T Journal The Electricity Journal Volume 29 Start Page 26 Issue 2 Pagination 13 Date

  11. Emissions with butane/propane blends

    SciTech Connect

    1996-11-01

    This article reports on various aspects of exhaust emissions from a light-duty car converted to operate on liquefied petroleum gas and equipped with an electrically heated catalyst. Butane and butane/propane blends have recently received attention as potentially useful alternative fuels. Butane has a road octane number of 92, a high blending vapor pressure, and has been used to upgrade octane levels of gasoline blends and improve winter cold starts. Due to reformulated gasoline requirements for fuel vapor pressure, however, industry has had to remove increasing amounts of butane form the gasoline pool. Paradoxically, butane is one of the cleanest burning components of gasoline.

  12. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Propane Rolls on as Reliable Fleet

  13. National propane safety week caps fifth anniversary of GAS Check

    SciTech Connect

    Prowler, S.

    1990-09-01

    This paper reports on National Propane Safety Week. The publicity encompassed everything from preventative maintenance to safe winter storage of cylinders. This campaign focused much of its attention on GAS (gas appliance system) Check, the propane industry's most well-known safety program.

  14. Method for the removal of carbonyl sulfide from liquid propane

    SciTech Connect

    McClure, G.

    1980-06-17

    A method for the removal of carbonyl sulfide from liquid propane under liquid-liquid contact conditions by mixing liquid propane containing carbonyl sulfide as an impurity with 2-(2-aminoethoxy) ethanol as the principal agent for the carbonyl sulfide removal. The 2(2-aminoethoxy) ethanol is reclaimed and reused for further carbonyl sulfide removal. 5 claims.

  15. Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? - Energy

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information Administration Crudeoil - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks,

  16. Energy & Financial Markets: What drives petroleum product prices - Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Information Administration Petprod - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks,

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - Joe Rose.Providence.Propane Supply Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Propane Supply & Infrastructure Prepared for Quadrennial Energy Review Home Heating Panel ... between October 2013 and March 2014, propane demand came in about 570 million gallons ...

  18. Final Report on Transmission Pricing in the Western Interconnection

    SciTech Connect

    Douglas C. Larson; Lawrence Nordell

    2003-06-25

    Under this project, the Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation (CREPC) of the Western Interstate Energy Board developed a ''western pricing and congestion management proposal'' in order to foster efficient wholesale power markets and efficient use and expansion of the transmission grid. Drafts of this paper provided useful information to states/provinces in the Western Interconnection as Western Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) transmission pricing proposals have continued to evolve. Throughout the project there has been a gradual, but incomplete agreement on pricing systems to be used by RTOs in the West.

  19. Safety evaluation for packaging (onsite) nitrogen trailers propane tanks

    SciTech Connect

    Ferrell, P.C.

    1998-01-28

    The purpose of the Safety Evaluation for Packaging (SEP) is the evaluation and authorization of the onsite transport of propane tanks that are mounted on the Lockheed Martin Hanford Corporation Characterization Project`s nitrogen trailers. This SEP authorizes onsite transport of the nitrogen trailers, including the propane tanks, until May 31, 1998. The three nitrogen trailers (HO-64-4966, HO-64-4968, and HO-64-5170) are rated for 1,361 kg (30,000 lb) and are equipped with tandem axles and pintel hitches. Permanently mounted on each trailer is a 5,678 L (1,500 gal) cryogenic dewar that is filled with nitrogen, and a propane fired water bath vaporizer system, and a 454 L (1 20 gal) propane tank. The nitrogen trailer system is operated only when it is disconnected from the tow vehicle and is leveled and stabilized. When the trailers are transported, the propane tanks are isolated via closed supply valves.

  20. SCE&G-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power

  1. SCE&G-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of

  2. SCE&G-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina served through the transmission facilities of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power and accompanying energy generated at

  3. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    SciTech Connect

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-07-01

    In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

  4. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    time. The average residential propane price increased by less than 1 cent per gallon to stay at 2.85 per gallon, which is 0.25 per gallon higher than last year. The wholesale...

  5. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook

    and continuing into March 2005, prices for wholesale and residential heating oil and propane will be included in This Week In Petroleum as well as in the Weekly Petroleum Status...

  6. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    continuing into mid-March 2007, prices for wholesale and residential heating oil and propane will be included in This Week In Petroleum as well as in the Weekly Petroleum Status...

  7. Emissions results for dedicated propane Chrysler minivans: the 1996 propane vehicle challenge

    SciTech Connect

    Buitrago, C.; Sluder, S.; Larsen, R.

    1997-02-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE), through Argonne National Laboratory, and in cooperation with Natural Resources-Canada and Chrysler Canada, sponsored and organized the 1996 Propane Vehicle Challenge (PVC). For this competition , 13 university teams from North America each received a stock Chrysler minivan to be converted to dedicated propane operation while maintaining maximum production feasibility. The converted vehicles were tested for performance (driveability, cold- and hot-start, acceleration, range, and fuel economy) and exhaust emissions. Of the 13 entries for the 1996 PVC, 10 completed all of the events scheduled, including the emissions test. The schools used a variety of fuel-management, fuel-phase and engine-control strategies, but their strategies can be summarized as three main types: liquid fuel-injection, gaseous fuel-injection, and gaseous carburetor. The converted vehicles performed similarly to the gasoline minivan. The University of Windsor`s minivan had the lowest emissions attaining ULEV levels with a gaseous-injected engine. The Texas A&M vehicle, which had a gaseous-fuel injection system, and the GMI Engineering and Management Institute`s vehicle, which had a liquid-injection system both reached LEV levels. Vehicles with an injection fuel system (liquid or gaseous) performed better in terms of emissions than carbureted systems. Liquid injection appeared to be the best option for fuel metering and control for propane, but more research and calibration are necessary to improve the reliability and performance of this design.

  8. State of Missouri 1991--1992 Energy Information Administration State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP). Final report, August 9, 1991--August 8, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    The objective of the Missouri State Heating Oil and Propane Program was to develop a joint state-level company-specific data collective effort. The State of Missouri provided to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration company specific price and volume information on residential No. 2 heating oil and propane on a semimonthly basis. The energy companies participating under the program were selected at random by the US Department of Energy and provided to the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy prior to the implementation of the program. The specific data collection responsibilities for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources` Division of Energy included: (1) Collection of semimonthly residential heating oil and propane prices, collected on the first and third Monday from August 1991 through August 1992; and, (2) Collection of annual sales volume data for residential propane for the period September 1, 1990 through August 31. 1991. This data was required for the first report only. These data were provided on a company identifiable level to the extent permitted by State law. Information was transmitted to the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration through the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO).

  9. Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration

    SciTech Connect

    Ghatikar, Girish; Mathieu, Johanna L.; Piette, Mary Ann; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan

    2010-08-02

    This study examines the use of OpenADR communications specification, related data models, technologies, and strategies to send dynamic prices (e.g., real time prices and peak prices) and Time of Use (TOU) rates to commercial and industrial electricity customers. OpenADR v1.0 is a Web services-based flexible, open information model that has been used in California utilities' commercial automated demand response programs since 2007. We find that data models can be used to send real time prices. These same data models can also be used to support peak pricing and TOU rates. We present a data model that can accommodate all three types of rates. For demonstration purposes, the data models were generated from California Independent System Operator's real-time wholesale market prices, and a California utility's dynamic prices and TOU rates. Customers can respond to dynamic prices by either using the actual prices, or prices can be mapped into"operation modes," which can act as inputs to control systems. We present several different methods for mapping actual prices. Some of these methods were implemented in demonstration projects. The study results demonstrate show that OpenADR allows interoperability with existing/future systems/technologies and can be used within related dynamic pricing activities within Smart Grid.

  10. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1996 Million Gallons per Day Total Resid. < or ...

  11. Prices J F M A M J J A S O N D

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    > 1% Wholesale > 1% 7. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices and Volumes Figure Volumes J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 1997 Million Gallons per Day Total Resid. < or ...

  12. Metallurgical failure analysis of a propane tank boiling liquid...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The storage tank emptied when the liquid-phase excess flow valve tore out of the tank. The ensuing fire engulfed several propane delivery trucks, causing one of them to explode. A ...

  13. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Shuttles Run on Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Airport Shuttles Run on Propane on AddThis.com... ... The Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport in the Big Easy uses 27 ...

  14. Revised Propane Stock Levels for 6/7/13

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Revised Propane Stock Levels for 6713 Release Date: June 19, 2013 Following the release of the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) for the week ended June 7, 2013, EIA...

  15. Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Can propane school buses save money and provide other benefits? October 1, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint School districts across the country are looking for ways to save money and be more...

  16. VEE-0040- In the Matter of Western Star Propane, Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On February 18, 1997, Western Star Propane, Inc. (Western) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application,...

  17. VEE-0060- In the Matter of Blakeman Propane, Inc.

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 11, 1999, Blakeman Propane, Inc. (Blakeman) of Moorcroft, Wyoming, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its...

  18. Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department...

    Energy Saver

    saving on fuel costs," he said. "If these law enforcement vehicles were running great on propane autogas in such a demanding environment, then this was the fuel for my fleet."...

  19. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alabama Prisons Adopt Propane...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    ... Picture of five white propane-fueled vans in front of prison with barbed wire fence and water tower that says Project at a Glance Fleet Type: Medium-duty vans for inmate transport ...

  20. Operation of Distributed Generation Under Stochastic Prices

    SciTech Connect

    Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-11-30

    We model the operating decisions of a commercial enterprisethatneeds to satisfy its periodic electricity demand with either on-sitedistributed generation (DG) or purchases from the wholesale market. Whilethe former option involves electricity generation at relatively high andpossibly stochastic costs from a set of capacity-constrained DGtechnologies, the latter implies unlimited open-market transactions atstochastic prices. A stochastic dynamic programme (SDP) is used to solvethe resulting optimisation problem. By solving the SDP with and withoutthe availability of DG units, the implied option values of the DG unitsare obtained.

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan School Buses Get Rolling on Propane on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Michigan

  2. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Columbus, Ohio Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in Columbus, Ohio on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Yellow Cab Converts Taxis to Propane in

  3. Natural Gas Residential Price (Summary)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves ...

  4. Natural Gas Citygate Price (Summary)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves ...

  5. Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace, Rehoboth Beach, Delaware (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for New Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace Rehoboth Beach, Delaware PROJECT INFORMATION Construction: New Home Type: Single-family, affordable IBACOS, www.ibacos.com Builder: Insight Homes, Rehoboth Beach, DE www.itsjustabetterhouse.com Size: 1,715 ft 2 Price Range: About $230,000 Date Completed: 2012 Climate Zone: Mixed-humid PERFORMANCE DATA Builder standard practice = 56 Case study house = 1,715 ft 2 With renewables = Not applicable Without renewables = 56 Projected annual energy cost

  6. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Revenue Requirement Study.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01

    The purpose of this Study is to establish the level of revenues from wholesale power rates necessary to recover, in accordance with sound business principles, the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) costs associated with the production, acquisition, marketing, and conservation of electric power. The generation revenue requirement includes: recovery of the Federal investment in hydro generation, fish and wildlife and conservation costs; Federal agencies' operations and maintenance (O&M) expenses allocated to power; capitalized contract expenses associated with non-Federal power suppliers such as Energy Northwest (EN); other power purchase expenses, such as short-term power purchases; power marketing expenses; cost of transmission services necessary for the sale and delivery of FCRPS power; and all other generation-related costs incurred by the Administrator pursuant to law.

  7. Price changes in the gasoline market: Are Midwestern gasoline prices downward sticky?

    SciTech Connect

    1999-03-01

    This report examines a recurring question about gasoline markets: why, especially in times of high price volatility, do retail gasoline prices seem to rise quickly but fall back more slowly? Do gasoline prices actually rise faster than they fall, or does this just appear to be the case because people tend to pay more attention to prices when they`re rising? This question is more complex than it might appear to be initially, and it has been addressed by numerous analysts in government, academia and industry. The question is very important, because perceived problems with retail gasoline pricing have been used in arguments for government regulation of prices. The phenomenon of prices at different market levels tending to move differently relative to each other depending on direction is known as price asymmetry. This report summarizes the previous work on gasoline price asymmetry and provides a method for testing for asymmetry in a wide variety of situations. The major finding of this paper is that there is some amount of asymmetry and pattern asymmetry, especially at the retail level, in the Midwestern states that are the focus of the analysis. Nevertheless, both the amount asymmetry and pattern asymmetry are relatively small. In addition, much of the pattern asymmetry detected in this and previous studies could be a statistical artifact caused by the time lags between price changes at different points in the gasoline distribution system. In other words, retail gasoline prices do sometimes rise faster than they fall, but this is largely a lagged market response to an upward shock in the underlying wholesale gasoline or crude oil prices, followed by a return toward the previous baseline. After consistent time lags are factored out, most apparent asymmetry disappears.

  8. Electricity prices in a competitive environment: Marginal cost pricing of generation services and financial status of electric utilities. A preliminary analysis through 2015

    SciTech Connect

    1997-08-01

    The emergence of competitive markets for electricity generation services is changing the way that electricity is and will be priced in the United States. This report presents the results of an analysis that focuses on two questions: (1) How are prices for competitive generation services likely to differ from regulated prices if competitive prices are based on marginal costs rather than regulated {open_quotes}cost-of-service{close_quotes} pricing? (2) What impacts will the competitive pricing of generation services (based on marginal costs) have on electricity consumption patterns, production costs, and the financial integrity patterns, production costs, and the financial integrity of electricity suppliers? This study is not intended to be a cost-benefit analysis of wholesale or retail competition, nor does this report include an analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of competitive electricity prices.

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work?

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Cars Work? to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: How Do Bi-fuel Propane Cars Work? on Digg Find More places to share Alternative

  10. Natural Gas Wellhead Price

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series ...

  11. Selective dehydrogenation of propane over novel catalytic materials

    SciTech Connect

    Sault, A.G.; Boespflug, E.P.; Martino, A.; Kawola, J.S.

    1998-02-01

    The conversion of small alkanes into alkenes represents an important chemical processing area; ethylene and propylene are the two most important organic chemicals manufactured in the U.S. These chemicals are currently manufactured by steam cracking of ethane and propane, an extremely energy intensive, nonselective process. The development of catalytic technologies (e.g., selective dehydrogenation) that can be used to produce ethylene and propylene from ethane and propane with greater selectivity and lower energy consumption than steam cracking will have a major impact on the chemical processing industry. This report details a study of two novel catalytic materials for the selective dehydrogenation of propane: Cr supported on hydrous titanium oxide ion-exchangers, and Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in silica and alumina aerogel and xerogel matrices.

  12. Property:EIA/861/ActivityWholesaleMarketing | Open Energy Information

    OpenEI (Open Energy Information) [EERE & EIA]

    engages in wholesale power marketing (Y or N) 1 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Pages using the property "EIA861...

  13. Maine State Planning Office, 1990--1991 heating season home heating fuels price survey. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    The 1990--1991 heating season was the first time in Maine that the Home Heating Fuels Survey was conducted for the United States Department of Energy by the Maine State Planning Office. This season also marked the first time that dealers were surveyed for a price for propane. Under a late agreement, the State of Maine was picked up by the regional survey of the Energy Information Agency in the beginning of October. This accounted for the weekly survey of the traditional participants in the State`s Home Heating Fuels Price Survey being supplemented by biweekly DOE surveys of separate survey samples of oil and propane dealers. The SPO sample identifies 36 dealers in the State of Maine, while the DOE sample was constructed around 22 oil dealers in Maine and New Hampshire and 29 propane dealers in Maine.

  14. Maine State Planning Office, 1990--1991 heating season home heating fuels price survey

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The 1990--1991 heating season was the first time in Maine that the Home Heating Fuels Survey was conducted for the United States Department of Energy by the Maine State Planning Office. This season also marked the first time that dealers were surveyed for a price for propane. Under a late agreement, the State of Maine was picked up by the regional survey of the Energy Information Agency in the beginning of October. This accounted for the weekly survey of the traditional participants in the State's Home Heating Fuels Price Survey being supplemented by biweekly DOE surveys of separate survey samples of oil and propane dealers. The SPO sample identifies 36 dealers in the State of Maine, while the DOE sample was constructed around 22 oil dealers in Maine and New Hampshire and 29 propane dealers in Maine.

  15. KP-AP-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-AP-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government, American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC

  16. KP-AP-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-AP-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government, American Electric Power Service Corporation (hereinafter called the Company), PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), and the Customer. This rate

  17. KP-Replacement-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Replacement-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-Replacement-2-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (or Kerr-Philpott System). This rate schedule shall be applicable to

  18. KP-VA-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-VA-1-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be transmitted and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government, Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM

  19. KP-VA-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-VA-2-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to contracts between the Government, Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC

  20. KP-VA-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-VA-3-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government, Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company), the Company's Transmission Operator, currently PJM Interconnection LLC

  1. KP-VA-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule KP-VA-4-C Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina served through the transmission facilities of Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Company) and PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at

  2. CU-CBR-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CBR-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CBR-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to Big Rivers Electric Corporation and includes the City of Henderson, Kentucky. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called

  3. CU-CC-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CC-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CC-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Energy Progress, Western Division System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Duke Energy Progress (formerly known as Carolina Power & Light Company), Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek,

  4. CU-CEK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CEK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CEK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: East Kentucky System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to East Kentucky Power Cooperative (hereinafter called the Customer). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the

  5. CU-CK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CK-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Kentucky Utilities System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies served through the facilities of Kentucky Utilities Company, (hereinafter called the Customers.) This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being

  6. CU-CM-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CM-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CM-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: MEAM, MDEA, and SMEPA System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to the South Mississippi Electric Power Association, Municipal Energy Agency of Mississippi, and Mississippi Delta Energy Agency. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such

  7. CU-CSI-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CSI-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CSI-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to Southern Illinois Power Cooperative (hereinafter the Customer). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the

  8. CU-CTV-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CTV-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CTV-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Tennessee Valley Authority System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA). This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland

  9. CU-CTVI-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    CTVI-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-CTVI-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Former customers of TVA System: Cumberland This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell

  10. CU-Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CU-Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky, southern Illinois System: CU This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives ( any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and southern Illinois to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the

  11. SCE&G-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule SCE&G-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Carolina Electric & Gas Area System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available public bodies and cooperatives (any one of which is hereinafter called the Customer) in South Carolina to whom power may be wheeled and scheduled pursuant to contracts between the Government and the South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (hereinafter called the Company). This rate schedule shall

  12. Heating oil and propane households bills to be lower this winter...

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Heating oil and propane households bills to be lower this winter despite recent cold spell Despite the recent cold weather, households that use heating oil or propane as their main ...

  13. U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) U.S. Natural Gas Supplemental Gas - Propane Air (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 ...

  14. Propane Basics (Fact Sheet), Clean Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane Basics Propane powers more than 143,000 vehicles in the United States and 23 million worldwide. 1,2 Fleets around the United States have successfully implemented propane vehicles in many types of applications, including school, shuttle, and transit buses as well as vans, taxis, law enforce- ment vehicles, street sweepers, and vocational trucks. Propane is also frequently used in off-road applications, such as forklifts, commercial landscape mowers and equipment, and other farm equipment.

  15. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2011-02-01

    This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for propane.

  16. Explaining EIA Crude Oil and Petroleum Product Price Data and Comparing with Other U.S. Government Data Sources, 2001 to 2010

    Reports and Publications

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the sampling frames and basic data collection methods for petroleum price data reported by Energy Information Administration (EIA) and other Government agencies. In addition, it compares and contrasts annual average prices reported by EIA with comparable prices from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) CPI (Consumer Price Indexes) for the retail prices of residential No. 2 distillate, on-highway diesel fuel and motor gasoline (all grades.) Further, it compares refiner wholesale/resale prices for No. 2 fuel oil, No. 2 diesel fuel, motor gasoline (all grades,) kerosene-type jet fuel and residual fuel oil reported by EIA with comparable prices from the BLS PPI (Producer Price Index.) A discussion of the various crude oil prices and spot/futures prices published by EIA and other Government agencies is also included in the article.

  17. Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks for kinetic separation of propane and propene

    SciTech Connect

    Li, Jing; Li, Kunhao; Olson, David H.

    2014-08-05

    Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) characterized by organic ligands consisting of imidazole ligands that are either essentially all 2-chloroimidazole ligands or essentially all 2-bromoimidazole ligands are disclosed. Methods for separating propane and propene with the ZIFs of the present invention, as well as other ZIFs, are also disclosed.

  18. Prices & Trends

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

  19. New wholesale power market design using linked forward markets : a study for the DOE energy storage systems program.

    SciTech Connect

    Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William; Ellison, James F.; Elliott, Ryan Thomas; Byrne, Raymond Harry; Guttromson, Ross; Tesfatsion, Leigh S.

    2013-04-01

    This report proposes a reformulation of U.S. ISO/RTO-managed wholesale electric power mar- kets for improved reliability and e ciency of system operations. Current markets do not specify or compensate primary frequency response. They also unnecessarily limit the participation of new technologies in reserve markets and o er insu cient economic inducements for new capacity invest- ment. In the proposed market reformulation, energy products are represented as physically-covered rm contracts and reserve products as physically-covered call option contracts. Trading of these products is supported by a backbone of linked ISO/RTO-managed forward markets with planning horizons ranging from multiple years to minutes ahead. A principal advantage of this reformulation is that reserve needs can be speci ed in detail, and resources can o er the services for which they are best suited, without being forced to conform to rigid reserve product de nitions. This should improve the business case for electric energy storage and other emerging technologies to provide reserve. In addition, the facilitation of price discovery should help to ensure e cient energy/reserve procurement and adequate levels of new capacity investment.

  20. BOAT BUILDING ACC./SUPPLIES MFGR. MOTOR/ENG. MFGR. DLRS/WHOLESALERS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    $ $ $ nmma.org BOAT BUILDING ACC./SUPPLIES MFGR. MOTOR/ENG. MFGR. DLRS/WHOLESALERS BOAT SERVICES BOAT BUILDING ACC./SUPPLIES MFGR. MOTOR/ENG. MFGR. DLRS/WHOLESALERS BOAT BUILDING ACC./SUPPLIES MFGR. MOTOR/ENG. MFGR. DLRS/WHOLESALERS BOAT SERVICES BOAT SERVICES B 963,818 $16.3 $9.9 $13.7 $39.9 313,803 472,594 177,421 B 338,526 32,485 78,472 164,338 17,880 45,351 737,509 B 12,182,157 9,926,221 249,803 12,182,157 1,268,624 9.4 12,182,157 963,818 34,833 $51.4 BILLION $6.6 $8.1 $30.9 $61.3 $40.7

  1. Lower oil prices also cutting winter heating oil and propane bills

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Household heating bills to be even lower this winter U.S. households will see even lower natural gas and heating oil bills this winter than previously expected the lowest in more than a decade. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the average household heating with oil will experience a 41% drop in heating oil expenditures this winter, paying just under $1,100. Meanwhile, households relying primarily on natural gas to stay warm will pay an average $532

  2. Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Annual Energy Outlook

    January ... 88.4 75.9 64.4 71.4 27.3 65.1 80.9 33.2 February ... 89.8 77.0 67.5 72.7 29.4 68.1 82.1 35.3 March ......

  3. Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    82.5 68.1 NA 34.5 71.8 86.3 42.3 February ... 96.1 84.9 70.3 81.9 38.3 75.2 88.5 45.1 March ... 96.3 86.1 70.1 68.7 36.5 75.5 87.7 42.3...

  4. Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Annual Energy Outlook

    1996 ... 99.1 88.4 73.3 75.7 41.3 76.4 88.6 47.1 1997 January ... 117.8 105.9 91.0 88.6 54.0 93.7 110.0 61.2 February...

  5. U.S. Total Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Sales Type Area Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Sales to End Users, Average - - - - - - 1993-2016 Residential - - - - - - 1993-2016

  6. U.S. Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Florida Georgia North Carolina Virginia Midwest (PADD 2) Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma South Dakota Tennessee Wisconsin Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Alabama Arkansas Mississippi Texas Rocky

  7. Experimental study on transmission of an overdriven detonation wave from propane/oxygen to propane/air

    SciTech Connect

    Li, J.; Lai, W.H.; Chung, K.; Lu, F.K.

    2008-08-15

    Two sets of experiments were performed to achieve a strong overdriven state in a weaker mixture by propagating an overdriven detonation wave via a deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) process. First, preliminary experiments with a propane/oxygen mixture were used to evaluate the attenuation of the overdriven detonation wave in the DDT process. Next, experiments were performed wherein a propane/oxygen mixture was separated from a propane/air mixture by a thin diaphragm to observe the transmission of an overdriven detonation wave. Based on the characteristic relations, a simple wave intersection model was used to calculate the state of the transmitted detonation wave. The results showed that a rarefaction effect must be included to ensure that there is no overestimate of the post-transmission wave properties when the incident detonation wave is overdriven. The strength of the incident overdriven detonation wave plays an important role in the wave transmission process. The experimental results showed that a transmitted overdriven detonation wave occurs instantaneously with a strong incident overdriven detonation wave. The near-CJ state of the incident wave leads to a transmitted shock wave, and then the transition to the overdriven detonation wave occurs downstream. The attenuation process for the overdriven detonation wave decaying to a near-CJ state occurs in all tests. After the attenuation process, an unstable detonation wave was observed in most tests. This may be attributed to the increase in the cell width in the attenuation process that exceeds the detonability cell width limit. (author)

  8. Comparison of AEO 2008 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices

    SciTech Connect

    Bolinger, Mark A; Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2008-01-07

    On December 12, 2007, the reference-case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2008 (AEO 2008) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables can play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. Note that this memo pertains only to natural gas fuel price risk (i.e., the risk that natural gas prices might differ over the life of a gas-fired generation asset from what was expected when the decision to build the gas-fired unit was made). We do not take into consideration any of the other distinct attributes of gas-fired and renewable generation, such as dispatchability (or lack thereof) or environmental externalities. A comprehensive comparison of different resource types--which is well beyond the scope of this memo--would need to account for differences in all such attributes, including fuel price risk. Furthermore, our analysis focuses solely on natural-gas-fired generation (as opposed to coal-fired generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price volatility has been more of a concern for natural gas than for other fuels used to generate power; (2) for environmental and other reasons, natural gas has, in recent years, been the fuel of choice among power plant developers (though its appeal has diminished somewhat as prices have increased); and (3) natural gas-fired generators often set the market clearing price in competitive wholesale power markets throughout the United States. That said, a more-complete analysis of how renewables mitigate fuel price risk would also need to consider coal and

  9. Measurement of the soot concentration and soot particle sizes in propane oxygen flames

    SciTech Connect

    Bockhorn, H.; Fetting, F.; Meyer, U.; Reck, R.; Wannemacher, G.

    1981-01-01

    Soot concentrations and particle sizes were measured by light scattering and probe measurements in the burnt gas region of atmospheric pressure propane-oxygen flames and propane-oxygen flames to which hydrogen or ammonia were added. The results show that the soot concentrations in propane-oxygen flames, to which hydrogen is added are lower compared to propane-oxygen flames. The decrease of soot concentration is much stronger when ammonia is added. Associated with the reduction of soot concentration is a reduction of mean particle size of the soot particles and a lower breadth of the particle size distributions. Electron micrographs of soot particles from the probe measurements showed that soot particles from flames with high soot concentrations (propane oxygen flames) are aggregates with chain or cluster structure while the structure of the particles from flames with lower soot concentration (propane oxygen flames with hydrogen or ammonia added) is more compact. 24 refs.

  10. Propane-air peakshaving impact on natural gas vehicles. Topical report, August 1993-January 1997

    SciTech Connect

    Richards, M.E.; Shikari, Y.; Blazek, C.F.

    1997-01-01

    Propane-air peakshaving activities can lead to higher-than-normal propane levels in natural gas. Natural gas vehicle (NGV) fueling station operation and NGV performance can be affected by the presence of excess propane in natural gas. To assess the impact on NGV markets due to propane-air peakshaving, a comprehensive survey of gas utilities nationwide was undertaken to compile statistics on current practices. The survey revealed that about half of the responders continue to propane-air peakshave and that nearly two-thirds of these companies serve markets that include NGV fueling stations. Based on the survey results, it is estimated that nearly 13,000 NGVs could be affected by propane-air peakshaving activities by the year 2000.

  11. Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Energy Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane Clean Cities Helps Nonprofit Cut Fuel Costs with Propane May 15, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. | Photo courtesy of Community Counseling Services. Mississippi's Community Counseling Services converted 29 vans to run on propane, saving more than $1.50 per gallon on fuel or more than $60,000 a year. |

  12. Propane-Diesel Dual Fuel for CO2 and Nox Reduction

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    Test results show significant CO2 and NOx emission reductions, fuel economy gains, and overall energy savings with propane injection in a diesel engine.

  13. Average Commercial Price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Number of Producing Gas Wells Number of Gas Producing Oil Wells Estimated Production Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals

  14. Average Residential Price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Number of Producing Gas Wells Number of Gas Producing Oil Wells Estimated Production Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals

  15. Comparison of AEO 2009 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX Futures Prices

    SciTech Connect

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2009-01-28

    On December 17, 2008, the reference-case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (AEO 2009) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference-case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables can play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO reference-case gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. Note that this memo pertains only to natural gas fuel price risk (i.e., the risk that natural gas prices might differ over the life of a gas-fired generation asset from what was expected when the decision to build the gas-fired unit was made). We do not take into consideration any of the other distinct attributes of gas-fired and renewable generation, such as dispatchability (or lack thereof), differences in capital costs and O&M expenses, or environmental externalities. A comprehensive comparison of different resource types--which is well beyond the scope of this memo--would need to account for differences in all such attributes, including fuel price risk. Furthermore, our analysis focuses solely on natural-gas-fired generation (as opposed to coal-fired or nuclear generation, for example), for several reasons: (1) price volatility has been more of a concern for natural gas than for other fuels used to generate power; (2) for environmental and other reasons, natural gas has, in recent years, been the fuel of choice among power plant developers; and (3) natural gas-fired generators often set the market clearing price in competitive wholesale power markets throughout the United States. That said, a more-complete analysis of how renewables mitigate fuel price risk would also need to consider coal, uranium, and

  16. Propane cold neutron source: creation and operation experience

    SciTech Connect

    Zemlyanov, M. G.

    1997-09-01

    In most cold neutron sources, utilized until recently, liquid hydrogen, liquid deuterium and their mixtures were used as a moderating medium. The sources with the liquid hydrogen moderator offer the most specific effectiveness of cold neutron generation. But they are complicated in design, require special safety measures in the course of operation and are very expensive. In this connection, it is of undoubted interest to create a source which, although it yields the specific generation of cold neutrons comparable to the liquid hydrogen one, is safer in operation and simple in design. We assume such a source may be one which uses as a moderator liquid propane cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature.

  17. An Analysis of Price Determination and Markups in the Air-Conditioning and Heating Equipment Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Dale, Larry; Millstein, Dev; Coughlin, Katie; Van Buskirk, Robert; Rosenquist, Gregory; Lekov, Alex; Bhuyan, Sanjib

    2004-01-30

    In this report we calculate the change in final consumer prices due to minimum efficiency standards, focusing on a standard economic model of the air-conditioning and heating equipment (ACHE) wholesale industry. The model examines the relationship between the marginal cost to distribute and sell equipment and the final consumer price in this industry. The model predicts that the impact of a standard on the final consumer price is conditioned by its impact on marginal distribution costs. For example, if a standard raises the marginal cost to distribute and sell equipment a small amount, the model predicts that the standard will raise the final consumer price a small amount as well. Statistical analysis suggest that standards do not increase the amount of labor needed to distribute equipment the same employees needed to sell lower efficiency equipment can sell high efficiency equipment. Labor is a large component of the total marginal cost to distribute and sell air-conditioning and heating equipment. We infer from this that standards have a relatively small impact on ACHE marginal distribution and sale costs. Thus, our model predicts that a standard will have a relatively small impact on final ACHE consumer prices. Our statistical analysis of U.S. Census Bureau wholesale revenue tends to confirm this model prediction. Generalizing, we find that the ratio of manufacturer price to final consumer price prior to a standard tends to exceed the ratio of the change in manufacturer price to the change in final consumer price resulting from a standard. The appendix expands our analysis through a typical distribution chain for commercial and residential air-conditioning and heating equipment.

  18. Availability of Canadian imports to meet U.S. demand for ethane, propane and butane

    SciTech Connect

    Hawkins, D.J.

    1996-12-31

    Historically, Canada has had a surplus of ethane, propane and butane. Almost all of the available propane and butane in Canadian natural gas streams is recovered. While there is significant ethane recovery in Canada, ethane that cannot be economically sold is left in the gas streams. All of the surplus Canadian ethane and most of the Canadian surplus propane and butane is exported to the US. Some volumes of Canadian propane and butane have been moved offshore by marine exports to the Asia-Pacific region or South America, or directly to Mexico by rail. Essentially all of the Canadian ethane, 86% of the propane and 74% of the butane are recovered by gas processing. Canadian natural gas production has increased significantly over the last 10 years. Canadian gas resources in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin should permit further expansion of gas exports, and several gas pipeline projects are pending to expand the markets for Canadian gas in the US. The prospective increase in Canadian gas production will yield higher volumes of ethane, propane and butane. While there is a potential to expand domestic markets for ethane, propane and butane, a significant part of the incremental production will move to export markets. This paper provides a forecast of the expected level of ethane, propane and butane exports from Canada and discusses the supply, demand and logistical developments which may affect export availability from Canada.

  19. What Is Price Volatility

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect

  20. FERC must adopt an efficient transmission pricing system - now

    SciTech Connect

    Pierce, R.J. Jr.

    1997-10-01

    In spite of assumptions to the contrary, this nation will not enjoy competitive power markets until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) uses its bully pulpit to require establishment of--and prescribe minimum authorities for--properly sized ISOs that administer efficient transmission pricing. In 1989, the FERC recognized that getting transmission pricing right is the crucial first step in the process of creating a competitive electricity market. A lot has happened in the ensuing eight years. There is now a competitive wholesale market, and retail competition is beginning in many states. Yet, FERC has not made any progress in taking that crucial first step. Unless FERC abandons the present archaic system of transmission pricing promptly, competition will produce a long list of unintended adverse effects. The short-term effects will include markets too small to support effective competition and misleading price signals that induce buyers and sellers to make decisions that waste resources. The long-term effects will include large investments in capital assets at the wrong locations, and ill-informed antitrust and regulatory decisions. These effects will also create scores of entities with a powerful vested interest in retaining the status quo forever. As the British have discovered, once that happens, it is almost impossible to abandon an inefficient pricing system.

  1. State Heating Oil and Propane Program final report. Survey of No.2 heating oil and propane prices at the retail level October 2001 [sic] through March 2001 [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect

    2001-04-06

    Data collected by Division staff was entered into the EIA-PEDRO system. No written reports of data were required.

  2. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Cochran, Jaquelin; Miller, Mackay; Milligan, Michael; Ela, Erik; Arent, Douglas; Bloom, Aaron; Futch, Matthew; Kiviluoma, Juha; Holtinnen, Hannele; Orths, Antje; Gomez-Lazaro, Emilio; Martin-Martinez, Sergio; Kukoda, S.; Garcia, Glycon; Mikkelsen, Kim M.; Yongqiang, Zhao; Sandholt, Kaare

    2013-10-01

    Demand for affordable, reliable, domestically sourced, and low-carbon electricity is on the rise. This growing demand is driven in part by evolving public policy priorities, especially reducing the health and environmental impacts of electricity service and expanding energy access to under-served customers. Consequently, variable renewable energy resources comprise an increasing share ofelectricity generation globally. At the same time, new opportunities for addressing the variability of renewables are being strengthened through advances in smart grids, communications, and technologies that enable dispatchable demand response and distributed generation to extend to the mass market. A key challenge of merging these opportunities is market design -- determining how to createincentives and compensate providers justly for attributes and performance that ensure a reliable and secure grid -- in a context that fully realizes the potential of a broad array of sources of flexibility in both the wholesale power and retail markets. This report reviews the suite of wholesale power market designs in use and under consideration to ensure adequacy, security, and flexibilityin a landscape of significant variable renewable energy. It also examines considerations needed to ensure that wholesale market designs are inclusive of emerging technologies, such as demand response, distributed generation, and storage.

  3. RECS Propane Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Type of Fuel Sold was: PPropane BButane OOther Enter the Price per Unit of Measure XXX.XX X.XX (select one) P B O MMDDYY Page 1 of ...

  4. Appendix C: Price case comparisons

    Annual Energy Outlook

    High oil price Low oil price Reference High oil price Low oil price Reference High oil price Production Crude oil and lease condensate ... 13.87 19.06 20.36...

  5. World Crude Oil Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    World Crude Oil Prices (Dollars per Barrel) The data on this page are no longer available.

  6. All Price Tables.vp

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    In the same manner, most large industrial and many large commercial expenditures can be thought of as near wholesale, fre- quently involving direct access to a producer or bulk...

  7. Simulation of hydrogen and hydrogen-assisted propane ignition in Pt catalyzed microchannel

    SciTech Connect

    Seshadri, Vikram; Kaisare, Niket S.

    2010-11-15

    This paper deals with self-ignition of catalytic microburners from ambient cold-start conditions. First, reaction kinetics for hydrogen combustion is validated with experimental results from the literature, followed by validation of a simplified pseudo-2D microburner model. The model is then used to study the self-ignition behavior of lean hydrogen/air mixtures in a Platinum-catalyzed microburner. Hydrogen combustion on Pt is a very fast reaction. During cold start ignition, hydrogen conversion reaches 100% within the first few seconds and the reactor dynamics are governed by the ''thermal inertia'' of the microburner wall structure. The self-ignition property of hydrogen can be used to provide the energy required for propane ignition. Two different modes of hydrogen-assisted propane ignition are considered: co-feed mode, where the microburner inlet consists of premixed hydrogen/propane/air mixtures; and sequential feed mode, where the inlet feed is switched from hydrogen/air to propane/air mixtures after the microburner reaches propane ignition temperature. We show that hydrogen-assisted ignition is equivalent to selectively preheating the inlet section of the microburner. The time to reach steady state is lower at higher equivalence ratio, lower wall thermal conductivity, and higher inlet velocity for both the ignition modes. The ignition times and propane emissions are compared. Although the sequential feed mode requires slightly higher amount of hydrogen, the propane emissions are at least an order of magnitude lower than the other ignition modes. (author)

  8. Average Commercial Price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground

  9. Average Residential Price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground

  10. Effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamics of nanoconfined propane

    SciTech Connect

    Gautam, Siddharth Liu, Tingting Welch, Susan; Cole, David; Rother, Gernot; Jalarvo, Niina; Mamontov, Eugene

    2014-04-24

    We report the effect of temperature and pressure on the dynamical properties of propane confined in nanoporous silica aerogel studied using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). Our results demonstrate that the effect of a change in the pressure dominates over the effect of temperature variation on the dynamics of propane nano-confined in silica aerogel. At low pressures, most of the propane molecules are strongly bound to the pore walls, only a small fraction is mobile. As the pressure is increased, the fraction of mobile molecules increases. A change in the mechanism of motion, from continuous diffusion at low pressures to jump diffusion at higher pressures has also been observed.

  11. Diesel Fuel Price Pass-through

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Home | Petroleum | Gasoline | Diesel | Propane | Natural Gas | Electricity | Coal | Nuclear Renewables | Alternative Fuels |...

  12. School Districts Move to the Head of the Class with Propane

    SciTech Connect

    2016-01-01

    Propane has been a proven fuel for buses for decades. For the first time in 2007, Blue Bird rolled out a propane school bus using direct liquid injection, which was later followed by Thomas Built Buses and Navistar. Because this new technology is much more reliable than previous designs, it is essentially reintroducing propane buses to many school districts. During this same time period, vehicle emissions standards have tightened. To meet them, diesel engine manufacturers have added diesel particulate filters (DPF) and, more recently, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. As an alternative to diesel buses with these systems, many school districts have looked to other affordable, clean alternatives, and they've found that propane fits the bill.

  13. Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty...

    Energy.gov [DOE] (indexed site)

    Emissions tests of in-use heavy-duty vehicles showed that, natural gas- and propane-fueled vehicles have high emissions of NH3 and CO, compared to diesel vehicles, while meeting ...

  14. Emissions from In-Use NG, Propane, and Diesel Fueled Heavy Duty Vehicles

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Emissions tests of in-use heavy-duty vehicles showed that, natural gas- and propane-fueled vehicles have high emissions of NH3 and CO, compared to diesel vehicles, while meeting certification requirements

  15. Diesel prices flat

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at $3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.05 a gallon, up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.80 a gallon, up 3-tenths of a penny

  16. School Districts Move to the Head of the Class with Propane (Brochure), Clean Cities, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Propane's School Bus History While propane has been used in buses for decades, recent technologi- cal advancements have made it more reliable than ever. Prior to 2007, all propane vehicles used vapor injection technology. In 2007, Blue Bird rolled out a propane school bus using direct liquid injection for the first time, and this was followed by Thomas Built Buses and Navistar. Liquid injection technology makes propane buses a more reliable option. Since 2007, vehicle emissions standards have

  17. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart (Revised) (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    Many standards development organizations (SDOs) are working to develop codes and standards needed for the utilization of alternative fuel vehicle technologies. This chart shows the SDOs responsible for leading the support and development of key codes and standards for propane. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Chart Vehicle Systems Safety: Vehicle Tanks and Piping: Vehicle Components: Vehicle Dispensing Systems: Vehicle Dispensing System Components: Storage Systems: Storage

  18. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations (Brochure), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center

    NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Propane Vehicle and Infrastructure Codes and Standards Citations This document lists codes and standards typically used for U.S. propane vehicle and infrastructure projects. To determine which codes and standards apply to a specific project, identify the codes and standards currently in effect within the jurisdiction where the

  19. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    1stCenturyPower.org Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-57477 October 2013 Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21 st Century Power Systems Jaquelin Cochran, Mackay Miller, Michael Milligan, Erik Ela, Douglas Arent, and Aaron Bloom National Renewable Energy Laboratory Matthew Futch IBM Juha Kiviluoma and Hannele Holtinnen VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Antje Orths Energinet.dk Emilio Gómez-Lázaro and Sergio Martín-Martínez Universidad

  20. Evolution of Wholesale Electricity Market Design with Increasing Levels of Renewable Generation

    SciTech Connect

    Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Bloom, A.; Botterud, A.; Townsend, A.; Levin, T.

    2014-09-01

    Variable generation such as wind and photovoltaic solar power has increased substantially in recent years. Variable generation has unique characteristics compared to the traditional technologies that supply energy in the wholesale electricity markets. These characteristics create unique challenges in planning and operating the power system, and they can also influence the performance and outcomes from electricity markets. This report focuses on two particular issues related to market design: revenue sufficiency for long-term reliability and incentivizing flexibility in short-term operations. The report provides an overview of current design and some designs that have been proposed by industry or researchers.

  1. Evolution of Wholesale Electricity Market Design with Increasing Levels of Renewable Generation

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) - all webpages (Extended Search)

    Evolution of Wholesale Electricity Market Design with Increasing Levels of Renewable Generation E. Ela, 1 M. Milligan, 1 A. Bloom, 1 A. Botterud, 2 A. Townsend, 1 and T. Levin 2 1 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Argonne National Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-5D00-61765 September 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost

  2. ,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","2... 6:46:23 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Prices" "Sourcekey","N3050TX3"...

  3. California Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.87 1967-2010 Imports Price 4.76 3.57 -- 3.59 -- -- 2007-2015 Exports Price 4.51 4.18 2.90 3.89 4.56 2.76 1997-2015 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 4.86 4.47 3.46 4.18 4.88 3.27 1984-2015 Residential Price 9.92 9.93 9.14 9.92 11.51 11.39 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.3 97.5 96.1 94.8 94.9 1989-2015 Commercial Price 8.30 8.29 7.05 7.81 9.05 8.04 1967-2015

  4. Vermont Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1982-2005 Citygate Price 8.29 7.98 6.63 6.16 7.08 NA 1984-2015 Residential Price 16.14 16.17 16.73 15.87 14.68 14.56 1980-2015 Percentage of ...

  5. Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.18 5.67 5.00 4.75 5.35 4.59 1984-2015 Residential Price 11.12 10.32 11.10 9.71 10.10 10.26 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  6. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.04 6.28 5.52 5.26 5.59 NA 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.90 12.46 11.99 11.63 11.77 NA 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  7. Nebraska Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.62 5.11 4.31 4.61 5.58 NA 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.95 8.84 8.68 8.39 8.77 8.94 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  8. Nevada Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.19 6.77 5.13 5.16 5.90 4.06 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.25 10.66 10.14 9.42 11.44 11.82 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  9. Montana Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.17 5.11 4.23 4.21 5.03 3.71 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.64 8.80 8.05 8.19 9.11 8.21 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  10. Louisiana Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.43 5.67 3.48 4.12 4.90 3.32 1984-2015 Residential Price 11.73 11.37 11.54 10.80 10.89 10.71 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  11. Minnesota Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.48 5.04 4.26 4.58 6.56 4.40 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.76 8.85 7.99 8.19 9.89 8.84 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  12. Virginia Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.88 6.64 5.64 5.54 5.98 4.87 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.73 12.72 12.42 11.68 12.07 11.58 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  13. Oregon Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.78 5.84 5.21 4.82 5.40 4.65 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.49 11.76 11.22 10.84 11.72 NA 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  14. Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.14 5.65 4.88 4.88 6.96 4.71 1984-2015 Residential Price 10.34 9.77 9.27 8.65 10.52 NA 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  15. Missouri Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.17 5.85 5.27 4.99 5.76 4.65 1984-2015 Residential Price 11.66 12.02 12.25 10.88 10.83 11.59 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  16. Texas Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.89 5.39 4.30 4.89 5.77 4.20 1984-2015 Residential Price 10.82 10.21 10.55 10.50 11.16 10.65 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  17. Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.74 7.04 6.03 6.20 6.96 NA 1984-2015 Residential Price 14.53 13.81 13.22 13.49 14.50 NA 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  18. Maryland Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.49 6.26 5.67 5.37 6.36 4.99 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.44 12.10 12.17 11.67 12.21 12.05 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  19. Maine Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.19 8.14 7.73 7.35 10.33 NA 1984-2015 Residential Price 14.14 14.20 15.94 15.21 16.90 NA 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  20. Wyoming Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.04 4.65 4.03 4.51 5.27 4.36 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.58 8.72 8.42 8.27 9.34 9.19 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  1. Tennessee Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.78 5.23 4.35 4.73 5.37 4.06 1984-2015 Residential Price 10.46 10.21 9.95 9.44 10.13 9.69 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  2. Utah Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.53 5.68 5.50 5.70 5.74 5.70 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.22 8.44 8.70 8.55 9.48 9.72 1967-2015 Percentage of Total ...

  3. Washington Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.29 5.55 4.48 4.89 5.82 4.42 1984-2015 Residential Price 12.24 12.30 11.87 11.37 10.59 10.61 1967-2015 Percentage of ...

  4. Ohio Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.1 2.0 1.6 2.2 2.0 NA 1997-2015 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 5.01 W 3.05 3.95 4.31 2.42 ...

  5. Arkansas Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.8 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1997-2015 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- 9.04 1994-2012 Electric Power Price 5.11 W 3.19 W W W ...

  6. Mississippi Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.6 9.7 9.6 10.6 9.9 9.0 1997-2015 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- 1994-2012 Electric Power Price W W W W W W 1997-2015

  7. Michigan Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 8.8 9.3 7.4 7.4 7.6 NA 1997-2015 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 4.97 4.76 3.21 4.58 6.71 ...

  8. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.20 a gallon, down 3.9 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 3.97 a gallon, down 3.9 cents

  9. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.99 a gallon, remaining unchanged from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.78 a gallon, also unchanged from a week ago.

  10. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.98 a gallon, down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.75 a gallon, down 2.2 cents.

  11. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.97 a gallon, down 1.3 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Lower Atlantic and the Gulf Coast regions at 3.73 a gallon

  12. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.04 a gallon, down 1.3 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.78 a gallon, down 1

  13. Diesel prices decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down 0.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.07 a gallon, up 2.6 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.77 a gallon, down 0.7 cents. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact Marlana

  14. Diesel prices decrease slightly

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices decrease slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to $3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.98 a gallon, up 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.74 a gallon, down a tenth of a penny.

  15. Diesel prices flat nationally

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices flat nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel remained the same from a week ago at $3.98 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.14 a gallon, up 1.4 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.90 a gallon, up a tenth of a penny.

  16. Diesel prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at $4.00 a gallon, up 2.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.75 a gallon, up 8-tenths of a penny. This is Marlana Anderson, with EIA, in Washington. For more information, contact

  17. Diesel prices increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.11 a gallon, up 4.2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.79 a gallon, up 1.7 cents.

  18. Diesel prices increase nationally

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to $3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the West Coast states at 4.07 a gallon, up 1 1/2 cents from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.83 a gallon, up 7-tenths of a penny.

  19. Diesel prices rise slightly

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices rise slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to $4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.34 a gallon, up a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Rocky Mountain States at 4.06 a gallon, up 2 1/

  20. Diesel prices slightly decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to $3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.98 a gallon, down 7-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.77 a gallon, down half a penny. This is Amerine Woodyard, with EIA, in

  1. Diesel prices slightly decrease

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to $3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 3.98 a gallon, up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast region at 3.74 a gallon, down 7-tenths of a penny.

  2. Diesel prices slightly increase

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Diesel prices slightly increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to $3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in the New England region at 4.07 a gallon, up half a penny from a week ago. Prices were lowest in the Gulf Coast states at 3.77 a gallon, up 6-tenths of a penny.

  3. Assessment of the risk of transporting propane by truck and train

    SciTech Connect

    Geffen, C.A.

    1980-03-01

    The risk of shipping propane is discussed and the risk assessment methodology is summarized. The risk assessment model has been constructed as a series of separate analysis steps to allow the risk to be readily reevaluated as additional data becomes available or as postulated system characteristics change. The transportation system and accident environment, the responses of the shipping system to forces in transportation accidents, and release sequences are evaluated to determine both the likelihood and possible consequences of a release. Supportive data and analyses are given in the appendices. The risk assessment results are related to the year 1985 to allow a comparison with other reports in this series. Based on the information presented, accidents involving tank truck shipments of propane will be expected to occur at a rate of 320 every year; accidents involving bobtails would be expected at a rate of 250 every year. Train accidents involving propane shipments would be expected to occur at a rate of about 60 every year. A release of any amount of material from propane trucks, under both normal transportation and transport accident conditions, is to be expected at a rate of about 110 per year. Releases from propane rail tank cars would occur about 40 times a year. However, only those releases that occur during a transportation accident or involve a major tank defect will include sufficient propane to present the potential for danger to the public. These significant releases can be expected at the lower rate of about fourteen events per year for truck transport and about one event every two years for rail tank car transport. The estimated number of public fatalities resulting from these significant releases in 1985 is fifteen. About eleven fatalities per year result from tank truck operation, and approximately half a death per year stems from the movement of propane in rail tank cars.

  4. Alabama Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.46 5.80 5.18 4.65 4.93 3.91 1984-2015 Residential Price 15.79 15.08 16.20 15.47 14.62 14.13 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 13.34 12.36 12.56 12.35 11.98 11.26 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.3 78.9 76.2 76.6 78.4 77.6

  5. Alaska Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 3.17 1967-2010 Exports Price 12.19 12.88 15.71 -- 15.74 7.49 1989-2015 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1970-2005 Citygate Price 6.67 6.53 6.14 6.02 6.34 6.57 1988-2015 Residential Price 8.89 8.77 8.47 8.85 9.11 9.64 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 8.78 8.09 8.09 8.34 8.30 8.01 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries

  6. Arizona Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.11 1967-2010 Exports Price 4.57 4.28 3.07 4.17 5.15 3.08 1989-2015 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.59 5.91 4.68 4.73 5.20 4.38 1984-2015 Residential Price 15.87 15.04 15.75 13.92 17.20 17.04 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 10.72 9.99 9.35 8.76 10.34 10.53 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial

  7. Colorado Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.26 4.94 4.26 4.76 5.42 3.98 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.13 8.25 8.28 7.85 8.89 8.27 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 7.58 7.84 7.58 7.26 8.15 7.47 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 94.6 93.8 92.2 94.7 94.5 NA 1990-2015

  8. Connecticut Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.58 5.92 5.12 5.42 5.61 4.07 1984-2015 Residential Price 14.93 13.83 14.17 13.32 14.13 12.50 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.3 96.8 96.7 95.3 95.9 96.3 1989-2015 Commercial Price 9.55 8.48 8.40 9.20 10.24 8.60 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.4 65.4 65.1 57.9 67.2 76.2 1990-2015 Industrial Price 9.60 9.16 8.83

  9. Delaware Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1978-2005 Citygate Price 5.67 9.03 7.19 5.67 5.54 5.87 1984-2015 Residential Price 15.12 15.38 15.24 13.65 13.21 12.62 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 13.26 13.58 13.31 11.78 11.42 10.70 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 49.8 53.4 43.7 45.0 46.2 45.7 1990-2015 Industrial Price

  10. Florida Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.49 5.07 3.93 4.44 5.05 4.75 1984-2015 Residential Price 17.89 18.16 18.34 18.46 19.02 19.55 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 98.0 97.7 97.8 97.8 97.7 1989-2015 Commercial Price 10.60 11.14 10.41 10.87 11.42 10.92 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 38.5 37.0 33.3 32.3 NA

  11. Georgia Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Imports Price 4.39 4.20 2.78 3.36 4.33 2.83 1999-2015 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.93 5.19 4.35 4.66 5.19 3.83 1984-2015 Residential Price 15.17 15.72 16.23 14.60 14.45 14.62 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 10.95 10.51 9.75 9.38 9.86 8.58 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0

  12. Idaho Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Imports Price 4.19 3.90 2.59 3.34 4.14 2.34 1989-2015 Exports Price 5.85 4.74 -- 3.27 -- -- 1999-2015 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 4.82 4.65 4.07 3.93 4.29 3.95 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.95 8.80 8.26 8.12 8.54 8.59 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 8.21 8.09 7.35 7.29 7.70 7.59 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial

  13. Illinois Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.52 5.09 4.11 4.43 6.28 3.82 1984-2015 Residential Price 9.39 8.78 8.26 8.20 9.59 7.97 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.0 88.0 87.9 87.7 87.3 86.3 1989-2015 Commercial Price 8.76 8.27 7.78 7.57 8.86 7.29 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 42.3 38.1 36.8 38.4 38.5 36.1 1990-2015 Industrial

  14. Indiana Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.52 4.97 4.23 4.38 5.63 4.03 1984-2015 Residential Price 8.63 9.46 8.94 8.43 9.02 8.92 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.1 94.6 94.5 95.0 95.3 95.8 1989-2015 Commercial Price 7.55 8.04 7.69 7.59 8.19 7.61 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 72.5 70.2 67.4 68.2 67.6 67.0 1990-2015

  15. Iowa Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.69 5.27 4.84 4.95 6.24 4.29 1984-2015 Residential Price 9.57 9.54 9.46 8.99 10.02 8.51 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 7.81 7.55 7.13 6.97 8.15 6.50 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 72.0 72.1 72.2 72.5 74.4 NA 1990-2015 Industrial Price 6.10 5.78 4.70

  16. Kansas Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.08 5.53 4.74 4.98 6.10 4.59 1984-2015 Residential Price 10.61 9.93 10.12 10.19 10.59 10.17 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 9.65 8.89 8.82 9.07 9.61 8.87 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 66.0 62.6 59.8 61.4 59.3 57.0

  17. Kentucky Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Wellhead Price 4.47 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 5.69 5.18 4.17 4.47 5.16 3.96 1984-2015 Residential Price 10.02 10.44 10.19 9.80 10.62 10.87 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.5 95.9 96.2 96.3 96.3 1989-2015 Commercial Price 8.61 8.79 8.28 8.32 9.06 8.75 1967-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 80.5 79.2 77.4 78.8 80.5 79.2 1990-2015

  18. A study of partially premixed unconfined propane flames

    SciTech Connect

    Roekke, N.A.; Hustad, J.E.; Soenju, O.K. )

    1994-04-01

    Unconfined turbulent partially premixed propane/air flames issuing from a straight tube into quiescent air at atmospheric pressure and temperature are investigated. Experiments on lifted flames are performed. Flame height and liftoff are reported together with emission indices for oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub 3]). The degree of partially premixing has been varied between a fuel mass fraction of 1.0 to 0.15. Six different nozzle diameters, d[sub 0], of 3.2, 6, 10, 20.5, 23.3, and 29.5 mm have been used. This resulted in outlet velocities, u[sub 0], varying from 1 to 130 m/s, flame heights up to 2.5 m, Froude numbers, Fr, from 3 to 3 [times] 10[sup 5], and thermal heat releases up to 350 kW. Flame height and liftoff show a strong dependence upon the ratio of the nozzle outlet velocity to the outlet diameter, the Froude number, and the fuel mass fraction Y[sub f]. Both modified, simplified, and newly developed expressions for height, liftoff and NO[sub x] emissions are presented and discussed. All the proposed expressions scale with Y[sub f][sup a]Fr[sup b] or Y[sub r][sup a]f(u[sub 0], d[sub 0]). The emission index for NO[sub x] scales very well with a previously developed expression based on the buoyant flame volume. The agreement between predictions and experimental data is generally good and well within the underlying experimental and theoretical uncertainties. The results from this study contain new data, as very little focus has previously been directed toward lifted partially premixed free flames of this size.

  19. Louisiana Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 2.53 2.43 2.46 3.16 3.79 3.64 1989-2016 Residential Price 10.51 11.33 13.40 14.16 16.27 16.97 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.77 7.19 7.33 7.26 NA 8.35 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 81.0 79.4 75.8 78.1 NA 75.4 1989-2016 Industrial Price 2.39 2.48 2.55 2.47 3.37 3.15 2001-2016

  20. Maine Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 7.53 3.58 3.81 5.37 5.29 NA 1989-2016 Residential Price 12.99 12.57 13.48 18.01 21.90 22.81 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 10.79 9.71 9.54 10.04 10.46 10.50 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 60.0 60.5 56.6 50.8 49.9 47.4 1989-2016 Industrial Price 8.51 8.46 5.78 5.55 5.58 5.99 2001-2016

  1. Maryland Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 4.34 3.89 4.57 7.14 8.80 NA 1989-2016 Residential Price 11.02 NA 12.63 16.04 20.13 21.29 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 72.5 NA 71.6 72.3 71.5 71.7 2002-2016 Commercial Price 8.82 NA NA 9.79 11.50 11.65 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 28.4 NA NA 20.0 16.0 18.4 1989-2016 Industrial Price 8.62 7.63 7.42 NA NA NA 2001-2016 Percentage of Total

  2. Minnesota Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.77 2.94 2.98 3.49 3.88 4.28 1989-2016 Residential Price 8.01 7.58 10.50 12.19 NA 13.38 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.50 6.17 NA 7.39 8.14 7.78 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 83.9 83.5 NA 73.0 72.6 74.7 1989-2016 Industrial Price 3.65 3.35 4.25 3.71 4.11 4.09 2001-2016 Percentage

  3. Mississippi Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price NA 3.36 3.19 3.46 4.04 3.79 1989-2016 Residential Price 9.17 10.94 13.16 14.15 15.93 16.26 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 NA 100.0 NA 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.87 8.09 7.56 7.08 7.65 7.53 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 86.0 82.7 80.2 79.9 79.6 81.2 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.31 4.03 3.75 3.88 3.89 4.52 2001-2016 Percentage

  4. Nebraska Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 4.16 3.14 3.00 3.17 NA NA 1989-2016 Residential Price 6.98 7.83 9.61 12.95 15.24 15.70 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.4 83.8 83.6 86.4 88.5 90.3 2002-2016 Commercial Price 5.32 4.86 4.64 5.02 5.44 6.02 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 62.1 57.4 56.3 55.7 54.6 62.3 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.23 3.69 3.19 3.29 3.60 3.89 2001-2016 Percentage of

  5. Alabama Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.00 2.90 2.99 3.34 3.89 3.89 1989-2016 Residential Price 12.15 14.45 17.16 19.30 20.57 21.26 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 10.20 10.63 10.62 11.31 11.74 11.88 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 81.9 75.9 73.2 73.4 72.5 72.1 1989-2016 Industrial Price 3.21 3.22 2.97 3.34 3.98 3.81

  6. Wyoming Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.44 3.14 3.04 2.82 3.41 3.38 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.65 7.85 9.10 12.30 NA NA 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 72.0 71.1 67.8 NA NA 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.33 6.39 6.82 7.00 8.12 NA 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices NA 54.1 55.5 41.4 NA NA 1989-2016 Industrial Price 3.56 3.87 NA NA NA NA 2001-2016 Percentage of Total Industrial

  7. Ohio Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.09 2.41 2.61 2.46 2.69 2.53 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.14 8.02 11.70 19.24 25.47 27.29 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 5.27 5.30 6.10 6.96 7.56 8.13 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.20 NA 5.53 NA NA 6.71 2001-2016

  8. Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.58 3.73 3.83 4.77 5.51 5.39 1989-2016 Residential Price 8.93 10.97 16.74 19.82 24.73 29.01 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.80 8.11 10.91 12.34 13.84 15.07 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 45.7 41.9 29.6 31.9 29.3 26.9 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.61 8.07 9.14 NA NA NA 2001-2016

  9. Oregon Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.48 3.97 4.47 4.97 5.59 5.08 1989-2016 Residential Price 11.93 13.59 15.03 15.63 NA 16.28 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 9.42 9.83 10.74 11.57 NA 10.18 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 94.5 93.7 93.6 93.0 NA 92.9 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.59 5.24 5.14 6.49 5.29 5.43 2001-2016

  10. Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.98 3.28 4.35 6.36 6.52 5.63 1989-2016 Residential Price 9.46 9.86 11.32 15.54 18.24 19.38 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.1 87.3 86.9 87.1 87.6 87.8 2002-2016 Commercial Price 8.16 8.06 8.85 10.56 10.99 10.76 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 37.7 35.0 30.2 27.1 26.8 28.0 1989-2016 Industrial Price 7.21 6.72 NA NA 9.13 NA 2001-2016 Percentage of

  11. Texas Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.60 3.20 3.20 3.41 3.94 4.00 1989-2016 Residential Price 10.02 11.63 16.33 NA 19.33 22.75 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.8 99.8 NA 99.8 99.8 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.15 6.12 6.82 6.70 7.50 8.24 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.9 69.3 63.0 NA 64.2 61.3 1989-2016 Industrial Price 1.88 2.08 2.14 2.16 2.98 3.01 2001-2016 Percentage of

  12. Vermont Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 6.93 4.85 4.96 4.24 4.01 4.22 1989-2016 Residential Price 12.66 13.30 14.26 18.40 21.11 23.02 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.22 6.60 6.71 5.51 5.87 5.59 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.96 4.93 5.13 4.97 5.61 5.31 2001-2016

  13. Washington Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price NA 3.43 3.85 3.57 4.56 4.35 1989-2016 Residential Price 9.96 9.45 9.90 NA NA 15.55 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.76 7.73 7.82 NA 9.06 9.54 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 87.4 81.4 81.4 NA 81.1 78.5 1989-2016 Industrial Price 7.39 7.31 7.25 8.07 7.67 7.69 2001-2016 Percentage of Total

  14. Connecticut Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.09 3.20 3.85 4.58 4.69 4.20 1989-2016 Residential Price 11.74 12.87 15.03 19.19 21.75 24.07 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.4 96.2 95.4 95.3 96.0 95.6 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.93 9.37 9.87 11.82 11.16 11.75 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.9 75.9 72.9 70.8 NA NA 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.84 6.84 6.58 6.05 6.19 6.17 2001-2016 Percentage

  15. Delaware Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 4.70 5.03 6.24 8.53 8.77 8.50 1989-2016 Residential Price 10.24 11.47 13.44 17.54 21.34 24.20 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 8.79 9.33 10.03 10.87 11.51 12.11 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 47.8 40.8 35.9 31.2 26.5 24.2 1989-2016 Industrial Price 8.29 7.85 8.62 8.93 NA 10.31 2001-2016

  16. Georgia Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.21 3.19 3.37 3.44 4.32 4.01 1989-2016 Residential Price 12.90 16.27 20.07 24.64 25.97 25.99 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.33 7.89 8.11 8.44 9.05 9.27 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2016 Industrial Price 3.46 3.45 3.50 3.54 4.14 4.25

  17. Hawaii Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Citygate Price 22.94 31.58 32.39 28.45 26.94 18.11 1984-2015 Residential Price 44.50 55.28 52.86 49.13 47.51 40.08 1980-2015 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2015 Commercial Price 36.55 45.58 47.03 41.92 40.42 31.17 1980-2015 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2015 Industrial Price 24.10 29.80 30.89 27.56 26.75 19.03 1997-2015

  18. Hawaii Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 13.19 14.19 16.20 17.26 13.54 13.33 1989-2016 Residential Price 36.99 36.85 39.90 42.55 34.76 34.86 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 27.26 28.09 30.04 32.82 25.24 25.57 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1989-2016 Industrial Price 13.73 14.45 15.05 16.92 16.51 16.03

  19. Idaho Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.67 2.79 3.22 NA NA 2.69 1989-2016 Residential Price 8.76 8.91 9.18 9.77 9.85 10.13 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.59 7.80 7.69 7.79 7.70 7.62 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.5 67.4 62.4 59.8 58.9 61.4 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.46 5.50 5.44 5.46 5.43 5.46 2001-2016 Percentage

  20. Illinois Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.33 3.39 3.10 NA 4.25 4.66 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.08 7.53 10.49 12.62 16.50 17.33 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 84.5 84.7 82.9 86.3 85.7 86.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.50 6.99 9.47 10.92 12.25 NA 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 35.3 32.6 24.9 23.8 22.0 NA 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.69 4.89 NA 5.43 NA 7.08 2001-2016 Percentage of Total

  1. Indiana Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.45 2.91 3.25 4.35 5.21 4.89 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.97 NA 9.95 16.30 18.70 18.38 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.3 NA 95.2 95.0 95.1 95.6 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.94 NA 7.09 9.37 10.99 10.00 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.0 NA 59.6 54.1 53.6 50.7 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.67 4.39 4.10 4.96 5.70 5.93 2001-2016 Percentage of

  2. Iowa Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.83 3.41 3.43 4.16 4.64 NA 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.43 NA 8.90 NA 16.33 17.64 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 5.81 5.49 5.70 7.31 7.98 8.15 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 68.7 69.5 61.1 56.5 53.5 49.0 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.68 4.27 3.92 4.22 4.15 4.18 2001-2016 Percentage of

  3. Kansas Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.56 4.41 4.57 5.64 5.33 5.55 1989-2016 Residential Price 9.52 11.40 13.83 19.39 20.30 21.53 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 8.88 NA NA 12.73 13.12 13.55 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 52.4 NA NA 32.8 30.2 31.8 1989-2016 Industrial Price 4.20 NA 3.28 3.24 3.51 3.64 2001-2016 Percentage

  4. Thin-layer drying behavior of vegetable wastes from wholesale market

    SciTech Connect

    Lopez, A.; Iguaz, A.; Esnoz, A.; Virseda, P.

    2000-05-01

    The thin-layer drying behavior of vegetable wastes (as a mix of lettuce and cauliflower leaves) from wholesale market for a temperature range of 50--150 C was determined. Drying of this material was found to take part only in the falling-rate period. The experimental data were fitted to the simple exponential model and the Page model. Both models have good prediction capability. Effective diffusion coefficient varied from 6.03 x 10{sup {minus}9} to 3.15 x 10{sup {minus}8} m{sup 2}/s with an activation energy of diffusion of 19.82 kJ/mol. The temperature dependence of the effective diffusion coefficient was expressed by an Arrhenius-type relationship.

  5. Residential heating oil price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.6 cents from a week ago to $2.97 per gallon. That's down $1.05 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region fell to $2.94 per gallon, down 6.7 cents from last week, and down $1.07

  6. Residential heating oil price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 6.3 cents from a week ago to $2.91 per gallon. That's down $1.10 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region fell to $2.88 per gallon, down 6.8 cents from last week, and down $1.13

  7. Residential heating oil price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.5 cents from a week ago to $2.84 per gallon. That's down $1.22 from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region fell to $2.80 per gallon, down 7.4 cents from last week, and down $1.23

  8. Residential heating oil price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 4.1 cents from a week ago to $2.89 per gallon, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region fell to $2.84 per gallon, down 5.4 cents from last week

  9. Residential heating oil price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.6 cents from a week ago to $3.04 per gallon. That's down 99.4 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil prices in the New England region fell to $3.01 per gallon, down 3.6 cents from last week, and down $1.01

  10. Lower gasoline prices ahead

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Lower gasoline prices ahead U.S. retail gasoline prices are expected to continue falling through the end of 2016, even though gasoline demand is projected to remain strong. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said the average monthly price for regular-grade gasoline is expected to decline to $1.92 a gallon by December the lowest for the month in eight years. Lower motor fuel prices are expected in the coming months, despite gasoline demand this year that is on

  11. Natural Gas Wellhead Price

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: ...

  12. Crude Oil Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

  13. Crude Oil Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

  14. Crude Oil Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

  15. Price-Anderson Act

    Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Price-Anderson Act (PAA) provides a system of indemnification for legal liability resulting from a nuclear incident in connection with contractual activity for DOE.

  16. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1997 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

  17. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1995 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

  18. Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    4. U.S. Refiner Wholesale Petroleum Product Prices Figure J F M A M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 1996 Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes Kero-jet Propane No. 1 Distillate No....

  19. The impact of forecasted energy price increases on low-income consumers

    SciTech Connect

    Eisenberg, Joel F.

    2005-10-31

    The Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its short term forecast for residential energy prices for the winter of 2005-2006. The forecast indicates significant increases in fuel costs, particularly for natural gas, propane, and home heating oil, for the year ahead. In the following analysis, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory has integrated the EIA price projections with the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 in order to project the impact of these price increases on the nation’s low-income households by primary heating fuel type, nationally and by Census Region. The statistics are intended for the use of policymakers in the Department of Energy’s Weatherization Assistance Program and elsewhere who are trying to gauge the nature and severity of the problems that will be faced by eligible low-income households during the 2006 fiscal year.

  20. Marginal Energy Prices - RECS97 Update

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) (indexed site)

    Table 1. Marginal Residential Electricity Prices - RECS97 Electricity - RECS97 Prices (kWh, in 1997) (Weighted Mean) % Difference between Marginal Price and Average Price ...

  1. Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets

    Annual Energy Outlook

    & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price...

  2. Nevada Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 View History Citygate Price 4.40 3.57 3.15 3.38 3.56 3.18 1989-2016 Residential Price 14.95 10.80 8.96 9.12 9.75 10.84 1989-2016 ...

  3. Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United...

    Annual Energy Outlook

    United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

  4. Alternative descriptions of catalyst deactivation in aromatization of propane and butane

    SciTech Connect

    Koshelev, Yu.N.; Vorob`ev, B.L.; Khvorova, E.P.

    1995-08-20

    Deactivation of a zeolite-containing catalyst has been studied in aromatization of propane and butane. Various descriptions of the dependence of the alkane conversion on the coke concentration on the catalyst have been considered, and using a statistical method of estimating the model validity, the most preferable form of the deactivation function has been proposed.

  5. Metallurgical failure analysis of a propane tank boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE).

    SciTech Connect

    Kilgo, Alice C.; Eckelmeyer, Kenneth Hall; Susan, Donald Francis

    2005-01-01

    A severe fire and explosion occurred at a propane storage yard in Truth or Consequences, N.M., when a truck ran into the pumping and plumbing system beneath a large propane tank. The storage tank emptied when the liquid-phase excess flow valve tore out of the tank. The ensuing fire engulfed several propane delivery trucks, causing one of them to explode. A series of elevated-temperature stress-rupture tears developed along the top of a 9800 L (2600 gal) truck-mounted tank as it was heated by the fire. Unstable fracture then occurred suddenly along the length of the tank and around both end caps, along the girth welds connecting the end caps to the center portion of the tank. The remaining contents of the tank were suddenly released, aerosolized, and combusted, creating a powerful boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion (BLEVE). Based on metallography of the tank pieces, the approximate tank temperature at the onset of the BLEVE was determined. Metallurgical analysis of the ruptured tank also permitted several hypotheses regarding BLEVE mechanisms to be evaluated. Suggestions are made for additional work that could provide improved predictive capabilities regarding BLEVEs and for methods to decrease the susceptibility of propane tanks to BLEVEs.

  6. Surface Termination of M1 Phase and Rational Design of Propane Ammoxidation Catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Guliants, Vadim

    2015-02-16

    This final report describes major accomplishments in this research project which has demonstrated that the M1 phase is the only crystalline phase required for propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile and that a surface monolayer terminating the ab planes of the M1 phase is responsible for their activity and selectivity in this reaction. Fundamental studies of the topmost surface chemistry and mechanism of propane ammoxidation over the Mo-V-(Te,Sb)-(Nb,Ta)-O M1 and M2 phases resulted in the development of quantitative understanding of the surface molecular structure – reactivity relationships for this unique catalytic system. These oxides possess unique catalytic properties among mixed metal oxides, because they selectively catalyze three alkane transformation reactions, namely propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile, propane oxidation to acrylic acid and ethane oxidative dehydrogenation, all of considerable economic significance. Therefore, the larger goal of this research was to expand this catalysis to other alkanes of commercial interest, and more broadly, demonstrate successful approaches to rational design of improved catalysts that can be applied to other selective (amm)oxidation processes.

  7. California Gasoline Price Study, 2003

    Reports and Publications

    2003-01-01

    This is the final report to Congressman Ose describing the factors driving California's spring 2003 gasoline price spike and the subsequent price increases in June and August.

  8. ,"North Carolina Natural Gas Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","... 10:49:13 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Carolina Natural Gas Prices" ...

  9. ,"North Dakota Natural Gas Prices"

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Data for" ,"Data 1","North Dakota Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","4... 10:49:14 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: North Dakota Natural Gas Prices" ...

  10. Appendix C - Price case comparisons

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    C-1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2016 1 Table C1. Total energy supply, disposition, and price summary (quadrillion Btu per year, unless otherwise noted) Supply, disposition, and prices 2015 Projections 2020 2030 2040 Low oil price Reference High oil price Low oil price Reference High oil price Low oil price Reference High oil price Production Crude oil and lease condensate .................... 19.7 17.0 19.6 23.3 14.8 21.0 25.4 18.0 23.5 23.1 Natural gas plant

  11. The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing

    SciTech Connect

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

    2005-11-09

    Dynamic retail pricing, especially real-time pricing (RTP), has been widely heralded as a panacea for providing much-needed demand response in electricity markets. However, in designing default service for competitive retail markets, demand response has been an afterthought, and in some cases not given any weight at all. But that may be changing, as states that initiated customer choice in the past 5-7 years reach an important juncture in retail market design. Most states with retail choice established an initial transitional period during which utilities were required to offer a default or standard offer generation service, often at a capped or otherwise administratively-determined rate. Many retail choice states have reached the end of their transitional period, and several have adopted or are actively considering an RTP-type default service for large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers. In most cases, the primary reason for adopting RTP as the default service has been to advance policy objectives related to the development of competitive retail markets. However, if attention is paid in its design and implementation, default RTP service can also provide a solid foundation for developing price responsive demand, creating an important link between wholesale and retail market transactions. This article, which draws from a lengthier report, describes experience to date with RTP as a default service, focusing on its role as an instrument for cultivating price responsive demand.1 As of summer 2005, default service RTP was in place or approved for future implementation in five U.S. states: New Jersey, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, and Illinois. For each of these states, we conducted a detailed review of the regulatory proceedings leading to adoption of default RTP and interviewed regulatory staff and utilities in these states, as well as eight competitive retail suppliers active in these markets.

  12. Canada is putting teeth into its price fixing and rigging laws

    SciTech Connect

    McWilliams, H.

    1991-12-01

    This paper reports that attendees at the 24th annual Transportation Symposium sponsored by the Propane Gas Association of Canada (PGAC) and held in Calgary, Alberta Oct. 23-24 heard some straight talk about renewed interest in enforcing Canada's Competition Act. Three years ago, a senior official of the Bureau of Competition Policy called certain price-related offenses under the Competition Act the most serious of economic crimes and declared that their enforcement is the cornerstone of Canada's competition laws. With this in mind, the Bureau intends to deal firmly with both business and individuals who engage in such practices.

  13. Approximate option pricing

    SciTech Connect

    Chalasani, P.; Saias, I.; Jha, S.

    1996-04-08

    As increasingly large volumes of sophisticated options (called derivative securities) are traded in world financial markets, determining a fair price for these options has become an important and difficult computational problem. Many valuation codes use the binomial pricing model, in which the stock price is driven by a random walk. In this model, the value of an n-period option on a stock is the expected time-discounted value of the future cash flow on an n-period stock price path. Path-dependent options are particularly difficult to value since the future cash flow depends on the entire stock price path rather than on just the final stock price. Currently such options are approximately priced by Monte carlo methods with error bounds that hold only with high probability and which are reduced by increasing the number of simulation runs. In this paper the authors show that pricing an arbitrary path-dependent option is {number_sign}-P hard. They show that certain types f path-dependent options can be valued exactly in polynomial time. Asian options are path-dependent options that are particularly hard to price, and for these they design deterministic polynomial-time approximate algorithms. They show that the value of a perpetual American put option (which can be computed in constant time) is in many cases a good approximation to the value of an otherwise identical n-period American put option. In contrast to Monte Carlo methods, the algorithms have guaranteed error bounds that are polynormally small (and in some cases exponentially small) in the maturity n. For the error analysis they derive large-deviation results for random walks that may be of independent interest.

  14. Novel Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation

    SciTech Connect

    Sun, Pingping; Siddiqi, Georges; Vining, William C.; Chi, Miaofang; Bell, Alexis T.

    2011-10-28

    Catalysts for the dehydrogenation of light alkanes were prepared by dispersing Pt on the surface of a calcined hydrotalcite-like support containing indium, Mg(In)(Al)O. Upon reduction in H{sub 2} at temperatures above 673 K, bimetallic particles of PtIn are observed by TEM, which have an average diameter of 1 nm. Analysis of Pt LIII-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data shows that the In content of the bimetallic particles increases with increasing bulk In/Pt ratio and reduction temperature. Pt LIII-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) indicates that an increasing donation of electronic charge from In to Pt occurs with increasing In content in the PtIn particles. The activity and selectivity of the Pt/Mg(In)(Al)O catalysts for ethane and propane dehydrogenation reactions are strongly dependent on the bulk In/Pt ratio. For both reactants, maximum activity was achieved for a bulk In/Pt ratio of 0.48, and at this In/Pt ratio, the selectivity to alkene was nearly 100%. Coke deposition was observed after catalyst use for either ethane or propane dehydrogenation, and it was observed that the alloying of Pt with In greatly reduced the amount of coke deposited. Characterization of the deposit by Raman spectroscopy indicates that the coke is present as highly disordered graphite particles <30 nm in diameter. While the amount of coke deposited during ethane and propane dehydrogenation are comparable, the effects on activity are dependent on reactant composition. Coke deposition had no effect on ethane dehydrogenation activity, but caused a loss in propane dehydrogenation activity. This difference is attributed to the greater ease with which coke produced on the surface of PtIn nanoparticles migrates to the support during ethane dehydrogenation versus propane dehydrogenation.

  15. What Is Price Volatility

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    heating-degree-days than normal. Also relevant was that the prices of fuel oil and other alternative fuels were relatively high during this period. For example, the average...

  16. Crude Oil Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    20.86 20.67 20.47 20.24 20.32 19.57 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

  17. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Adjustment Proceeding (WP-07) : Administrator's Final Record of Decision.

    SciTech Connect

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2006-07-01

    This Record of Decision (ROD) contains the decisions of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), based on the record compiled in this rate proceeding, with respect to the adoption of power rates for the three-year rate period commencing October 1, 2006, through September 30, 2009. This ''2007 Wholesale Power Rate Adjustment Proceeding'' is designed to establish replacement rate schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions (GRSPs) for those that expire on September 30, 2006. This power rate case also establishes the General Transfer Agreement (GTA) Delivery Charge for the period of October 1, 2007, through September 30, 2009. BPA's Power Subscription Strategy and Record of Decision (Subscription Strategy), as well as other Agency processes, provide much of the policy context for this rate case and are described in Section 2. This ROD follows a full evidentiary hearing and briefing, including an Oral Argument before the BPA Administrator. Sections 3 through 18, including any appendices or attachments, present the issues raised by parties in this proceeding, the parties positions, BPA staff positions on the issues, BPA's evaluations of the positions, and the Administrator's decisions. Parties had the opportunity to file briefs on exceptions to the Draft ROD, before issuance of this Final Record of Decision.

  18. Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.40 3.94 4.86 5.90 7.49 6.95 1989-2016 Residential Price 11.70 12.02 12.46 12.84 14.55 15.35 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.0 98.9 98.7 98.5 98.6 98.6 2002-2016 Commercial Price 9.13 9.44 9.21 8.48 9.34 9.79 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 49.2 43.5 36.9 28.7 27.3 23.7 1989-2016 Industrial Price 7.98 8.04 7.79 6.59 6.76 6.80 2001-2016

  19. Michigan Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.90 2.91 2.87 2.74 3.21 3.08 1989-2016 Residential Price 7.69 7.72 9.28 12.32 13.25 14.50 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 92.5 92.8 92.3 92.3 92.9 92.1 2002-2016 Commercial Price 6.54 6.54 7.04 8.17 8.71 9.22 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 58.7 57.7 49.5 41.1 38.4 32.8 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.61 5.59 5.76 6.00 6.39 6.06 2001-2016 Percentage

  20. Missouri Natural Gas Prices

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) (indexed site)

    Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 Jul-16 Aug-16 View History Citygate Price 3.79 4.13 4.79 5.18 6.86 6.79 1989-2016 Residential Price 9.30 11.31 15.58 19.70 24.82 26.38 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2016 Commercial Price 7.23 7.93 8.56 9.41 10.40 10.48 1989-2016 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 75.8 69.5 62.8 61.4 60.6 60.1 1989-2016 Industrial Price 5.84 5.77 5.29 5.78 6.70 6.09 2001-2016